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STUDY ABOUT THE NUTRITIONAL AND MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF APPLE CIDER VINEGAR ARTICLE INFO ABSTRACT

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Abstract

Apple cider vinegar otherwise known as cider vinegar or ACV, Is a type of vinegar made from cider or apple must and has a pale medium color. Unpasteurized or organic ACV contains mother of vinegar. Apple cider vinegar is fermented juice from crushed apples. Like apple juice , it likely contain some pectin, vitamin b1, vitamin b2, and vitamin b6, biotin, folic acid, niacin pantothenic acid and vitamin c.Using apple cider vinegar (ACV) diabetes significantly reduces haemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), lower density lipoprotein (LDL), cholesterol and triglycerides and increase high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. In another patient model, ―apple cider vinegar‖ decreased triglycerides and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol. it’s nutrient- rich, especially in unfiltered and organic verities, and contains acetic acid, pectin, potassium and calcium. It also controls the blood levels, loss weight, improves cardio-vascular health, regulate body pH & detoxify body. Two spoonfuls of Apple Cider Vinegar‖ and mix it glass of water. Take this regularly before having a meal.
RESEARCH ARTICLE
STUDY ABOUT THE NUTRITIONAL AND MEDICINAL PROPERTIES OF APPLE CIDER VINEGAR
1*Singh Akanksha and 2Mishra Sunita
1Student, Department of Food and Nutrtion , School of Home Science, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar
University (Central University), Vidhya vihar, Raebareli Road
Lucknow – 226025 Uttar Pradesh, India.
2Professor, Dean and Head, Department of Food & Nutrtion , School of Home Science, Babasaheb Bhimrao
Ambedkar University ( Central University), Vidhya vihar , Raebareli Road,
Lucknow – 226025 Uttar Pradesh, India
ARTICLE INFO ABSTRACT
Apple cider vinegar otherwise known as cider vinegar or ACV, Is a type of vinegar made from cider or
apple must and has a pale medium color. Unpasteurized or organic ACV contains mother of vinegar.
Apple cider vinegar is fermented juice from crushed apples. Like apple juice , it likely contain some
pectin, vitamin b1, vitamin b2, and vitamin b6, biotin, folic acid, niacin pantothenic acid and vitamin
c.Using apple cider vinegar (ACV) diabetes significantly reduces haemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), lower
density lipoprotein (LDL), cholesterol and triglycerides and increase high density lipoprotein (HDL)
cholesterol. In another patient model, ―apple cider vinegar‖ decreased triglycerides and very low
density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol. it’s nutrient- rich, especially in unfiltered and organic verities,
and contains acetic acid, pectin, potassium and calcium. It also controls the blood levels, loss weight,
improves cardio-vascular health, regulate body pH & detoxify body. Two spoonfuls of Apple Cider
Vinegar‖ and mix it glass of water. Take this regularly before having a meal.
Copyright©2017, Singh Akanksha and Mishra Sunita. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits
unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
INTRODUCTION
Apple cider vinegar otherwise known as cider vinegar or
ACV, Is a type of vinegar made from cider or apple must and
has a pale medium color. Unpasteurized or organic ACV
contains mother of vinegar. Apple cider vinegar is fermented
juice from crushed apples. Like apple juice, it likely contain
some pectin, vitamin b1, vitamin b2, and vitamin b6, biotin,
folic acid, niacin pantothenic acid and vitamin c. Preliminary
research is being conducted to determine possible effects on
blood glucose levels, satiety, anti-infective properties(either
topically or orally) and hypertension or cancer, ingestion of the
acetic acid in vinegar poses a risk of possible injury to soft
tissues of the mouth, throat, and stomach. Uses for topical
treatment, cleaning solutions, or eye accidents are included as
warnings under poison advisories. In order to prevent diabetes,
in addition to oral hypoglycaemic drugs the dietary component
such as apple cider vinegar seems to be promising for glycolic
control in patient with Type 2 diabetes as well as for diabetes
related medical conditions (Khan et al. 2003, Anderson et
al.,1999 and Sultan et al., 2012).
*Corresponding author: Singh Akanksha,
Student, Department of Food and Nutrtion , School of Home Science,
Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (Central University),
Vidhya vihar, Raebareli Road.
Many medicinal components that are good for health have
been reported in natural vinegar, such as carbohydrate, organic
acid (acetic, formic, lactic, malic, citric, succinic and tartaric),
alcohols and amino acid and peptides (Cocchia et al. 2006),
vitamins and minerals salts, polyphenolic compounds (gallic
acid, catechin, caffeic, ferulic acid). Different types if vinegar
is produced from regional foods according to well established
customs. Different types of vinegar are available in market.
Traditional vinegar is produced from regional foods according
to well established customs. The balsamic vinegar of Modena,
Italy is made from the local white Trebbiano grapes.
Traditional rice wine vinegar is produced in Asia, coconut and
cane vinegar is common in India and Phillippines and date
vinegars are popular in the Middle East. Some scientific
investigation clearly states the benefits of vinegar such as
antimicrobial properties (Vijayakumar and Wolf Hall., 2002.),
prevent inflammation and hypertension (Murooka and
Yamshita, 2008), lower serum cholesterol (Fushimi et al.,
2006), reduction in systolic blood pressure (Kondo et al.,
2000), enhanced calcium absorption and retention (Kishi et
al.,1999), decrease the glycemic index of carbohydrate food
for people with and without diabetes (Sugiyama et al., 2003;
Johnston et al., 2004). Antiglycemic effects of vinegar have
been known for more than a century and have been
demonstrated in animal as well as human studies (Salbe et al.,
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2009). There is interest in using apple cider vinegar (ACV) to
patients with the experimentally induce diabetes significantly
reduces haemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), lower density lipoprotein
(LDL), cholesterol and triglycerides and increase high density
lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Apple cider vinegar is made
through the fermentation of apple .It’s nutrient- rich, especially
in unfiltered and organic verities, and contains acetic acid,
pectin, potassium and calcium. Honey can be added to apple
cider vinegar drinks to improve the flavour without adding
unnecessary calories. A small amount of apple cider vinegar,
taken just prior to a meal, will stimulate production of
digestive juices. Some alternative practitioners recommend
using apple cider vinegar to restore alkaline acid balance.
Apple cider vinegar plays an important role in controlling the
sugar levels in the blood. It also controls the blood levels,
which rises noticeably right after finish meal. Moreover, it
helps to loss weight, which is Important, considering obesity
drivers of diabetes. Two spoonfuls of ―Apple Cider Vinegar
and mix it glass of water. Take this regularly before having a
meal.
OBJECTIVE
The nutritional properties of Apple Cider Vinegar.
To know the level of awareness among the population
about the use of Apple Cider Vinegar.
Apple Cider Vinegar Production
Apple cider vinegar is product of fermentation. It is made by
crushing apples and squeezing out the liquid. Bacteria and
yeast are added to the liquid to start the alcoholic fermentation
process, and the sugars are turned into alcohol. In a second
fermentation process, the alcohol is converted into vinegar by
acetic acid-forming bacteria (acetobacter). Acetic acid and
malic acid give vinegar its sour taste.
Nutritional and Medicinal properties of ACV
In ACV nutritionally contain pectin, vitamin b1, vitamin b2,
and vitamin b6, biotin, folic acid, niacin pantothenic acid and
vitamin c. New medical research also suggests that apple cider
vinegar use can help cure acid reflux, lower blood pressure,
improve diabetes, and support weight loss. The benefits of
apple cider vinegar come from its powerful heading
compounds which include acetic acid, potassium, magnesium,
probiotics and enzyme. Acetic acid has the ability to kill
dangerous ―bad bacteria, and at the same time to foster the
growth of beneficial ―good bacteria. Because acetic acid kills
unwanted bacteria when it comes into contact with it, it
essentially acts as a natural antibiotic. Apple cider vinegar
naturally provide numerous benefits related to skin, digestion,
and immunity health without any side effects. Additionally,
apple cider vinegar is a good source of polyphenols. Research
supports the role of polyphenols in the prevention of
cardiovascular diseases, cancers, neurodegenerative diseases
like Alzheimer’s, osteoporosis, and Diabetes. A study
published in the Journal of Diabetes Care found that
consuming apple cider vinegar could promote weight loss.
There are several reasons ACV promotes fat loss but one of
those reasons include that ACV reduces sugar cravings and
improves detoxification. Another study found that
supplementing with the acetic acid found in apple cider
vinegar reduced body fat in mice by 10%.
A small amount of apple cider vinegar, taken just prior to a
meal, will stimulate production of digestive juices. Some
alternative practitioners recommend using apple cider vinegar
to restore alkaline acid balance. Alkaline diet is that our blood
is slightly alkaline (with a normal pH level of between 7.35
and 7.45) and that our diet should reflect this pH level.
Propionates of the alkaline- acid theory believe that a diet high
in acid- producing foods leads to lack of energy, excessive
mucous production, infections, anxiety, irritability, headache,
sore throat, a nasal and sinus congestion, allergic reactions,
and increased risk of conditions such as arthritis and gout.
Use of ACV
Use the cider vinegar and honey treatment for arthritis and also
use ACV externally to painful joints. Drinking a glass of
water with two teaspoons of cider vinegar and two teaspoons
of honey three times a day, get relief in arthritis pain. Apple
cider vinegar plays an important role in controlling the sugar
levels in the blood. It also controls the blood levels, which
rises noticeably right after finish meal. Moreover, it helps to
loss weight, which is Important, considering obesity drivers of
diabetes. Two fullspoons of Apple Cider Vinegar‖ and mix it
glass of water. Take this regularly before having a meal. When
taken at bedtime, vinegar also lowers morning fasting blood
sugar level. Simply drink a glass of water containing two
teaspoon ACV before each meal. This concoction also known
to relieve stomach ache. When it is used medicinally it helps
the body rid itself to harmful toxins has wonderful
disinfecting properties as a natural bad germ fighter, and is a
very biodegradable substance that does not pollute the
environment. With regular and continued use, this wonderful
liquid helps restore and balance the body’s pH, taking it from
acidic to neutral in a short amount of time.
Conclusion
It is great as a preventative and for maintaining good health.
Each of these five ingredients ( Ginger,Garlic, Lemon,Apple
Cider Vinegar and Honey) have individual benefits on their
own and in this mixture, a synergistic effect enhances the
properties of each. It lowers blood pressure as well as
cholesterol , it leads to fewer colds and infections, and is
helpful in conditions such as gout, arthritis, and joint aches. It
is also a good tonic for the digestive tract and benefits the skin,
and is helpful in weight loss. consumption of apple cider
vinegar can reduce the LDL, triglyceride, and cholesterol
levels in patients with hyperlipidemia.
Besides, given that hyperlipidemia is a known risk factor for
atherosclerosis, apple cider vinegar can be used to prevent and
even treat this complication and probably other heart
problems. Many recent scientific investigations have
documented that vinegar ingestion reduces the glucose
response to a carbohydrate load in healthy adults and in
individuals with diabetes. There is also some evidence that
vinegar ingestion increases short-term satiety. Future
investigations are needed to delineate the mechanism by which
vinegar alters postprandial glycemia and to determine whether
regular vinegar ingestion favorably influences glycemic
control as indicated by reductions in hemoglobin A1c. Vinegar
is widely available; it is affordable and, as a remedy, it is
appealing. But whether vinegar is a useful adjunct therapy for
individuals with diabetes or pre Diabetes has yet to be
determined.
REFERENCES
Andrea M. White et al. 2007. Vinegar Ingestion at Bedtime
Moderates Waking Glucose Concentrations in Adults With
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Banna AA, Kawar NS. Behavior of parathion inapple juice
processed into cider and vinegar. J Environ Sci Health B
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Carol S. Johnston et al. 2009. Preliminary evidence that
regular vinegar ingestion favorably influences hemoglobin
A1c values in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
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direct.
Carol, S. Johnston, Department of Nutrition, Arizona State
University, Mesa, Arizona, Cindy A. Gaas, Department of
Nutrition, Arizona State University, Mesa, Arizona.
http://lup-tup.com/apple-cider-vinegar
Ebihara K, Nakajima A. 1988. Effect of acetic acid and
vinegar on blood glucose and insulin responses to orally
administered sucrose and starch. Agric Biol
Chem. 52:1311–1312
Johnston C.S et al. 2010. Examination of the Antiglycemic
Properties of Vinegar in Healthy Adults, Volume 56,74–79
Johnston CS, Kim CM, and Buller AJ. 2004. Vinegar
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Maryam Iman et al. 2015. Effect of Apple Cider Vinegar on
Blood Glucose Level in Diabetic Mice. Original Research ,
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163-168.
Mohammad shaabani et al. 2012. Influence of apple cider
vinegar on blood lipids, Life Science Journal, 9(4)
Roberts SB. 2000. High-glycemic index foods, hunger, and
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US Food and Drug Administration. Acetic Acid Use in
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ref/cpg/cpgfod/cpg562-100.html. Accessed March 9, 2006.
Vinegars and Acetic Acid Bacteria. International Symposium;
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images/Vin_2005_book.pdf. Accessed March 9, 2006.
... Apple cider vinegar (ACV) is an acidic solution produced by fermenting apples that contains vitamins, minerals, and many trace elements. Several research studies suggest that ACV is used in the treatment of acid reflux disorders, hypertension, diabetes, and promotes weight loss [21]. The benefits of apple cider vinegar come from its powerful heading compounds which include acetic acid, potassium, magnesium, probiotics, and enzyme. ...
... Commercially available apple cider vinegar was obtained from BRAGG (BRAGG Live Food Products, Inc. Santa Barbara, CA, 93102 USA) and was prepared as described by Budak et al. [21]. ACV was diluted 5.4 times in normal saline and administered at 10 mL/kg body weight to Swiss male mice weighing 20-25 g. ...
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http://lup-tup.com/apple-cider-vinegar Ebihara K, Nakajima A. 1988. Effect of acetic acid and vinegar on blood glucose and insulin responses to orally administered sucrose and starch
  • S. Johnston Carol
  • Mesa
  • Cindy A Arizona
  • Gaas
Carol, S. Johnston, Department of Nutrition, Arizona State University, Mesa, Arizona, Cindy A. Gaas, Department of Nutrition, Arizona State University, Mesa, Arizona. http://lup-tup.com/apple-cider-vinegar Ebihara K, Nakajima A. 1988. Effect of acetic acid and vinegar on blood glucose and insulin responses to orally administered sucrose and starch. Agric Biol Chem. 52:1311-1312