The size, growth, and distribution of a language are measured in terms of the number of speakers of the language, growth in these numbers, and the distribution patterns of the speakers. Hence, population size, growth, and distribution inform us regarding the past and current levels, growth, and distribution of particular languages, and projections of population size, growth, and distribution ... [Show full abstract] inform us as to the future size, growth, and distribution of languages. Demographic and related factors and events, such as population size, population growth, fertility, mortality, migration, geographic distribution, age-sex composition, household structure, socioeconomic status, and health conditions, have a strong influence on linguistic events. There may also be influences in the opposite direction, i.e., influences of linguistic events on demographic events. I cite below a few of the numerous examples that could be given of the path from demographic events to linguistic events.