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Online social media fatigue and psychological wellbeing—A study of compulsive use, fear of missing out, fatigue, anxiety and depression

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Abstract

The constant development of online social media features and related services has constantly attracted and increased the number of social media users. But, at the same time, a myriad of users have deviated themselves, temporarily or permanently, from social media use due to social media fatigue. Scholars have investigated different antecedents and consequences of social media fatigue. However, empirical relationships between psychosocial wellbeing and social media fatigue are currently not known. To bridge this gap, the current study utilises the stressor-strain-outcome framework (SSO) to examine whether psychosocial wellbeing measures, such as compulsive media use and fear of missing out, trigger fatigue and, furthermore, whether social media fatigue results in anxiety and depression. The study utilised repeated cross-sectional methodology whereby two waves of data (N = 1554, 1144) were collected to test the research model with adolescent social media users in India. The study findings suggest that compulsive media use significantly triggered social media fatigue, which later result in elevated anxiety and depression. Fear of missing out indirectly predicted social media fatigue through mediation of compulsive social media use. The theoretical and practical implications, limitations of the present study and agenda for future studies are presented and discussed.

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... In view of performance inhibitors, studies on social media have dominantly focused on emotional exhaustion, fatigue, technostress, cyberbullying (Schneider et al., 2017;Dhir et al., 2018;Wang Y. et al., 2021). Though we recognize the value these studies have made in understanding the performance inhibitors of ESM. ...
... Furthermore, when employees excessively use ESM, they are able to generate more connections. However, changing the patterns may generate a feeling of resource loss (friends' support) (Dhir et al., 2018). Therefore, employees may seek to refrain from changing the status quo by keeping on using ESM excessively. ...
... Previous research has generally focused on two different lines of mechanisms to investigate performance enablers and performance inhibitors. For instance, in terms of performance inhibitors, research generally focused on emotional exhaustion, fatigue, technostress, cyberbullying (Schneider et al., 2017;Dhir et al., 2018;Wang Y. et al., 2021). The present study reveals that ESM usage inertia is an important mechanism that is linked with decreased employee performance due to excessive ESM usage. ...
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Despite the larger interest of information systems scholars in excessive ESM usage, little is known about how excessive ESM usage is related to employee performance. This study focused on excessive ESM usage and investigated its impact on employee performance. Based on the status quo perspective with the integration of social cognitive theory, this study first proposed that excessive ESM usage has a positive and negative relationship with employee performance through ESM usage regret and ESM usage inertia. Furthermore, COVID-19 threat moderates the direct relationship between excessive ESM usage and ESM usage regret, and ESM usage inertia. Time-lagged, multi-source data collected in China support most of our hypothesis. Results reveal that excessive ESM has a positive and negative indirect effect on employee performance via ESM usage regret and ESM usage inertia. Furthermore, the COVID-19 threat moderates the positive direct effect of excessive ESM usage on ESM usage inertia. In the later section, theoretical contributions and practical implications are discussed.
... According to a report by Kantar, from 2017 to 2018, the number of users who thought social media had a negative impact increased by 4%, and the number of those who thought others' displays of happiness caused their negative emotions increased by 10% (Kantar, 2019). Understanding and resolving the issue of social media fatigue is very important for users since there is evidence that social media fatigue is associated with depression (Dhir et al., 2018) and lower job and academic performance (Dhir et al., 2019;Hwang et al., 2020). Moreover, alleviating social media fatigue and attracting more users may benefit any social media company aiming to achieve rapid growth amid increasingly fierce competition (Liu & Ma, 2018). ...
... Social media fatigue will stimulate users' dissatisfaction with social media and drive further discontinuous usage behaviors (Zhang et al., 2016), such as short breaks (Shokouhyar et al., 2018), controlled social media activities (Zhang et al., 2020), or switching to other social media platforms (Shokouhyar et al., 2018). In addition, scholars have found that social media fatigue drives users' depression (Dhir et al., 2018) and impairs their academic or job performance (Dhir et al., 2018;Hwang et al., 2020). ...
... Social media fatigue will stimulate users' dissatisfaction with social media and drive further discontinuous usage behaviors (Zhang et al., 2016), such as short breaks (Shokouhyar et al., 2018), controlled social media activities (Zhang et al., 2020), or switching to other social media platforms (Shokouhyar et al., 2018). In addition, scholars have found that social media fatigue drives users' depression (Dhir et al., 2018) and impairs their academic or job performance (Dhir et al., 2018;Hwang et al., 2020). ...
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With the rapid expansion of online socializing, social media fatigue has become increasingly common among users. Envy and admiration are very common emotions in online social interactions. We usually consider envy a negative emotion and admiration a positive emotion. Nevertheless, does envy inevitably increase social media fatigue? Does admiration always alleviate social media fatigue? To answer these questions, this paper explores the impacts of two forms of envy (i.e., benign envy and malicious envy) and two forms of admiration (i.e., elevation and skill admiration) on social media fatigue through the mediators of social media loneliness and social media anxiety. The data were collected from 581 WeChat users, and the results showed that benign envy aggravated social media fatigue through the mediator of social media anxiety, while malicious envy aggravated social media fatigue through the mediators of both social media loneliness and anxiety. However, although admiration is often considered a positive emotion, it does not always have a positive effect. Elevation relieved social media fatigue through the mediator of social media loneliness, while skill admiration aggravated social media fatigue through the mediator of social media anxiety. Overall, the findings offer useful implications for alleviating social media fatigue.
... Some of the noticeable advantages of using social media include increased interactions with others and enhanced social support [9], access to health information [10], health promotion [11,12], and perceived emotional support [13]. In contrast, using social media was also associated with negative impacts, such as poor sleep quality [14,15], increased depression [15][16][17][18], anxiety [19,20], fear [21], experiencing fatigue [20], alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use [22], and felt more isolated [23]. Most of the current studies were completed with social media based on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and YouTube, which are popular in Western countries. ...
... Some of the noticeable advantages of using social media include increased interactions with others and enhanced social support [9], access to health information [10], health promotion [11,12], and perceived emotional support [13]. In contrast, using social media was also associated with negative impacts, such as poor sleep quality [14,15], increased depression [15][16][17][18], anxiety [19,20], fear [21], experiencing fatigue [20], alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use [22], and felt more isolated [23]. Most of the current studies were completed with social media based on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and YouTube, which are popular in Western countries. ...
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Objectives We aimed to assess the characteristics and health status of a study sample using social media WeChat and to identify the association between social media usage and depressive symptoms among people aged 45 and older in China. Methods Data were drawn from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Depressive symptoms were measured by the 10-item form of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10). The propensity score matching method (PSM) was performed to balance the characteristics of WeChat users and non-WeChat users. Multilevel logistic regression was used to test the association between the incidence of depressive symptoms and WeChat usage by introducing covariates step by step. Sensitivity analysis was conducted to estimate the robustness of the primary findings. Results A total of 5415 matching cases out of 11,338 total sample were used in this study to generate the final analysis. A multilevel logistic regression model showed that a significantly lower incidence of depression was related to WeChat usage after adjusting for all possible covariates (OR: 0.76, 95% CI: 0.62–0.94). The most popular WeChat functions used by the study population were watching news (80.4%), posting Moment messages (75.5%), chatting with friends (66.0%), and watching videos (65.2%). The sensitivity analysis yielded similar findings to the primary analyses. Conclusions Using social media WeChat showed an association with lower depressive symptoms among people aged ≥45 and older in our study sample. Further studies need to be explored on the promotion and education of social media WeChat usage, targeting the improvement of mental health-related issues through social network connections.
... Finally, it is unclear how social media usage affects the mental health of the population during the COVID-19 pandemic. There is a lack of consensus in the literature regarding the impact of social media on mental health; some scholars argue that prolonged social media use has a detrimental effect on the mental health of the user, leading to anxiety, depression, or stress (Dhir et al., 2018 resulting from social media addiction (Longobardi et al., 2020), dependency on social media for almost everything , and heightened exposure to misinformation (Kouzy et al., 2020), among others. ...
... As a result, behavior on social media and its implications, including mental health, has received wide attention in the past decade. Several studies have investigated the relationship between extensive social media use and psychological well-being (Dhir et al., 2018Keles et al., 2020;Liu et al., 2021). Evidence suggests that social media use results in depression, anxiety, and psychological distress. ...
Article
Governments worldwide have implemented stringent restrictions to curtail the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Although beneficial to physical health, these preventive measures could have a profound detrimental effect on the mental health of the population. This study focuses on the impact of lockdowns and mobility restrictions on mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. We first develop a novel mental health index based on the analysis of data from over three million global tweets using the Microsoft Azure machine learning approach. The computed mental health index scores are then regressed with the lockdown strictness index and Google mobility index using fixed-effects ordinary least squares (OLS) regression. The results reveal that the reduction in workplace mobility, reduction in retail and recreational mobility, and increase in residential mobility (confinement to the residence) have harmed mental health. However, restrictions on mobility to parks, grocery stores, and pharmacy outlets were found to have no significant impact. The proposed mental health index provides a path for theoretical and empirical mental health studies using social media.
... The results of Dhir, Yossatorn, Kaur, & Chen (2018) showed that fatigue caused by the use of social media leads to a higher level of anxiety among users of these applications. The results of a study Dhir et al. (2018) conducted on a group of social media users in India indicated that the compulsive use of these technologies leads to increased anxiety. ...
... Second, the current study reached an important conclusion, which is that social media fatigue leads to the occurrence of information anxiety in individuals H4, and the reason for this can be attributed to the excessive use of social media, which exposes individuals to obtain different information that they cannot obtain to distinguish between right and wrong. It leads to a state of anxiety over information and this result is consistent with a study Dhir et al. (2018) in which he indicated that the stress of social media led to a state of anxiety and fatigue among a sample of adolescents in India. ...
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Despite the benefits of information technology and social media in providing online shoppers with product information, their negative effects on online purchasing decisions persist. Therefore, this study aims at testing the effect of information overload, information anxiety and social media on online purchasing decisions. To achieve this, a research model was designed which was prepared through a review of several literatures. Data were collected from a random sample of 326 online shoppers, by preparing an electronic questionnaire consisting of a set of ready-made scales used in previous studies. Structural equation modeling was used to test the study hypotheses using the Amos program 26. The study found a set of results, the most important of which is that information overload negatively affects information anxiety, and social media fatigue affects online purchasing decisions, in addition to its effect on the occurrence of information anxiety.
... Another finding concerning fatigue on online platforms comes from social media fatigue, which is defined as the mental exhaustion suffered upon technological, communicative, and informative overload due to participating in or interacting on various online social media platforms. 16 This has been found to be associated with high anxiety and depression among adolescents. 16 Social media fatigue is also positively correlated with experiencing academic decrement because of social media utilization. ...
... 16 This has been found to be associated with high anxiety and depression among adolescents. 16 Social media fatigue is also positively correlated with experiencing academic decrement because of social media utilization. 17 Although anxiety, depression, and academic performance have been explored in relation to social media fatigue, their relationship with Zoom fatigue has not yet been investigated. ...
Article
Little is known about the psychological consequences of the recently increased utilization of videoconferencing, which has enabled life to proceed as close to normal as possible during the COVID-19 pandemic. To understand the psychological consequences of this recent global lifestyle change in different populations, the psychometric validation of the Zoom Exhaustion and Fatigue Scale (ZEFS) and the relationship of this construct with academic well-being, mental well-being, and life satisfaction are presented. In a sample of 470 Turkish university students (57 percent female, Mage = 20.26 ± 2.18, ranging between 18 and 33 years), first-order and second-order confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the construct validity of the scale, and the item response theory results yielded appropriate item difficulty and discrimination. ZEFS scores were significantly and positively associated with anxiety, depression, and stress, and negatively associated with life satisfaction and academic well-being, supporting the scale's concurrent validity. Incremental validity was shown with mediational models demonstrating significant and separate indirect effects of Zoom exhaustion and fatigue on life satisfaction and academic well-being, both mediated by psychological distress. The results suggest ZEFS to be a valid and reliable tool to evaluate the psychological consequences of videoconferencing, which has globally increased during the COVID-19 pandemic, in non-Western samples. By showing the relationships of Zoom exhaustion and fatigue with psychological distress, life satisfaction, and academic well-being, the present study highlights potential avenues to be addressed to protect the mental well-being of all individuals who have integrated videoconferencing as part of their daily lives.
... In line with this, social media is a specific type of media where interconnectivity predominates. A problematic use of these platforms is related to decreased self-esteem and mental well-being (7). Social media has been shown to exacerbate these conditions by emphasizing Western culture's obsession with idealized body shape and diet, and by promoting weightmanagement advise that reinforces cycles of weight loss and regain, exercise avoidance, and anxiety (8). ...
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National Eating Disorders Association conducts a NEDAwareness week every year, during which it publishes content on social media and news aimed to raise awareness of eating disorders. Measuring the impact of these actions is vital for maximizing the effectiveness of such interventions. This study is an effort to empirically measure the change in behavior of users who engage with NEDAwareness content, and compare the detected changes between campaigns in two different years. We analyze a total of 35,895 tweets generated during two campaigns of NEDAwareness campaigns in 2019 and 2020. In order to assess the reach of each campaign, we consider the users participating in the campaigns and their number of followers, as well as retweeting engagement. We use the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) text modeling and causal impact analysis in order to gauge the change in self-expression of users who have interacted with the NEDAwareness content, compared to a baseline group of users. We further enrich our understanding of the users by extracting gender information from their display names. We find that, despite large media corporations (such as MTV and Teen Vogue) participating in the campaign, it is governmental and nonprofit accounts who are among the accounts that attract the most retweets. Whereas the most influential accounts were well-connected in 2019, the 2020 campaign saw little retweeting between such accounts, negatively impacting the reach of the material. Both campaigns engaged women at around 40% and men 17%, supporting previous research showing women to be more likely to share their experiences with eating disorders. Further, women were more likely to mention other health topics within the 15 days of the intervention, including pregnancy and abortion, as well as depression and anxiety, and to discuss the developing COVID pandemic in 2020. Despite the positive message of the campaign, we find that the users who have engaged with this content were more likely to mention the linguistic categories concerning anxiety and risk. Thus, we illustrate the complex, gender-specific effects of NEDAwareness online health intervention campaign on the continued self-expression of its audience and provide actionable insights for potential improvement of such public health efforts.
... Scholars found inconsistent effects of SMU on individual outcomes. SMU was found to be positively (Frison and Eggermont 2016), negatively (Block et al. 2014;Dhir et al. 2018;Dhir et al. 2019;Evers et al. 2020;Lin et al. 2016;Pantic et al. 2012;Rosen et al. 2013;Talwar et al. 2019;Talwar et al. 2020;Tandon et al. 2020;Woods and Scott 2016), and not related to mental health (Banjanin et al. 2015;Davila et al. 2012;Jelenchick, Eickhoff, and Moreno 2013;Simoncic et al. 2014;Tandoc, Ferrucci, and Duffy 2015). One of the reasons for the mixed findings could be types of SMUs (active and passive) differentially impacting one's mental health (Verduyn et al. 2015). ...
Article
Increasing depression and mental health problems among the elderly during the pandemic have become a grave concern. In the present study, we borrowed from the emotional contagion theory and examined the association between social media use (SMU) and depression among the elderly during the pandemic. Our findings suggest that active but not passive SMU is positively related to depression. Moreover, we also examined if SMU (both active and passive) has a varying effect on the mental health of the elderly based on their race, i.e., blacks and whites. Our findings suggest that active SMU is detrimental for both blacks and whites, whereas passive SMU is positively related to depression only among blacks. Further, we undertook multiperiod analyses where depression scores were measured at four different time periods. We found that the adverse impact of SMU on depression persists over time. The present study draws attention to the antecedents of depression among the elderly during COVID-19. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.
... For instance, Zhang et al. (2016) applied the SSO framework to reveal that information irrelevance and overload could lead to information avoidance behavior via the strain of social network fatigue. Dhir et al. (2018) used this framework to understand the antecedents of social media fatigue and its consequences like elevated anxiety and depression. Although other frameworks like the person-technology fit model also appeared in similar studies (Cao and Yu 2019), considering that the SSO theoretical paradigm originated from the field of occupational health psychology (Malik et al. 2021), it was thus inferred that this framework more aligned with our research purpose to unpack the influence mechanism underlying MICT overuse on the well-being of CPMs. ...
Article
Mobile information and communication technologies (MICTs) have been widely adopted to facilitate construction project management by many construction organizations. Yet, scholars have rarely emphasized the growing concern regarding the overuse issue of MICT among construction management professionals, especially construction project managers (CPMs). Against this background, drawing on the stressor-strain-outcome framework and job demand-resources model, this research aimed to explore how different MICT overuse patterns (i.e., MICT excessive use at work and MICT connective use after work) by CPMs affect their well-being in terms of job burnout and the underlying mechanism. The moderating role of team member support was also examined as the boundary condition in the influencing process of MICT overuse. Empirical data from 216 CPMs were analyzed with structural equation modeling. The results revealed that both patterns of MICT overuse led to the two strains including technology-work conflict and role overload, which in turn exacerbated CPMs' job burnout. In addition, team member support was found to buffer the impacts of MICT connective use after work on these strains. This study highlights the need for a deeper understanding of the negative side of MICT use in the construction project context with guidance for construction organizations on mitigating the adverse effects of MICT use in practice. Furthermore, these empirical findings bring useful insights into the causes of CPMs' job burnout through a novel human-technology interaction perspective.
... Further there was no difference in results while comparing usage of social media among genders. Dhir, et al (2018) discovered that compulsive social media usage leads students towards social media fatigue which in turn causes higher level of anxiety and depression in them. The social media indirectly affect their wellbeing and cause fear of missing out and fatigue. ...
... Los medios sociales han mostrado un crecimiento extraordinario en términos de uso y difusión en las últimas décadas y han remodelado los patrones de consumo de información de las personas (Dhir A. Y., 2018); (Dhir A. K., 2019); (Luqman, 2017). Cuando la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaró el brote de coronavirus como una pandemia y la propagación de esta enfermedad (también conocida como la pandemia COVID-19) se ha convertido en un evento de salud pública mundial en curso (World Health Organization, 2020), donde el social media y las redes sociales se han convertido en la principal fuente de información durante los eventos de emergencia (Laato, 2020); (Mertens, 2020). ...
... Bunca farklı seçenek arasında kişi bir "seçme felci" yaşayabilir (Milyavskaya vd., 2018) ve yığınla bilgi kabul ettiği sosyal medya sebebiyle yorgunluk hissine kapılabilir (Bright ve Logan, 2018). FOMO'nun, dürtüsel sosyal medya kullanımı aracılığıyla sosyal medya yorgunluğuna sebep olduğu kanıtlanmıştır (Dhir, Yossatorn, Kaur ve Chen, 2018). Özellikle sosyal medya uygulamalarından sürekli gelen bildirimler, kullanıma ara vermeyi ya da uzun süre soyutlanmayı zorlaştırmaktadır. ...
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Sosyal medyanın günlük hayatta aktif bir araç haline gelmesiyle diğer bireylerin yaşantılarını takip etmeye yönelik ilgi artmış diğer yandan bu bilgiye ulaşmak yine sosyal medya araçları sayesinde kolaylaşmıştır. Kişiler kendilerini sürekli bir bilgi bombardımanının ortasında bulmakta ancak kısıtlı zaman ve imkânlarından dolayı her bir deneyime yetişememektedirler. Bu yetişememe ve iyi deneyimlerden mahrum kalma hissi kişide bir kaçırma korkusu ya da bir diğer deyişle FOMO meydana getirmektedir. FOMO internet, özellikle sosyal medya kullanımıyla eşleştirilen bir fenomen olsa da çevrimdışı ortamlarda da tecrübe edilebilecek bir duygudur. Nispeten yeni bir literatüre sahip olan FOMO'nun incelenmesi gelecek çalışmalara ışık tutacaktır. Mevcut araştırma, FOMO'nun doğuşundan itibaren gelişimini, çeşitli disiplinler tarafından nasıl ele alındığını inceleme amacındadır. FOMO'nun problemli akıllı telefon kullanımıyla olan bağlantısı incelenmiş, ardından FOMO'ya psikolojik ve fizyolojik yönden yaklaşılmıştır. Tüketici davranışlarını açıklama da kullanılabilecek bir araç olan FOMO'nun Türkiye'deki çalışmalara nasıl konu olduğu ele alınmış, Covid-19 ve FOMO ilişkisi incelenmiş ve gelecek çalışmalara yönelik önerilere yer verilmiştir. Araştırma, FOMO literatüründe yaşanan gelişmelerin derlenmesi yönünden literatüre katkı sunmaktadır.  Bu çalışmada "Yükseköğretim Kurumları Bilimsel Araştırma ve Yayın Etiği Yönergesi" kapsamında uyulması belirtilen tüm kurallara uyulmuştur. Yönergenin ikinci bölümü olan "Bilimsel Araştırma ve Yayın Etiğine Aykırı Eylemler" başlığı altında belirtilen eylemlerden hiçbiri gerçekleştirilmemiştir. Ayrıca makalenin araştırılması, yazarlığı ve / veya yayınlanmasına ilişkin herhangi bir potansiyel çıkar çatışması beyan edilmemektedir.
... Marketing campaign, which is embedded in digital platform, enfolded by creative content plays a huge part in expressing positive feelings toward consumers' purchase intentions and emotions (Yoga & Bumi, 2020). On the other hand, FOMO is defined as the widespread concern of the individual being able to have rewarding experiences in social networks, and it found that FOMO significantly increases the level of depression and anxiety by increasing compulsive digital media platform use significantly (Dhir et al., 2018;Dossey, 2014). Therefore, purchase intention is believed to be raised by consumers to buy or not to buy a product based on the results of their evaluation and consideration of the product to determine the product is suitable for purchase (Yoga & Putri, 2022). ...
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This research examines the effect of emotional and psychological factors and their implications for fear of missing out (FOMO) on the online music platform. The object of this study is Spotify. The population in this study was respondents in Indonesia. The purposive sampling technique was used, where the sample criteria used consisted of Spotify users who have seen the Spotify Wrapped campaign at least once on social media. The SEM-AMOS is use to analyzed questionnaire data of 150 respondents. It was found that the varying psychological needs relatedness and unfulfilled psychological needs for self will positively affect FOMO. The result also shows that anticipated elation and anticipated envy from others have a positive effect on FOMO. It was also found that comforting rationalizations negatively influence FOMO and FOMO positively and significantly affect purchase intention. This study finds that comforting rationalization explains concerns about alternatives and offers behavioural mitigation that assist individuals to make their choices and reduce their FOMO.
... In fact, compulsive access to the media triggers fatigue, and this can cause elevated anxiety and depression (Dhir et al., 2018). When people are aware of negative news, and at the same time are looking for more consistent information, the anxiety and stress caused during the pandemic (Yamada et al., 2021), can lead to decreased well-being and impact media perception (Aquino & Vieira, 2020a). ...
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This article pairs journalism studies and social psychology to investigate, with a quantitative method, audience perceptions of news media in the initial stages of the Covid-19 pandemic in Brazil by verifying the relations among media credibility, subjective well-being (SWB), and fear of missing out (FoMO). All told, 306 Brazilians took part in this study, answering a questionnaire to elicit demographic data, perceptions of media credibility, and behavioral characteristics. The findings revealed high averages of measures of news media credibility, with over 70% of respondents evaluating the work of the press as excellent or good. People with higher averages of negative affects tended to perceive the news media as more reliable. Furthermore, individuals who reported fear of missing out on the news during Covid-19 experienced more negative affect, and attributed greater credibility to news media. These findings show that in a time of fear and uncertainty, citizens seem to trust solid institutions more, accepting their reports less critically. We also found that unknown risks can attract attention more than regular events, tending to keep vigilance on specific news. Future studies can add additional measures of FoMO and use more diverse samples in different contexts.
... The intensity, character and language on social media platforms offer to advance social bonding and communication (Kane, 2012;Rinaldi & Farr, 2018). The addictive usage of social media networks has led to compulsive symptoms like decreased work productivity, wrinkled social bonds, sleep disorders and diminished life satisfaction (Dhir et al., 2018;Hawi & Samaha, 2017;Müller et al., 2016;van den Eijnden et al., 2016;Wolniczak et al., 2013;Xanidis & Brignell, 2016). It has even fostered feelings of envy, depression and unease in people (Pantic, 2014). ...
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This work endeavours to present the important measures of social media addiction in the existing academic literature. It outlines the evolution of social media addiction measures in the last 10 years from specific to broader platforms. It discusses the important works and postulations referring to the concerned topic. This work also offers suggestions to future scholars on eliminating the deficiencies in the existing scales on social media addiction. It also offers directions on testing the existing scales in different regions of the world.
... Kaur stated that the internet is a major cause of techno-stress due to the fact that many of the new sites have no standards as to how they are designed, maintained and updated. Dealing with information overload poses a real challenge (Dhir et al, 2018). ...
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This study investigates techno-stress incidence of occupational stress on job productivity of academic Librarian in three selected federal universities in Southwest Nigeria, namely University of Lagos (UNILAG) Lagos State, University of Ibadan (UI), Oyo State and Federal University of Agriculture (FUNAAB) Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. The research design adopted for this study was descriptive survey method; the researchers used 84 questionnaires as instrument to collect data for the survey out of which 59 were duly filled and find worthy for the study. The study used censure as a result of the small population size (total enumeration). The results revealed that factors that aid job productivity are leadership style, working environment and staff motivation. The result further revealed that techno-stress factors such as eye strain, backaches, headaches, chest pain, and emotional stress are common symptoms. Ways to manage techno-stress among academic librarians are getting adequate user friendly software, maintaining an ever-present system of training and education to new and old technologies. The study recommend that Librarians should be conscious of techno-stress by, creating a level of reassurance, patience, and stability within the environment, effective time management, regular exercises, staying healthy and have a proper diet
... This conforms to Swann's self-verification theory (Cambron and Acitelli 2010), which posits that people expect to receive feedback from others in line with their self-image. Likewise, contingent individuals are vulnerable to FoMO, which is defined as a feeling of worry or loss when knowing that others have it better than them (Przybylski et al. 2013;Dhir et al. 2018). These individuals experience difficulty during social interactions, particularly in a physical environment (Kashdan et al. 2010;Lee et al. 2014). ...
Article
This research examines the impact of contingent self-esteem on compulsive usage of social media application WeChat in China. The authors attempt to identify the channels based on self-verification and self-determination theory and propose that fear of negative evaluation (FNE) and fear of missing out (FoMO) transfer the impact of contingent self-esteem (CSE) to compulsive WeChat usage (CWU). Additionally, these relationships were tested with frustration about unavailability (FaU) as a moderator in the framework to explain the phenomenon. By employing a convenience method, 396 samples of Chinese students were analyzed. The analyses indicate that CSE contributes to CWU directly and indirectly through FNE and FoMO. Furthermore, FNE mediates the link between CSE and FoMO, ultimately transferring the effect of CSE to CWU in series. These results can enhance our knowledge of how CSE affects CWU, a growing problem among young people today. Our results may guide psychologists to prepare a counselling programme for compulsive social media users and help them overcome social interaction fears in the real world.
... Although the effects of media use, media exposure, and media dependency on wellbeing have been extensively examined in previous research (Dhir et al., 2018), this study contributes to the current literature in important ways. First, we consider the cultural variable "collectivism" in our model. ...
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During prolonged social isolation, media exposure is often intensified increases as individuals turn to the Internet, social media, television, and newspapers for information, communication, entertainment, and more. This exploratory study explores the correlations among media use, anxiety, and wellbeing in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. A survey questionnaire was designed to measure the following five constructs: media dependency, media attention, anxiety, wellbeing, and collectivism. A total of 722 respondents in China participated in the survey from November 2020 to December 2020. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze the data. Our findings indicate that respondents who report collectivist norms tend to experience higher levels of wellbeing (and lower levels of anxiety), regardless of their scores for media use, media attention, or media dependency. Conversely, those respondents who record low collectivism tend to have higher levels of anxiety (and lower wellbeing), even if they report lower media use, attention and dependency during the pandemic. Study results also found that anxiety mediates the relationship between media use and wellbeing. Our introduction of collectivism as a possible moderating variable represents a significant contribution to current academic debates and suggests the inclusion of cultural factors for future studies on media use and anxiety/wellbeing during public health crises.
... Different threshold values were proposed by researchers to determine whether sufficient discriminant validity exists. The Fornell-Larker criterion and the inter-measurement correlation were tested (45). According to the Fornell-Larker criterion, the value of the inter-measurement correlation is supposed to be smaller than the square root of the average variance explained (AVE) for each research measurement. ...
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Background Under the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, a large amount of COVID-19-related information can cause an individual's perceived information overload, further halting the individual's psychological health. As a minor psychological discomfort could develop severe mental disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder, it is necessary to understand the chain linkage of COVID-19 information overload turn to posttraumatic stress disorder to ensure timely intervention can be offered at each point of mental state transformation. Hence, we examined the negative outcomes of COVID-19 information overload and investigated the direct and indirect effects of COVID-19 on posttraumatic stress disorder. Methods A convenient sample of Chinese adults ( n = 1150) was investigated by an online survey from July 2020 to March 2021. The extent of COVID-19 information overload was measured by the information overload severity scale on the text of the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychological distress symptoms were measured using a 7-item anxiety scale (GAD-7), the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire depression module (PHQ-9), and the psychometric properties of the PTSD Checklist (PCL-C). Structural equation modeling and bootstrap methods were utilized to analyze the relationships between variables. Results COVID-19 information overload is positively related to an individual's anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Furthermore, COVID-19 information overload can indirectly affect an individual's PTSD symptoms by increasing the feeling of depression. R ² values of anxiety, depression, and PTSD were 0.471, 0.324, and 0.795, respectively. Conclusion COVID-19 information overload, anxiety, depression, and PTSD are negative psychological states, and each variable is closely linked with the others, suggesting the need for potential psychological interventions at specific times. Practical public training, such as crisis coping and information filtering, is essential. Regulation of technology companies is also essential.
... In works [28,29,30,31,32,33] examples of the use of social networks for implementing the educational process, including social network Yammer [34] are given. The negative consequences of excessive use of social networks are given [35]. ...
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The article reveals and interprets the key features of project-based learning based on cloud-based services: social activity; convenient communication in a team during the project implementation and at the resulting stage; open educational space; self-learning and self-improvement; use of interdisciplinary links to combine students of different years of study (1–4 degrees of the first (bachelor’s) level and students of the second master’s level) to joint research teams to study through research; purposeful motivation of cognitive and research activity of students within the discipline with the use of interdisciplinary connections; formation of digital literacy of students. The advantages and disadvantages of the Yammer cloud service are presented and a comparative analysis of this service with similar cloud services is performed. Examples of using Yammer in professional project activity are given. The stages of using project methods using the small group method are analyzed and detailed: initiation; planning; conducting/implementation; presentation; assessment/defense.
... Los medios sociales han mostrado un crecimiento extraordinario en términos de uso y difusión en las últimas décadas y han remodelado los patrones de consumo de información de las personas (Dhir A. Y., 2018); (Dhir A. K., 2019); (Luqman, 2017). Cuando la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) declaró el brote de coronavirus como una pandemia y la propagación de esta enfermedad (también conocida como la pandemia COVID-19) se ha convertido en un evento de salud pública mundial en curso (World Health Organization, 2020), donde el social media y las redes sociales se han convertido en la principal fuente de información durante los eventos de emergencia (Laato, 2020); (Mertens, 2020). ...
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... Yang et al., 2017), og tid brukt på ulike nettaktiviteter. Andre skalaer inkluderer 'Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale for Youth (Kim et al, 2014, i Meeus et al., 2019 (Dhir et al., 2018). Andre studier bruker målinger og skalaer som de utvikler selv (Jackson, 2018;Jamir et al., 2019). ...
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Technical Report
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This study is conducted to determine the correlation between peer pressure and the mental well-being of senior high school students. The primary goal of this research is to establish the correlation between the components of peer pressure and the respondents' mental well-being. A descriptive-correlational method was utilized with a total number of two hundred twenty-six (226) senior high school students participated in this study. Thus, the data were gathered through Perceived Peer Pressure Scale Questionnaire (PPPS) and Well-being Questionnaire. Based on the statistical analysis, there is a significant correlation between peer pressure and mental well-being of the students (r=.363). The study's conclusions were evaluated and discussed, and recommendations for additional research were made.
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Conference Paper
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Amaç (Introduction): FoMO, insanların çevrelerinde birçok gelişmenin aynı anda farkında olma arzuları ve ilginç bir olayı kaçırmama, haberdar olamama, dışında kalmama kaygısı veya korkusu olarak tanımlanmaktadır. İnsan yaşamının doğal işleyiş düzenine aykırı olan her alışkanlık veya her müdahale onun fiziksel, zihinsel veya psikolojik sağlığı açısından önemli sorunlara neden olabilmektedir. Son zamanlarda iletişim teknolojilerinin sunduğu imkânlar nedeniyle içeriği boşaltılmış bir görsellikler toplumu ortaya çıkmaktadır. Bu toplumlarda internet ve sosyal medya kullanımı gündelik yaşamlarının önemli bir bölümünü oluştururken, diğer taraftan da öncesine tanık olmadığımız çevrimiçi bağımlılıklara neden olmaktadır. İnternetin ve sosyal medyanın özellikle genç kuşakların yaşamlarında önemli etkisi nedeniyle bugün adına Gündemi Kaçırma Korkusu (FoMO-Fear of Missing Out) dediğimiz yeni tür bir sorun toplumun geleceğini tehdit etmektedir. Psikolojik açıdan bir çeşit kaygı bozukluğu olarak adlandırılabilecek FoMO diğer insanların ne yaptığı, nelere sahip olduklarını, kendilerinin neleri kaçırdıklarıyla ilgili temel kaygılarını ifade etmekte ve bu durum asıl işleriyle ve yapmaları gerekenlerle uğraşmalarını engellemektedir. Öncelikle genç kuşaklarda olmakla birlikte, her yaşta ve statüde bireylerde gözlenen FoMO’nun toplumsal, ekonomik, kültürel ve toplumsal sağlık açısından önemli bir sorun alanı olduğuna dikkat çekmek, bu araştırmanın temel amacını oluşturmaktadır. Yöntem (Methods). Araştırmanın örneklemini sosyal medya kullanıcısı farklı demografik özelliklerde gönüllü katılımcılar oluşturmaktadır. Araştırma nicel araştırma olarak tasarlanmıştır ve araştırmada nicel yöntemin seçilme nedeni, evrene ilişkin genellemeler yapabilmektir (Morgan ve Morgan, 2008:51) Araştırmada hedef evrenin parametrelerini en iyi şekilde temsil eden öğelerin seçilmesi (Neuman ve Robson, 2014:36) amacıyla örnekleme işlemine geçilmiş ve nicel araştırmalarda sıklıkla kullanılan seçkisiz (amaçsız) örnekleme yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Toplamda 406 katılımcıdan elde edilen veriler, fark ve ilişki testleriyle analiz edilmiştir. Verilerin toplanmasında Üsküdar Üniversitesi FoMO ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Sonuç (Results). Araştırma bulgularına göre FoMO düzeyinin yüksek olduğu, örneklemin demografik göstergeleri ile FoMO düzeyleri arasında anlamlı ölçüde farklılıkların olsa da FoMO’nun yediden yetmişe tüm toplumu kapsayan yeni bir bağımlılık biçimi olduğu anlaşılmaktadır.
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Smartphone has been widely used by the younger generation. However, research exploring the technostress triggered by smartphone use lacks. Based upon the stressor-strain-outcome model, this study examined how smartphone use, especially compulsive use, life invasion, and information overload, cause university students’ technostress and, furthermore, how technostress impact their sleep quality and academic performance. Data were collected from 540 undergraduates studying at a Chinese public university and analyzed using structural equation modeling. Results revealed that compulsive smartphone use and information overload are both positively associated with technostress, which in turn have a positive effect on poor sleep quality and academic self-perception. Furthermore, compulsive smartphone use indirectly predicts sleep and academic problems through the mediating effect of technostress. The findings contribute to extend the existing technostress literature and provide valuable practical implications for smartphone-related designers, university teachers, and students.
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Chapter
Social media has become a part of people's lives and many psychological processes are suggested to be related with social media use. This chapter examines social media use from a stress and coping perspective. Social media can be a stressor for users with the content of posts they see, with a fear of negative evaluation, as an unhealthy attachment to social media accounts, and as a result of cyberbullying. Social media use can also be a problem-focused coping as a source of information, an emotion-focused coping as a distraction, and a source of social support. Lastly, it can be a predictor or a part of well-being as well as a moderator or mediator between coping and well-being. After elaborating on social media use as a part of the coping process, implications for research and practice are discussed. The key points from a coping viewpoint are specified for users, parents, teachers, and professionals. While problematic use of social media can be part of dysfunctional coping and a worse well-being, healthy use can help individuals deal with stresses and lead to a better well-being.
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Background In online environments, fear of missing out (FoMO) is where individuals become constantly preoccupied with what others are doing online and feel unable to log off in case they miss something. FoMO is a concept associated with the use of online social media (OSM; e.g., Facebook use, Instagram use) and various scales have been developed to assess the concept. One such scale is the Online Fear of Missing Out (On-FoMO) Inventory. The present study translated the On-FoMO Inventory into Turkish and its main aim was to test the validity and reliability of the scale. The secondary aim was to investigate the relationships between FoMO, social media addiction, smartphone addiction, and life satisfaction. Methods A total of 419 participants (289 females and 130 males, mean age = 25.43 years, SD = 6.37) completed a self-report questionnaire including the On-FoMO Inventory, Fear of Missing Out Scale, Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale, Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version, and Satisfaction with Life Scale. In the adaptation process of the On-FoMO Inventory, confirmatory factor analysis, concurrent validity, and reliability analyses were performed. Results The four-factor structure of the On-FoMO Inventory was confirmed and the Turkish version of the scale demonstrated good reliability. Online FoMO was positively related to social media addiction and smartphone addiction, and negatively related to life satisfaction. Conclusion The results showed that the Turkish version of the On-FoMO Inventory has strong psychometric properties.
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From past two decade social media beheld a sporadic enhancement in quantity, quality and utility. As the body of an individual is nourished by the intake of necessary mineral elements obtained through nutrition, likewise human mind is nurtured by the availability of nutrition for thoughts. Now a day’s which is readily available through the advancement of technology, thereby opening a platform for discussion between social media and mental health of present era. From the dawn of internet and social networking sites human resources of contemporary world have become more social virtually but less practically. This virtual life is isolating present man from other fellow beings thereby affecting his health (mental & physical) and overall balance. Increased usage of social networking among adults of the present era is a matter of concern for the parents, society & researchers, as there are always two sides (positive & negative) of every innovation. The aim of present research is to explore the effect of social media on mental health. To achieve said purpose, the investigator reviewed and synthesized available related literature. Literature summed so far reveals that younger generation operates susceptibly. As a confronting population of the present era, younger generation is experiencing embryonic stage of life and is at higher risk of serious mental health problem. Younger generation of present era is acting as active users of social media which has affinity towards the problems of mental health. The present perilous situation requires more understanding, to know relation between social media and mental health problems is just a kick off point. Exploring and understanding the means with the help of which social media is affecting mental health of present younger generation is succeeding step which can illuminate the connections which are at play among these variables of young generation.
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Background and aims Previous studies focused on examining the interrelationships between social networking site (SNS) addiction and Internet gaming disorder (IGD) in isolation. Moreover, little is known about the potential simultaneous differential effects of SNS addiction and IGD on psychological health. This study investigated the interplay between these two technological addictions and ascertained how they can uniquely and distinctively contribute to increasing psychiatric distress when accounting for potential effects stemming from sociodemographic and technology-related variables. Methods A sample of 509 adolescents (53.5% males) aged 10–18 years (mean = 13.02, SD = 1.64) were recruited. Results It was found that key demographic variables can play a distinct role in explaining SNS addiction and IGD. Furthermore, it was found that SNS addiction and IGD can augment the symptoms of each other, and simultaneously contribute to deterioration of overall psychological health in a similar fashion, further highlighting potentially common etiological and clinical course between these two phenomena. Finally, the detrimental effects of IGD on psychological health were found to be slightly more pronounced than those produced by SNS addiction, a finding that warrants additional scientific scrutiny. Discussion and conclusion The implications of these results are further discussed in light of the existing evidence and debates regarding the status of technological addictions as primary and secondary disorders.
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Background and aims Over the last decade, worldwide smartphone usage has greatly increased. Alongside this growth, research on the influence of smartphones on human behavior has also increased. However, a growing number of studies have shown that excessive use of smartphones can lead to detrimental consequences in a minority of individuals. This study examines the psychological aspects of smartphone use particularly in relation to problematic use, narcissism, anxiety, and personality factors. Methods A sample of 640 smartphone users ranging from 13 to 69 years of age (mean = 24.89 years, SD = 8.54) provided complete responses to an online survey including modified DSM-5 criteria of Internet Gaming Disorder to assess problematic smartphone use, the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, and the Ten-Item Personality Inventory. Results The results demonstrated significant relationships between problematic smartphone use and anxiety, conscientiousness, openness, emotional stability, the amount of time spent on smartphones, and age. The results also demonstrated that conscientiousness, emotional stability, and age were independent predictors of problematic smartphone use. Conclusion The findings demonstrate that problematic smartphone use is associated with various personality factors and contributes to further understanding the psychology of smartphone behavior and associations with excessive use of smartphones.
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This study applies the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to examine how factors in the TPB, along with personality traits (neuroticism and extraversion), need to belong, self-identity, and self-esteem relate to excessive social network sites (SNSs) use and SNSs addiction among Singaporean adolescents and adults. We conducted two nationally representative surveys of Singaporean adolescents (n = 4,920) and adults (n = 1,000). Results indicated that adolescents showed greater addiction to SNSs as compared to adults, and that there are key differences between how the antecedents relate to the two dependent variables. TPB variables were found to be associated with SNSs addiction only among adolescents. Neuroticism was a consistent antecedent of both excessive use and addiction in the two samples, while extraversion was related to the outcome variables only among adults. Self-identity has the strongest association with excessive use and addiction for both samples; self-esteem was negatively associated with the two dependent variables among adults. Implications for theory and practice were discussed.
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Background There has been rapid increase in time spent using Internet as a platform for entertainment, socialising and information sourcing. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between duration of time spent using Internet for leisure, depressive symptoms, and psychological distress among Australian adolescents. Methods Depressive symptoms were indicated by the youth self-report module from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Version IV criteria, and psychological distress was measured by Kessler Psychological Distress scale. Internet use was self-reported based on use on an average weekday, and an average weekend day. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to examine the relationship between Internet use and mental health outcomes. Models were adjusted for potential confounders: age; relative level of socio-economic disadvantage, and body mass index. Results Adolescents were aged 11–17 years (M = 14.5 years, SD = 2.04 years). Greatest time spent using internet (≥7 h a day) was significantly associated with experiencing depressive symptoms among females (OR = 2.09, 95% CI = 1.16, 3.76, p < 0.05), and high/very high levels of psychological distress for male (OR = 2.23, 95% CI = 1.36, 3.65, p < 0.01) and female (OR = 2.38, 95% CI = 1.55, 3.67, p < 0.01) adolescents. Conclusions With current initiatives to improve health behaviours among adolescents to improve physical health outcomes such as overweight or obesity, it is imperative that the reciprocal relationship with mental health is known and included in such public health developments. Internet use may interact with mental health and therefore could be a modifiable risk factor to reach and improve mental health outcomes for this age group. Caution is advised in interpretation of findings, with some inconsistencies emerging from this evidence.
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Online social networks (OSNs) continue to have a transformative influence on how people socialize, partially because they help facilitate social contact that is crucial to fulfilling an innate need to belong. However, there is increasing evidence that some users suffer from OSN addiction, expressed as OSN obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Using the need-to-belong theory as our foundation, we seek a deeper understanding of the relationship between OSN belongingness and OSN OCD by examining the effects OSN-specific uses and gratifications (U&Gs) and negative emotions have on it. We find that OSN belongingness is positively associated with use of the OSN to gratify needs for purposive value, self-discovery, maintaining interpersonal interconnectivity, social enhancement, and entertainment value. However, gratification of only the purposive value and social enhancement needs increase the likelihood of OSN OCD. Furthermore, we find that while OSN belongingness decreases the likelihood of OSN envy and anxiety, it slightly increases the likelihood of OSN fear of missing out; notably, all three of these negative emotions drive OSN OCD. Our findings indicate healthy socialization use by well-adjusted individuals decreases OSN OCD risks, but those experiencing unstable emotional responses or unhealthy socialization on the OSN should avoid use.
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Depressive symptoms are highly prevalent among younger populations and have been clearly associated with lowered activity in general. Focusing on Facebook use as an extremely popular leisure activity, this study examines the influence of depressive tendencies on the intensity of using Facebook by considering the moderating effects of relevant personality traits and different motivations associated with social network site (SNS) use. Based on an online survey among 510 young Facebook users, this study shows that increasing depressive tendencies are associated with an increased frequency of posting status updates—most likely for negative reasons. Moderated mediation models show that the personality traits of neuroticism and extraversion only influence the motivations behind using Facebook and not the time spent on the SNS. Findings are also discussed with regard to novel digital help offers for Facebook users with depressive tendencies.
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Introduction While increased time spent on social media (TSSM) has been associated with depression and anxiety, the independent role of using multiple social media (SM) platforms is unclear. Methods We surveyed a nationally-representative sample of 1787 U.S. young adults ages 19–32. Depression and anxiety symptoms were measured using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS). We assessed use of multiple SM platforms with an adapted Pew Internet Research scale. We used ordered logistic regression models to assess associations between use of multiple SM platforms and mental health outcomes while controlling for eight covariates, including overall TSSM. Results Compared to those who used 0–2 social media platforms, participants who used 7–11 social media platforms had substantially higher odds of having increased levels of both depression (Adjusted Odds Ratio [AOR] = 3.0, 95% CI = 1.9–4.8) and anxiety symptoms (AOR = 3.2, 95% CI = 2.0–5.1). Associations were linear (p < 0.001 for all) and robust to all sensitivity analyses. Conclusions Use of multiple SM platforms is independently associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety, even when controlling for overall TSSM. These associations are strong enough that it may be valuable for clinicians to ask individuals with depression and anxiety about multiple platform use and to counsel regarding this potential contributing factor.
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Concerns have been raised regarding the extensive use of social media sites by young adults and adolescents and the effects this use may have on their mental health and general functioning. However, definitions of health are expansive and diverse. In the present article we assess 3 broad areas of mental and physical health: depressive symptoms, mindful attention, and physical symptoms. Additionally, the fear of missing out (FoMO), which relates to social media use both in its experience and origins, has received a great deal of popular attention recently with relatively less attention from researchers. In order to test the associations between social media use, FoMO, and a range of mental and physical health outcomes, an online study was conducted with 386 undergraduates from a large, ethnically diverse university. Results of this study demonstrated that FoMO was positively associated with time spent on social media. Furthermore, experiencing higher levels of FoMO was associated with more depressive symptoms, less mindful attention, and more physical symptoms. Moreover, time spent on social media was no longer related to depressive symptoms and mindful attention when FoMO was included in the model. Findings from this study suggest that FoMO may be a more revelatory measure than simple assessments of social media use, and is associated with negative health outcomes.
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Within the last two decades, many studies have addressed the clinical phenomenon of Internet-use disorders, with a particular focus on Internet-gaming disorder. Based on previous theoretical considerations and empirical findings, we suggest an Interaction of Person-Affect-Cognition-Execution (I-PACE) model of specific Internet-use disorders. The I-PACE model is a theoretical framework for the processes underlying the development and maintenance of an addictive use of certain Internet applications or sites promoting gaming, gambling, pornography viewing, shopping, or communication. The model is composed as a process model. Specific Internet-use disorders are considered to be the consequence of interactions between predisposing factors, such as neurobiological and psychological constitutions, moderators, such as coping styles and Internet-related cognitive biases, and mediators, such as affective and cognitive responses to situational triggers in combination with reduced executive functioning. Conditioning processes may strengthen these associations within an addiction process. Although the hypotheses regarding the mechanisms underlying the development and maintenance of specific Internet-use disorders, summarized in the I-PACE model, must be further tested empirically, implications for treatment interventions are suggested.
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This survey study among adolescents (N = 402) investigates an integrative model that examines (1) the mediating role of adolescents’ fear of missing out (FoMO) in the relationships of adolescents’ need to belong and need for popularity with adolescents’ Facebook use and (2) the relationships of adolescents’ FoMO with adolescents’ perceived stress related to the use of Facebook. Structural equation modeling results indicated that an increased need to belong and an increased need for popularity were associated with an increased use of Facebook. These relationships were mediated by FoMO. Increased FoMO was associated with increased stress related to Facebook use. These results emphasize the important role that FoMO plays in adolescents’ media use and well-being.
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Background: Social media (SM) use is increasing among U.S. young adults, and its association with mental well-being remains unclear. This study assessed the association between SM use and depression in a nationally representative sample of young adults. Methods: We surveyed 1,787 adults ages 19 to 32 about SM use and depression. Participants were recruited via random digit dialing and address-based sampling. SM use was assessed by self-reported total time per day spent on SM, visits per week, and a global frequency score based on the Pew Internet Research Questionnaire. Depression was assessed using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Depression Scale Short Form. Chi-squared tests and ordered logistic regressions were performed with sample weights. Results: The weighted sample was 50.3% female and 57.5% White. Compared to those in the lowest quartile of total time per day spent on SM, participants in the highest quartile had significantly increased odds of depression (AOR = 1.66, 95% CI = 1.14-2.42) after controlling for all covariates. Compared with those in the lowest quartile, individuals in the highest quartile of SM site visits per week and those with a higher global frequency score had significantly increased odds of depression (AOR = 2.74, 95% CI = 1.86-4.04; AOR = 3.05, 95% CI = 2.03-4.59, respectively). All associations between independent variables and depression had strong, linear, dose-response trends. Results were robust to all sensitivity analyses. Conclusions: SM use was significantly associated with increased depression. Given the proliferation of SM, identifying the mechanisms and direction of this association is critical for informing interventions that address SM use and depression.
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Objective: To examine associations between Fear of Missing Out (FoMO), alcohol use, and negative alcohol-related consequences among college students. Participants: Participants were two samples of undergraduate students ages 18 – 25 (Study 1 n = 182; Study 2 n = 250). Methods: In both studies, participants completed the Fear of Missing Out Scale (FoMOs) and the Brief Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire (B-YAACQ) in which they reported the number of negative alcohol-related consequences experienced over the past three months. Alcohol was measured retrospectively in Study 1, and prospectively in Study 2 using a 13-day Internet daily diary. Results: Across both studies, higher FoMOs was associated with experiencing more negative alcohol-related consequences but not overall higher alcohol use. In Study 2, higher FoMOs was also associated with consuming a higher quantity of alcoholic drinks per session. Conclusion: To reduce alcohol-related harm within the college student population, it may be important to address social factors such as FoMO that may drive people towards riskier behavior surrounding alcohol use.
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For many individuals, excessive smartphone use interferes with everyday life. In the present study, we recruited a non-clinical sample of 296 participants for a cross-sectional survey of problematic smartphone use, social and non-social smartphone use, and psychopathology-related constructs including negative affect, fear of negative and positive evaluation, and fear of missing out (FoMO). Results demonstrated that FoMO was most strongly related to both problematic smartphone use and social smartphone use relative to negative affect and fears of negative and positive evaluation, and these relations held when controlling for age and gender. Furthermore, FoMO (cross-sectionally) mediated relations between both fear of negative and positive evaluation with both problematic and social smartphone use. Theoretical implications are considered with regard to developing problematic smartphone use.
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【Full-text available on request】This study employs push-pull-mooring (PPM) framework originated from human migration literature as the theoretical paradigm to explore the key factors influencing users’ switching intention in the context of mobile instant messaging (MIM) applications. The research model was tested with 240 valid responses among Chinese MIM users. The results show that fatigue with incumbent MIM and subjective norm have significant positive effects on switching intention, while inertia negatively affects switching intention. In addition, affective commitment, switching costs and habit are found to be significant to inertia. This study sheds light on the switching behavior of MIM users, and helps explain the key determinants of switching intention of MIM users. The findings also help practitioners make appropriate strategies for maintaining current users as well as attracting new users.
Book
I: Background.- 1. An Introduction.- 2. Conceptualizations of Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination.- II: Self-Determination Theory.- 3. Cognitive Evaluation Theory: Perceived Causality and Perceived Competence.- 4. Cognitive Evaluation Theory: Interpersonal Communication and Intrapersonal Regulation.- 5. Toward an Organismic Integration Theory: Motivation and Development.- 6. Causality Orientations Theory: Personality Influences on Motivation.- III: Alternative Approaches.- 7. Operant and Attributional Theories.- 8. Information-Processing Theories.- IV: Applications and Implications.- 9. Education.- 10. Psychotherapy.- 11. Work.- 12. Sports.- References.- Author Index.
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Previous studies on excessive use of social networking services (SNSs) have relied on behavioral addiction theory to explain how users react when they face stress from overusing SNSs. Scholars have typically thought that users would stop using an SNS when they became addicted to the SNS and experienced stress from it. However, there seems to be a research gap between the initial adoption and the final intrusion stage of SNS usage. To fill that gap, our study uses a stimulus–organism–response paradigm to examine users’ balancing mechanism for social network overuse. Based on a survey of users of social networking services in China, we found that (1) social interaction overload, invasion of work, and invasion of privacy had significant positive impact on technostress; (2) perceived usefulness of SNSs, perceived enjoyment of SNSs, and technostress had significant positive impact on rational usage; (3) social interaction overload had a negative impact on perceived performance, and invasion of privacy had a negative impact on performance and happiness. This paper contributes to the social networking overuse literature by highlighting the mechanism by which technostress elicits the rational use of SNSs.
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Purpose Compulsive usage of mobile applications may have a negative effect on people’s health and social interaction. Past studies have indicated that personality traits were related to compulsive usage of technologies, but most of them have explored the factors from the system and interface design perspectives, specifically. The purpose of this paper is to explore how the Big Five personality traits, materialism, and external locus of control affect compulsive mobile application usage, and examines how compulsive usage impacts technostress. Design/methodology/approach The present study proposes a framework based on Big Five personality traits and related literature. The author collected a total of 546 valid responses to the online survey, and the author examined the 18 proposed hypotheses using SmartPLS software. Findings The results show that neuroticism, extraversion, materialism, and external locus of control have significant effects on compulsive usage of mobile social applications. In addition, agreeableness, materialism, and external locus of control significantly influence compulsive usage of mobile game applications. Compulsive usage (of both mobile social apps and mobile games), materialism, and external locus of control all have a positive, direct impact on technostress. Practical implications This study offers mobile app design companies and educational institutions a understanding of the social problems caused by the misuse of mobile devices, helping them to prevent the increase of the negative influences of such misuse. Originality/value The primary value of this paper lies in providing a better understanding of the influence of personality traits on the compulsive use of mobile apps and technostress.
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In an online survey (N = 338) at a large midwestern university, frequency counts indicated that 51 (15.1%) undergraduate students were cyberbully victims during college, and 27 (8.0%) were cyberbully offenders during college. In simultaneous regressions, maternal attachment anxiety explained unique variance in cybervictimization and cyberoffending. In multivariate analyses of variance, cyberbully victims (vs. nonvictims) reported higher depression, loneliness, and maternal attachment anxiety, and cyberbully offenders (vs. nonoffenders) reported lower self-esteem and higher maternal attachment anxiety. College counseling implications are discussed.
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The use of social media can have positive effects on users, but it may also bring about negative perceptions in varying degrees of enormity. This study investigates the negative consequences of high Facebook usage for different purposes. It focuses on how the social, cognitive, and hedonic uses of Facebook induce stress and exhaustion, thereby influencing an individual's intention to voluntary quit from using Facebook. The stimulus–organism–response (Soror, Hammer, Steelman, Davis, & Limayem) paradigm is used in this study to examine the antecedents of intentions to discontinue the use of Facebook. The distinctive stimuli, organisms, and response in the proposed research model are empirically investigated through a sample of 360 Facebook users. Findings indicate that psychological and behavioral consequences compel users to discontinue or reduce the use of Facebook due to exhaustion and technostress caused by social networking sites (SNS). The excessive social, hedonic, and cognitive uses of Facebook are also sources of technostress, and the subsequent SNS exhaustion results in the decision to quit Facebook. This study draws theoretical implications for future SNS research as well as practical implications for organizations and SNS providers and users.
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Internet these days have been extensively used to access and search health information supplementing or substituting the traditional sources of online health information (OHI) like health professionals. With the increase in online health information search the production of health information on internet is also rapidly increasing. Due to the enormous volume of health information available on internet, it is hard to locate, process and manage the required valuable information effectively often overloading health information seekers. Information overload phenomenon occurs when more information is presented than the ability of information seekers to process and handle the information. Researchers argue that information overload phenomenon is significantly associated with health-related issues of information seekers. Therefore, the aim of this study is to empirically examine how OHI related information overload impacts the psychological state of information seekers and their behavioral intention to continue the use of OHI search. A research model based on Information Processing Theory and Theory of Planned Behavior is developed and tested using the data collected from 380 survey responses. The results show that perceived information overload has a positive impact on information seekers’ psychological ill-being influencing their behavioral intention to discontinue the use of OHI search. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed at the end of the paper.
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Psychological distress and experiences of peer victimization and social rejection are common among adolescents. Nevertheless, the growing popularity of online Social Network Sites (SNS) among adolescents offers an unprecedented opportunity for early detection of adolescents' distress. This study examined the scope of, and the individual differences that may be associated with, distress sharing on SNS. A total of 413 adolescents (mean age = 15.42, 53.8% girls) completed three questionnaires assessing (a) social media usage, (b) distress sharing on SNS, and (c) feelings of social rejection. More than 15% of the sample shared personal distress and searched for help on SNS. Distress sharing did not differ between genders. Social rejection predicted distress sharing on SNS. Notably, social rejection and distress sharing were only associated among individuals with high social media use scores. Implications are discussed for early identification of adolescents' distress.
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Most people use Facebook on a daily basis; few are aware of the consequences. Based on a 1-week experiment with 1,095 participants in late 2015 in Denmark, this study provides causal evidence that Facebook use affects our well-being negatively. By comparing the treatment group (participants who took a break from Facebook) with the control group (participants who kept using Facebook), it was demonstrated that taking a break from Facebook has positive effects on the two dimensions of well-being: our life satisfaction increases and our emotions become more positive. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that these effects were significantly greater for heavy Facebook users, passive Facebook users, and users who tend to envy others on Facebook.
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Introduction: Social media use is central to the lives of emerging adults, but the implications of social media use on psychological adjustment are not well understood. The current study aimed to examine the impact of time spent using social media on anxiety symptoms and severity in emerging adults. Methods: Using a web-based recruitment technique, we collected survey information on social media use and anxiety symptoms and related impairment in a nationally representative sample of 563 emerging adults from the U.S. (18-22 years-old; 50.2% female; 63.3% Non-Hispanic White). Participants self-reported the amount of time they spent using various social media sites on an average day, and responded to anxiety questionnaires RESULTS: Hierarchical regression revealed that more time spent using social media was significantly associated with greater symptoms of dispositional anxiety (B=0.74, 95% CI=0.59-0.90, p<0.001), but was unrelated to recent anxiety-related impairment (B=0.06, 95% CI=0.00-0.12, p=0.051), controlling for age, gender, race/ethnicity, and education level. Logistic regression also revealed that more daily social media use was significantly associated with a greater likelihood of participants scoring above the anxiety severity clinical cut-off indicating a probable anxiety disorder (AOR=1.032, 95% CI=1.004-1.062, p=0.028). Limitations: Study limitations include the cross-sectional design and reliance on self-report questionnaires. Conclusions: Given the ubiquity of social media among emerging adults, who are also at high risk for anxiety disorders, the positive association between social media use and anxiety has important implications for clinicians. Gaining a more nuanced understanding of this relationship will help to inform novel approaches to anxiety treatment.
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With the increased adoption of mobile devices, mobile communication is all around us and we are connected anywhere, anytime. Mobile communication in general and mobile messenger service in particular make interpersonal communication in Korea so frequent and convenient. However, being connected too much anywhere and anytime via mobile messenger service appears to lead an increasing number of people to feel fatigue and to decrease mobile communication under some conditions. Based on a sample of 334 respondents, this study empirically investigated the relationships among commercial, noncommercial mobile messenger overload, mobile messenger fatigue, relational self-concept, and mobile shunning behavior. The findings show that (a) the effect of noncommercial mobile messenger overload is stronger than that of commercial mobile messenger overload in increasing mobile messenger fatigue although both positively affect mobile messenger fatigue, (b) relational self-concept has moderating effects on the relationship between mobile messenger overload and mobile messenger fatigue, and that (c) mobile messenger fatigue triggers mobile communicators' shunning behavior through which the communicators increase their intention to avoid mobile communication, to change their mobile phone numbers, and to subscribe to dual number service on one mobile device. When confronted with mobile messenger fatigue caused by mobile messenger overload, mobile messaging service users are likely to shun their mobile communication. Being constantly and conveniently connected appears to be a blessing in disguise.
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