Article

The ancient religious monuments on the shore of Lake Vrevo (the Leningrad region): Geographical approach

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Abstract

The article deals with the origin of ancient religious monuments on the example of a stone set on the shores of Lake Vrevo from geographical point of view. Stone Pyatnisa, a cult object of Orthodoxy, is a part of a more ancient pre-Christian religious complex. This megalithic stone has a scientific appeal as an indicator of an ancient territory development. This complex of stone is important not only as a cultural heritage, but also as a tourist destination. The purpose of this paper is to identify the geographical aspects of the origin and use of the ancient religious monuments on the example of a stone set on the shore of Lake Vrevo. The study presents an in-depth research to better understand the nature and purpose of the ancient buildings as heritage monuments. North West of Russia in general, and especially the Leningrad region, is a place which is characterised by an overlap of different cultural and religious traditions, so sacred objects of the cultural landscape are unique fusion of different beliefs and views. The research showed that the iconic stone Orthodox "Paraskeva Pyatisa" has a much longer history as an element of geo-cultural space. However, it was not just a cult, but served as a landmark. The analysis of the geographical location of the complex, which is located near an ancient trade route, proves the significance of its complex and multifunctional meaning.

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