Article

Doğal Kaynaklar Temelinde İç Çatışmaların Ekonomik Teorisi

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Abstract

Scholars did not place any emphasis on the studies regarding the issue of armed civil conflicts or wars from the ending of World War II to the late 1990s, though they appeared to be more common than the international wars. A high number of studies from then on, however, have suggested that there is a relationship between the natural resources and the onset, duration and severity of the armed civil conflicts or wars. In literature, the relationship between the natural resources and armed civil conflicts is accounted for with six different mechanisms. These are greedy the rebels mechanism, the greedy outsiders mechanism, the grievance mechanism, the feasibility mechanism, the weak states mechanism and the sparse network mechanism. That these mechanisms are based on different propositions makes it difficult to form a terminological and theoretical substructure. The current problem is intensified by the fact that the theories in some sources are not mentioned at all in other sources or that similar theories are used in a more different and even conflicting way. Likewise, it is seen in the sources in which different theories are claimed to be listed that these theories concentric with each other and that the theories used are no more than the repetition of or just complementary to one another. It is these deficiencies or difficulties in the current literature that make the primary factor for the preparation of this study. In the sense of this factor, this study is intended for two purposes. The first purpose of the study is to make an economic definition of the relationship between the natural resources and the commencement of the civil conflict with the help of civil conflict mechanisms in the light of the existing studies. The second purpose of the study is to contribute to the formation of terminological coordination and the shaping of the theoretical substructure with these definitions.

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