Bullying and cyberbullying: Prevalence, psychological impacts and intervention strategies.

Book · March 2016with 78 Reads
Isbn: 978-1-53610-049-5
Publisher: Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.
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Abstract
This book offers a timely review of the key considerations with regard to international cyberbullying research and prevention and intervention efforts for practitioners, schools, communities, and families. The scope of the book is broad, and therefore, appropriately we begin with a chapter by Peter K. Smith and Fethi Berkkun who chart the development of cyberbullying research since its emergence in the international literature, indicating the breadth of the literature and highlighting some of the main aspects that researchers have focused on, such as prevalence and gender differences. Following this Pauline K. Hyland and colleagues examine conceptual and definitional perspectives on the phenomenon that is commonly termed cyberbullying; important fundamental considerations which must be explored when attempting to conduct research, intervene effectively, or develop appropriate policy or legislation. In the next chapter, Irene Connolly draws on some of the same arguments (particularly relating to definitions and measurement) in order to review the current international knowledge on prevalence of cyberbullying among children and adolescents. Approaching another major area of the cyberbullying literature, Raúl Navarro and colleagues assess current perspectives on the role of gender in cyberbullying, offering both quantitative and qualitative findings to inform their review. Offering a unique perspective on cyberbullying, Jolanta Burke and Stephen James Minton discuss a new perspective on traditional bullying and cyberbullying; a positive psychological perspective. In this chapter they explore the potential advantages of approaching the phenomenon from a positive psychology perspective, thus offering an alternative view to the more traditional, "deficit" model. Following this, Stephen James Minton provides another alternative and intriguing perspective on the phenomenon of cyberbullying, drawing on the much wider literature base than is normally attended to and discussing the influence of physical proximity and social distance on behaviour. These two chapters provide much food for thought in how we are currently conceptualising, researching, and applying knowledge from cyberbullying research. Moving towards the current international and cross-national literature, Brian O’Neill and Thuy Dinh provide an overview of the EU Kids Online project, highlighting the need for large scale cross-national research. Offering an Asian perspective on cyberbullying, Seung-Ha Lee examines cyberbullying in South Korea. In the final section of the book, the focus shifts towards coping, intervention, and generally protective mechanisms for young Internet users. To begin, Dehue and colleagues provide an overview of the important issues we must consider when attempting to advise and support young people online, discussing factors such as the effectiveness of different coping strategies. Lucie Corcoran and Conor Mc Guckin review the current literature on coping with cyberbullying from an individual perspective, whilst also considering more systematic and legislative approaches to the problem. Nicole Gunther and colleagues look at Internet-based interventions with regard to young people, cyberbullying, and mental health - an emerging and important component of the work in the area. Providing a chapter that spans many of the key issues explored in all sections of the book, Marilyn Campbell examines cyberbullying from an Australian perspective; critically exploring efforts to counter the problem. Finally, Caroline Wheeler offers an Irish secondary school perspective on the issue, reporting findings which relate to teachers' experiences and perceptions of cyberbullying among students. To end, Lucie Corcoran discusses the book, drawing conclusions from the work of the authors and providing direction on the basis of the contents. This book examines the key issues facing researchers and practitioners in 2016, charting the development of the research to date, exploring key considerations of the fundamental conceptual and theoretical aspects of cyberbullying as a phenomenon, and offering an up-to-date review of current international literature on prevalence, cultural, and gender influences. Moreover, the final chapters discuss the importance of coping and intervening effectively; the ultimate aim of much of the research, and policy and legislative reform which has been conducted to date.
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