Hermeneutic Archival Research & Artistic License: Exhuming Dispossessed Sauk Voices through Creative Non-Fiction

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This poster session uses Leavy’s ‘Method Meets Art’ techniques to journey through a survey of the John Henry Hauberg papers at the Special Collections Thomas Tredway Library, Augustana College. Hauberg (1869-1955) was a Rock Island County Illinois researcher and philanthropist with a devoted interest in the patrilineal Thunder Clan, the first nation Sauk who had been relocated from their summer home of Saukenuk, near the sacred confluence of the Mississippi and Sinnissippi (Rock) Rivers (N 41°28.872 W 090°36.945), to the Iowa Territory in 1825 and again to Stroud, OK. The writing-as-research conceptual approach combines hermeneutic phenomenology, narrative research, autoethnography, and the artistic license and conventions of creative nonfiction to acknowledge the unheeded voices of the female descendants of the Sauk warrior Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak (Black Hawk, 1767-1838). Keywords: dispossessed land, Sac/Sauk, hermeneutic phenomenology, writing as inquiry, coherence, Black Hawk, moral injury

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... Fidelity of researcher positionality was used as a conceptual framework to guide the autoethnography. The framework was constructed from the author's prior definitions for researcher positionality as relied upon from work by Bourke (2014) and Throne (2012Throne ( , 2018aThrone ( , 2018bThrone ( , 2019 over the past seven years through social justice and indigenous inquiries by a nonindigenous researcher. These positionalities were used to consider an authentic other narrative voice. ...
... These positionalities were used to consider an authentic other narrative voice. It assessed the fidelity of self as researcher and self-identified researcher positionality throughout the inquiry to dissect another's language to recount narrative voice as remnant of dispossession (Throne, 2018a(Throne, , 2018b(Throne, , 2019(Throne, , 2020. The author also noted that systematic observation of another's experiences with dispossession, especially when outside the land-based cultural experience or from another cultural standpoint, must involve a fidelity of observation and rigorous fidelity of analysis to offer clarity and discovery whereby researcher positionality becomes a necessary lens to inference and interpretation of these observations whether subtle or overt (Hoskins, 2015;Throne, 2018aThrone, , 2020. ...
This chapter presents findings from a critical arts-based autoethnographic study of Iowa digital maps and historical archival data of the Iowa territory (1838-1846) for Indigenous Nations with previous land tenure. Researchers have noted land and voice dispossession for these Indigenous Nations resulting from forced removal followed by decades of intentional cultural erosion, forced assimilation, loss of language, and religious discrimination and persecution into the latter 20th century. Current research highlights the resultant damage of these historical losses on living descendants of Indigenous land-based cultures. Agency of self was explored from a socialized perspective of a descendant of Scandinavian immigrants who acquired dispossessed land within the Iowa territory. This was contrasted with a cultural perspective of land as capital wealth vs. the principles and tenets of land-based culture whereby agency may be strengthened via Indigenous knowledge rooted in land-based connections and environmental sensitivities. Data representation involved poetic excerpts of land as agency.
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