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Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience.

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... In addition, we draw on the sociological concept of framing (Goffman, 1974;Tannen, 1993) to understand how participants interpreted their experiences as learners and teachers in the context of the PSCs. Framing, as conceptualized by Goffman (1974), is a dynamic, interactive, and multi-layered process of collective sense-making, sometimes referred to as the answer to the question "what is it that is going on here?" ...
... In addition, we draw on the sociological concept of framing (Goffman, 1974;Tannen, 1993) to understand how participants interpreted their experiences as learners and teachers in the context of the PSCs. Framing, as conceptualized by Goffman (1974), is a dynamic, interactive, and multi-layered process of collective sense-making, sometimes referred to as the answer to the question "what is it that is going on here?" Some mathematics education researchers have used frame analysis methods drawn from Goffman (1974) and Benford and Snow (2000) to understand participation in teachers communities of practice in terms of how teachers frame and interpret problems of practice (Bannister, 2018;Horn, 2007Horn, , 2010Horn & Kane, 2015;Coburn, 2001;). ...
... Framing, as conceptualized by Goffman (1974), is a dynamic, interactive, and multi-layered process of collective sense-making, sometimes referred to as the answer to the question "what is it that is going on here?" Some mathematics education researchers have used frame analysis methods drawn from Goffman (1974) and Benford and Snow (2000) to understand participation in teachers communities of practice in terms of how teachers frame and interpret problems of practice (Bannister, 2018;Horn, 2007Horn, , 2010Horn & Kane, 2015;Coburn, 2001;). In the current study, we were not focusing on teachers' interpretations of problems, but rather their ways of understanding teaching and learning as processes. ...
... These stereotypes are generally negative and in many instances force those who are stigmatised, as a result of stereotypes of them held by others, to adjust not only their inauthentic, performative self but also their outward identities, such as their names and looks, in order 'to fit in better' (Valenta 2009:360). Whatever the situation may be, the stereotype becomes the contextual 'frame' that influences the interactions between various people (Goffman 1974). ...
... In Frame Analysis, Goffman tackled the question of changes or negotiations in social performances in their different contexts (Goffman 1974). Goffman used 'frame' to indicate the contexts or settings where face-to-face interactions between people occur (Jacobsen 2010:19). ...
... and not through a limited 'frame' of cultural performance that only focuses on the immediate interaction between performers and their audiences (Goffman 1974 Century environment. I will discuss this relationship between costumes and performers' feelings in the chapter on authenticity. ...
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Malaysian students who come to study in Australia have been organising cultural festivals for more than 20 years. These festivals host cultural heritage performances that represent the various ethnicities found in the Malaysian homeland. However, very little is known about the way these diasporic performances differ from those in the homeland, and whether any differences could jeopardise the Malaysian identities they are supposed to represent. I investigate the role of intangible cultural heritage performances in developing a sense of identity amongst diasporic communities by focusing on the performance of the martial art of Silat in three Malaysian festivals in Australia. The martial art of Silat is acknowledged in Malaysia as both a Malay cultural heritage and a Malaysian national heritage. Silat contains the typical fighting skills and strategies that can be found in other martial arts. However, the culture of Silat has also the element of performance. In Malaysia, Silat is traditionally performed either in private or public contexts. As a Silat practitioner, I have personally experienced performing Silat in my homeland, Malaysia, and in the diasporic context of Australia. Festivals have become key events for diasporic and multicultural communities to represent and accentuate their cultural identities. In the absence of tangible heritage objects and monuments, diasporic communities have relied on intangible cultural heritage to connect with their homeland, as well as to negotiate their own self-identities in their diasporic settings. Malaysian migrants and temporary students in Australia have both contributed to the representation of their national and ethnic identities through festivals, such as the Fiesta Malaysia in Melbourne; the Citra Malaysia in Brisbane; and the Malaysia Festival in Sydney. Using participant observation in Melbourne, my own participation as a Silat performer in Sydney and Brisbane, and numerous interviews with other performers, audience members, and festival organisers, I investigate how the performance of Silat in Malaysian festivals reflects the diasporic and multicultural identities of Malaysian communities in Australia. I demonstrate that negotiations between the different stakeholders are very significant in establishing the representation of identities through intangible cultural heritage performances. Diasporic cultural festivals also allow various performers to negotiate their ideas and skills, and fuse them in order to produce distinct cultural heritage performances. I conclude that Silat performances in Australia are not the same as those in the homeland. Despite the differences, I argue that heritage performances in the diaspora can still be considered as ‘authentic’ Malay and Malaysian heritage. I discuss these results using the concepts of performance, authenticity and identity within a cultural heritage methodological paradigm.
... In diplomacy, interaction often takes place in the form of genres with strict conventionalised ritual features (see Kádár 2017), including: -The intensive use of expressions of deference, such as ceremonial forms of address. -The operation of complex participation and ratification in Goffman's (1967Goffman's ( , 1974 sense: while a diplomat may exchange seemingly 'personal' remarks with the recipient, ultimately s/he corresponds as a representative of a country rather than as an individual. -The operation of a ritual frame, which manifests itself in participants' rights and obligations (see more below). ...
... In diplomacy, interaction often takes place in the form of genres with strict conventionalised ritual features (see Kádár 2017), including: -The intensive use of expressions of deference, such as ceremonial forms of address. -The operation of complex participation and ratification in Goffman's (1967Goffman's ( , 1974 sense: while a diplomat may exchange seemingly 'personal' remarks with the recipient, ultimately s/he corresponds as a representative of a country rather than as an individual. -The operation of a ritual frame, which manifests itself in participants' rights and obligations (see more below). ...
... The above-mentioned ritual characteristics of diplomatic notes manifest themselves in the operation of a ritual frame, imposing a certain sense of ritual 'constraint' (Goffman 1967) on aggressive language use: what a diplomat can do and cannot do is tightly regulated, and it is practically impossible to cross a certain invisible conventionalised threshold in a ritual diplomatic genre. Also, while ritual has received considerable attention in pragmatic research on language and politics (see e.g. ...
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This study examines veiled aggression in diplomatic language use from the point of view of speech acts. More specifically, we examine how the speech act of ‘Tell’ is used to realise aggression in a small corpus of diplomatic notes written between February and May 1844, exchanged between a US American and a Chinese diplomat. Tell, by default, presents a ‘neutral’ informative illocution. However, in contexts of diplomatic conflicts, particularly when a threat is made, realising Tell often helps the aggressor to deliver menacing messages under a veneer of civility. Tell is also often intertwined with other speech acts through which aggression is realised, such as Request and Complain. By modelling the aggressive function of Tell in the ritual genre of diplomatic notes, this paper fills a knowledge gap by studying aggression in a setting in which aggression operates within the boundaries of the ritual frame of a diplomatic genre.
... Analytically, to elaborate on the contents of the musicians' aesthetics, I focus on how the artists frame (i.e., shape their schemata of interpretations) their aesthetics and consider their positions concerning the conventions shared by this art world as the source of their sensemaking process (see Goffman 1974). Moreover, to demonstrate that the frames can be very important not only to the evaluation process but also to artists' actions as activities (Becker 2008: 131;Roy and Dowd 2010), I reveal how Chinese traditional musicians build their actions by considering whether to accept (or conform to) or resist the aesthetics shared within their specialization based on their understandings of these frames. ...
... I argue that, to build these cognitions and organize the activities, musicians build shortcuts to obtain intuitive understandings of the complex aesthetics with which they work by coding and enacting these aesthetics as frames. Frames, as defined by Goffman (1974), are "schemata of interpretation" based on which people can "locate, perceive, identify, and label" that which they encounter in their daily lives (cf. Snow et al. 1986). ...
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Through a case study of the Chinese traditional music world, this study explores how artists in different specializations within an art world working on an indigenous art form make sense of divergent aesthetics. By adopting both Becker’s (2008) view of art worlds as substantially existing communities shared by artists and Bourdieu’s (1983) emphasis on artistic divergences stemming from broader social structures, I build a theoretical framework regarding how implicit aesthetic conflicts co-exist with explicit collaborations in an art world. Under the impact of cultural globalization, the Chinese traditional music world’s conventions have experienced a historical revolution. Since then, the performers enact frames to defend the aesthetics that they consider “traditional” that emphasize stability in terms of the musical content but that have highly idiosyncratic styles of performance. However, other types of musicians—namely, those involved in composing, conducting, theoretical research—are more likely to enact frames defending aesthetics that express a willingness to “Westernize” based on their understandings and emphasize on innovation in terms of musical content and systematic and routinized styles of performance. Their framings shape their different reactions to their art world’s conventions. By analyzing this process, I show how local-global dynamics constitute aesthetic conflicts in an art world that is often considered highly local and traditional.
... The aggregation of all information (but also of knowledge and expertise) is made at the level of the SIG that communicates directly with SGDN ÷ CDSN. 9 -a good correlation and efforts concentration to deal with strategic situations that may have a negative impact at national or DITB levels. Consolidations are made at the Prime Minister level, integrating all data collected by the SIG, SGDN ÷ CDSN, the Ministry of Armed Forces, the Ministry of Interior and the CNRLT. ...
... We are referring to a complex system, built over time, which allows a good specialization, the consolidation of knowledge specific to a certain segment and the efficient transmission of information between generations of professionals, necessary to ensure continuity (Pasquazzi, 2017, p. 513-154). We mention here the National School of Administration, the National Institute of Higher Security and Justice Studies (INHESJ), Institute of Highers National Defence Studies (IHEDN), the Intelligence 9 Please see "Le Conseil de défense et de sécurité nationale", at: https://www.elysee.fr/la-presidence/le-conseil-de-defense-et-de-securite-nationale, last accessed on 21st of Augus 2021. ...
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The paper analyses the architecture of the national economic intelligence system of the French Republic, evaluating its degree of compliance in relation with a set of 12 specific characteristics for an efficient economic intelligence system. The analysis is made using the CODV tool of Six-Sigma. The study validates to what extent France’s national security strategy sets out directions to strengthen economic security. At the same time, the article analyses if the architecture of the national economic intelligence system facilitates efforts correlation within the intelligence community and whether the cooperation between the national economic intelligence system’s entities categories can be realised. Subsequently, it is analysed whether the economic intelligence system is an integrated component of the national intelligence system, whether it allows all sources analysis and whether it facilitates the use of new technologies through intelligence cycle stages. Following the above steps, it is finally determined with what efficiency the France’s economic intelligence system can provide support information needed to increase the competitiveness of the national economy. Thus, analysing areas in which the French economic intelligence system performs, were identified some good practices that can be the basis for proposals to increase the efficiency of the national economic intelligence system.
... Aunque esta categoría es una de las más abordadas, presenta algunos inconvenientes para su estudio; entre ellos, que la perspectiva teórica modifica el alcance que se puede lograr para el análisis. Por ejemplo, hay quienes consideran que es importante reconocer el aspecto teatral contextual del ethos, como Goffman (1974). También hay quienes consideran el estudio del ethos pensándolo desde lo histórico y moral con lo que el sujeto se expresa en público (Weber, 1998); y otros, como Bourdieu (1998Bourdieu ( /2001, lo explican desde lo sociológico, a través de su propuesta del habitus. ...
Book
La retórica digital del discurso político electoral en Twitter: análisis del logos, ethos y pathos. Aportaciones de la ciencia de datos en el estudio de temas y sentimientos. José Luis López, Nahayeli Gómez, Cyntia Cerón y Eduardo Fernández (Coordinadores), Universidad de Coahuila, México diciembre 2021, 285 págs. ISBN: 978-607-8826-00-1.
... 48-55), where the local society is a theater, the provincial town is a stage, and the inhabitants are actors performing the play of everyday life (residents) in front of a single spectator, the researcher, who at times jumps up from his seat and asks the actors questions, and sometimes even runs on stage (this is what makes participant observation). Actually, this approach is a development of the ideology and design of the classic case study in the existing variety of forms; compare, for example: (Glazer & Strauss 1967), (Goffman 1986 and, (Denzin & Lincoln 1998), (Patton 2001), (Yin 2002), (George & Bennet 2005), (Ilyin 2006), (Cresswell 2009). ...
... Irving Goffman described the concept of framing as the principles of society and an understanding of everyday experiences that can control and influence social events (Pan & Kosicki, 1993). Media framing thus influences the audience to create a perception and outline about daily life events in their surroundings (Goffman, 1974). Furthermore, McCombs et al. ...
... One of the great ways to make public perception is to framing events and issues in a specific way. In 1974, Irving Goffman, a sociologist, presented a framing theory as the organization, classification, and interpretation of everyday experiences (Pan & Kosicki, 1993), which enables the audience to build a thought of and sketch a meaning to their general surroundings in the world (Goffman, 1974). Also, McCombs et al. (1997) ascertained that framing is an integral part or annex of agenda-setting concept, and both epitomize a convergence. ...
Article
This study examines the tendency of preference and stance of China-based English newspapers in the view of peace journalism by framing analysis of Indo-Pak contention over the Kashmir issue in 2019. Secondarily, this research determines the representation of India and Pakistan, based on recent situations in Kashmir. Two selected newspapers, Global Times and China Daily, published 266 news stories, and the results of their content analysis reveal that both newspapers practice more war journalism than peace while covering the tense situation of Kashmir. Moreover, the Chinese press shows favorable slants to Kashmir and unfavorable slants to the Indian Government/military. Both newspapers exhibit neutral representation for Pakistan and India; however, Pakistan is portrayed more favorably and affirmatively than India. The salient representation of the "solution and dialogue-oriented" indicator under the peace journalism justifies the role of Chinese media and government as the peacemaker in the region.
... ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﯾ‬ ‫اﻹﯾ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ز‬ ‫وﺗ‬ ‫ﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻌﻠ‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫وﺗﻘ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻞ‬ ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺔ‬ ‫ﺎﻫ‬ ‫اﻟ‬ ‫اﻹﻋﻼم‬ ‫وﺳﺎﺋﻞ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ﻗ‬ ‫إن‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎت‬ ‫ﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺄ‬ ‫ﺧﻼل‬ (Gitlin 1980 (Goffman 1974;Ryan 1991;Shook 2000) . (Entman 1993) . ...
... Frontstage performances take place in front of audiences, making people cautious of the way of creating impressions. Backstage performances take place without audiences, preventing outsiders from seeing a person's behaviors that are not addressed to them (Goffman, 1974). In other words, an individual can actively manage his/her impressions by highlighting certain aspects of the self while concealing others. ...
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The purpose of this study is to explore Chinese and U.S. athlete self-presentation in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. By examining 1200 photographs posted by Olympians on social media, this study finds that (a) male athletes feature themselves in more revealing clothes than female athletes, (b) Chinese athletes actively show more nationalistic notions compared to their U.S. counterparts, and (c) U.S. female athletes are involved in more subordinating behaviors than Chinese female athletes. This study underlines how the intersection of gender, nationalism, and culture influences athlete social media self-presentation in the global pandemic context. Possible explanations and implications are discussed.
... This is actually the main challenge of performing jokes. Kenneth Burke, Erving Goffman, and Gregory Bateson underscore the importance of all participants to be aware of what is going on (Bateson, 2006;Burke, 1969;Goffman, 1986). In this regard, the performer and audience must understand that they are in an artistic performance. ...
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Performance Theory is one of the theories which have by far removed several inconsistencies and contradictions in analysing orature, notably African orature. Unlike former theories which took texts as a basis in interpreting orature, Performance Theory considers performance as a socially situated aesthetic communication between the performer and the audience both of whom participate in the process as active agents. However, some of its notions are heavily influenced by western theatre. Consequently, some conceptual details go unnoticed because, instead of enriching the notions from the first-hand experience of the African oral arts, western concepts are used instead. This paper seeks to challenge some of the performance conceptual axioms by showing aspects that were taken for granted. Most of the concepts, particularly performer, audience and performance space (stage) were for quite a long time treated as separate fundamental performance entities. In this paper, I attempt to refute these truisms and instead argue that, in practice, these notions are fluid except for only a few of them. A wide variety of examples are given to testify arguments put forward. The paper concludes by emphasising that African orature genres are more characterised by fluidity and only a few of them are really fixed. In addition, some elements of African orature performances are ephemeral and sometimes unexpected.
... Media framing is one of the most powerful and widespread means for news making, with some citizens coming to see the events happening around them exactly through the prism of the frame used/selected by the media (Goffman, 1974). ...
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Using Framing Theory and Social Network Analysis, this report investigates how migration is framed in the Georgian media and who establishes these frames. The analysis is based on twelve media outlets, monitored during the period 1 August 2019 – 1 August 2021. The sample included television, online and print media. The most common frames observed were based on morality, human interest and responsibility, followed by conflict, economic and threat frames. Overall, media coverage of migration tends to be event oriented and relatively balanced. Reporting on migration is dominated by emigration issues, while immigration issues are largely absent. As Georgian media outlets reflect different socio-political positions, coverage of migration is heavily driven by editorial policy. Mirroring this dynamic, one segment of the media intensively covers migration through the “human interest” frame. This kind of media coverage is characterised by more analytical reporting and provides the public with as much information as possible. However, it should be noted that even when media framing is mainly concerned with human interest stories, it nonetheless refers to migrants as passive victims, reaffirming the role of elites as powerful, active and in control of society. The second form of coverage covers migration less intensively, through “moral” and “responsibility” frames, focusing on humanitarian aspects of emigration and attributing responsibility for solutions to government and authorities. The third type of case refers specifically to a small subset of coverage, especially the print media that most often focuses on the “threat” and “conflict” frames, portraying immigrants as a threat to Georgian culture – giving rise to prejudiced attitudes toward immigrants. This kind of coverage is characterised by intolerance and a rejection of immigrants. It is important to note that for much of the monitoring period Georgian media was responding to humanitarian crises such as the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, which to some extent has been reflected in the increased number of “moral” and “responsibility” frames voiced by the elites.
... Analytically, the term 'frame' refers to the ways that speakers and writers construct arguments about certain topics and issues and give them a meaning. By framing, they link the topic to other events and issues and make value-judgements about its implications and impact on society (Goffman 1986). An in-depth review of the press in France and the United States conducted by Benson (2013) identified ten migration frames, grouping them as victim frames (a global economy frame, a humanitarian frame and a racism/xenophobia frame), hero frames (a cultural diversity frame, an integration frame and a good worker frame), and finally, threat frames (a jobs frame, a public order frame, a fiscal frame and a national cohesion frame). ...
... Framing theory presupposes that the way an issue or information is presented to the audience, which are called "the frames", influences the choices people make about how to process the information. Framing theory as propounded by Goffman (1974) posits that people interpret what is going on around their world through their primary framework. Explaining the techniques of framing theory, Fairhurst and Sarr (1996) observe that issues could be framed as a metaphor; as stories (myths or legends); as tradition (rituals, ceremonies or cultural mores); as slogan, jargon, catch phrase; as artefacts; as a contrast or a spin. ...
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This study examined Southeast State residents’ perception of broadcast media coverage of “unknown” gun men activities in Southeast Nigeria. The objectives were to: Determine the root cause of “unknown” Gun men activities in the Southeast Nigeria; ascertain the impact of the “unknown” Gun men activities on the Southeast Nigeria residents; find how effectively broadcast media has covered their activities; and ascertain whether broadcast stations have displayed high level of accuracy, truth and fairness in reporting the unknown gun men activities. The study was anchored on the Perception theory. Survey method was adopted. A sample size of 385 was drawn from a population of 1, 403,972 using the Australian Calculator. Multi-stage sampling technique was used. Findings revealed that bad governance is the root cause of the unknown gun men activities in Southeast of Nigeria; unknown gun men negatively impacted on the residence; broadcast media have not adequately reported the activities of “unknown” gun men attacks in Southeast Nigeria, and that the broadcast media have not displayed high level of accuracy, truth and fairness in reporting the unknown gun men activities. It recommended that good governance is important to ensure national security; that since there can be no economic growth in Nigeria amidst insecurity challenges, there is need for the public to cooperate with government and security agencies to apprehend those behind the insecurity; the Nigerian broadcast media must imperatively recognize the surveillance function of the media; the broadcast media stations in Nigeria should embrace objectivity in their reportage of events. Keywords: Assessment, Residents, Perception, Media Coverage, “Unknown” Gun Men.
... To do so, entrepreneurs construct coherent stories that rationalize the purpose and functioning of their new ventures, thereby establishing their organizational identities and making them comprehensible, meaningful, and appealing to relevant audiences ( Barry & Elmes, 1997 ;Czarniawska, 1997 ;Grimes, 2018 ;Vaara et al., 2016 ). While these entrepreneurial stories can be understood as framing devices that package and organize information about nascent ventures by drawing "attention to a few stylized dimensions of reality, while hiding others " ( Giorgi, 2017 , p. 713; see also, Benford & Snow, 2000 ;Goffman, 1974 ), they are most effective if they are authentic and believable. ...
Article
While the cultural entrepreneurship literature has shown how the stories entrepreneurs tell about their ventures help them attain legitimacy and acquire resources, we still know very little about how entrepreneurs develop their stories or how they change over time. In this paper, we draw upon Donald Schön's research in design studies to conceptualize a novel approach to understanding the dynamics of entrepreneurial stories and to provide a bridge between the cultural entrepreneurship and design literatures. While the design perspective in entrepreneurship research has tended to neglect the role of wider sociocultural processes related to legitimacy, we highlight three insights from Schön's research—iterative prototyping, design worlds, and the artistry of design—that scholars can leverage to cultivate a unique perspective on the entrepreneurial pursuit of legitimacy. We then provide an illustrative example that fleshes out how a design approach may fruitfully guide the study of cultural entrepreneurship processes. Finally, we conclude with a discussion of how a designing legitimacy perspective might seed a research agenda that promises to enhance our understanding of frame resonance and the effectiveness of stories, pivoting, and the construction of entrepreneurial possibilities.
... It has a fundamental influence in times of crisis, such as a public health crisis. Framing theory [4], [5] is related to agenda setting but focuses on the events and issues rather than a topic. ...
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This study examined the nature of sports reporting of COVID19 in England by employing framing analysis on a sample of five newspapers. Through a quantitative content analysis, this study revealed how sports news coverage framed the COVID19 virus in these newspapers: The Times, The Daily Telegraph, The Daily Mirror, The Daily Mail, and the Sun. The findings revealed that Competition and Players and Staff frames were the Major frames in the headlines media news organizations reported on COVID19. Implications and future research needs are discussed.
... Media research has shown that mainstream media set agendas, prime decisions, and frame arguments in ways that influence the mindsets of audiences and dispositions against those struggling with poverty, therefore asserting that those in power control the ideology (Gilens, 1999;Goffman, 1974;Hancock, 2004;McCombs, Shaw, & Weaver, 1997;McCombs & Shaw, 1972. Studies Scholars like Nair and White (Nair & White, 1987;White, 2003d), Huesca (1995), and Downing (2001) have researched participatory media because of this potential for transformation and social change. ...
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Self-empowerment and accurate representation for lower socioeconomic status groups is a dire and growing need in America. This dissertation examines how participatory media processes can serve as catalysts for change in populations of poverty and homelessness in the U.S. Using critical theory and qualitative analysis, I analyze the relationship between participatory media and voice, dialogue, and critical consciousness at two case studies, POOR Magazine and Sanctuary Women’s Development Center, and argue that through the interaction of these key components in the participatory media process, self-empowerment and a sense of agency will result. I also examine where the possibility lies for civic engagement in the participatory media process. Additionally, this study argues that the participatory media process can serve as a reflexive lens for people in poverty and homelessness to critically analyze structural forms of oppression and their role in creating social change. Ultimately, I propose the concept of digital reflexivity and assert that digital reflexivity serves as a critical catalyst throughout processes of voice, dialogue, and critical consciousness for the increase of self-empowerment and agency.
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Die Studie geht der Frage nach, wie sich eine extrem rechte Organisation, wie die Identitären, konstruiert und welche spezifische Organisationskultur hier anzutreffen ist.
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Korea, which has been mainly negatively descibed by foreign media for a long time, received favorable reviews from foreign media for a while during the COVID-19 crisis. In this regard, an argument began that Koreans' self-esteem has been raised by positive reports from foreign media. Until now, various studies have been conducted in Korea on the problems caused by negative reporting frames of foreign media, but there have been few studies on the effects of positive reporting frames. Accordingly, this study implemented an empirical study with a focus on the effects of positive reporting frames of foreign media. According to the results of this study, it was confirmed that positive reporting frames of foreign media indirectly influences foreign policy support intention through the mediation of national self-esteem and national reputation. In addition, the national role identity of Korea was found to partially mediate the relationship between the positive reporting frame of foreign media and Korean’s collective self-esteem. Based on this result, academic and practical implications were derived.
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The research study investigates the social and political dimension of contemporary street art production in the deeply divided cities of Beirut and Belfast. Specifically, it examines how historical experiences with the ethnonational and the neoliberal urbanisation of space constitute and maintain the perceptions and motivations of street artists to engage with everyday life. While more is understood on the neoliberal urban and ethnonational impact of social realities on the social perceptions within the milieu of divided cities, much less is understood about the impact of new social realities about the social perceptions of street art communities. The research design for the project compared the urban and social phenomenon of street art in the post-conflict cities of Beirut and Belfast, over a four-month, blended case study and focused ethnography. The researcher conducted twenty-two semi-structured interviews with eighteen street artists, three festival organisers and one city management official, and observed participants while volunteering at two street art festivals in Belfast. By shedding light on some of their artistic practices, the findings reveal that street art communities engage in small- ‘p’ political acts. They re-purpose taken-for-granted spaces within the city to demonstrate how street artists adjust their practices to reveal pragmatic and rule-based forms of placemaking to avoid jarring with sectarian identities while bringing attention to the democratic, transient and transformative nature of their practices. While they do not have an impact on the nature of space, their interactions could remark on the possibilities for the co-production of space. Moreover, they intend to awaken the slumber of urban dwellers with the visceral enjoyment and experiences of creating and producing street art for the inhabitants of the space. While small, their artistic interventions gift the inhabitants of Beirut and Belfast with ephemeral and gratuitous forms of interactions which present an opportunity, however temporary, for different social worlds to meet.
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This paper offers a first-in-kind systemic visual content analysis of food systems images.A Google Images search for “food systems” was conducted and the top one hundred were captured. After images were filtered, a total of 82 figures were coded based on their text, pictures, geometric symbols (circles, arrows, etc.), and proportionality. The analysis documented phenomena that were foreground, background, and unrepresented. After reporting on what had been counted through the analysis, discussion turns to addressing the negative data collected—i.e., concepts/phenomena the images failed to represent. The article concludes reflecting on what the analysis means in terms of the food systems thinking and policy deliberations encouraged by these visual representations.
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O seguinte artigo aborda o fenómeno do populismo mediante os significados atribuídos ao conceito pela imprensa portuguesa. A partir de um estudo qualitativo dos enquadramentos atribuídos à candidatura de André Ventura, líder do partido político Chega, durante o período eleitoral das Presidenciais Portuguesas de 2021, pretendemos identificar os significados atribuídos ao populismo, as diferenças de enquadramento do fenómeno na imprensa de referência e na imprensa tablóide, e a relação do populismo com o campo dos media. Na imprensa portuguesa analisada, foram encontrados, essencialmente, os frames: polarização, retórica anti-sistema, nacionalismo, nativismo e messianismo. O nosso estudo também identificou variações de enquadramento por parte dos jornais analisados, Público e Correio da Manhã, concluindo que a imprensa tablóide analisada é mais permeável aos valores do conflito, da novelização e da dramatização, valores normalmente explorados pela comunicação populista.
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This article examines the effects of an anti‐racist narrative of a neighbourhood in Malmö, an important site of pro‐migrant and anti‐racist activism in Sweden. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in 2013–2016, the article analyses how this narrative was constructed as an effort to challenge the “crime‐due‐to‐immigration‐discourse” otherwise associated with Malmö and supported by far‐right political parties and their sympathisers in Sweden. The activists’ place‐based narratives constitute attempts of commoning and of prefiguring a certain future of the city as anti‐racist. This article shows how a certain narration of a place in a particular urban context enables and encourages a strong activist space, important when conducting large‐scale struggles for social justice and equality.
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