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Organic Farming: A new revolution in agriculture

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Journal of Agroecology and Natural Resource Management
Print ISSN: 2394-0786, Online ISSN: 2394-0794, Volume 2, Number 1; February-March 2015 pp. 12-13
© Krishi Sanskriti Publications
http://www.krishisanskriti.org/janrm.html
Organic Farming: A New Revolution in
Agriculture
Neelesh Nandan1 and Attika Gami2
1,2Department of Bio- engineering, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi- 835215
E-mail: 1neeleshnandan@gmail.com
Abstract—Agriculture is one of human mankind’s most basic
activities because all people need to nourish themselves on the
various crops. History, culture and community values are embedded
in agriculture. Organic farming is process that makes healthy food,
healthy soils, healthy plants and healthy environment. In overall, the
productivity of crop increased by using certain Biofertilizers instead
of chemical Bio fertilizers. By increasing the amount of organic
matter in soil or by rotation of crop, the fertility of soil is increased
leading to increase crop production. By use of certain organism like
Azotobactor phosphate solubilising bacteria, green manure the
production of crop is being carried out in a pollution free
environment. Asia covers ten percent of the total organic farming
area in world. The major Asian countries involved are China and
India. Organic farming is completely a natural process; it takes from
nature and gives back to nature. It is a modern way of agriculture
which helps to produce disease free crops, vegetables, fruits etc. with
its nutritional value intact. Organic farming is comparatively costly
than conventional agriculture due to extended time period, expensive
organic seeds etc., hence organic product are also expensive which
helps in increasing the economy of country. Farmers in India are
unaware of organic farming that is why they face many problems like
fertility of soil, financial problem, market scenario etc. It produces
healthy food beneficial to farmers and entrepreneurs. The uses of
chemical fertilizers to support the growth of crops are still prevalent
as the crops mature before its natural time period to feed the
population. The role of organic agriculture, whether in farming,
processing, distribution or consumption is to sustain and enhance the
health of ecosystem and organisms of soil to human beings. In
particular organic farming is intended to produce high quality,
nutritious food that contributes to maintenance of human health.
1. INTRODUCTION
Organic farming is an eco- friendly technique, which
originates due to the adverse effect of chemical farming.
Organic farming is the best possible relationship between
mankind and earth. It is a universal production management
system which stimulates and magnifies agro ecosystem health
that includes biodiversity, biological cycle and soil biological
activity. This is practiced by using, where ever possible,
agronomic, biological and mechanical methods instead of
using synthetic materials to fulfil any precise function within
the system. Organic farming is another way to overcome the
problems of sustainability, global warming and food security.
The worldwide growth of Organic farming is comparatively
very slow. It is an easy way to be in touch with nature.
Organic farming depends upon certain standards, specifically
derived for producing food and focus on achieving agro
ecosystem, which are socially and ecologically sustainable. It
may be described as a mixture of agriculture, wherein crops
and livestock are run through combined technologies
depending on resources available either at farm or locally.
Today organic farming is based on a simple combination of
traditional knowledge, modern science and innovation.
Organic farming is as much productive as conventional
farming. Many countries are now focusing on organic farming
because of healthy crops, fruits, vegetables that are produced
purely by organic means, free from any harmful chemical
fertilizers and pesticides and eco- friendly.
Organic Farming in short can be termed as sustainable use of
land that with no involvement of synthetic fertilisers and
chemical pesticides and systematically enhancing the agro-
ecological system.
In the long run, organic farming is advantageous compared to
conventional farming as it not only promises higher yields but
also ensures security of higher yield, reducing the dependence
on external input and thus making poor households less prone
to day to day crisis.
2. NEED OF ORGANIC FARMING
The rate at which the knowledge of organic farming is
spreading in India is very slow. Farmers here are unaware of
this technique; they prefer conventional farming over organic
farming because conventional farming gives product early,
easily by using harmful chemical fertilizers and pesticides. For
this some events should be organized through which the
knowledge of Organic farming and its advantages can reach
the farmers.
There are some steps of organic farming, which include;
Firstly, conversion of land according to standards of
Organic farming. If whole land is not converted then
Organic Farming: A New Revolution in Agriculture 13
Journal of Agroecology and Natural Resource Management
Print ISSN: 2394-0786, Online ISSN: 2394-0794, Volume 2, Number 1; February-March 2015
converted land should be separated from rest of the land
and cannot be switched back for conventional agriculture.
Only organic seeds and plant materials are used for
organic farming. Use of genetically engineered seeds and
transgene seeds/plants are not allowed.
Crop rotation is an important step in organic farming, by
doing it we maintain the fertility of soil and also its
health.
For increasing the fertility of soil only bio fertilizers can
be used for example: plant manure, cow buffalo dung
(human excreta or urine is not used). Biodegradable
materials of animals, plants and microbes are used as bio
fertilizer.
Product used as pesticides, herbicides, prepared at the
farm from local plant, animal or microorganisms is
allowed. Use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides,
insecticides and fungicides are prohibited.
For protection plastic covering (Mulches), fleeces, insect
netting and silage rapping and products made up of
polycarbonate, polypropylene or polyethylene are allowed
and must be removed after use.
A product can be sold as “Organic Product “only after the
land has been under conversion period of twelve months.
3. BENEFITS OF ORGANIC FARMING
There are various benefits of organic farming:
It increases diversity, long term soil fertility, high food
quality, reduced pest and diseases and also stable
production of crops.
It also reduces pollution, dependence on non renewable
resources, negligible soil erosion and also provides
protection to wild life and increase compatibility of crop
production with environment.
Organic farming also affects society, for example; provide
better health and education, and strengthen the
community. It also reduces rural migration and increase
gender equality, gives many chances to entrepreneurs and
provides employment with good quality work.
Organic farming also gives healthy food, nature and
environment. It encourages farmers, entrepreneurs or
other ordinary people to take initiative for organic
farming and also consume organic products.
It also affects the economy of country.
4. CONCLUSION
India is best known as agriculture oriented country since
ancient times. Demand of organic agricultural methods is
growing, especially in areas where the present farming system
has degraded resources essential to agricultural production
particularly land, soil and environment. Factors, such as the
farmer's health, consumer’s health are also mentioned as
reasons for shifting to organic methods. As conventional
farming results in various health and environmental hazards
and also socio economic problems, awareness of the
environmental costs of agriculture such as the declining
quality of drinking water and soil, and the impact of
agriculture on landscape and wildlife have shifted consumer’s
interest towards organic agriculture.
The entire agricultural community is trying to find a solution
to overcome the short comings of conventional farming, which
can socially, economically, and ecologically benefit mankind.
Organic farming is only solution to these problems.
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... In addition to the above-mentioned, organic farming makes a great contribution to the producers' budget and the country's economy. It increases the producers' welfare level (Nandan & Gami, 2015). (Metcalf, 1986;Metcalf & Lampman, 1989;Kesdek & Yıldırım, 2006;Güler, 2006). ...
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... In spite of a significantly higher price of organic fruits in comparison with the conventional ones, there is an increasing demand for fruits with no pesticide residues. In this context more and more farmers directed the attention to enlarge the area of organic crops (Neelesh and Attika, 2015;Manoj, 2017). Organic treatments for prevention and control of the diseases and pests are few on the market, and their effectiveness is not fully known yet. ...
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Certification and inspection systems in organic farming in India, A report by National centre of organic farming. Government of India
  • A Yadav
Yadav A K, Certification and inspection systems in organic farming in India, A report by National centre of organic farming. Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture