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QUELLES FRONTIÈRES POUR L’UNION EUROPÉENNE ? L’UNION EUROPÉENNE, LA RUSSIE ET LA TURQUIE

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The instability of the security environment is dangerous and can become devastating for a state, a region, a continent or even for the whole world if the necessary measures are not taken immediately. The main issues that have, over time, underpinned the European project were security and social welfare. These aspects are still important today and are very topical, representing at the same time the main objectives of the European Union, even if the changes are fast, and the security environment we live in is particularly fragile. For over half a century, the European Union has continuously contributed to maintaining peace, stability and prosperity, raised the standards of living, launched a single currency and has constantly evolved to create a single market in which people, goods, services and the capital can move freely, as if it were in the territory of a single country. Now, the European Union must face the existing challenges and adapt to the changes in the security environment. The adaptation to the new, to the changes, is the fundamental property of the European Union, and this must change and at the same time adapt the mode of action in relation to the alternatives that have occurred both from a quantitative and qualitative point of view.At present, the adaptability of the European Union in the new global security context is precisely its ability to understand the changes and make the necessary adjustments immediately to the current requirements, to react promptly with appropriate responses that will lead to the restoration of the status quo.
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La Turquie est membre du Conseil de l’Europe depuis 1950, membre de l’OTAN depuis 1953, associée à l’Union douanière de l’Union européenne depuis 1963, candidate à cette Union depuis 1987, et candidat officiellement reconnu, et bénéficiant en conséquence des avantages de ce statut, à l’Union européenne depuis le 3 octobre 2005. Toutefois, plusieurs années après cette dernière date, la question de sa pleine intégration à l’Union européenne reste ouverte. En effet, avec les précédents pays candidats, jamais les négociations d’adhésion n’ont autant piétiné. La question des relations entre la Turquie et l’Union européenne mérite donc une analyse approfondie. Dans ce dessein, il convient d’abord d’étudier les caractéristiques et les perspectives géodémographiques des deux entités, sachant l’importance de tels paramètres pour la connaissance géopolitique. La spécificité de l’évolution des relations entre la Turquie et l’Union européenne doit ensuite être examinée. Enfin, il conviendra de réfléchir aux logiques géopolitiques possibles dont l’analyse devrait permettre de réfléchir, voire de répondre aux trois termes énoncés: intégration, complémentarité ou divergence.Turkey is a member of the Council of Europe since 1950, a member of NATO since 1953, together with the Customs Union of the European Union since 1963, a candidate for the Union since 1987 and officially recognized candidate, benefiting in therefore the benefits of this status, the European Union since October 3, 2005. However, several years after that date, the question of its full integration into the European Union remains open. Indeed, with previous candidate countries, the accession negotiations never did much trampled. The relationship between Turkey and the European Union deserves a thorough analysis. For this purpose, it is first necessary to study the characteristics and geo-demographic perspectives of the two entities, given the importance of such parameters for geopolitical knowledge. The specificity of the evolution of relations between Turkey and the European Union must then be examined. Finally, we should reflect on the possible geopolitical logic whose analysis should reflect or respond to three terms stated: integration, complementarity or divergence.
Article
Full-text available
La Turquie est membre du Conseil de l’Europe depuis 1950, membre de l’OTAN depuis 1953, associée à l’Union douanière de l’Union européenne depuis 1963, candidate à cette Union depuis 1987, et candidat officiellement reconnu, et bénéficiant en conséquence des avantages de ce statut, à l’Union européenne depuis le 3 octobre 2005. Toutefois, plusieurs années après cette dernière date, la question de sa pleine intégration à l’Union européenne reste ouverte. En effet, avec les précédents pays candidats, jamais les négociations d’adhésion n’ont autant piétiné. La question des relations entre la Turquie et l’Union européenne mérite donc une analyse approfondie. Dans ce dessein, il convient d’abord d’étudier les caractéristiques et les perspectives géodémographiques des deux entités, sachant l’importance de tels paramètres pour la connaissance géopolitique. La spécificité de l’évolution des relations entre la Turquie et l’Union européenne doit ensuite être examinée. Enfin, il conviendra de réfléchir aux logiques géopolitiques possibles dont l’analyse devrait permettre de réfléchir, voire de répondre aux trois termes énoncés : intégration, complémentarité ou divergence. Turkey is a member of the Council of Europe since 1950, a member of NATO since 1953, together with the Customs Union of the European Union since 1963, a candidate for the Union since 1987 and officially recognized candidate, benefiting in therefore the benefits of this status, the European Union since October 3, 2005. However, several years after that date, the question of its full integration into the European Union remains open. Indeed, with previous candidate countries, the accession negotiations never did much trampled. The relationship between Turkey and the European Union deserves a thorough analysis. For this purpose, it is first necessary to study the characteristics and geo-demographic perspectives of the two entities, given the importance of such parameters for geopolitical knowledge. The specificity of the evolution of relations between Turkey and the European Union must then be examined. Finally, we should reflect on the possible geopolitical logic whose analysis should reflect or respond to three terms stated : integration, complementarity or divergence. ]
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