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The Coco Islands allegedly leased to the People's Republic of China since 1994

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The Coco Islands allegedly leased to the People's Republic of China since 1994 https://fas.org/irp/world/china/facilities/coco.htm Coco Islands The maritime reconnaissance and electronic intelligence station on Great Coco Island in the Bay of Bengal, some 300 kms south of the Burmese mainland, is the most important Chinese electronic intelligence installation in Myanmar [Burma]. The Chinese Army is also building a base on Small Coco Island in the Alexandra Channel between the Indian Ocean and the Andaman Sea north of India's Andaman Islands. These two islands, which have been leased to China since 1994, are located at a crucial point in traffic routes between the Bay of Bengal and the Strait of Malacca. The Coco Islands are thus an ideal location for for monitoring Indian naval and missile launch facilities in Andaman and Nicobar Islands to the south and movements of the Indian Navy and other navies throughout the eastern Indian Ocean. Construction of the Great Coco Island station began in late 1992 with the emplacement of a 45-50m antenna tower, radar sites and other electronic facilities forming a comprehensive SIGINT collection facility. In mid-1993, some of the 70 Chinese naval personnel began operating the new radar equipment, and by the summer of 1994 the the PLA the radar and SIGINT facilities were complete and ready for use. Sources and Resources BEIJING'S SURGE FOR THE STRAIT OF MALACCA by Yossef Bodansky http://indiandefence.com/threads/china-developing-runway-military-infrastructure-at-coco-islands-should-india-worry.42800/ China is developing a runway and other infrastructure at the Coco Islands which is just 20 kilo metre away from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Coco Islands were gifted to Myanmar by India. It has been reported that Myanmar has leased the islands to China and over the last several years, there have been reports that China is developing military infrastructure in the region. However, India shall continue to treat China as a strategic partner in growth and not a threat, said Air Marshal P K Roy, commander-in-chief, Andaman and Nicobar Command. [ IMG] "We are aware that a runway is coming up at Coco Islands and other infrastructure is being developed. We have issues with China but would not consider the country as a threat. We also have a strategic partnership with China on the economic front. Both countries are growing. They have their requirements and are trying to increase their influence in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). Their shipping movement in this region has increased. As a result, they are increasing the size of their navy. We are also enhancing our capabilities," TOI quoted the CiNCAN as saying. However, contrary to Air Marshal P K Roy’s claims, a few days ago former Navy chief Admiral (retd) Arun Prakash had said that the Andamans can face a Kargil-like situation. Despite China being India’s strategic partner in growth, human trafficking is a major issue for the Andamans as the number of instances has grown from 300 in 2011 to over 1,300 last year.
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Waiyan Soe-13-5-2018 2;47 P.M ·
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The Coco Islands are two islands in the northeastern Indian
Ocean. They are part of Yangon Region of Burma. They are
allegedly leased to the People's Republic of China since 1994.[1]
The governments of Burma and the People's Republic of China
do not comment on this issue.
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Ko Nay Myo
________________
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coco_Islands
https://fas.org/irp/world/china/facilities/coco.htm
Coco Islands
The maritime reconnaissance and electronic intelligence station on Great Coco Island in the Bay
of Bengal, some 300 kms south of the Burmese mainland, is the most important Chinese
electronic intelligence installation in Myanmar [Burma]. The Chinese Army is also building a
base on Small Coco Island in the Alexandra Channel between the Indian Ocean and the
Andaman Sea north of India's Andaman Islands. These two islands, which have been leased to
China since 1994, are located at a crucial point in traffic routes between the Bay of Bengal and
the Strait of Malacca. The Coco Islands are thus an ideal location for for monitoring Indian naval
and missile launch facilities in Andaman and Nicobar Islands to the south and movements of the
Indian Navy and other navies throughout the eastern Indian Ocean.
Construction of the Great Coco Island station began in late 1992 with the emplacement of a 45-
50m antenna tower, radar sites and other electronic facilities forming a comprehensive SIGINT
collection facility. In mid-1993, some of the 70 Chinese naval personnel began operating the new
radar equipment, and by the summer of 1994 the the PLA the radar and SIGINT facilities were
complete and ready for use.
Sources and Resources
BEIJING'S SURGE FOR THE STRAIT OF MALACCA by Yossef Bodansky
http://indiandefence.com/threads/china-developing-runway-military-infrastructure-at-coco-
islands-should-india-worry.42800/
China is developing a runway and other infrastructure at the Coco Islands which is just 20 kilo
metre away from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Coco Islands were gifted to Myanmar by
India. It has been reported that Myanmar has leased the islands to China and over the last several
years, there have been reports that China is developing military infrastructure in the region.
However, India shall continue to treat China as a strategic partner in growth and not a threat, said
Air Marshal P K Roy, commander-in-chief, Andaman and Nicobar Command.
[IMG]
"We are aware that a runway is coming up at Coco Islands and other infrastructure is being
developed. We have issues with China but would not consider the country as a threat. We also
have a strategic partnership with China on the economic front. Both countries are growing. They
have their requirements and are trying to increase their influence in the Indian Ocean Region
(IOR). Their shipping movement in this region has increased. As a result, they are increasing the
size of their navy. We are also enhancing our capabilities," TOI quoted the CiNCAN as saying.
However, contrary to Air Marshal P K Roy’s claims, a few days ago former Navy chief
Admiral (retd) Arun Prakash had said that the Andamans can face a Kargil-like situation.
Despite China being India’s strategic partner in growth, human trafficking is a major issue
for the Andamans as the number of instances has grown from 300 in 2011 to over 1,300 last
year.
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Detailed map of the Andaman and Nicobar
Islands.
Comparative distributions of Andamanese
indigenous peoples, pre-18C vs present-day.
IMPORTANT:This page has used Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia in
either a refactored, modified, abridged, expanded, built on or 'strait from' text content!
Overview Edit
The Andaman Islands form an archipelago in the Bay of Bengal between
India, to the west, and Myanmar, to the north and east. Most are part of the
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Union Territory of India, while a small number
in the north of the archipelago, including the Coco Islands, belong to
Myanmar.
The Andaman Islands are home to the Sentinelese people, who have had no
contact with any other people.
1. North Andaman Island
2. Little Andaman Island #Middle Andaman Island
3. South Andaman Island
4. 568 other less islands.
The Coco Islands (Burmese: ကိုကိုးကျွန) are a small group of islands in the
northeastern Indian Ocean. They are part of the Yangon Region of Myanmar.
The islands have a distance of 414 km (257 mi) south of the city of Yangon.
1. Great Coco Island 14.10°N 93.365°E Airport. Coconut groves. Alleged
Chinese SIGINT station 14.57 925
2. Little Coco Island 13.988°N 93.225°E Coconut groves. 4.44 25
3. Table Island 14.185°N 93.365°E Lighthouse 1.28 0
4. Slipper Island 14.19°N 93.357°E 0.08 0
5. Rat Island 14.128°N 93.382°E 0.015 0
6. Binnacle Rock 14.15°N 93.372°E 0.011 0
7. Jerry Island 14.05°N 93.365°E 0.14 0
8. Coco Islands 20.53 950
The Nicobar Islands are an archipelagic island chain in the eastern Indian
Ocean and one of the most isolated in the world. They are located in
Southeast Asia, 150 km north of Aceh on Sumatra, and separated from
Thailand to the east by the Andaman Sea. Located 1,300 km southeast of the
Indian subcontinent, across the Bay of Bengal, they form part of the Union
Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. UNESCO has declared the
islands as one of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.
1. Car Nicobar
Contents [show]
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
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Little Andaman Island seen by Spot satellite.
Author: Cnes - Spot Image. (c) Cnes -
Distribution Spot Image.
This photo was taken at the beach no.3 at
Haveleck in the Andaman Islands.
2. Battimaly
3. Chowra, Chaura or Sanenyo
4. Teressa or Luroo
5. Bompuka or Poahat
6. Katchal
7. Camorta
8. Nancowry or Nancowrie
9. Trinket
10. Laouk or "Isle of Man"
11. Tillangchong
12. Great Nicobar (922 km², largest island of the Nicobars)
13. Little Nicobar
14. Kondul Island
15. Pulo Milo or Pillomilo (Milo Island)
16. Meroe
17. Trak
18. Treis
19. Menchal
20. Kabra
21. Pigeon
22. Megapod
Weh Island is far to the south and is part of Indonisia. Sabang is a City
consisting of a main island (Weh Island) and several smaller islands off the
northern tip of Sumatra, south of the Andaman Islands.
1. Klah Island (0.186 km²)
2. Rondo Island (0.650 km²)
3. Rubiah Island (0.357 km²)
4. Seulako Island (0.055 km²)
5. Weh Island (121 km²)
Names Edit
The islands took their current name from Portuguese sailors in the 16th century, "coco" being the Portuguese word for
"coconut". The Andaman Islands were taken over by the English East India Company in the 18th century. In the 19th
century, the British government in India established a penal colony in the Andamans, and the Coco Islands were a source of
food for it (mainly coconuts). The British government had leased out the islands to Jadwet family of Burma. The jadwet
family was one of the respected business families of Rangoon with their presence in Moulmein and Mergui.
The earliest extant references to the name "Nicobar" is in the Sri Lankan Pali Buddhist chronicles, the Dipavamsa (c. 3rd or
4th century CE) and the Mahavamsa (c. 4th or 5th century), which state that the children of the followers of the legendary
founder of the Sri Lankan Kingdom, Vijaya, landed on Naggadipa (the island of the children, from the Pali nagga meaning
'naked'). The modern name is likely derived from the Chola dynasty name for the islands, Nakkavaram or 'Puup Pii' (literally,
"naked man" in Tamil) which is inscribed on the Thanjavur (Tanjore) inscription of 1050 CE. Marco Polo (12th-13th century)
also referred to this island as 'Necuverann'.
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The name of the Andaman Islands is ancient. A theory that became prevalent in the late 19th century is that it derives from
Andoman, a form of Hanuman, the Sanskrit name of the Indian God. Another Italian traveller, Niccolò de' Conti (c. 1440),
mentioned the islands and said that the name means "Island of Gold".
History Edit
Original people Edit
The earliest archaeological evidence yet documented goes back some 2,200 years. However, genetic and cultural studies
suggest that the indigenous Andamanese people may have been isolated from other populations since some time during the
Middle Paleolithic, which ended 30,000 years ago. Since that time, the Andamanese have diversified into distinct linguistic,
cultural and territorial groups.
The Nicobar Islands appear to have been populated by people of various backgrounds. At the time of the European contact,
the indigenous inhabitants were the Nicobarese people, speaking a Mon-Khmer language; and the Shompen, whose
language is of uncertain affiliation. Both are unrelated to the Andamanese, but being closely related to the Myanmarese
(Burmese).
The Nicobar Islands are believed to have been inhabited for thousands of years. Six indigenous Nicobarese languages are
spoken on the islands, which are part of the Mon–Khmer branch of the Austroasiatic language family, which includes Mon,
Khmer and Vietnamese languages of Southeast Asia, and the Munda languages of India. An indigenous tribe living at the
southern tip of Great Nicobar, called the Shompen, may be of Mesolithic Southeast Asian origin.
The Andaman islands have been inhabited for several thousand years, at the very least. The earliest archaeological
evidence yet documented goes back some 2,200 years; however, the indications from genetic, cultural and isolation studies
suggests that the islands may have been inhabited as early as the Middle Paleolithic. The indigenous Andamanese people
appear to have lived on the islands in substantial isolation from that time until the 18th century CE.
The Andamans are theorised to be a key stepping stone in a great coastal migration of humans from Africa via the Arabian
peninsula, along the coastal regions of the Indian mainland and towards Southeast Asia, Japan and Oceania.
Pre-British History Edit
Rajendra Chola I (1014 to 1042 CE), one of the Tamil Chola dynasty kings, conquered the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to
use them as a strategic naval base to launch a naval expedition against the Sriwijaya Empire (a Buddhist empire based in
the island of Sumatra, Indonesia). They called the islands Tinmaittivu ("impure islands" in Tamil). From 800 to 1200 CE, the
Tamil Chola dynasty created an empire that eventually extended from southeastern peninsular India to parts of Malaysia.
Rajendra Chola I (1014 to 1042 CE) took over the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and maintained them as a strategic naval
base to launch a naval expedition against the Srivijaya empire (a Hindu-Malay empire based on the island of Sumatra,
Indonesia).
The islands were sailed past by Portuguese navigators and they named the Cocos islands in the 16th century.
The Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal were said, by racists, to be inhabited by wolf-headed people, who they depicted
in a "book of wonders" produced in Paris in the early 15th century.
The islands also provided a temporary maritime base for ships of the Maratha Empire in the 17th century. The Maratha
navy's admiral Kanhoji Angre established naval supremacy with a base in the islands and is credited with attaching those
islands to India.
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The history of organised European colonisation on the islands began when the Danish settlers of the Danish East India
Company arrived in the Nicobar Islands on 12 December 1755. On 1 January 1756, the Nicobar Islands were made a
Danish colony, first named New Denmark, and later (December 1756) Frederick's Islands (Frederiksøerne). During 1754–
1756 they were administrated from Tranquebar (in continental Danish India). The islands were repeatedly abandoned due to
outbreaks of malaria between 14 April 1759 and 19 August 1768, from 1787 to 1807/05, 1814 to 1831, 1830 to 1834 and
gradually from 1848 for good.
From 1 June 1778 to 1784, Austria mistakenly assumed that Denmark had abandoned its claims to the Nicobar Islands and
attempted to establish a colony on them, renaming them Theresia Islands.
The history of organised European colonisation on the islands began with the Danish East India Company in 1754/56.
During this time they were administrated from Tranquebar (in continental Danish India) administrated under the name of
Frederiksøerne; missionaries from the Moravian Church Brethren's settlement in Tranquebar attempted a settlement on
Nancowry and died in great numbers from disease; the islands were repeatedly abandoned due to outbreaks of malaria:
1784–1807/09, 1830–1834 and finally from 1848 gradually for good. Between 1778 and 1783, William Bolts attempted to
establish an Austrian colony on the islands on the mistaken assumption that Denmark–Norway had abandoned its claims to
the islands.
Italy made an attempt at buying the Nicobar Islands from Denmark between 1864 and 1868. The Italian Minister of
Agriculture and Commerce Luigi Torelli started a negotiation that looked promising, but failed due to the unexpected end of
his Office and the first La Marmora Cabinet. The negotiations were interrupted and never brought up again.
Denmark's presence in the islands ended formally on 16 October 1868 when it sold the rights to the Nicobar Islands to
Britain, which in 1869 made them part of British India.
British India Edit
In 1789 the British set up a naval base and penal colony on Chatham Island next to Great Andaman, where now lies the
town of Port Blair. Two years later the colony was moved to Port Cornwallis on Great Andaman, but it was abandoned in
1796 due to disease.
Denmark's presence in the territory ended formally on 16 October 1868 when it sold the rights to the Nicobar Islands to
Britain, which made them part of British India in 1869.
In 1858 the British again established a colony at Port Blair, which proved to be more permanent. The primary purpose was to
set up a penal colony criminal convicts from the Indian subcontinent. The colony came to include the infamous Cellular Jail.
In 1872 the Andaman and Nicobar islands were united under a single chief commissioner at Port Blair.
There is evidence that some sections of the British Indian administration were working deliberately to annihilate the tribes.
After the mid-19th century, British established penal colonies on the islands and an increasing numbers of mainland Indian
and Karen settlers arrived, encroaching on former territories of the Andamanese. This accelerated the decline of the tribes.
Many Andamanese succumbed to British expeditions to avenge the killing of shipwrecked sailors. In the 1867 Andaman
Islands Expedition, dozens of Onge were killed by British naval personnel following the death of shipwrecked sailors, which
resulted in four Victoria Crosses for the British soldiers.
In 1789, Bengal Presidency established a naval base and penal colony on Chatham Island in the southeast bay of Great
Andaman. The settlement is now known as Port Blair (after the Bombay Marine lieutenant Archibald Blair who founded it).
After two years, the colony was moved to the northeast parsext of Great Andaman and was named Port Cornwallis after
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Admiral William Cornwallis. However, there was much disease and death in the penal colony and the government ceased
operating it in May 1796.
In 1824, Port Cornwallis was the rendezvous of the fleet carrying the army to the First Burmese War. In the 1830s and
1840s, shipwrecked crews who landed on the Andamans were often attacked and killed by the natives and the islands had a
reputation for cannibalism. The loss of the Runnymede and the Briton in 1844 during the same storm, while transporting
goods and passengers between India and Australia, and the continuous attacks launched by the natives, which the survivors
fought off, alarmed the British government. In 1855, the government proposed another settlement on the islands, including a
convict establishment, but the Indian Rebellion of 1857 forced a delay in its construction. However, because the rebellion
gave the British so many prisoners, it made the new Andaman settlement and prison urgently necessary. Construction
began in November 1857 at Port Blair using inmates' labour, avoiding the vicinity of a salt swamp that seemed to have been
the source of many of the earlier problems at Port Cornwallis.
17 May 1859 was another major day for Andaman. The "Battle of Aberdeen" was fought between the Great Andamanese
Tribe and the British. Today, a memorial stands in Andaman Water sports complex as a tribute to the people who lost their
life. Fearing foreign invasion and with help from an escaped convict from Cellular Jail, the great Andamanese tribe stormed
the British post, but they were outnumbered and soon suffered heavy loss of life. Later, it was identified that an escaped
convict named Doodnath had changed sides and informed the British about the tribe's plans. Today, the tribe has been
reduced to some 50 people, with less than 50% of them adults. The government of Andaman Islands is making efforts to
increase the headcount of this tribe.
In 1867, the ship Nineveh wrecked on the reef of North Sentinel Island. The 86 survivors reached the beach in the ship's
boats. On the third day, they were attacked with iron-tipped spears by naked islanders. One person from the ship escaped in
a boat and the others were later rescued by a British Royal Navy ship.
For some time, sickness and mortality were high, but swamp reclamation and extensive forest clearance continued. The
Andaman colony became notorious with the murder of the Viceroy Richard Southwell Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo, on a visit to
the settlement (8 February 1872), by a Muslim convict, a Pathan from Afghanistan, Sher Ali. In the same year, the two island
groups Andaman and Nicobar, were united under a chief commissioner residing at Port Blair.
From the time of its development in 1858 under the direction of James Pattison Walker, and in response to the mutiny and
rebellion of the previous year, the settlement was first and foremost a repository for political prisoners. The Cellular Jail at
Port Blair when completed in 1910 included 698 cells designed for solitary confinement; each cell measured 4.5 by 2.7 m (15
by 9 ft) with a single ventilation window 3 metres (10 ft) above the floor. A notable prisoner there was Vinayak Damodar
Savarkar.
The Indians imprisoned here referred to the Island and its prison as Kala Pani ("black water"); a 1996 film set on the island
took that term as its title Kaalapani. The number of prisoners who died in this camp is estimated to be in the thousands.
Many more died of harsh treatment and the harsh living and working conditions in this camp.
The Viper Chain Gang Jail on Viper Island was reserved for troublemakers, and was also the site of hangings. In the 20th
century, it became a convenient place to house prominent members of India's independence movement.
World War I Edit
It was still part of British India and nothing notable happened.
World War II Edit
During World War II, the islands were practically under Japanese control, only nominally under the authority of the Arzi
Hukumate Azad Hind of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Bose visited the islands during the war, and renamed them as
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"Shaheed-dweep" (Martyr Island) and "Swaraj-dweep" (Self-rule Island).
The Andaman and Nicobar islands were occupied by Japan during World War II. The islands were nominally put under the
authority of the Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (Provisional Government of Free India) headed by Subhas Chandra Bose, who
visited the islands during the war, and renamed them as Shaheed (Martyr) & Swaraj (Self-rule).
The Japanese occupation of the Andaman Islands occurred in 1942 during World War II. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands
(8,293 km² on 139 islands), are a group of islands situated in the Bay of Bengal at about 780 miles from Kolkata, 740 miles
from Chennai and 120 miles from Cape Nargis in Burma. Until 1938 the British government used them as a penal colony for
Indian and African political prisoners, who were mainly put in the notorious Cellular Jail in Port Blair, the biggest town (port)
on the islands. Today they form a Union Territory of India.
The only military objective on the islands was the city of Port Blair. The garrison consisted of a 300-man Sikh militia with 23
British officers, augmented in January 1942 by a Gurkha detachment of 4/12th Frontier Force Regiment of the 16th Indian
Infantry Brigade. Following the fall of Rangoon on March 8, however, the British recognized that Port Blair had become
impossible to defend, and on March 10 the Gurkhas were withdrawn to the Arakan peninsula.
On 30 December 1943, during the Japanese occupation, Bose, who was allied with the Japanese, first raised the flag of
Indian independence. General Loganathan, of the Indian National Army, was Governor of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands,
which had been annexed to the Provisional Government. According to Werner Gruhl: "Before leaving the islands, the
Japanese rounded up and executed 750 innocents." After the end of the war the islands returned to British control before
becoming part of the newly independent state of India.
General Loganathan, of the Indian National Army was made the Governor of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. On 22
February 1944 he along with four INA officers, Major Mansoor Ali Alvi, Sub. Lt. Md. Iqbal, Lt. Suba Singh and stenographer
Srinivasan, arrived at Lambaline Airport in Port Blair. On 21 March 1944 the Headquarters of the Civil Administration was
established near the Gurudwara at Aberdeen Bazaar. On 2 October 1944, Col. Loganathan handed over the charge to Maj.
Alvi and left Port Blair, never to return. The islands were reoccupied by British and Indian troops of the 116th Indian Infantry
Brigade on 7 October 1945, to whom the remaining Japanese garrison surrendered. The Japanese military delegation
saluted Lieutenant Colonel Nathu Singh, commanding officer of the Rajput Regiment, following their surrender of the Islands,
1945.
In the 1940s, the Jarawa were bombed by Japanese forces for their hostility. During World War II, the islands were occupied
by Japan between 1942 and 1945. India occupied the island after that as its territory.
The Japanese occupied Weh island and installed numerous bunkers, fortifications and gun emplacements until the Dutch
retook the islands. The Japanese occupation's remnants can still be seen, though most have been re-purposed or removed.
The Post-British plan Edit
At the close of World War II, the British government announced its intention to abolish the penal settlement. The government
proposed to employ former inmates in an initiative to develop the island's fisheries, timber, and agricultural resources. In
exchange, inmates would be granted return passage to the Indian mainland, or the right to settle on the islands. The penal
colony was eventually closed on 15 August 1947 when India gained independence. It has since served as a museum to the
independence movement.
During the independence of both India (1947) and Burma (1948), the departing British announced their intention to resettle
all Anglo-Indians and Anglo-Burmese on these islands to form their own nation, although this never materialised. It became
part of India in 1950 and was declared as a union territory of the nation in 1956.
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Due to the isolation of the Coco Islands, they were not properly governed, and the British transferred their control to the
government of Lower Burma in Rangoon. In 1882 they officially became part of British Burma. When Burma separated from
India in 1937 and became a self-governing Crown Colony, they remained a Burmese territory. In 1942, along with the rest of
the Andaman and Nicobar chain, they were occupied by Japan. When Burma regained its independence from Britain in
1948, the Coco Islands passed to the new Union of Burma.
There are four islets surrounding Weh Island: Klah, Rubiah, Seulako, and Rondo. They went from Dutch to Indonesian
control when Indonesia formed in the late 1940s. Most of the population were Acehnese and the rest were either other
Indonesian peoples or Dutch.
Indian state Edit
Together with the Andaman Islands, they became a union territory of India in 1950.
Cold War Edit
India has been developing defence facilities on the islands since the 1980s. The islands now have a key position in India's
strategic role in the Bay of Bengal and the Malacca Strait.
In 1959, General Ne Win’s interim military administration established a penal colony on Great Coco Island. After Ne Win’s
coup d’etat in 1962, and the installation of a military government, the prison gained the reputation of being a Burmese
"Devil’s Island". In 1969, it was enlarged to house an increased number of political prisoners. After a strike, all prisoners on
the island were transferred to Rangoon’s Insein Prison in 1971. After the closing of the penal colony, the facilities on Great
Coco Island were transferred to the Burmese Navy. Burmese writer Mya Than Tint was among the people incarcerated at
the Great Coco Island penal colony.
The |Andaman and Nicobar island had some coastal exploration in the 1960s and 1970s, Some urban and coastal
development occurred in the 1980s and 1990s.
In 1974, a film crew and anthropologist Triloknath Pandit attempted friendly contact by leaving a tethered pig, some pots and
pans, some fruit and toys on the beach at North Sentinel Island. One of the islanders shot the film director in the thigh with
an arrow. The following year, European visitors were repulsed with arrows.
On 2 August 1981, the Hong Kong freighter ship Primrose grounded on the North Sentinel Island reef. A few days later,
crewmen on the immobile vessel observed that small black men were carrying spears and arrows and building boats on the
beach. The captain of the Primrose radioed for an urgent airdrop of firearms so the crew could defend themselves, but did
not receive them. Heavy seas kept the islanders away from the ship. After a week, the crew were rescued by an Indian navy
helicopter.
Weh Island and its neighbours developed according to the norms for Aech Province in Indonesia.
Life today Edit
The Coco Islands were allegedly leased to the People's Republic of China from 1994. The governments of Burma and the
People's Republic of China deny this, and many members of the Burmese military categorically deny any agreement at all.
There are four islets surrounding Weh Island: Klah, Rubiah, Seulako, and Rondo. Among those, Rubiah is well known for
diving tourism, because of its coral reefs. When traveling to Saudi Arabia was only possible by sea, Rubiah was used as a
place of quarantine for Indonesian Muslims during the Hajj pilgrimage season.
In April 1998, American photographer John S. Callahan organised the first surfing project in the Andamans, starting from
Phuket in Thailand with the assistance of Southeast Asia Liveaboards (SEAL), a UK owned dive charter company. With a
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crew of international professional surfers, they crossed the Andaman Sea on the yacht Crescent and cleared formalities in
Port Blair. The group proceeded to Little Andaman Island, where they spent ten days surfing several spots for the first time,
including Jarawa Point near Hut Bay and the long right reef point at the southwest tip of the island, named Kumari Point. The
resulting article in Surfer Magazine, "Quest for Fire" by journalist Sam George, put the Andaman Islands on the surfing map
for the first time. Footage of the waves of the Andaman Islands also appeared in the film Thicker than Water, shot by
documentary filmmaker Jack Johnson, who later achieved worldwide fame as a popular musician. Callahan went on to make
several more surfing projects in the Andamans, including a trip to the Nicobar Islands in 1999.
On 26 December 2004, the coast of the Andaman Islands was devastated by a 10-metre (33 ft) high tsunami following the
2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, which is the longest recorded earthquake, lasting for between 500 and 600 seconds. Strong
oral traditions in the area warned of the importance of moving inland after a quake and is credited with saving many lives. In
the aftermath, more than 2000 people were confirmed dead and more than 4,000 children were orphaned or had lost one
parent. At least 40,000 residents were rendered homeless and were moved to relief camps. On 11 August 2009, a
magnitude 7 earthquake struck near the Andaman Islands, causing a tsunami warning to go into effect. On 30 March 2010, a
magnitude 6.9 earthquake struck near the Andaman Islands.
On 4 January 1991, Indian scholar Triloknath Pandit made the first known friendly contact with the Sentinelese.
Until 1996, the Jarawa met most visitors with flying arrows. From time to time they attacked and killed poachers on the lands
reserved to them by the Indian government. They also killed some workers building the Andaman Trunk Road (ATR), which
traverses Jarawa lands. One of the earliest peaceful contacts with the Jarawa occurred in 1996. Settlers found a teenage
Jarawa boy named Emmei near Kadamtala town. The boy was immobilized with a broken foot. They took Emmei to a
hospital where he received good care. Over several weeks, Emmei learned a few words of Hindi before returning to his
jungle home. The following year, Jarawa individuals and small groups began appearing along roadsides and occasionally
venturing into settlements to steal food. The ATR may have interfered with traditional Jarawa food sources. Whist the tribes-
folk like the supply of metal bowls and torches, they resented the sharply increasing levels alcoholism and several cases of
economic exploitation at the hands of mainland Indians.
The Andaman and Nicobar Command is the only Tri-service theater command of the Indian Armed Forces, based at Port
Blair in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, a Union Territory of India. It was created in 2001 to safeguard India's strategic
interests in Southeast Asia and the Strait of Malacca by increasing rapid deployment of military assets in the region. As of
2014, the command includes 15 ships of the Indian Navy, two Navy Sea bases, four Air Force and Naval Air bases and an
Army brigade. The Andaman and Nicobar Command is India’s first and only joint tri-service command, with rotating three-
star Commanders-in-Chief from the Army, Navy and Air Force reporting directly to the Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff
Committee.
On 26 December 2004 the coasts of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the Weh Islands and the Cocos Islands were
devastated by a 10 m (33 ft) high tsunami following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. More than 2000 people lost their
lives, more than 4000 children were orphaned or suffered the loss of one parent, and a minimum of 40,000 people were
rendered homeless. The worst affected Nicobar islands were Katchal and Indira Point; the latter subsided 4.25 metres (13.9
feet) and was partially submerged in the ocean. The lighthouse at Indira Point was damaged but has been repaired since
then. The territory lost a large amount of area which is now submerged. The territory which was at 8,073 km2 (3,117 sq mi)
is now at 7,950 km2 (3,070 sq mi).
While locals and tourist of the islands suffered the greatest casualties from the tsunami, most of the aboriginal people
survived because oral traditions passed down from generations ago warned them to evacuate from large waves that follow
large earthquakes.
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The 26 December 2004 tsunami devastated all the islands.
The only commercial airport in the islands is Veer Savarkar International Airport in Port Blair, which has scheduled services
to Kolkata, Chennai, New Delhi, Bengaluru, Visakhapatnam and Bhubaneswar. The airport is under control of the Indian
Navy. Only daylight operations were allowed earlier but since 2016 beginning, night flight also started at Port Blair airport. A
small airstrip of approximately 1000 metres is located near the Eastern shore of North Andaman near Diglipur.
Due to the length of the routes and the small number of airlines flying to the islands, fares have traditionally been relatively
expensive, although cheaper for locals than visitors. Fares are high during peak seasons of spring and winter, but fares have
been decreased over the time due to expansion of the civil aviation industry in India.
Tribes Edit
The Andamanese people are the various aboriginal inhabitants of the Andaman Islands, a Union Territory of India located in
the southeastern part of the Bay of Bengal.
The Andamanese resemble other Negrito groups in Southeast Asia. They are pygmies, and are the only modern people
outside of certain parts of Sub-Saharan Africa with steatopygia. They lead a hunter-gatherer lifestyle, and appear to have
lived in substantial isolation for thousands of years. The Andamanese arrived at the Andaman Islands around the latest
Glacial Maximum, ca. 26,000 years ago.
The Andamanese's protective isolation changed with the first British colonial presence and subsequent settlements, which
proved disastrous for them. Lacking immunity against common diseases of the Eurasian mainland, the large Jarawa habitats
on the southeastern regions of South Andaman Island likely were depopulated by disease within four years (1789-1793) of
the initial British colonial settlement in 1789. Epidemics of pneumonia, measles and influenza spread rapidly and exacted
heavy tolls, as did alcoholism. By 1875, the Andamanese were already "perilously close to extinction," yet attempts to
contact, subdue and co-opt them continued unrelentingly. In 1888, the British government set in place a policy of "organized
gift giving" that continued in varying forms until well into the 20th century.
By the end of the eighteenth century, when they first came into sustained contact with outsiders, there were an estimated
7000 Andamanese divided into five major groups, with distinct cultures, separate domains, and mutually unintelligible
languages. In the next century they were largely wiped out by diseases, violence, and loss of territory. Today, there remain
only approximately 400–450 Andamanese. One group has long been extinct, and only two of the remaining groups still
maintain a steadfast independence, refusing most attempts at contact by outsiders.
As of 2011, the population of the Andaman was 343,125, having grown from 50,000 in 1960. The bulk of the population
originates from immigrants who came to the island since the colonial times, mainly of Bengali, Hindustani and Tamil
backgrounds.
The Andamanese are now a designated Scheduled Tribe.
The five major groups of Andamanese found by the European colonists were:
1. Great Andamanese, pure form extinct (54 admixed individuals)
2. Jarawa now estimated 250 to 400 verified to exist in pure form
3. Jangil or Rutland Jarawa, extinct
4. Onge, now fewer than 100 verified to exist in pure form
5. Sentinelese, now estimated to be 100 to 200.
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The Shompen or Shom Pen are the indigenous people of the interior of Great Nicobar Island, part of the Indian union
territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The Shompen are a designated Scheduled Tribe.
In the late 1980s the Shompens were living in ten groups, ranging in size from 2 to 22 individuals, scattered across the
interior of the island.
Because of their isolated way of life in the interior of the island, the Shompens were largely protected from the 2004 Indian
Ocean earthquake and tsunami that devastated the coastal regions inhabited by Nicobaris and the Indian population.
The Shompen languages, of which there are at least two, are very little known, but appear to be unrelated to Nicobarese, an
isolated group of Austroasiatic languages, and perhaps even to each other. They may constitute a language isolate.
The Nicobarese people are a Mon–Khmer-speaking people of the Nicobar Islands, a chain of 19 islands in the southeastern
Bay of Bengal. Only 12 of the 19 islands are inhabited. The largest and main island is Great Nicobar. The term Nicobarese
refers to the dominant tribes of the Nicobar Islands. On each island, the people have specific names, but together they are
the Nicobarese. They call themselves Holchu, which means "friend".
The Nicobarese may not have been the first people to live in the islands, they appear to have shared the islands with
Shompen who came to the islands earlier. The islands have been under the power of various Asian empires in the 16th
century, Great Britain from 1869–1947, and India from 1947. Today they are administered by India as part of the Union
Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The Nicobarese language is part of the Austroasiatic language family. All of the different islands speak different dialects of
the Nicobarese language. The separate islands are categorized into four groups, although most of the people understand
the Car Nicobar dialect.
The Nicobarese are a designated Scheduled Tribe.
The Nicobar Islands people:
1. Native Nicobarese people ~22,500
2. Shompen ~2,000-2,200
The other islands have also made greater contact with the outside world.
The Cocos Islands people:
1. Native Nicobarese people
2. Shompen
3. Mainland Burmese groups (A large majority)
4. Some Chinese troops
The Weh Islands people:
1. Aceh (the vast majority)
2. Other Indonesian groups
3. Other Malaysian
Also see Edit
1. India
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2. Integration of Junagadh
3. Integration of the Kingdom of Cochin
4. Integration of the Kingdom of Travancore
5. Integration of the Mahar Rajadom of Kashmir and Jammur
6. Integration of Dadra and Nagar Haveli
7. Integration of Goa
8. Integration of Puducherry
9. ntegration of Bantva Manavadar
10. British Indian historical map links
11. UK and Commonwealth OTL troop numbers in WW2
12. Acehnese rebellion of 1976 to 2005
13. Free Aceh Movement (GAM)
Sources Edit
1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coco_Islands
2. http://www.burmanet.org/news/2007/01/09/irrawaddy-chinese-whispers-the-great-coco-island-mystery-andrew-selth/
3. http://jadwet.com/history-of-jadwets.php
4. http://www.idsa.in/system/files/book/book_andman-nicobar.pdf
5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andaman_and_Nicobar_Islands#Danish_colonial_period_and_British_Raj
6. http://www.andamansheekha.com/2016/01/21/maiden-night-flight-arrives-in-isles-goair-flight-with-155-tourists-lands-at-
vsi-airport-to-operate-chartered-flight-between-bengaluru-port-blair/
7. http://www.rediff.com/news/slide-show/slide-show-1-how-the-indian-navy-can-dominate-the-indian-
ocean/20120903.htm#1
8. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andaman_and_Nicobar_Command
9. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=UQ9uAAAAMAAJ&redir_esc=y&hl=en
10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andaman_and_Nicobar_Islands
11. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicobarese_languages
12. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicobarese_people
13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_occupation_of_the_Andaman_Islands
14. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shompen_people
15. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=ujf2N5O4iKgC&redir_esc=y
16. https://www.academia.edu/7716140/India_s_Defence_Strategy_and_the_India-ASEAN_Relationship
17. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Weh_Island
18. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabang,_Indonesia
19. https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kota_Sabang
20. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicobar_Islands
21. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andaman_Islands
22. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andamanese_people#Y_DNA
23. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andamanese_people#Population_decline
24. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andaman_Islands#History
25. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=UQ9uAAAAMAAJ&redir_esc=y&hl=en
26. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/23333/page/6878
27. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=u6373dOvGFgC&redir_esc=y&hl=en
28. http://www.survivalinternational.org/news/3950%20Survival
29. http://www.neatorama.com/2013/07/08/The-Forbidden-Island/
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Categories:Wikipedia origin Indonesia India British India Islands Burma Myamar Wr Add category
30. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=M_47kfxz4ogC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA6&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
31. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=TgC2AAAAIAAJ&redir_esc=y&hl=en
32. https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=UQ9uAAAAMAAJ&redir_esc=y&hl=en
33. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andaman_and_Nicobar_Islands
Retrieved from "http://1991-new-world-order.wikia.com/wiki/Andaman_and_Nicobar_Islands?oldid=100526"
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Location of Coco Islands in Bay of
Bengal
Bay of Bengal
14.05°N 93.35°E
Coco Islands
Andaman Sea
7
Great Coco
Little Coco
20.54 km2
(7.93 sq mi)
112 m (367 ft)
Yangon
South Yangon
Cocokyun
Coco Islands
Great Coco
(pop. 10)
950 (2014)
46.25 /km2
(119.79 /sq mi)
Bamar people,
non-Burmese
minorities
MMT (UTC+6:30)
MM-06
Coco Islands
The Coco Islands (Burmese: ကိုကိုးကျွန် း) are a small group of islands in the northeastern Indian Ocean. They are part of the
Yangon Region of Myanmar. The islands are located 414 km (257 mi) south of the city of Yangon.
Great Coco Island
Jerry Island
Little Coco Island
Table Island
Slipper Island
General information
The islands took their current name from Portuguese sailors in the 16th century, "coco" being the Portuguese word for the
coconut. The Andaman Islands were taken over by the English East India Company in the 18th century. In the 19th century, the
British government in India established a penal colony in the Andamans, and the Coco Islands were a source of food for it (mainly
coconuts). The British government had leased out the islands to Burma's Jadwet family,[1] a respected business family in Rangoon
that also had presences in Moulmein and Mergui.[2]
Due to the remoteness of the Coco Islands, they were not properly governed, and the British transferred their control to the
government of Lower Burma in Rangoon. In 1882 they officially became part of British Burma. When Burma separated from India
in 1937 and became a self-governing Crown Colony, the islands remained a Burmese territory. In 1942, along with the rest of the
Andaman and Nicobar Islands, they were occupied by Japan. When Burma gained independence from the United Kingdom in
1948, the Coco Islands passed to the new Union of Burma.
In 1959, General Ne Win’s interim military administration established a penal colony on Great Coco Island. After Ne Win’s 1962
coup d'état and subsequent installation of a military government, the prison gained the reputation of being a Burmese "Devil’s
Island". In 1969, it was enlarged to house an increased number of political prisoners. After a strike, all prisoners on the island
were transferred to Rangoon’s Insein Prison in 1971. After the closing of the penal colony, the facilities on Great Coco Island were
transferred to the Burmese Navy. Burmese writer Mya Than Tint was among the people incarcerated at the Great Coco Island
penal colony.
The Coco Islands were allegedly leased to the People's Republic of China from 1994.[3] The governments of Burma and the
People's Republic of China deny this, and many members of the Burmese military categorically deny any agreement at all.[4]
China supposedly established a SIGINT intelligence gathering station on Great Coco Island in 1992 to monitor Indian naval
activity in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.[3] The station is also said to allow China to monitor the movement of other navies
and ships throughout the eastern Indian Ocean, especially in the crucial point for shipping routes between the Bay of Bengal and
the Strait of Malacca.[3] It may also be used to monitor activities at the launch site of the Indian Space Research Organisation at
Sriharikota and the Defence Research and Development Organisation at Chandipur-on-sea. The Chinese Army has future plans of
building a maritime base on Little Coco Island.[5]
The alleged existence of the Chinese base has been questioned.[4] In 1998, the United States stated that it had not detected any
significant Chinese activity in Burma.[6] In October 2005, India’s Chief of Naval Staff was quoted as saying that India had "firm
information that there is no listening post, radar or surveillance station belonging to the Chinese on Coco Islands".[4][7] In 2014,
Air Marshal P. K. Roy, commander-in-chief of India's Andaman and Nicobar Command, stated that "China has been developing a
runway for civilian purposes.[8][9] There are no reports of the presence of Chinese per se. The situation is not alarming". He added that there was only some civilian infrastructural
developments, which were not a threat to India.[10]
Coco Islands
Coordinates: 14.05°N 93.35°E
Contents
History
Military
Geography
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The Bay of Bengal lies to the west of the islands, and the Andaman Sea lies to the east. The Burmese mainland is 250 kilometres (155 mi) to the north. The island of Preparis lies
77 km (48 mi) to the north-northeast of the Coco Islands.[11] The Coco Islands consist of three main islands, namely Great Coco Island and the smaller Little Coco Island,
separated by the Alexandra Channel, as well as Table Island, a third small island located near Great Coco Island.[12] Geographically, they are a part of the Andaman and Nicobar
Islands archipelago (most of which belongs to India) and are separated from Landfall Island, the northernmost island in the Indian part of the archipelago, by the 20 kilometres
(12 mi) wide Coco Channel.
The Coco Islands consist of three main islands: Great Coco Island and the smaller Little Coco Island are separated by the Alexandra Channel, as well as a third small island located
near Great Coco Island is Table Island.
Great Coco Island ( ) is 10.4 km (6.5 mi) long and 2 km (1.2 mi) wide. Many green turtles nest on the beaches of the Island. A series of research programs
on marine turtle conservation have been conducted by Myanmar's Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development. Data collection on tissue samples of green turtles for
population genetic and tagging studies was conducted at Great Coco Island in March and April, 2006. Previously, Great Coco Island had never been surveyed for marine turtle
conservation due to its remote location. The survey found an estimated 150 sea turtles nesting along with 95,000 hatchlings and juveniles.
Jerry Island is a 1.1 km (0.7 mi) long and 0.2 km (0.12 mi) wide islet located off the southern point of Great Coco Island.[13]
Little Coco Island lies 16 km (9.9 mi) to the southwest of Great Coco Island. It is 5 km (3.1 mi) long and 1.2 km (0.75 mi) wide.
Table Island is located 2.5 km (1.6 mi) to the north of Great Coco Island. The island is 1.6 km (1.0 mi) long and 1.2 km (0.7 mi) wide.
The island previously housed a lighthouse in its southwestern portion, but it is now uninhabited.[12] The lighthouse was built is 1867, with a focal plane of 59 m.[14] It has a lantern
and gallery, painted with red and white horizontal bands. Two 1-story brick keeper's houses and other light station buildings lie around the lighthouse.
The island is accessible by boat. One of the former island keepers was brutally murdered by his boss.
Slipper Island is a 0.4 km (0.2 mi) long islet located off the northwestern point of Table Island, separated from it by a 0.2 km (0.1 mi) wide sound.[11][15]
Great Coco Island 14.10°N 93.365°E Airport, coconut groves, alleged Chinese SIGINT station 14.57 925
Little Coco Island 13.988°N 93.225°E Coconut groves 4.44 25
Table Island 14.185°N 93.365°E Lighthouse 1.28 0
Slipper Island 14.19°N 93.357°E 0.08 0
Rat Island 14.128°N 93.382°E 0.015 0
Binnacle Rock 14.15°N 93.372°E 0.011 0
Jerry Island 14.05°N 93.365°E 0.14 0
Coco Islands (Total) 20.53 950
There are more than 200 houses on Great Coco Island, and its total population is around a thousand people. A large water catchment reservoir is able to support the island's
population.[16]
There is a naval base on the islands, which belongs to the 28th unit of the Myanmar Navy. It is home to some 200 soldiers and their families.
The Coco Islands have a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). Temperatures are very warm throughout the year. There is a winter dry season from
December to March and a summer wet season from April to November. The heaviest rain falls in September, with an average of 761 millimetres (30.0 in) of rain.
14°07′00″N 93°22′03″E
Demography
Climate
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29.6
(85.3) 30.0
(86) 31.0
(87.8) 32.6
(90.7) 32.3
(90.1) 30.7
(87.3) 30.3
(86.5) 30.0
(86) 30.2
(86.4) 30.8
(87.4) 31.0
(87.8) 30.0
(86) 30
(87
22.0
(71.6) 21.2
(70.2) 22.0
(71.6) 24.3
(75.7) 25.8
(78.4) 25.4
(77.7) 25.0
(77) 25.0
(77) 24.6
(76.3) 24.4
(75.9) 24.4
(75.9) 23.2
(73.8) 23
(75
2.2
(0.087) 5.2
(0.205) 13.2
(0.52) 37.0
(1.457) 240.0
(9.449) 456.3
(17.965) 418.3
(16.469) 438.8
(17.276) 380.2
(14.969) 184.3
(7.256) 138.3
(5.445) 23.0
(0.906) 2,33
(92
Source: World Meteorological Organization[17]
The island belongs to the township of Cocokyun. The township had a corruption scandal in the Myanmar general election of 2015.[18] Ballots were filled in Yangon without being
shipped, resulting in a high turnout and subsequent police investigation.[19][20]
The 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) Coco Island Airport (ICAO code: VYCI) is located on Great Coco Island. It follows the north-south axis near the island's village. The airport was
recently renovated.[21] There are sources claiming that the airport is being used as a Chinese air-force base.
The islands offer the opportunity to see rare reptiles, birds, and mammals that are unique to the Coco Islands.[22]
Map of the Coco Islands
Map of Great Coco Island
Map of Little Coco Island
Map of Table Island
Map of the Andaman and Nicobar
Islands, with the Coco Islands in
the extreme north
1. http://www.idsa.in/system/files/book/book_andman-nicobar.pdf
2. http://jadwet.com/history-of-jadwets.php
3. John Pike, [www.fas.org/irp/world/china/facilities/coco.htm "Coco Island - Chinese Intelligence Agencies"], Federation of American Scientists.
4. Selth, Andrew, "Chinese Whispers: The Great Coco Island Mystery" (http://www.burmanet.org/news/2007/01/09/irrawaddy-chinese-whispers-the-great-coco-island-mystery-
andrew-selth), , 9 January 2007.
5. "Intelligence station on Great Coco Island is the most important Chinese electronic intelligence installation in Myanmar" (http://www.globalsecurity.org/intell/world/china/coc
o.htm). GlobalSecurity.org. 26 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-26.
6. Andrew repot (https://web.archive.org/web/20120214092653/http://www6.cityu.edu.hk/searc/Data/FileUpload/294/WP101_08_ASelth.pdf)
7. V. Pant, Harsh (3 May 2010). "China's Naval Expansion in the Indian Ocean and India-China Rivalry" (http://www.japanfocus.org/-Harsh_V_-Pant/3353).
. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
8. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/Runway-other-infrastructure-being-developed-at-Coco-Islands/articleshow/30063312.cms
9. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Chinese-naval-ships-detected-near-Andamans/articleshow/48817805.cms
10. "'China a strategic partner, not a threat'" (http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/china-a-strategic-partner-not-a-threat-114020800515_1.html).
. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
11. https://books.google.com/books?
id=hWv9ZhMhgusC&pg=PA223&lpg=PA223&dq=preparis+island&source=bl&ots=di8ZTolvqW&sig=pXsh3BAAycobCIaSpH6zwFhecM0&hl=iw&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwig9oqjsp3MA
, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
12. Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Myanmar (Burma)" (http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/lighthouse/mmr.htm). . University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
13. Mapcarta - Great Coco Island (http://mapcarta.com/14997356)
14. Lighthouse (http://www.unc.edu/~rowlett/lighthouse/mmr.htm)
Administration
Transportation
Flora and fauna
Image gallery
References
5/13/2018 Coco Islands - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coco_Islands 4/4
Burma's mythical islands (https://www.jstor.org/stable/20638594?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents)
Official Nautical Chart of Coco Islands (https://www.un.org/depts/los/LEGISLATIONANDTREATIES/PDFFILES/MAPS/mmr_mzn64_2008_00210.jpg)
Indian Ocean - South-East Asian Marine Turtle Memorandum of Understanding (http://www.ioseaturtles.org/feature_detail.php?id=144)
Google Earth map of Chinese facilities at Great Coco Island (https://maps.google.com/?ie=UTF8&t=k&om=1&ll=14.137117,93.367524&spn=0.03013,0.040169&z=15)
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coco_Islands&oldid=828818730"
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.
15. GoogleEarth
16. News (http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs6/NLM1997-06-09-text.pdf)
17. "World Weather Information Service–Coco–Island" (http://worldweather.wmo.int/en/city.html?cityId=2138). World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
18. Scandal Election (http://www.mizzima.tv/index.php/108-headlines-news/5687-advance-votes-will-not-happen-for-government-staff-and-other-organizations-in-cocokyun-town
ship-as-ballot-papers-have-not-been-sent-in-time-mizzima-com)
19. Turnout vote (http://www.themimu.info/sites/themimu.info/files/documents/15-Sector_Map_Gov_IFES_Pyithu_Hluttaw-Turnout_MIMU1363v01_11Jan16_A3.pdf)
20. News (http://www.myanmar-now.org/news/i/?id=ab4ddc68-854c-44be-ad9d-70a75624e27f)
21. News (http://globalnewlightofmyanmar.com/senior-general-min-aung-hlaing-opens-mobile-telecom-service-in-cocokyun/)
22. Official site (http://www.myanmarburma.com/attraction/150/great-coco-island-and-little-coco-island)
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
?cityId=2138). World Meteorological Organization
"World Weather Information Service-Coco-Island" (http://worldweather.wmo.int/en/city.html?cityId=2138). World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 23 March 2017.