Multiple etiologies have been implicated in the pathogenesis of congenital ptosis (Kersten, Bartley, Nerad, et al. eds. Orbit,
eyelids, and lacrimal system. Basic and clinical science course. 2001). In light of the wide array of mechanisms by which
this problem arises, the management of congenital ptosis has traditionally proven somewhat difficult, and its repair necessitates
accurate ... [Show full abstract] preoperative diagnostic assessment, careful consideration of one’s operative plan, and meticulous surgical technique.
In this chapter, we review a variety of causes of congenital ptosis, discuss several hallmark diagnostic features, and outline
a management strategy. A more extensive discussion of the individual steps inherent to each surgery can be found in greater
detail in the “Surgical Treatment” section of this book.