Basic Principles of Risk Communication in Air Pollution
Risk communication is crucial in response to any hazard to human health. Sharing
information can help triggering necessary actions that can eventually lead to the solution of
a problem or to a reduction of its negative effects, improving the outcome. Some basic rules
must be followed, though, in order to create an effective communication, avoiding those
mistakes that undermine the trust that people rely on risk assessors and decision-makers.
Air pollution is a peculiar problem in risk communication as its effects are blurred although
partially known also by the public. Most of them appear later in life and not always the cause-
effect relationship is clear. For this reason, air pollution remains a major challenge in risk
communication and health education.
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Writing and editing a new book for Spinger Nature on Air Pollution and its effect of human health. The aim is to give the state-of-the-art on air pollution and the most complete overview on its cli
nical implication. ... [more] View project
This book has the aim to present some fundamental pillars that must be taken into account for the design and the construction of a medical record system. The work does not claim to be exhaustive, a
s the spirit of the book is to propose to reason out on some issues that have to be considered as the main features to take in consideration in the design and deployment of medical record systems, trying to bring positive issues to the general discussion.
The first challenge has been to face the issues proposed in a co-productive way, in which the point of views of different actors (technicians, doctors, policy makers) are harmonized in shared visions, where the requirements that must be posed and considered become opportunities and challenges to overcame, also offering different shared solutions based on technology, organizational changes, medical actions and workflow in a unitary way; in which actors must be empowered to be participants and to negotiate their contributions in the process of construction of shared visions of socio-technical systems of care, without the division into experts and clients.
Considering positive all the efforts done so far, in this book we assert that medical record issue is a complex living object - not only a collection of information, but rather a complex systems for managing the clinical knowledge - and its design, construction and deployment must be faced considering different aspect of the problem in a co-productive fashion
It is composed by four parts.
Starting from a brief review of the state of the art of the medical record systems’ exploitation in which are emerged lights and shadows, including the expectation of Central Governments that have promoted and started national programs, in section two are presented the requirements posed by the actors of the health context: the doctors, the patients, the researchers analyzing how is produced clinical information, and the mechanisms that transform information into clinical knowledge. In the patient-doctor-researcher relationships must be considered the human perspective of the information collection because the patient-centered gathering of medical information must be done for human aims, for which the term “patient-centered”, often used, must be considered not only by a technical perspective but first of all by considering the human point of views.
In Section Three the complex living object medical record is placed in an information ecosystem.
Health job is a collaborative work, different agencies, institutions and organizations are engaged at different level and the patient is involved in the process of care.
Clinical information produced in this ecosystem fosters collaboration among users and can be intentional or accidental, because it is based on the meaning of the information created: social collaboration among health actors is based on voluntary traditional clinical information sharing, but there are a great amount of medical information produced for some scopes that can be reused, revealing hidden connection among data that promotes accidental collaboration, unthinkable in the past.
These information live and are nurtured in the information spaces, in which clinical information value chain is composed through voluntary acts of “publication, brokerage and delivery” of clinical information, necessary for making available medical records and for creating a virtual community of actors, making effective and real the collaboration among the individuals interested in the healthcare context, therein included the patient.
At last but in strict relationships with the previous ones, the technological point of view is presented in the Section Four.
These opportunities and challenges, unthinkable some years ago, are made possible by the new development of technology, that allows pervasive computing, shared information and distributed knowledge, collaborative tools, sophisticated and complex algorithms for information analysis across agencies, institutions and nations, making effective the creation of virtual communities of actors engaged in the treatment of clinical information for the individuals comprising the patient, subject of care.
https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=37307 ... [more] View project
- Study the theoretical and practical implications of the planning, developing and implementation of ICT tools for medicine
- Develop new models for eHealth and telemedicine
- Give expert recommend
ations to researchers, practitioners, developers and policy-makers ... [more] View project March 2018
This book examines in detail the clinical implications of those diseases that either are primarily triggered by air pollution or represent direct consequences of air pollutants. The aim is to provide medical practitioners with practical solutions to issues in diagnosis and treatment while simultaneously furnishing other interested parties with crucial information on the field. The book introduces
... [Show full abstract] the concept that air pollution-related diseases constitute a new class of pathologies. A wide range of conditions mainly attributable to air pollution are discussed, covering different body systems and pollution impacts in subsets of the population. In addition to presenting state of the art overviews of clinical aspects, the book carefully examines the implications of current knowledge for social and public health strategies aimed at disease prevention and prophylaxis. The Clinical Handbook of Air Pollution-Related Diseases will greatly assist doctors and healthcare workers when dealing with the consequences of air pollution in their everyday practice and will provide researchers, industry, and policymakers with valuable facts and insights. Read more April 1995 · Family & community health
The nation's community health practitioners must take environmental public health more seriously. Today, the impact of changing ecosystems on human health, particularly relative to infectious disease, is evident. Hazardous substances, such as lead-based paint, also affect human health, particularly children's health. Embedding health communication, cultural competence, and community involvement
... [Show full abstract] into public health practice will help practitioners deal with the scientific uncertainty often associated with linking hazardous substance exposure to illness, injury, and disease. A new paradigm of medical assistance is needed to provide information and services. Read more June 2014
The main key in delivering health to children lies in the promotion of healthy lifestyles as well as the accuracy of a diagnosis or the suitability of a therapy. There would be no idea of well-being if those issues are not properly addressed. The Internet is nowadays the most accessible source of information in every field of the human knowledge. Talking about children, though, the first step is
... [Show full abstract] to consider the final audience the information is intended for.
The use of specifically designed applications – able to run on that technology children are already acquainted with and already use in their everyday life – can help health professionals to deliver positive messages, in an appealing way and with a continuous feedback.
Children living in remote areas, as well, could experience the effects of this approach to health education, enhancing their chances to prevent diseases and have a better quality of life.
Because of the threats that the use of Web-based devices in the youngsters presents, those same applications have to be designed so that harmful, harassing, or addictive behaviors could be avoided or early detected.
Once the children are actively involved in educational programs that make use of communication technologies, the establishment of positive and healthy behaviors can be easily fostered by parents, teachers, and health professionals.
Those are due to produce an imprinting in the child that is apt to guide him or her in the road to become an adult and possibly a healthy one. Read more Last Updated: 26 Oct 2018 Looking for the full-text?
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