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Abstract

The author's 2013 paper "Planetary Core and Surface Temperatures" presented what amounts to a totally new paradigm in climate change science. The hypothesis can be used to explain all temperatures and the main heat transfer mechanism in all planets. Only one hypothesis can be the correct one, and the issue as to which it is can be resolved using standard laws of physics. The study of heat transfer mechanisms lies wholly within the discipline of physics, and yet it appears that few, if any, physicists have been asked to review the physics that is being presented by climatologists, whose papers are referred to by the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and many scientific authorities, including NASA. It appears that most physicists have avoided the debate, although some are now looking into it and finding false physics being used. In physics it has been explained in the 19th century that force fields like gravity will establish a stable non-zero temperature gradient which is a state of equilibrium. Climatologists have completely overlooked this process and wrongly assumed the required energy came from atmospheric radiation that caused a heat transfer into the warmer surface. This assumption is shown to be contrary to standard physics, and empirical evidence is presented that proves their assumption to be incorrect. Climate change is shown to follow natural cycles that are probably regulated by the Sun and planetary orbits. A possible mechanism for this regulating is suggested.
Comprehensive
Refutation
of Forcing Radiative the
reenhouse Hypothesis G
Douglas Cotton, B.Sc., B.A., Dip. Bus. Admin
December 12, 2016
ABSTRACT
The
used. being physics false finding and it into looking now are some although debate,
the avoided have physicists most that appears It NASA. including authorities, scientific
many and (IPCC) Change Climateon anelP International the by to referred are papers
whose climatologists, by presented being is that physics the review to asked been have
physicists any, if few, that appears it yet and physics, of discipline the within wholly
lies mechanisms transfer heat of study The physics. of laws standard using resolved
be can is it which to as issue the and one, correct the be can hypothesis one Only
planets. all in mechanism transfer heat main the and temperatures all explain to used
be can hypothesis The science. change climate in paradigm new totally a to amounts
what presented1 Temperatures" Surface and Core "Planetary paper2013 author's
In
assu this of
always to need processes
surface. warmer the into transfer heat acaused that radiation atmospheric from
came energy required the assumed wrongly and process this overlooked completely
have Climatologists regions. warmer towards necessary being transfer heat downward
with position parallel) but( higher a to rise will (graph) profile thermal whole the that
means This value. previous its restore to tend will gradient temperature the but energy
more now is There before. night the case the closely was that equilibrium of state
the disturbing thus clouds, of tops the warm to starts and rises Sun the when happen
must what Imagine one. cooler a to object warmer a from be to always need processes
collision molecular non-radiative by transfers heat thatassume cannot wethat
paper 2013 above the i shown was it state, a such is it Because equilibrium. of state
a is this and formedis gradient non-zero temperaturestable a
n
Instead plane. horizontal
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will gravity like fields force that century 19th the in explained been sha it physics
suggested. is regulating this for mechanism possible A orbits. planetary
and Sun the by regulated probably are that cycles natural follow to shown is change
Climate incorrect. be to assumption their proves that presented is evidence empirical
and physics, standard to contrary be to shown is assumption This atmosphere. colder
the from radiation much as twice about and radiation solar of effect combinedassumed
the by primarily determined is temperature surface Earth's the that NASA, from those
as such diagrams, energy in implication an now is thereBecause mption,
1
1. and Overview background
altitude. ofkilometer each for degrees 7C nearly by coldergets it atmosphere the of layer
lower thein fact, In mountain. a on up high been you've if know would you as below, surface
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air other 2,500 every for dioxide carbon of molecule one about only being there despite
warmer, surface the keeps
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that "blanket" a forms dioxide carbon that taught being are children
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vapor) water (including gases greenhouse so-called that and atmosphere the in dioxide carbon
of levels increased causing are humans that claimed is it that aware well be will reader
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radiation. back much as twice about radiation solar to adding by explained be can surface
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the of cooling the slows radiation this that say Some others. some and oxide nitrous methane,
dioxide, prevalent less carbonfar and 4%) to 1% (about vapor water mostly, are, that gases
greenhouse from back" radiation"so-called to due is warming extra the that say they Instead,
NASA. or (IPCC) Change Climate on Panel International the by given explanation official the
however, not, is temperature surfacewarmer the raising blanketcold a of concept above
outlin As ed
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why physics of laws from understand to us allow to little too far simply is surface the reaches
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[2]
[3]
[4] http://whyitsnotco2.com/WUWT.html
http://whyitsnotco2.com/PSI.html
https://ssrn.com/abstract=2883465
URL'sReferenced
[1] https://ssrn.com/abstract=2876905
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... Energy "creep" up the thermal gradient provides our answer as to how sufficient energy gets into the surface of Venus, and also explains Earth's surface temperature without any need for any radiative greenhouse conjecture." (Cotton, 2013), (Cotton, 2016). ...
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This paper is looking at the anthropogenic climate change debate and takes most cons and pros into account. It compares most common arguments within the climate change debate and compares evidence of alarmist and more skeptical scientists. It can be said that most alarmist uses pictures to draw catastrophes and uses political terms rather than scientific terms. Real evidence is missing especially in those areas where scientific proof is needed. There is no argument that climate is changing which includes the effects on weather patterns, oceans, ice sheets and glaciers. The argument is about if these changes are man-made by releasing additional CO2 into earth's atmosphere or not. Fact is that only 0.0018% of CO2 in earth's atmosphere is man-made. Furthermore, CO2 has some energy absorbing characteristics but only a fairly narrow energy band. Taken only these facts into account, it is fairly unlikely that CO2 causes major climate change. Another point is the propagated greenhouse effect. It is not possible that the by physics well described and accepted greenhouse effect can happen in earth's atmosphere. Therefore, the strongest points of the anthropogenic climate change supporters are falsified. Moreover, climate scientist, especially the IPCC, failed and even ignores common research practice. Research results should be based mainly on facts and should be reviewed independently. This is often not happen; other opinions are even suppressed or simply ignored. Many fundamental facts from physics, chemistry and engineering getting ideologist and prevent real knowledge and research. This is also true for any measure to save CO2 which are often not according good engineering knowledge. This paper uses huge amount of sources, from scientific paper, interviews, videos, magazines and many more to get a good overall pictures. All sources are referenced and can be read to proof findings and gain more knowledge about climate change and CO2 reduction measures.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.