This investigation examined college-age women s perceived benefits and barriers to strength training. Women were classified as strength trainers (ST. N = 50) or non-strength trainers (NST, N = 50) on the basis of an exercise participation questionnaire. Benefits and barriers were measured using the Benefits and Barriers to Exercise (BBE) Questionnaire, which was modified to deal specifically with strength training issues. It was predicted that ST would report more benefits and less barriers when compared to their NST counterparts, while NST would report more barriers and less benefits than their ST counterparts. There were no differences between ST and NST on perceived benefits of strength training, suggesting that both are aware of the benefits of strength training. Of the perceived benefits, body image and health were both higher than psychological and social, which were not different. NST re-ported significantly higher .scores on all four barrier factors relative to their ST counter-parts. For NST, time-effort was the highest of the barriers, with physical, social, and specific being slightly lower STwere virtually free from any perceived barriers to strength training. Based on these results, it appears that both ST and NST are aware of the benefits of strength training; however, NST have yet to overcome their perceived barriers to strength training. As such, future interventions should concentrate on overcoming barriers to exercise, specifi-cally time management. The American College of Sports Medicine (2000) recently highlighted the importance of strength training, along with aerobic and flexibility exercises, as key elements to a "well-rounded training program" for healthy adults. Interestingly, gender differences were not high-lighted as a possible moderating factor for deriving benefits from strength training, suggesting that both men and women should participate in strength training. Additionally, various inves-tigations have shown that women can benefit both physiologically and psychologically from a strength training program (Ebben & Jensen, 1998; Fleck, 1998; Freedson, 2000; Marble, 1997). However, despite the benefits associated with strength training, the number of women who participate in strength training programs is low (Ebben & Jensen, 1998). Strength training has several physiological benefits for women, including increasing muscular strength (Brown & Harrison, Wilmore, 1974) in both young and middle-aged women. In older women, strength training helps prevent sarcopenia by increasing the strength, mass, power, and quality of skeletal muscle, and it may also help prevent age-related losses in bone mineral density (Hurley & Roth, 2000). Among women of all ages, strength training also enhances the ability to carry out activities of daily living (American College of Sports Medi-cine, 2000).