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Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety Relating to the Choice of Deity

  • Independent Researcher
Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety Relating to the Choice of
Sukran Karatas
Estrangement is one of the biggest causes of fear and anxiety in the 21st century to
such a degree that individuals are failing to understand and identify the true self
even in the big picture let alone within the complexity of psychology. East and
West, physics and metaphysics, body and spirit, you and I and many more things
are not only dragged apart from each other but also divided in its own nature. Non-
sentient beings, including the human body, act upon built-in knowledge designed
by the same super power behind the Big Bang to perform their finely tuned
individual and collective actions completely free from oppression of one another.
Human voluntary actions, on the contrary, are initiated by conscious knowledge,
become apparent by actions that cooperated with built-in structure. Brain, mind
and heart, in particular, are the places that the combined energy waves are
generated, received and reflected depending on the values of individual perceptions
and genetic abilities. Hence, accurate codes and coordinations are absolutely
necessary for emotion-related unsteady voluntary actions to work in harmony with
the automated ones. Individuals are free to choose their own deity but it is essential
to have the same Deity to establish perfect consistency between the two systems
and the Deity. Only then total freedom, equality and justice can be achieved
voluntarily in line with the nature. Therefore, the book, Deity and Freedom,
Equality, Justice in History, Philosophy, Science’, aims to draw attention to
existent missing links between the innate and voluntary actions and offering
scientific solutions. Arguing that the methods of the existing four types of ‘energy
wave end boundary behaviours’ between the different mediums can be used to
assess the authenticity of the relationships between the chooser and the chosen
deity, which is vital for human health, wealth, happiness and social relations.
Key Words: Deity, anxiety, peace, energy, power, freedom, equality, justice,
psychology, biology, happiness, sadness, hope, fear,
Human beings are the only creations who need to learn how to control their
own emotions and arrange individual and social life orders consciously. Their
existence involves every aspect of life based on certain kinds of energy
networks, seen or unseen. The entire existence, including human body and soul,
are closely interwoven with finely tuned codes and coordinations, pre-
programmed to work together in perfect harmony. Therefore, it is necessary for
Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
humans to know all these already existing authentic structures to establish valid
links with them consciously.
Predetermined beings are working from a base of total freedom, equality and
justice, which are the vital key-factors for harmonious interrelations and a
slightest disturbance in any one of these will lead to fundamental chaos in the
whole existence. It is the same for consciously chosen human individual and
social life orders. Any disturbance in the balance of freedom, equality and
justice will be the first main source for fear and anxiety, which can lead to even
bigger chaos in the big picture but especially in individual human health,
happiness and social relations. Therefore, authentication is the vital basis in
obtaining knowledge and choosing a deity to establish valid interrelations within
the whole existence including human body, soul and spirit to be able to live a
happy and healthy life in peace.
Depending on the scientific developments of time, authentic knowledge can
be verified though practical experiments in one way or the other. However,
justification of human individual or collective rationale remains as the most
problematic issue as ever, even in the 21st century. In fact, uncertainties in
human reasoning continue to be one of the main causes of fear and anxiety when
it comes to identifying the boundaries of the basic life principles, even for self,
let alone for others. Basic individual, mutual and universal values are necessary
to set the foundation for life order but who is to decide what is right for whom.
According to the predetermined systems the existing human beings are all equal,
therefore, any human interference will naturally disturb the exiting freedom,
equality and justice not only within the self but also among others. Therefore,
humans, consciously or unconsciously, turn to choose a deity or deities mostly
among supernatural beings. Now, it is high time for human beings to choose
their own deity on the basis of scientific authentication without disturbing the
three key factors, which are vital for health and happiness.
To be able to understand this quite new and complicated subject well, we
have to know the structure and the working system of the universe and the
autonomous energy interaction behaviours between the Source Powerand the
creations, as well as between the creations. We also have to know the history of
human beings in relation to choosing a deity or
deities and their immediate, retrospective and
prospective effects on individuals, cultures and
societies. Then, we will look into energy wave
end behaviours on meeting with different
mediums to demonstrate scientific justification
for how to choose the authentic deity.
Physical and metaphysical worlds are
powered, supported and run by an Invisible
Source behind the Big Bang. The Universe
Figure 1: Percentages of the Universe
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
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contains 68% of Dark Energy, 27% of Dark Matter, 4.5% of Intergalactic gas and
0.4% of Stars as atomic beings that are made up of molecules and cells.1 Existence
in this dimension is acting in harmony due to a pre-programmed system, which
bonds each entity within itself, with its surroundings and with its own source, the
cosmological constant,2 and to the power of the highest intellect, the Deity. Actions
in this system take place in relation to time and space, in an interval of generating
and degenerating spans. The level of these interrelations depends on the number of
atoms in the substances and the gravity ratio between them.3 It has such a perfect
energy network in which even the slightest disturbance is not tolerated.
Before the 19th century atoms were accepted
as the basic units of matter but their structure was
unknown. At the beginning of the 20th century
Ernest Rutherford (1871-1937) who was working
on atomic radioactivity
“…found out that almost all the
particles pass through the gold sheet
with little or no deflection…however, an
occasional particle bounced back. It
must have struck something very dense
indeed…Most of the radioactive particles pass freely through the
nearly empty space that makes up most of the atom, but a few
particles happen to strike the dense mass at the centre and
In his model, negatively charged orbiting
electrons had mass. The positively charged dense
nucleus at the centre was made up of two types of
particles - protons and neutrons - and the number
of protons determined what element that atom is. In
addition, the electrons orbiting with the speed of
light make the nuclei appear to be surrounded by
clouds.5 Now, we know that matter is composed of
atoms that have two numbers. One of them is
called the ‘atomic number’, which defines the charge of the nucleus, and the other
is called the ‘atomic weight’, which defines the mass that determines the behaviour
of the electrons.6
Generally, numbers of orbiting electrons are equal to the numbers of protons in
the nucleus, which neutralises the atom “when an atom contains different number
of electrons than protons, the atom is called an Ion. The process of creating an ion
is called ionization.”7 However, the number of neutrons may vary even in the same
elements, which are called ‘isotopes’, enabling transformation from one element to
Figure 3: Atomic Numbering.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Figure 2: Basic Units of Matter.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
another. Each radioactive isotope has its own disintegrating (decaying) time to
transform from one stage to the other, which is called ‘half-life’. Niels Bohr (1885-
1962) demonstrated that, when an electron jumps from one energy level to another
level ‘spectral lines’ occur; this discovery is now used to estimate the age of
elements. This is another universal law that leads to another leap in science to
Quantum Mechanics.
Spectral lines are used to estimate the beginning of existence and the age of
matters. Big Bang is said to have taken place approximately 13.7 billion years ago.
This was also the beginning of time and space in the dimension that we live in
today. However, the entity of the first 10-43 second, ‘the inflationary epoch’ of the
Big Bang was infinitely dense atom-size at the beginning but it had the biggest
increase in size from atom to orange size at the time of 10-32second. The heat
reaction could not be measured owing to its intensity, even with the most advanced
technology. At first, the four forces of nature, strong and weak nuclear force, force
of gravity and electromagnetic force were not separated. They were combined as
one unit that is known as ‘singularity’. At the time of 10-6 the cooling started to
take place, quarks begin to clump into segments and the nuclear gas cloud began to
appear. By the time of 3 minutes, the universe seemed to be a clump of fog, which
was the time for radiation to begin turning into matter.8
Even though gravity and light worked hand-in-hand from the beginning, before
the formation of matter, light was not visible. About 300.000 years after the Big
Bang matter started to form and the light began to hit it and reflect back. Therefore,
light needs matter to be visible; matter needs light to be visible. Surely, waves need
matter to hit and reflect back in the dimension of the universe that we live in. The
length of the light waves between the source and the matter depend on the density,
distance, temperature, characteristics and the shapes of the matter.9 Waves have
their own universal laws, as does gravity. The human physical body is matter.
Therefore, it is included in the automatically ruled and regulated category of the
like, obeying the laws of gravity and light separately, as well as the combined laws
that work together.
On the other hand, spirit has an undetermined free will system alongside the
determined form that can be controlled by human free will consciously, able to
receive incoming energy waves evaluate them and send them out towards the
intended targets. However, authentic codes and coordinations are necessary to have
valid connections and correlations to be able to receive correct amounts of energy
from the source and the others, and reflect them back correctly. Thus, the existence
of free will can facilitate or impede human beings in choosing, motivating and
controlling of these energy levels between the self and others, including the
Creator. The point of free will is closely related to the choice of deity, the
unification of body, soul and spirit, the interrelation with others, human or non-
human. There are energy wave connections between the Creator and the creations
as well as among the creations. This is another universal law that includes gravity
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and light waves, which establishes the necessary interconnection to hold all
existence together as one unit.
A wave is a travelling disturbance going
through a medium. It experiences local
oscillations and a regular periodic value that
gives information about the character of the
medium. This periodic value changes while
the disturbance is passing through from one
medium to another. We have to remember
that particles in the medium stay constant in
their places whilst energy in the waves
moves along. There are low and high-energy
waves with the ability to carry the energy
from one medium to another depending on their strength and they can also travel in
opposite directions, collide with each other, and can be absorbed or reflected back
depending on the character and the position of the boundary or the barriers that
they come across.
We have to remind ourselves here that we are
talking about only one line of a wave that travels
along a particular stream line and demonstrates
different behaviour when it reaches its own
boundary where it meets a different medium
from its own. One unit of a wave is marked when
point ‘A’ in a model circle comes to the same
place where it started, then the second unit starts
from point ‘A’ again and so on. The harmonic
waves have ‘nodes’ at the point of each ‘A’. Each turn creates a loop and the half-
waypoint is called ‘anti-node’. Thus the string of harmonic loops is created. A
supposed straight line between the loops going through the nodes is called
‘equilibrium’. The point where one medium ends and another medium starts is
defined as the ‘boundary’ and the behaviour of the wave at the end of a medium is
referred to as the ‘boundary behaviour’. The boundary behaviours are categorized
as the fixed end reflection, free end reflection, and the transmission of pulse at the
boundary from less dense medium to a denser medium, or the transmission from
denser medium to a less dense medium. All kinds of waves, including water and
light, have the quality of having reflection, refraction or diffraction.
Energy flow in bio signalling is achieved with the combined action of
positively charged protons (+1) and negatively charged electrons (-1), and the
neutrons (0) to balance them. Energy flow in waves is achieved with the combined
interaction of the ‘positron’, also called anti-electron or positive ‘electron’ that has
positive charge and the electron has negative charge and all are balanced with the
‘neutrino’ that has neutral charge, which is from the family of neutral leptons.
Figure 4: A Diagram two waves travelling
on the same medium.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Figure 5: Wave movements.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
“The energy of photon ‘light’ depends on
the radiation frequency; there are photons
of all energies from high-energy gamma
and x-rays, through visible light, to low
energy infrared and radio waves. All
photons travel at the speed of light.
Considered among subatomic particles,
photons are bosons, having no electric
charge or rest mass (zero) and 1/2 unit of
spin; they are field particles that are
thought to be the carriers of the
electromagnetic field.”10
Energy force in the action potential generates the level and strength of the
communication between the brain and body, determining the end behaviour. Value
of an intake at first instant will determine the level of chemicals (neurotransmitters)
released into the system. Thus, the behaviour of
the beginning will determine the behaviour of the
whole neurobiological system and the end result
of the behaviour. It will carry on and on until the
behaviour of the free-willed input is changed,
then the output will be changed accordingly. This
is the only place where the freedom of choice in
determining energy behaviour is involved.
In proportion, comparing the free will to the
rest of the automated system, it is almost next to
nothing, however, it is a fundamental vital point
that it can determine the behaviour of the whole system to a certain level. It does
not only affect its own biological, psychological, spiritual body, soul and spirit but
also related actions can affect the other social interrelations. Therefore, we need to
know the relationships of the first firing impact, which takes place in the cell
bodies, in the brain, and the strength level of the neurotransmitters released into the
synaptic gaps (cleft), and the capacity of the target
cells whether they are able to take it in or not.
Neuron, once it is triggered by a stimulus of the
negative electrical potential force, becomes
positive and begins to produce waves of impulses,
“the depolarizing receptor potential
spreads down the sensory neuron until it
Figure 7: Action Potential.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission
Figure 8: Synapses.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Figure 6: Visible and invisible
light waves.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission
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reaches a specialized portion of membrane called the triggered
zone; at the triggered zone the receptor potential is converted into
action potentials, the number and the frequency of the action
potentials is directly related to the amplitude and duration of the
receptor potential - and the amount of neurotransmitter released
at the axon terminals of the sensory neuron is a function of the
number and frequency of action potentials generated.
Some neurons such as those that release the neurotransmitters
dopamine or serotonin (neurotransmitters that effect mood,
arousal and our sense of well being) fire action potentials
spontaneously and continuously (1 to 20 times per second),
producing a steady stream (tonic release) of neurotransmitter.
Other neurons...require the action of excitatory synaptic inputs in
order to bring them to their firing threshold.”11
Neurons in the peripheral autonomic
nervous system have repetitive firing rates that
are called ‘inhibitory neurons’. They have
impulses in steady stream waves and they are
usually placed in the brain and in the spinal
cord. Neurons that are in the peripheral somatic
nervous system need stimuli to reach the firing
threshold rate. They are called ‘excitatory
neurons’. The level of the stimuli, voluntarily
controlled, will determine the level of strength,
speed and force of the wave impulses in the
action potential. However, the “Proper
dynamics in neuronal network can only be
maintained if the excitatory forces are
counteracted by the effective inhibitory forces.”12
Unity, in acting together between the two
nervous systems, is as vital as in the other areas of
existence. Every single part of the body needs to be
working in a free, equal and just manner without
oppressing each other. They do not interrupt the
work of the others, are not interrupted by the others
and have no resistance to working in cooperation,
as it should be. However, in the case of an
emergency, certain vital points are fused with extra
sensitive and flexible systems. For example, the
pyramidal neurons’ in the forebrain structure and
the ‘Sino Atrial Node’ (SAN) in the heart structure
Figure 9: Nervous System.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission
Figure 10: Examples of the
Pyramidal neurons.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission
Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
work as the ‘potential pacemakers’ within the body. There are, in abundance,
different types of pyramidal neurons found in the forebrain structures but not in the
other parts of the brain, striatum, midbrain and hindbrain or in the spinal cord.
They are excitatory cells that play important roles in circuiting, integrating,
polarizing and depolarizing incoming excitatory and inhibitory signals. They sort
and send the signals to all related and associated target compartments within the
brain and outside.
Thus, the power of input is directed and diverted to many different related
points that give time for the system to divert and balance the power of the input,
saving itself from a sudden potentially threatening impact.
“In addition to being influenced by the strength and spatial
location of the activated synapses, dendritic integration is influenced
by voltage-gated ion channels, which are abundant in pyramidal
neuron dendrites (Johnston et al.1996). The voltagegated Na+,
Ca2+, K+ channels in pyramidal neurons dendrites make the
dendrites excitable, which means they are capable of nonlinear
integration that includes a variety of types of dendritic action
potentials... Other types of voltage-gated channels...include A- type
K+ channels and hyperpolarisation-activated caption channels, (also
known as HCN channels) ”13
Scientists state that there are around a hundred different types of chemicals
released through neurotransmitters within the both, ‘CNS and PNS’ nervous
systems. The most important chemicals are dopamine, (DA or DOPA); serotonin;
acetylcholine, (ACh); noradrenaline; glutamate; endorphin and enkephalin. The
types, amount and the speed of the released chemicals depend on the information
input collectively from the sensory organs and conscious mind, assisted or
hindered by individual genetically characterized ability and aided by the inhibitory
motor neurons if they are not physically disabled.
Low levels of dopamine in the body lead to Parkinson’s disease and high
levels of it to schizophrenia and hallucinations. Serotonin’, (5-hydoxytryptamine,
5-HT), is known as ‘the feel-good’ chemical, and low levels can cause severe or
mild depression, panic and fear depending on the level. High level can cause
artificial tranquillity and optimism, which can create a risk of not being able to
estimate danger. Acetylcholine is involved both in the Central Nervous System
and the Peripheral Nervous System and works as a neuromodulator. It “is critical
for communication between neurons and muscles at the neuromuscular junctions,
is involved in direct neurotransmission in autonomic ganglia, and has been
implicated in cognitive processing, arousal, and attention in the brain.”14
Deficiency of acetylcholine in the brain affects memory and in severe cases it can
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cause Alzheimer’s disease. Outside the brain, it activates and regulates muscle
movements such as heart rates, digestion, secretion of saliva, and bladder function.
The chemical called noradrenaline is produced in the ‘lucus coeruleus’, which is
a part of the brain that is called the brain’s pleasure centre.
The activation of locus coeruleus neurons provides a central
command that increases noradrenaline release in its multiple
target regions, although noradrenaline release by locus coeruleus
terminals is also controlled by local mechanisms. Noradrenaline
has complex neuromodulatory effects on neuronal activity and it is
essential for several cognitive functions.15
It also regulates the reflex of ‘fight or flight’ response. Accordingly, it involves the
heart rate, blood pressure and gastrointestinal functions as well. Thus, an
unbalanced transmission will affect all of the related parts of the body owing to the
miraculously calculated dose of interference to create the exact balance needed by
the body.
The other chemical, Glutamate’ is the most prevalent excitatory
neurotransmitter in the mammalian CNS…16 and involves most aspects of normal
brain functioning including cognition, memory and learning. The precise level and
the time of the neurotransmission of glutamate are very important. High-level
glutamate in the system, usually taken in through fast food or other means, can
create a toxin called glutamate excitotoxicity’. This alters the natural balance
between the neurotransmitter release and the receptor, and the accumulated
glutamate in the connection area kills the surrounding neurons.
Endorphin and enkephalin, the major chemicals, are also known as the natural
painkillers of the body.
“There is thought to be a link between stress, the body’s
natural painkillers and the immune system. In 1975, it was
discovered that the body makes its own natural painkillers,
morphine-like substances called endorphins and
enkephalins…Endorphins are found in the pituitary gland and,
although their exact role in stress reaction is still unclear, several
studies have suggested that they may help to mediate the body’s
response to stressful stimuli.”17
Enkephalins can be produced through meditation and by some other kinds of
“The human body produces at least 20 different endorphins
with possible benefits and uses that researchers are investigating.
Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
Beta-endorphin appears to be the endorphin that seems to have the
strongest effect on the brain and body during exercise. Endorphins
are believed to produce four key effects on body and mind: they
enhance the immune system, they relieve pain, and they reduce
stress, and postpone the aging process...Recent studies have found
that nutritional and biochemical imbalances, rather than lack of
will power or character, may increase the potential for substance
abuse. Specifically, alcohol and drugs give temporary relief for a
depleted endorphin level, which is one reason why they produce
Endorphin sounds very good for the health when it is naturally produced but,
receiving too much too soon can also cause problems in coping with everyday life
Heart is the pumping centre of the circulatory system. Even though all the
cardiac cells are automated, the heart’s working system is influenced and affected
by emotions through the level of the synaptic messages.
The beating heart ensures that every cell of the body has an
uninterrupted supply of food, oxygen, and other essentials. So
powerful is it that the heart can pump the body’s entire blood
volume of 5 litres (8.8 pints) around the body about every minute.
On average it beats, or pumps 70 times a minute when the body is
at rest, yet can increase this rate if the body is more active. Over a
life time of 70 years, the heart beats some 2.5 billion times without
tiring or stopping for a rest...”19
Heartbeat works in a cycle, and the entire cycle is initiated from the ‘Sino
Atrial’ (SA) node, which is the natural pacemaker of the heart’s beat as mentioned
above. The heartbeat cycle has its own electrical pathways within itself,
independent of every other part. Electric pulse is initiated from the SA node and
received by the Atria Ventricular (AV) node,
which “is a small bundle of specialized cells
located at the junction of the atria and ventricles. It
is the only point where an action potential
originating at SA node can spread to the
There are two pathways going out from the SA
node, the ‘interatrial pathwayand the ‘internodal
pathway’. The interatrial pathway goes from the
SA node to the left atrium ensuring the
depolarization of the cycle. The internodal pathway
Figure 11: Heart Structure.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
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is the action potential connection between the SA node and the VA node that sends
the signals to a bundle of nerves, which are called ‘His’, after a brief delay to give
time for depolarization. His, then send the action potential down the
interventricular septum, to the nerves that are called ‘the Purkinje fibbers’, which
are extended from His. Finally, the action potential sent from the SA node goes
through the AV node to the bottom part of the heart and the action potential is
repolarised throughout the ventricular myocardium and is ready for the next cycle.
It is amazing to see how every single cell is kept alive by the circulation of the
blood pumped by the heart carrying to them nutrients and oxygen and taking away
from them waste materials and carbon dioxide. It is obvious that any slight
imbalance in the system can cause many types of problems according to its
seriousness. Heart does not only regulate blood in the physical body but also seems
regulate the unseen emotional feelings. We never refer to ‘broken mind or brain’
but we do have sayings of broken heart, as well as loving or hating from the heart,
telling, feeling from the heart etc. We have a certain level of control in our minds
but the heart can overpower and can control us. Therefore, it is the strongest and
the most vulnerable part of the body, affected by emotions as well as mishandling
of the physical systems. This year (2007) an estimated 700,000 Americans will
have a new coronary attack and about 500,000 will have a recurrent attack. It is
estimated that an additional 175,000 silent first heart attacks occur each year.21
So, there must be something drastically wrong in the handling of the heart. Could it
be the absence of the instruction manual of the codes and coordinates to see how
one could unite the voluntary actions with the automated ones to coordinate them
correctly, which will let the heart be free from every kind of oppression from self
and others to work in peaceful harmony within and without.
Every cell in the body has its own special working order to accomplish its own
duty as well as cooperating, giving and taking, within the working order of self and
the surrounding cells to accomplish harmony. This clearly resembles every
individual being like a cell in the body of humanity. Every individual system in the
body, like brain and heart, has its own individual working order in harmony within
self and unity with the others. As long as they are not damaged or distorted in one
way or another, they work perfectly in an automated manner. The important point
here is that they all need energy impulses to stream through from initiation point to
the target, polarizing and depolarizing. They also have pressure points in case of
emergency to absorb or back up in extraordinary situations and have fuse points,
diverting and spreading the power received in a wider area in case of a sudden
What about the parts working under human free will, which may be too little in
proportion but too powerful in effect? Have they the force to overpower the
automated system, and if yes, how? This point alone proves that human beings are
in need of authentic codes and coordinations for establishing valid links within the
body itself to work in harmony. However, freedom, equality and justice cannot
Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
ever be established correctly without the knowledge (revelations) from a higher
intellect the same authority that has the power and knowledge above any created
power and knowledge, including the voluntary actions. The planner and producer
of all systems, the Creator, is called the Deity when instructing His creations how
to act and He is called the Lord when He takes the full responsibility for looking
after them while the system is working. Even though He knows the best for them in
an absolute independent manner, He hands over a little portion of it to human free
Therefore, the meanings of Deity and the Lord are interwoven together, the
Originator, the Creator, the Manager and the Caretaker, all in the One. Therefore,
unity in the system can only be accomplished if it is managed by the same unified
source of authority. None the less, human beings can only achieve the unity within
self and others if they willingly choose to follow the fundamental instructions of
the same source for their basic voluntary actions. Only then, can they have the
correct pin codes for their actions to join the rest. After establishing the essential
foundation, human beings can develop the required individual, social and
environmental details according to their own needs, whatever, whenever and
wherever they are. Otherwise, it is impossible to know or guess the coordinations
of such a complicated system to unify within self, with others, let alone with the
Creator, as the Deity.
Historical evidence indicates that human beings always had some kind of
awareness about the existence of the Super Power behind all creation. However,
they still tend to choose a deity or deities voluntarily other then the Creator unlike
the rest of creation. Therefore, while the idea of the existence of a unique Creator
remained constant, deified objects or people kept changing according to the
necessities of the time and place in which human beings lived. Even certain objects
like the sun, the earth, eagles, goats, or people as leaders were idolized, either
voluntarily or at times by force. Nonetheless, they submitted themselves fully to
the service of their chosen or imposed deity or deities while regulating their
individual and social everyday life orders according to the values of the chosen
deity or deities. Hammurabi, (1792-1750 BC)22 was the king of Babylon who laid
down the first written social rules and regulations but we have no evidence that he
was taken as a deity. However, there is plenty of evidence indicating that Pharaohs
openly declared themselves as deities, using their authority to be obeyed fully.
They ruled people under their unauthenticated knowledge and unjust authority for
a long period of time, 3100 BC to 332 BC.23
The meaning of deity becomes more visible in mythology with the concept of
fantasized invisible deities. Cosmological self-imagined deity stories were used as
the source of knowledge and authority to identify the self and customize cultures.
Consequently, people, matters, objects, animals, myths, magic, dreams, certain
ornaments and the products of human imagination became a deity or deities.
Minds, cultural identities and life patterns were shaped, ruled and regulated under
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the name of these deities, when in fact, they were the products of the thoughts and
imaginations of human beings themselves. These kinds of unauthentic and
unauthorized attempts for establishing interrelations between the conscious
voluntary actions and the pre-programmed actions are not only bound to destroy
freedom, equality and justice between them but also damage both systems by
leaving the doors wide open for oppression, anger, division, chaos, fear and anxiety
to flourish.
Philosophy, on the other hand, places the human rational intellect right in the
centre and demanded that it to think, know, decide and act for its own sake alone.
Yet again, it is idolizing its own self-devised personal rules and regulations. This
gave individuals a chance to think and decide for themselves, which was very
much lacking at the time. But, the necessity for authentic knowledge was totally
ignored, which was essential for a valid relationship between the human voluntary
actions and the built-in automated intellects. In the meantime, the appearance of so
many different speculative philosophical approaches and the methods such as
realism, idealism, mysticism and scepticism and so on were tearing people into
We now know that, an unauthenticated conscious intellect alone, no matter how
wise, can not meet the authentic need of the whole existence to have a peaceful and
perfect integration between the human body, soul and voluntary actions of every
individual, let alone between cultures, societies or the Creator as the Deity. For
example, Diogenes Laertius (400-325 BC) who consciously decided to give up
reasoning altogether and lived like an animal on the street or Pyrrho of Elis (365-
275 BC) on the other hand, who searched for reason alone in everything.25 In these
cases, the outcome would always be biased, which would create fear and anxiety
that is simply due to the unjust oppression of an unauthentic authority, either on the
self or on the others.
Revelations, on the other hand, share the same message about choosing the
authentic deity and let individuals free to choose. Hence, the first commandment
in the Ten Commandments states that ‘I am the Lord (Rab) your God (Creator)
who brought you out of Egypt, out of land of slavery. You shall have no other gods
(deities) before Me.’26 The New Testament declares the same, ‘Jesus said to him,
“Away from me, Satan! For it is written:
Worship the Lord your God (Deity), and
serve him only.”’27 And The Qur’an says,
Your deity is one only, there is no other
deity (Ilah) but Allah, Who has the
immeasurable mercy for the entire and the
special.’28 Revelations with the same
messages aim to establish the essential
foundation for developing authentic and
scientific knowledge to meet individual
Figure 12: Diffuse and Specular
Reflections of revealed Knowledge. ©
2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
and universal needs for interacting with each other in the most perfect harmony.
All the revelations emphasise the importance of the authenticated knowledge,
either coming from the scientific resources or the Creator, to establish a universally
valid base for all human kinds to stand on firmly first. They will be free, equal and
just in order to be able to take individual and collective voluntarily chosen actions
while interacting with self, others and with the deity. The revelations aim to
provide valid information to satisfy the uneven surface of individuality, on one
hand, and to unite the basics of cultural and universal differences on the other.
They also intend to hold basic authentic keys for codes, coordination and the
necessary practical skills for combining and correlating the actions of both pre-
programmed and conscious human voluntary intellects. When the knowledge of
revelations from the Creator as the Higher Intellect is authenticated by science,
then the maximum harmony and the minimum fear and anxiety would be achieved
between the entire pre-programmed and voluntary energy networks.
Whether the human race came down from Heaven and spread from one mother
and father or evolved from another human-like creature, they are in fact units of
equals with similar strengths and weaknesses that only slightly vary according to
genetic, physical, cultural, religious and environmental backgrounds. In fact, some
of these differences are almost disappearing with the development of the Internet
network in the 21st century. Whether this kind of network can be considered to be
taking place of a deity or not yet needs to be studied. Nonetheless, this ultrafast and
vast change in the world’s life style is mesmerizing people more than ever before.
At the moment, it is in its chaos stage like it was at the beginning of the universe.
While the gaps in unknowns, about self and others are closing on one side, but the
further unknown gaps are created on the other. Such assimilated but practically not
yet understood information can cause excessive disturbance in human perception
that is naturally reflects on every aspect of life.
While life journeys towards an unknown fixed destination, it also revolves
around itself at the same time. This system is similar to the voluntary choice of
deity. A fixed aim is necessary to have a secured lifeline equilibrium to follow
during the unsteady emotional journey of life.
Happiness, sadness, hope and fear are the basic
driving forces behind the aims and objectives
that involve every aspect of physical,
psychological, bio-psychological and social
Equal or non-equal, if any creation or
creations with similar nature are selected as a
deity or deities, it will cause serious
destruction in the frequency of the energy
network flow. This will result in psychological,
biological and social disturbance between the chosen deity, the chooser and the
Figure 13: Basic Emotion Waves.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Sukran Karatas
surroundings. They are all creations themselves and cannot be the genuine sources
of happiness and sadness or hope and fear to fully satisfy the individual and the
universal human needs. Besides, any uneasiness of feelings of indebtedness, desire
for revenge, expecting favour, or fear from creations alike will put the energy flow
between them under a tremendous pressure. To be able to understand this better we
can now look into the involuntary energy wave end behaviours when they meet
different mediums. The same laws apply within the human body and mind, the
only thing is that some voluntary and involuntary actions are interwoven and the
action potentials are triggered by free will that could affect the whole body, soul,
spirit and the end behaviour as explained above. Therefore, the right choice of
target and actions is necessary for the released energy waves to have balanced
construction and positive end result for the well being of self and others.
When the actual authentic source is selected as the deity, there will be no
disturbance in the network of energy flow, back and forth. Authenticated adequate
amount of incoming and outgoing energy flow will strengthen the choosers to the
maximum level possible. Then, there will be no energy distortion diversion or
clashes that will take place between the pre-programmed and conscious voluntary
actions. Now, we can look into the existing four types of ‘energy wave end
boundary behaviours’, which scientifically explain these energy-transferring
interrelations very well.29
There is no human being who exists without a deity or deities to turn to, for
thanking or seeking help to satisfy their own emotions like happiness, sadness,
hope and fear. However, an unguarded sudden incoming energy shock can take
place in every one, even in strong believers, which is
compared here with the ‘free wave end boundary
behaviour’. Both ‘constructive’ (+) and ‘destructive’
(-) waves in the free end boundary behaviour can
become the most destructive waves on the nervous
Once an unguarded positive ‘happiness’ or
negative ‘sadness’ input energy signal enter through
the senses, it reflects back with double strength, the
higher the value of input, the stronger the reflected
value will be. ‘…The restoring force (power that
works against the wave) is zero and the
reflected (soft) wave has the same polarity…30
When a reflected pulse meets with the
incoming incident pulse from the opposite
direction on the same side of the medium, both
values will be added up together but as soon as
the waves pass each other, each will carry their
own original value, and the sequence will carry
Figure 14: Free end Wave
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission
Figure 15: Positive and Negative Wave
Interferences Before and During.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
on until the waves reach their targets. If the reflected pulse hits the target when it is
in its highest point on the same medium, joined with released incident pulse, it can
distort or jam the system altogether depending on the level of their combined
Therefore, waves intensified on the same side of the same medium are more
likely to cause serious psychological and biological damage, becoming lethal at
times. For example, Eymen, a Syrian girl running from the war in 2013, met a
Turkish boy; they fell in love and got married. Two months later her brother,
whom she had not seen for a long time, came from Syria and wanted to surprise his
sister, telling everyone not to let her know about his coming. Unfortunately,
Eymen’s nervous system could not cope with so much happiness at once and she
died there and then from a sudden shock when she saw her brother unexpectedly.31
Unlike the free wave end boundary
behaviour, some power transmission can take
place between the two different mediums,
depending on the ratio of the density
difference in between. In the case of choosing
a deity that has a less dense medium’ than
human nature, the transmitted pulse will carry
some values of the incident pulse away but it
will have some values left behind to return
back. The value of both pulses will depend on
the ratio difference between the mediums.
Positive or negative, the reflected pulse will
behave the same. The value of incident and reflected pulses will add up when they
meet, but carry on with the same value of their own after passing through each
other. Therefore, returning value (+,-) will always be more than the value of the
first released incident pulse.
In the case of choosing a deity that has a
denser medium’ than human nature it works
in a similar way, apart from the position of
the reflected pulse and the behaviour. The
reflected pulse becomes an inverted reflected
pulse after transmitting some of its value to
the next denser medium yet again, depending
on their density ratio difference. This time,
due to the behaviour of inverted reflected
pulse, the value of the higher pulse will be
reduced by the amount of the lower pulse
when both pulses meet on the same medium but they will carry on their own
original values after passing through each other. This will reduce the value of the
incident pulse according to the value of the reflected pulse but it will never be fully
Figure 16: A wave Travelling from a
More Dense to a Less Dense
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Image 17: A wave travelling from a
Less dense to a More Dense Medium.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Sukran Karatas
neutralized. In both cases, whatever and whoever the chosen deity might be, there
will be some power transmitted and some returned back, adding on to the first
released incident pulse, which will never allow total neutralization.
This means that valid communication codes between pre-programmed and
conscious voluntary systems have not been completely achieved. The amount of
interaction that takes place demonstrates the ability and the level of sharing work
between the existing programmes. Unbalanced wave transmissions, either low or
high, cannot assist the nervous system in a correct manner, especially synapses, to
work in the most possible harmonic manner. In both cases, lower or higher energy
flow, problems will arise and damage the human biology and biopsychology
slowly and steadily in the long term.32
The chosen deity and the chooser must both have fully validated capacities for
the ‘fixed end boundary behaviour’ to take place. In our case, on one end, there is
the Creator that no energy waves can go beyond, as He is the actual source of all
kinds of energy waves and on the other end is the human heart that has the ability
to go beyond all kind of reasoning. But, this is still a matter of debate, some
scholars think that it is the ‘mind’33 as it is the first place that energy waves are
triggered but more incline towards the ‘heart’.34 The heart is capable of believing
in the Creating power even without seeing, hearing, touching or having any figure
in mind, which is one of the distinct qualities of being the Deity. It not only, has
the ability to receive and redirect the received energy signals to the actual source
directly, but also has the ability to narrow it down, channelling it to the node
connection, which can take place on the same equilibrium of the same medium so
that time and space can disappear, alongside with fear and anxiety. The heart also
has the ability to receive and reflect the secondary energy input coming through the
senses depending on the individual varied level of knowledge, reasoning and
Unlike the other wave end behaviours, the total
balance of neutralization in the same medium can
take place only with fixed end boundary behaviour:
‘…Since the end is clamped, it cannot
move…According to Newton’s third law, the wall
(end) must be exerting an equal download force on
the end of string. This new force creates a wave pulse
that propagates from right to left with the same speed
of the incident
wave, but in
polarity… at the fixed (hard) boundary, the
displacement remains zero…’35
The power of the reflected inverted
wave stays at the same value of the incident
Figure 18: Fixed end Wave
Boundary Behaviour.
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Image19: Positive and Negative Wave
Interferences of Fixed End Boundary
© 2014, Shukran Publishing.
Used with permission.
Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
wave but of an opposite value. It is the same for negative and positive waves.
When the both pulses (+, -) with the same value meet on the same medium they
can totally neutralize each other resting on the equilibrium, where time and space
disappear. When one of the pulses, incident or reflective, has higher and the other
has lower value, the higher one will be reduced by the value of the lower one when
they meet but carry on with their own values after passing through. In any case, the
value of the reflected pulse will always have lesser value than the incident pulse
fist released. Therefore, it has the ability to neutralize and balance the waves and
the wave end behaviours to the best beneficial manner that reflects on to the body,
soul, spirit and the social relations.
Therefore, choosing the actual energy source as the only Deity, facilitates all,
pre-programmed, emotional and conscious voluntary actions to work together in
best possible harmony. When the total neutralization is achieved between the two
fixed ends on the same equilibrium the unification of the source and the receiver
can take place. Unfortunately, ‘…human beings are ‘by nature equal’ in both body
and intellect bur are tragically distorted by our first-person perspective…36 For
this reason, to achieve a hundred per cent correlation between them is almost
impossible. Besides, a deity, either chosen from within self, such as ego,
knowledge, strength of power or from outside the self, such as position, wealth,
family heritage, or any thing made of matter or imagination, is always a created
being. They may have various energy levels, lower or higher but will never meet
the every individual human need fully, as all the creations are dependent on each
other, nourished by the same energy source, and governed by the same higher
intellect. They can have certain levels of interaction abilities between them but
none is independent of the other to have total authority over one another.
Indeed, fixed end wave boundary behaviour demonstrates that human
voluntary actions involving psychology, biology and sociology have no other
options but to join the rest of the creations by choosing the Creator as the Deity in
order to attain harmonised integration using the valid codes and coordinations. In
fact, the higher the level of freedom, equality and justice achieved among these
interrelations, the better the level of happiness, health and social relations will be.
Therefore, human beings need to do sincere and serious researches to find out
about these authentic bases to act upon during the voluntary free willed actions,
which are pre-set for the others. So, new research is vital to explore existing
energy network behaviours so that we may differentiate the right connections from
the wrong between the human body, soul and spirit, individual humans and other
beings, and the chosen deity. This research needs to be done under totally new
individual and universal objective approaches, using totally new scientific methods
to meet the demand of human needs in the 21st century and beyond.
No doubt that there are more questions waiting to be answered. For example,
‘Why do none of the other existing beings coming through the Big Bang have any
conscious voluntary intellects to choose their own actions and deity such as human
Sukran Karatas
beings have?’ ‘Is it possible that human beings have another link to the Creator
apart from the Big Bang?’ ‘Is it possible to unite both, the Creator and the human
heart as conscious receivers, to interact together without time and space being
involved?’ The latest progresses in these fields seems to indicate that human
beings, still need to search for many more centuries to come, to be able to answer
these questions.
1 John D. Barrow, The Origin of the Universe (London: The Orion Publishing
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2 Brian Greene, The Elegant Universe (London: Vintage Press, 2000).
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5 Ibid., 104
6 Thomas Crump, A Brief History of Science: As Seen Through the Development of
Scientific Inst. (London: Constable & Robinson Ltd. Publishers, 2002), 229.
7 Neil F., Comins, Thomas Krause, William J. Kaufmann, Discovering The
Universe. (Publisher: Freeman, W. H. & Company Press, 2003),106.
8 Ibid., 435-36.
9 Ibid., 438.
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Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
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27 Ibid., Matthew 4:10.
28 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, The Holy Qur’an (USA: Amana Group Press, 1983),
Bakara 2:163.
29 Karatas, Deity and Freedom.
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Sukran Karatas
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Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
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Sukran Karatas
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Scientific Explanations of Fear and Anxiety
© Copy right holder: Sukran Karatas. Shukran Publishing Company in Turkey.
Sukran Karatas is a social science freelance researcher. Her main interest is to
combine faith and science together to bring knowledge alive for the benefit of
human health and happiness. She has written a book called, Deity and Freedom
Equality Justice in History Philosophy Science.’ Sukran is determined to see new
scientific research methods and solutions are developed for social sciences in the
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Full-text available
The propagation and integration of signals in the dendrites of pyramidal neurons is regulated, in part, by the distribution and biophysical properties of voltage-gated ion channels. It is thus possible that any modification of these channels in a specific part of the dendritic tree might locally alter these signaling processes. Using dendritic and somatic whole-cell recordings, combined with calcium imaging in rat hippocampal slices, we found that the induction of long-term potentiation (LTP) was accompanied by a local increase in dendritic excitability that was dependent on the activation of NMDA receptors. These changes favored the back-propagation of action potentials into this dendritic region with a subsequent boost in the Ca(2+) influx. Dendritic cell-attached patch recordings revealed a hyperpolarized shift in the inactivation curve of transient, A-type K(+) currents that can account for the enhanced excitability. These results suggest an important mechanism associated with LTP for shaping signal processing and controlling dendritic function.
Discovering the Universe is the bestselling brief text for descriptive one-term astronomy courses (especially those with no mathematics prerequisites). Carried along by the book's vibrant main theme, "the process of scientific discovery," the Ninth Edition furthers the book’s legacy for presenting concepts clearly and accurately while providing all the pedagogical tools to make the learning process memorable.
Al-Ghazali was one of the great Muslim theologians. In this book the author provides a translation of some of his works, including his spiritual autobiography. Al-Ghazali's description of his own emergence from scepticism anticipates the philosophical method of systematic doubt employed by Descartes. Another work translated here sets out Al-Ghazali's ideal of how a religious person should order his life from hour to hour and day to day.
Princess Diana’s death was a tragedy that provoked mourning across the globe; the death of a homeless person, more often than not, is met with apathy. How can we account for this uneven distribution of emotion? Can it simply be explained by the prevailing scientific understanding? Uncovering a rich tradition beginning with Aristotle, The Secret History of Emotion offers a counterpoint to the way we generally understand emotions today. Through a radical rereading of Aristotle, Seneca, Thomas Hobbes, Sarah Fielding, and Judith Butler, among others, Daniel M. Gross reveals a persistent intellectual current that considers emotions as psychosocial phenomena. In Gross’s historical analysis of emotion, Aristotle and Hobbes’s rhetoric show that our passions do not stem from some inherent, universal nature of men and women, but rather are conditioned by power relations and social hierarchies. He follows up with consideration of how political passions are distributed to some people but not to others using the Roman Stoics as a guide. Hume and contemporary theorists like Judith Butler, meanwhile, explain to us how psyches are shaped by power. To supplement his argument, Gross also provides a history and critique of the dominant modern view of emotions, expressed in Darwinism and neurobiology, in which they are considered organic, personal feelings independent of social circumstances. The result is a convincing work that rescues the study of the passions from science and returns it to the humanities and the art of rhetoric.
Subatomic Particle' paragraph
  • Photon
Photon, 'Subatomic Particle' paragraph; 1.Viewed Jan. 2015.
Neurotransmitters and Signal Transduction', 'acetylcholine pdf', 'Summary'. 11
  • Marina R Picciotto
  • J David Meenakshi Alreja And
  • Jentsch
Marina R. Picciotto, Meenakshi Alreja And J. David Jentsch 'Neurotransmitters and Signal Transduction', 'acetylcholine pdf', 'Summary'. 11. Viewed Jan. 2015.