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Evaluation der Pflegebedingungen auf Intensivstationen: Ergebnisse einer Onlinebefragung von Intensivpflegenden

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Im folgenden Artikel sollen ausgewahlte Ergebnisse einer deskriptiven Studie zur Personalausstattung, Arbeitszufriedenheit und Patientensicherheit auf Intensivstationen vorgestellt und diskutiert werden. Der Hauptfokus liegt dabei auf der Gegenuberstellung von Merkmalen der Personalausstattung und Indikatoren zur Arbeitssituation und Patientenversorgung. Grundlage der Studie ist eine Onlinebefragung unter Intensivpflegenden, die im Jahr 2017 durchgefuhrt wurde. Fur die nachfolgende Studienbeschreibung wurden insgesamt 2233 deutsche Intensivpflegende in die Auswertung eingeschlossen. Die vorgestellten Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Pflegende, die mit einer niedrigen Pflegekraft-Patienten-Relation (≥ 1:3) arbeiten, tendenziell hohere Risiken in der Patientenversorgung beschreiben und eine niedrigere Arbeitszufriedenheit aufzeigen als Pflegende, die in einer Betreuungsrelation von ≤ 1:2 arbeiten.
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