Opuntia species, locally known as prickly pear was used for various purpose as food, medicine, beverage, source of dye and animal food. Many studies revealed its pharmacology activity time to time. This review is a collection of chemistry, pharmacognosy, pharmacology and bioapplications of cactus family.
Many source were used to collect the information about Opuntia species such as Pub med, Google scholar, Agris, science direct, Embase, Merk index, Wiley online library, books and other reliable sources. This review contains studies from 1812 to 2019.
The plants from cactus family were offer various pharmacological active compound including phenolic compounds, carotenoids, betalains, vitamins, steroids, sugar, amino acids, minerals and fibers. These bioactive compound were served various pharmacological activity such as anticancer, antiviral, anti-diabetic, Neuroprotective, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, Hepatoprotective, antibacterial, antiulcer and alcohol hangover. According to various studies Opuntia species were offer many bioapplications such as fodder for animal, soil erosion, prevention, human consumption and waste water decontamination. Finally different parts of plants were used in various formulation that offer many biotechnology applications.
Different parts of Opuntia plant (fruits, seeds, flowers and cladodes) were used in various health problems include wound healing, anti-inflammatory and urinary tract infection from ancient time. Nowadays, researches were extended several pharmacological and therapeutic used of Opuntia species as discussed in this review. Many in-vitro and in-vivo model were also discussed in this review as the proofs of research finding. Various research gaps were observed in current studies that need attention in future.