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The paper presents an overview of innovative solutions in Construction Industry (CI) between 2016 and 2018. Trends in events within CI were compiled mainly on the basis of reports, to a large extent originating from the US market.Directions and conditions of development of CI (in terms of design, technology and socio-economic sense) are considered. The importance of issues related to digitization, integrated activities (from integrated management to the integrated BIM), and partly augmented reality were highlighted. An attempt to synthesize new instruments in Construction Management has been presented.
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Engineering Structures and Technologies
ISSN 2029-882X / eISSN 2029-8838
2018 Volume 10 Issue 1: 27–33
*Corresponding author. E-mail:
Faculty of Architecture (IAP), Poznan University of Technology, 60-965 Poznan, Nieszawska 13c, Poland
Received 28 January 2018; accepted 21 March 2018
Abstract. e paper presents an overview of innovative solutions in Construction Industry (CI) between 2016 and 2018.
Trends in events within CI were compiled mainly on the basis of reports, to a large extent originating from the US market.
Directions and conditions of development of CI (in terms of design, technology and socio-economic sense) are considered.
e importance of issues related to digitization, integrated activities (from integrated management to the integrated BIM),
and partly augmented reality were highlighted. An attempt to synthesize new instruments in Construction Management
has been presented.
Keywords: construction innovations, construction industry, trends, review.
Innovation, modern approach, inspiration, changes are
leitmotifs which shape economic reality. Innovations are
needed for the subject inspiring these changes while pre-
serving the interest of the environment. e aim is (con-
sciously or subconsciously) for the changes to be consist-
ent with the paradigms of sustainable development.
e specic character of Construction Industry ranges
wide: from design solutions, technological and technical and
economic solutions, decision-making methods, through to
organizational solutions and ecient management. From a
company point of view there are three basic types of inno-
vation: through research and development (R & D), pur-
chase of know-how, acquisition of the so-called material
technologies (innovative structures, machines, materials).
e paper deals with the rst group of issues, with
emphasis on solutions in the eld of Construction Man-
agement. e text it does not cover issues such as risk of
innovation, competition, indicating only the characteristic
trends in the development of innovation in Construction
Construction industry has always been a subject of
interest not only for businessmen but for dierent institu-
tions, too (c.f., Czarnecki et al., 2017a, 2017b; Kanapeck-
iene, Kaklauskas, Zavadskas, & Seniut, 2010; Kapliński &
Zavadskas, 2002; Kapliński, Werner, Kosecki, Biernacki, &
Kuczmarski, 2002; Kapliński, Dziadosz, & Zioberski, 2011;
Kapliński & Zavadskas, 2002). ere have been many re-
ports and although they dier, trends in progress of tech-
nology, methods, organization, etc can be noticed. Most
popular and most oen read are those reports and portals
which are based on information from the US market (e.g.,
Kapliński, 2017).
e overview of the main trends is the subject of this
1. Forecasts for 2016
e American portal publish-
es 10 construction trends shaping the industry in 2016
and beyond (ForConstructionPros, 2016). Two problem
groups (trends) can be distinguished, i.e. from modelling,
3D printing, and above all, smart buildings, through to
BIM supported work organization and safety. It has been
synthetically shown in Figure 1. Each of the ten trends
includes the author’s comments below, characterizing a
given trend.
It is worth noting that some of the other trends for
2016 are shown by Peier (2016a).
2. Trends for 2017
Phenomena and trends presented above (see Figure 1)
are going to reach Europe with certain latency. e 2016
accounts have not been “done” yet, and American econo-
28 O. Kapliński. Innovative solutions in construction industry. Review of 2016–2018 events and trends
mists already predict increased spending on construction
industry in 2017 by 5% compared to last year. However,
there is a new phenomenon, i.e. increased uncertainty
caused by changes in the central government– aer the
election of the new president.
Quite a credible report from Dodge Data & Analytics
indicates the following ten trends 2017 (Dodge Market-
Share™, 2017; Peier, 2017, see also SmartMarket Report,
2017; Lindsay, 2015).
ere are forms of organization of the investment
process which will consolidate. Design-bid-Build
system will be of marginal signicance. Two ways of
practical implementation of an investment will con-
solidate, i.e. Design and build and P3 system (Public-
Private Partnerships). ese two systems of practical
implementation of an investment have been favoured
by the US market for many years. e third system,
which will consolidate in the market is integrated de-
signing, aer modications called Integrated Project
Delivery (IPD).
Shortage of manpower in the construction industry
will be the weakest link. e crisis in the construction
industry from ten years is still lingering. e report
indicates that from April 2006 to January 2011, the
construction industry lost 40% of its workforce. In-
adequate condition of vocational education is empha-
sized. Nonetheless, it is still an attractive, well paid job.
ere is a sense of insecurity, primarily among con-
tractors, related to potential changes in legislation,
taxation and employment policies. e uncertainty is
the result of an imbalance between the new govern-
ment administration and construction industry. e
lack of balance is, nevertheless, not going to aect
the 2018 results.
Modular and prefabricated structures, although they
are nothing new, nonetheless will gain a stronger po-
sition in the market. is trend continues from the
previous period and is caused by the need for quality,
with the view to shortening lead times and introduc-
ing proper discipline to work organization.
e announcement of increased spending on infra-
structure, which is clear from the election campaign.
e emphasis is on reconstruction of existing infra-
structure as well as nancing under P3. Companies
regard this announcement with limited optimism.
Information technologies. Almost revolutionary so-
lutions regarding jobs are expected to transpire as the
result of digitization and articial intelligence. Such
systems as IoT (Internet of ings) and Business In-
telligence are going to dominate. Everything is geared
towards planning and taking decisions in real time.
e construction industry is still inuenced by new
Increase in prices of building materials and labour
cost. A signicant jump in prices of materials is ex-
pected, but companies are going to keep margins at
the current level. Because of the shortage of skilled
workers, the average salary will increase (higher than
the national average, anyway).
Increase the importance of VR and AR, or else Virtu-
al and Augmented Reality technologies. Virtual and
extended space of activity, particularly useful in the
stages of design, management and organization of the
building site itself. Companies envisage training in
this area, even on an international scale. e follow-
ing benets, among others, are mentioned: detecting
errors in advance, avoiding costs of mistakes, detect-
ing safety risks, monitoring work sites.
Strengthening of the trend which, in the near future,
will make sustainable construction more a norm than
an exception. Indirectly, it is the matter of reduction
of energy costs and creating jobs. is trend is ex-
pected to continue, despite the attitude of uncertainty
towards the current administration.
e trend to respect the workplace, prevalent in the
previous period, is going to continue. is trend
is multi-faceted, as it ranges from fair invoicing of
works performed to high penalties for accidents at
the building site.
Figure 1. Ten construction trends shaping the industry in 2016 and beyond
1. Detailed 3D BIM 2. Cost and schedule modeling
with 5D Macro-BIM 3. Pre-fabrication 4. Energy-saving
building systems 5. Smart buildings
7. Robotic automation 8. Unmanned Aerial
Vehicles (UAVs)
9. 3D Printing
in construction
6. Integrated mobile technology
and information on jobsites 10. Enhanced jobsite
Currently, standard,
Collision Detection
Step towards:
Of-site orders
Life cycle cost
analys ing,
return on
Using custom applications
on mobile devices
Reducing labor costs
Remote access
Repetitive works
-Time saving
Digitization of
construction site
Remote jobsite
Required 3D printer
and extruder Revisions of existing
safety requirements
Engineering Structures and Technologies, 2018, 10(1): 27–33 29
3. New developments for 2018
Forecasts for 2018 do not dier signicantly from fore-
casts for previous years. Based on publications of several
authors and research institutions (Akbar, 2017; Claire,
2017; Jones, 2018; Menard, 2018; Slowey, March, & Cow-
in, 2018; Tiltwall Ontario Inc., 2018) the following conclu-
sions can be drawn:
the trends may be stronger
labour force shortages,
the interest in prefab and modular construction con-
tinues to grow,
hopes for solving problems related to labour, safety
and productivity thanks to new technological solu-
tions are growing.
In addition, the importance of the triangle BIM –
VR – Green Construction relationship is accentuated
(Akbar, 2017).
DConstuctionDIVE (USA) according to the Dodge
Data & Analytics research (Slowey et al., 2018) indicates
growing dependence (and hopes) on technology, and af-
ter the failures in 2017 (market uctuations, unexpected
events), advocates resiliency and management exibility.
Canadian company Tiltwall Ontario Inc. (2018) and
Californian SKYSITE (2017) clearly point to: various
dimensions of BIM, including 4D (time), 5D (cost), 6D
(as-built operation), 7D (sustainability), 8D (safety); Aug-
mented Reality; Robotics & Exoskeletons; IoT; Drones;
Cloud Computing; Mobile Field Software; AI; Smart
Buildings; and even on Self-Driving Vehicles. All these
solutions will inuence construction industry, but a new
context also appears: it is about making life easier for us.
4. Structural, technical and
socio-economic aspects
Without structural and technical solutions (including
technical equipment in the building) construction it-
self can not be considered. You can look even wider, i.e.
through paradigms of sustainable development. ere
are many interesting sites, reports that present data from
rapidly emerging markets. e Chinese market is a good
Special Innovation Awards are granted. Unfortunately,
prizes are not awarded for overall (A-Z) solutions, but for
individual elements in the building (e.g., for elevations),
design methods, and ways of practical implementation.
Not all interesting ideas are published. Some solutions
are limited by patent claims.
An example of recent awards in the area of „Innova-
tions in high-rise building design” is provided in (Building
Design+Construction, 2016; CTBUH and BD+C STAFF,
A European Union Report (Probst, Monfardini, Fri-
deres, & Cedola, 2014) commenting on Smart construction
products and processes pays close attention to socio-eco-
nomic relevance, including demographical change, envi-
ronmental factor, better quality of life. Commenting on
socio-economic issues in the smart context is very brave,
solutions are sought for in three areas:
e creation of new markets and jobs,
Bringing smarter construction processes and prod-
ucts to the market,
Client perspectives and challenges related to the up-
take of smart construction technologies, including
two aspects:
Knowledge challenges: (lack of awareness by builders
of the new advancements available in the eld of con-
struction results in poor execution of constructions),
Risk avoidance challenges (this is related to the large
amounts of capital invested).
5. A look at the Summit of the Americas
e interesting RICS Forum (e Summit of the Ameri-
cas), in conjunction with e World Built Environment
Forum (WBEF) was held in April 2016 in Washington.
A number of issues were debated which, as it turns
out, are characteristic not only for American builders, but
also for other areas of the world. ree trends can be iden-
tied clearly among them (Peier, 2016b).
e rst one is related to selection and analysis of a
mass of information, in other words, BIG DATA. One of
the basic elements of the spatial modeller– e.g. Autodesk.
e motto of this trend is not only the modelling of dif-
ferent cases, but also use of the information in budgeting
and scheduling. e information is stored in the cloud,
and drones are also used to acquire information.
e second trend concerns durability of the building,
impact on the environment, the value of the assets life cy-
cle (including operating costs) which, in a nutshell, can
be described as “high-performing buildings”. Engineers
there realize that the cost of construction itself is a small
percentage of the total cost of the building’s life. e cost
of maintaining the building over 30 years is a multiple of
the cost of its construction. However, it was stressed that
a tall building is more ecient to operate and use because
the impact of the ongoing costs of maintenance and re-
pairs decreases.
e third trend concerns the agreements and partner-
ships, and therefore applies to legislation (contracts) and
organizations (cooperation). e importance of public-
private partnership (P3) is constantly growing. Despite
technological innovation being introduces in construc-
tion industry, the signicance of a formal contract is
unchanged. However, its scope must be adapted to new
requirements. It is emphasized that organization of the in-
vestment process according to P3 requires specic mana-
gerial knowledge.
6. Towards Augmented Realty
Basing on surveys published in 2016 (Jackson, 2016; Pei-
er, 2016a, 2016b) some conclusions can be drawn as to
factors which will have a signicant impact on design and
30 O. Kapliński. Innovative solutions in construction industry. Review of 2016–2018 events and trends
implementation in the near future. ey are as follows
(short explanations are given in parentheses):
1. Building information modelling
2. Robots
3. Visualisation and virtual reality
4. Internet of things (IoT, connection with BIG DATA).
See the comments in (Kapliński, Košeleva, &
Ropaitė, 2016)
5. Lockable composite road plates (for quick repairs
of road surface)
6. Aerogel (ultra-light, synthetic porous material– as
thermal insulation)
7. Drones
8. 3D printing and digital o-site manufacturing
9. MassMotion (change of transport infrastructure, ad-
aptation to the changing needs of the mass of pas-
sengers, new requirements in terms of soware, the
use of articial intelligence)
10. SoundLab (not just noise problems but also com-
munication through sounds)
It is worth noting that the benet from the application
of these factors will rank higher when they are taken into
consideration already at the stage of preliminary design.
ese are material, technological and organizational
solutions already included within the scope of augment-
ed realty (AR), or a system that connects the real world
with computer-generated reality. A year earlier, Raconteur
platform presented trends/innovations (Jackson, 2015)
whose synthesis is shown in Figure 2. ree out of the
ten innovations: cloud collaboration, asset mapping and
predictive soware conrmed the observation regarding
AR. e kinetic roads innovation should be understood as
converting kinetic energy into electrical energy produced
by moving vehicles.
e trend in the development of Augmented Realty
continues. is is evident in several forecasts for 2018: Ak-
bar, 2017; Slowey et al., 2018; Tiltwall Ontario Inc., 2018.
7. An attempt of a synthesis
Is it possible to make a résumé of these trends? eir com-
parison is not even desirable, because they relate to very
dierent aspects, i.e. from design and technology of con-
struction to the economic issues. Below is an attempt of
a synthesis but in the area of construction management.
is synthesis uses earlier individual own research
(Kapliński, 2008, 2009, 2015; Kapliński & Peldschus,
2011) and team research: Gajzler (2016), Dziadosz, Tom-
czyk, and Kapliński (2015), Dziadosz and Kończak (2016),
Kalibatas, Kalibatienė, and Kapliński (2018), Turskis,
Gajzler, and Dziadosz (2012), Zavadskas, Turskis, and
Tamošaitiene (2008), Zima and Leśniak (2013).
In order to discuss technology and management tools
in the construction industry (CI), one should refer to the
eighties, when Manufacturing Resource Planning pro-
gram, and later Enterprise Resource Planning began to be
implemented in construction industry. From that moment
Production Resources Planning really begun. Currently, we
are witnessing another breakthrough which is called Aug-
mented Reality (AR). It is a system which combines the
real world with computer-generated reality. AR elements
are shown in Figure 3. An inspiration for such graphic
form was a World Economic Forum report, Committed to
Improving the State of the Word, published in 2016: World
Economic Forum (2016). Figure 3 is an attempt to indicate
the rank and importance on new technologies– in the im-
pact-likelihood setting, however, it does not coincide with
the matrix presented in (World Economic Forum, 2016).
e range of AR in the area of CI covers, e.g. systems
of wireless monitoring systems (including specic imple-
mentations, technology, safety, costs, and control of pro-
duction). Large group of issues is formed by the Integrated
IT systems. ere is, for example, Integrated Management,
Integrated Project Delivery (IPD), Integrated BIM so im-
portant today and BLM (Building Life Cycle Manage-
ment), IoT (Internet of ings), Case-Base Reasoning and
other. Of course, in the future, we will not be ale to do
without BIG DATA (analysis) and cloud.
What is becoming important is correct organizational
factors such as: Real-time mobile collaboration. In order
for those factors and trends to be eectively implemented,
legislative conditions must come to existence. Also, work
must proceed in favourable structures, i.e. in systems of
organization and realization of investments, including P3
system, so cherished in the American market.
e issues of the structure life cycle have been placed
on the right side as Life-Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA). It
is the synergy of other items listed in the drawing and
described in the preceding paragraphs. It brings together
not only operating costs, but also the issues of energy ef-
ciency and sustainable development. e need to imple-
ment LCCA in the EU follows up the EU Directive (Direc-
tive 2010/31/EU).
Figure 2. Innovations taking into account the augmented realty
Engineering Structures and Technologies, 2018, 10(1): 27–33 31
8. Commercialization of innovative approaches–
trends in Construction Industry
Reviewing commercialization of innovative approach-
es in CI it is obvious that changes are exciting but they
require money and knowledge. What does the commercial
US market oer to developers and users? Companies op-
erate on the basis of commercial law and are not limited
to consulting (oering the “key to success”) but also to
the foundations of education. Based on the Nationwide
Construction (blog) companies’ most spectacular achieve-
ments are in the following areas (Nationwide Construc-
tion, 2016):
Renewable Energy and Sustainability, including solar
installations, heating and cooling layouts, sustainable
building materials. All solutions sell well,
Virtual and Augmented Reality Modelling, within
this area– new ways to model and visualize a proper-
ty or renovation project, sophisticated digital models.
Today, it is a commercial determinant of a company,
Prefabricated Commercial Construction, including
advertising streamlining the process of construction,
to be completed faster, better security and perfor-
mance is oered,
Integrated Mobile Technology and Smart Buildings.
Many buyers are surprised by the range of options
in automation and control of a building. ree solu-
tions have the greatest demand: On-site security and
access, Climate control and regulation, On-site com-
ree Dimensional Printing: a possibility of using
curved forms in contrast to conventional limitations,
i.e. rectilinear forms (limiting the architecture of the
completed building).
In all cases, a reduction in costs through automation
and digitization is oered.
Large companies (corporations) innovate more than
small and medium-sized ones. is stems mostly from the
fact that they have already invested in innovation-oriented
solutions, and do not want to lose their position in the
competitive market (see also Claire, 2017; Jones, 2018).
Innovation associates (and rightly so) with a dynamic eco-
nomic development. e attributes are: competitiveness,
utility of solutions, strategies of change.
Construction Industry (CI) solutions form a range
extending in dierent directions. Material and techno-
logical/hardware trends are universal. Special emphasis is
put on integrated actions, for example, Integrated Man-
agement, Integrated Project Delivery (IPD), Systems of
wireless monitoring, IoT (Internet of ings), Case-Base
Reasoning, BLM (Building Life Cycle Management), In-
tegrated BIM.
e power of innovation requires a suitable substrate.
ese are legislative and organizational matters. Econom-
ic relationships also play a signicant role. In developed
countries, in CI, a D-B-O (Design-Build-Operate) type
system of organization has taken root, corresponding to
the requirements of P3 system (Public-Private Partner-
ships). e quoted reports emphasize that P3 type of in-
vestment process organization is the most preferred in
innovative speculations.
All presented trends either directly (e.g., green build-
ings) or indirectly aect sustainable development.
It is felt that security issues are important requirements
for innovation. Experts voice concern about the lack of
sta and its training.
Figure 3. An attempt to identify rank and importance of new technologies in Construction Management– in the impact-likelihood setting
3D laser
New active
Prefabricated building
Self-healing materials
3D printing
in construction
Advanced project-planning tools
Real-time mobile collaboration
Integrated Project Delivery (IPD)
Systems of wireless
BIG DATA (analysis)
BLM (Building
Life Cycle
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... The current cases regarding the use of AI in the construction industry are still relatively nascent. However, a few startups adopt AI-focused practices, enabling them to gain considerable attention and traction [16]. Below are some of the current AI capabilities in the construction sector. ...
... For example, smart stormwater and intelligent lighting solutions provide the possibility of working such management systems into blueprints. These milestones could have been inexistent almost a decade ago (in 2011) during the process's initial stages [16]. The pervasive growth of technology, which now allows even smaller practitioners to work on larger restoration projects, may be considered. ...
... The construction sector is a significant industry in the world's economy because it employs about 7% of the labor force people, even though its technological advancement remains low. However, there is an excellent possibility of integrating AI into restoration, which can reduce up to 20% of the costs [16]. Construction practitioners can use computers to analyze job sites and identify potential risks like landslides to decrease possible delays and safety hazards. ...
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AI adoption in the construction sector has some hurdles besides its numerous benefits to the restoration of historical sites. This research paper investigates the possibilities of using AI solutions from construction and other sectors in restoring the 'Siq'. It first explains the concept of AI before illustrating its impact on the construction industry. It then describes Petra and the problems leading to its deterioration before explaining the values necessitating Petra's restoration. Further, the study focuses on the recent conservation at the 'Siq', possible changes in heritage restoration processes resulting from AI, and a discussion and conclusion on the use of AI in restoring historical sites. The study results show that technological breakthroughs can be used entirely to manage projects like the "Siq Stability" initiative. The study concludes that AI-based restoration processes increase the possibilities of adopting faster and cheaper approaches to rehabilitating Petra. The study contributes to architecture by reviewing the literature on heritage management, the "Siq Stability" initiative at Petra, and AI to investigate how digitalization in the construction sector disrupts traditional heritage protection processes. The concept of AI is new in architecture, necessitating the study's illustration of how heritage project managers at the 'Siq' can harness AI's benefits for seamless and faster restoration of the monument. The study explores the 'Siq', its deterioration problems, and values to show the need to take advantage of AI-based opportunities to foster enhanced heritage conservation approaches.
... In addition, construction projects often last for many years, and product design is often modified in the meantime due to changes in customer preferences (KADEFORS, 2004). KAPLIŃSKI (2018) collected the innovation trends that have appeared in the construction industry in recent years: these include intelligent 3-4D based printing, BIM modeling, prefabrication, energy-saving building systems, smart buildings, integrated mobile solutions and information on construction sites, the use of robotization, automation, unmanned aircraft, and increasing work safety on construction sites. ...
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The construction industry is an important industry that determines the national economy of almost every country. Due to its productivity, the number of people it employs, and the number of enterprises involved, it is also decisive for other industries. The facilities completed as a result of public works often outlast their dreamers by decades, so it is very important that the construction industry is open to the innovative development of its operations, products and elements that provide infrastructure for others. The basic hypothesis of our study is that although a rapid regeneration took place in the construction industry after the pandemic situation, which is also supported by the number of public procurement procedures for Hungarian public works, the proportion of procedures using innovative solutions is low, as is the case with sustainability aspects. We also assumed that the share of public procurement procedures integrating R&D results and innovation partnerships is low compared to domestic public procurement.
... Modern information technologies have fundamentally changed the methods and means of communication between project team members. Information Technology (IT) and Information Communication Technology (ICT) have been developing rapidly to cater for the rising complexity of diverse projects [7,8]. The widespread introduction of Building Information Modeling (BIM) can be a breakthrough innovation that will revolutionize the construction industry. ...
Recent research has shown that the increase in a number of participants of construction project elevated the cost and duration of construction. The use of integrated project delivery and the formation of a network organization structure can significantly reduce the costs, as the activities of the participants become more coherent and coordinated. The optimization of decisions is essential for the efficiency of a negotiation process, which in turn depends on the organizational structure. The article specifies three basic types of network organizational structure that can be applied in a construction project: focal (F1), dynamic (F2), multifocal (F3). In this study, a direct assessment of possible effectiveness of each of the three types of network organizational structures was carried out using a vector decision model. For each of the above-mentioned types of organizational structures, the potential effectiveness of negotiating act f0 and the total potential effectiveness F0 was calculated. The results of the study show that the most effective type of network organizational structure is the multifocal collective decisions in which a project manager has several “assistants”. © 2021. R. Trach, M. Połoński, P. Hrytsiuk. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0,, which per-mits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the Article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial, and no modifications or adaptations are made.
... For example, proximity sensors have been used for enhancing situation awareness by tracking workers' proximity to moving equipment (Oloufa et al., 2003, Choe et al., 2013, and automated construction vehicle navigation (Lu et al., 2007). Despite the efficacy and increasing deployment of these technologies, the construction industry is experiencing a shortfall of graduating construction engineering students and existing workforce equipped with the necessary skills to implement the technologies on construction projects (Hannon, 2007, Kapliński, 2018. This opinion was also shared by Zhang and Lu (2008) who posited that students are unaware of the potentials of sensing technologies in the construction industry. ...
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With the growing rate of adoption of sensing technologies in the construction industry, there is an increased need for technically skilled workforce to successfully deploy these technologies on construction projects. Inspired by opportunities offered by mixed reality, this paper presents the development and evaluation of a holographic learning environment that can afford learners an experiential opportunity to acquire competencies for implementing sensing systems on construction projects. To develop the content of the learning environment, construction industry practitioners and instructors were surveyed, and construction industry case studies on the applications of sensing technologies were explored. Findings of the surveys revealed sensing technologies domain-specific skill gap in the construction industry. Further, the findings informed the requirements of the learning environment. Based on these requirements, key characteristics of the learning environment are identified and employed in designing the environment. Still, a formative evaluation is important for developing an effective mixed reality learning environment for teaching domain-specific competencies. Thus, it is imperative to understand the quality, appropriateness, and representativeness of the content of the learning environment. This paper also presents a learnability assessment of the developed mixed reality learning environment. The assessment was conducted utilizing a focus group discussion with construction industry practitioners. Feedback was sought from the participants regarding the reflectiveness of the layout of the virtual environment of an actual construction site and the appropriateness of the represented construction applications. This study contributes to the definition of the type of domain-specific skills required of the future workforce for implementing sensing technologies in the construction industry and how such skills can be developed and enhanced within a mixed reality learning environment.
... For example, proximity sensors have been used for enhancing situation awareness by tracking workers' proximity to moving equipment (Oloufa et al., 2003, Choe et al., 2013, and automated construction vehicle navigation (Lu et al., 2007). Despite the efficacy and increasing deployment of these technologies, the construction industry is experiencing a shortfall of graduating construction engineering students and existing workforce equipped with the necessary skills to implement the technologies on construction projects (Hannon, 2007, Kapliński, 2018. This opinion was also shared by Zhang and Lu (2008) who posited that students are unaware of the potentials of sensing technologies in the construction industry. ...
Conference Paper
The growth in the adoption of sensing technologies in the construction industry has triggered the need for graduating construction engineering students equipped with the necessary skills for deploying the technologies. One obstacle to equipping students with these skills is the limited opportunities for hands-on learning experiences on construction sites. Inspired by opportunities offered by mixed reality, this paper presents the development of a holographic learning environment that can afford learners an experiential opportunity to acquire competencies for implementing sensing systems on construction projects. The interactive holographic learning environment is built upon the notions of competence-based and constructivist learning. The learning contents of the holographic learning environment are driven by characteristics of technical competencies identified from the results of an online survey, and content analysis of industry case studies. This paper presents a competency characteristics model depicting the key sensing technologies, applications and resources needed to facilitate the design of the holographic learning environment. A demonstrative scenario of the application of a virtual laser scanner for measuring volume of stockpiles is utilized to showcase the potential of the learning environment. A taxonomic model of the operational characteristics of the virtual laser scanner represented within the holographic learning environment is also presented. This paper contributes to the body of knowledge by advancing immersive experiential learning discourses previously confined by technology. It opens a new avenue for both researchers and practitioners to further investigate the opportunities offered by mixed reality for future workforce development.
... Change Every development process is the synthesis of compelling contributions from four preeminent sectors (i.e., Enterprise, Technology, Government, and Employees). The success of any industrial enterprises or projects can be accomplished only through approaching cooperation and reciprocal realization between these vital sectors; thus, the need to merge and integer different limitations to narrate in a radical solution for either thoroughgoing or partial change is a necessity (Kapliński, 2018;McMichael, 2016;Shutsilin et al., 2019). The prominent involvement for radical change and modern development integration is by creating a solid organizational structure in assembling essential components and elements to stimulate a development execution by transpiring the program's achievement into dynamic industry sections that control everyday activities. ...
This paper presents an integrative conceptual perspective that typically followed an industrial pattern for the Gradle perception of an industrial idea until the fully developed world-competitor recognized manufacturing entity. An interpretation of such dynamics is exceptional through practice transformations encounter have returned in special consideration in the development environment since the start of the industrial revolution as the renewable, efficient ways of conservative and superiority production. Linking the industry innovation gap, construction venture, and transformation scheme lack all divisions' balance. Exceptional barriers that encounter the philosophy challenged according to the new obstacle emerging throughout the development cycle within various industries when embracing new schemes.
Purpose This study aims to provide an excellent overview of current research trends in the construction sector in digital advancements. It provides a roadmap to policymakers for the effective utilisation of emergent digital technologies and a need for a managerial shift for its smooth adoption. Design/methodology/approach A total of 3,046 peer-reviewed journal review articles covering Internet of Things (IoT), blockchain, building information modelling (BIM) and digital technologies within the construction sector were reviewed using scientometric mapping and weighted mind-map analysis techniques. Findings Prominent research clusters identified were: practice-factor-strategy, system, sustainability, BIM and construction worker safety. Leading countries, authors, institutions and their collaborative networks were identified with the UK, the USA, China and Australia leading this field of research. A conceptual framework for an IoT-based concrete lifecycle quality control system is provided. Originality/value The study traces the origins of the initial application of Industry 4.0 concepts in the construction field and reviews available literature from 1983 to 2021. It raises awareness of the latest developments and potential landscape realignment of the construction industry through digital technologies conceptual framework for an IoT-based concrete lifecycle quality control system is provided.
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The construction industry has become more digital and the traditional methods of construction activities are gradually becoming outdated. In this era of digital construction, various information and communication technologies have been developed and deployed to the site for the management and control of construction activities including cost management. Irrespective of the benefits of adopting these technologies, most of them are still not readily accepted for use for construction management. This study articulated Seven (7) recent technologies driving the industry and evaluated their acceptance for cost management of construction projects. The technologies include mobile technology, Augmented/Virtual Reality (AR/VR), Building Information Modeling (BIM), Internet of Things (IoT), Autonomous Equipment (Drones and Robotics), Artificial Intelligence (AI), and Predictive Analytics (PA). Data was gathered using a restructured questionnaire and technology acceptance model analysis was performed to identify which of the technologies have higher acceptance for cost management based on the criteria of availability, affordability, frequency of use, usefulness for cost management, and acceptance in the industry. Test statistics using Spearman’s correlations and Kendall’s correlations for each of the technologies and Spearman’s Correlations of Technology acceptance with other variables in the TAM Model were performed. The results showed that mobile technology has higher correlation values than other technologies, and therefore has a higher acceptance for cost management. Kendall’s coefficient of concordance values and Spearman’s correlation values for Mobile technology were all above 0.6 which indicates a high level of agreement among the raters and strong relationships between the compared TAM variables.
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Rapidly growing building information modelling (BIM) in construction offers a number of advantages and new opportunities of improving efficiency and effectiveness of the construction process and enhancing the use of emerging technology throughout the project’s lifecycle, not only in new buildings, but also in existing ones, including overall infrastructure. Recently, there has been a great number of publications discussing BIM advantages in construction. A number of review papers summarising BIM usage cases have been published. However, as the preliminary research shows, not all organizations use BIM because of its disadvantages. Therefore, the main aim of this research is to study the extent of available literature on BIM, to determine the current situation of BIM usage, and summarise publications related to the application of BIM. The current study is limited solely to papers available in SpringerLink, ScienceDirect and Thomson Reuters Web of Sciences scientific databases. The obtained results make it clear that BIM case studies and research in academic journals show high level of BIM implementation in practice, and advantages of BIM. However, there are some limitations of BIM usage in practice. Moreover, new trends in the evolving BIM are presented and discussed in this paper.
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STRESZCZENIE Przemiany gospodarcze, rozwój nowoczesnych technologii oraz struktur organizacyjnych zarządzania przedsięwzięciem budowlanym wyznacza kierunek zmian w sposobie postrzegania procesu inwestycyjnego przez pryzmat podejścia procesowego. Umożliwia właściwe wykorzystanie zasobów istniejących w przedsiębiorstwach oraz pozwala na wszechstronne wykorzystanie mechanizmów planowania strategicznego. Wpływ obowiązujących regulacji prawnych, norm, rozporządzeń oraz standardowych warunków kontraktowych na proces planowania i realizacji przedsięwzięć budowlanych stanowi sedno niniejszego referatu. Obowiązujące akty normatywne i systematycznie przeprowadzana ich nowelizacja zmierza do opracowania przejrzystych zasad, wzorców postępowania, precyzyjnego określania zakresu etapów procesu inwestycyjnego oraz praw i obowiązków jego uczestników. Słowa kluczowe: standaryzacja w inżynierii przedsięwzięć budowlanych, procedury prawne, zarządzanie przedsięwzięciami, niezawodność, zarządzanie ryzykiem.
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Innowacje i trendy w budownictwie amerykańskim Innovation and trends in the American construction industry DOI: 10.15199/33.2017.03.22 Abstract. Recent development trends in the American construction industry have been presented, aswell as characteristic innovation trends on the basis of forecasts for the last two years. Reports and web portals were used. Attention was drawn to the need to support implementation of innovation through organizational and legislative actions. The presented phenomena and trends will reach Poland with a certain inertia in time. Keywords: construction engineering projects, innovations, trends, American market. Streszczenie. Przedstawiono najnowsze trendy rozwoju budownictwa amerykańskiego, a także charakterystyczne innowacje na podstawie prognoz. Skorzystano z raportów oraz portali internetowych. Zwrócono uwagę na konieczność wspomagania wdrażania innowacji przez działania organizacyjne i legislacyjne. Przedstawione zjawiska i trendy dotrą do Polski z pewnym opóźnieniem w czasie. Słowa kluczowe: inżynieria przedsięwzięć budowlanych, innowacje, trendy, rynek amerykański
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Data generation has increased drastically over the past few years. Data management has also grown in importance because extracting the significant value out of a huge pile of raw data is of prime importance while making different decisions. This article reviews the concept of Big Data. The Thomson Reuters Web of Science Core Collection academic database was used to overview publications that contained “BIG DATA” keywords and were included in Web of Science Category under “Engineering”. The analysis of publications was made according to year, country, journal, authors, language and funding agency.
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The problems related to construction production are multi-faceted and complex. This has promoted the search for different methods/approaches for analizing the data which supports the decision-making process in the construction industry. In the article the authors focus their attention on well-known methods and tools, and on some new approaches to solving decision-making problems. The aim of the article is to analyze the methods used to analyse data in a construction company, convey their advantages and disadvantages, and specify the degree of efficiency in the discussed area.
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The mining methods are classified as the methods of data analysis and the knowledge acquisition and they are derived from the methods of “Knowledge Discovery”. Within the scope of these methods, there are two main variants associated with a form of data, i.e.: “data” and “text mining”. The author of the paper tries to find an answer to a question about helpfulness and usefulness of these methods for the purpose of knowledge acquisition in the construction industry. The very process of knowledge acquisition is essential in terms of the systems and tools operating based on knowledge. Nowadays, they are the basis for the tools which support the decision-making processes. The paper presents three cases studies. The mining methods have been applied to practical problems - the selection of an adhesive mortar coupled with alternative solutions, analysis of residential real estate locations under construction by a developer company as well as support of technical management of a building facility with a large floor area.
In the past there has been no structured approach to learning from construction projects once they are completed. Now, however, the construction industry is adapting concepts of tacit and explicit knowledge management to improve the situation. Top managers generally assume that professionals in enterprises already possess tacit knowledge and experience for specific types of projects. Such knowledge is extremely important to organisations because, once a project is completed, professionals tend to forget it and start something new. Therefore, knowledge multifold utilisation is a key factor in productively executing a construction project. This paper discusses the benefits of knowledge management to construction industry organisations and projects and emphasises the significance of tacit knowledge. The main purpose of this paper is to present the integrated knowledge management model for the construction industry as well as system architecture and system of the Knowledge Based Decision Support System for Construction Projects Management (KDSS-CPM) which the authors of this paper have developed. Different knowledge management models that are presented in scientific literature are discussed and compared, and the proposed new, KDSS-CPM model, as developed by this paper’s authors, is introduced.