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Stoneflies (Insecta, Plecoptera) of Eastern Ukraine: species list with data on distribution and habitat preferences

Authors:
  • Slovak National Museum, Slovakia, Martin

Abstract and Figures

Stonefly fauna of Eastern Ukraine were investigated. Despite the numerous significant material and big number of sampling sites only five species of stoneflies in four genera and three families were registered in Eastern Ukraine. Habitat preferences of species were analyzed. Most numerous species within the region is Nemoura cinerea (Retzius, 1783). It is supposed that Leuctra fusca (Linnaeus, 1758) and Zwicknia bifrons (Newman, 1838) are represented by the geographically isolated populations within Eastern Ukraine.
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STONEFLIES (INSECTA, PLECOPTERA) OF EASTERN
UKRAINE: SPECIES LIST WITH DATA ON DISTRIBUTION AND
HABITAT PREFERENCES
© Martynov A.V., Žiak M.,
Arkhipova Kh.I.
A.V. Martynov1,4, M. Žiak2, Kh.I. Arkhipova3
1National Museum of Natural History, National Academy of Sciences of
Ukraine, Bohdan Khmelnitsky str., 15, 01601 Kyiv, Ukraine,
e-mail: martynov_av@ukr.net, centroptilum@gmail.com
2Slovak National Museum – Museums in Martin, Múzeum Andreja Kmeťa,
Andreja Kmeťa str., 20, 03601 Martin, Slovakia,
e-mail: matej.ziak@snm.sk
3State Museum of Natural History, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine,
Teatralna str., 18, 79008 Lviv, Ukraine,
e-mail: khdyakiv@gmail.com
4Corresponding author
УДК 595.78(477.51-751.2)
ФАУНА
Stoney fauna of Eastern Ukraine were investigated. Despite the numerous signicant material and big number of sampling
sites only ve species of stoneies in four genera and three families were registered in Eastern Ukraine. Habitat preferences
of species were analyzed. Most numerous species within the region is Nemoura cinerea (Retzius, 1783). It is supposed
that Leuctra fusca (Linnaeus, 1758) and Zwicknia bifrons (Newman, 1838) are represented by the geographically isolated
populations within Eastern Ukraine.
Ke y wo rd s: stoneies, species diversity, habitat preferences, Ukraine.
Веснянки (Insecta, Plecoptera) Східної України: список видів з даними про поширення та біотопічні
уподобання
О.В. Мартинов, М. Жьяк, Х.І. Архіпова
Проведено вивчення веснянок фауни Східної України. Незважаючи на значний матеріал і велику кількість
дослідженних локалітетів, у межах Східної України було зареєстровано лише п'ять видів веснянок з чотирьох
родів і трьох родин. Проаналізовано біотопічні уподобання видів. Nemoura cinerea (Retzius, 1783) – найбільш
численний і широко розповсюдженний вид у регіоні. Зроблено припущення, що Leuctra fusca (Linnaeus, 1758) та
Zwicknia bifrons (Newman, 1838) представлені географічно ізольованими популяціями у межах Східної України.
К л ю ч ов і сл ов а: веснянки, видове різноманіття, біотопічні уподобання, Україна.
Веснянки (Insecta, Plecoptera) Восточной Украины: список видов с данными о распространении и
биотопических предпочтениях
А.В. Мартынов, М. Жьяк, К.И. Архипова
Проведено изучение веснянок фауны Восточной Украины. Несмотря на значительный материал и большое
количество исследованных локалитетов, в пределах Восточной Украины было выявлено лишь пять видов
ФАУНА
4
веснянок из четырех родов и трех семейств. Проанализированы биотопические предпочтения видов. Nemoura
cinerea (Retzius, 1783) – наиболее многочисленный и широко распространенный вид в регионе. Сделано
предположение, что Leuctra fusca (Linnaeus, 1758) и Zwicknia bifrons (Newman, 1838) представлены географически
изолированными популяциями в пределах Восточной Украины.
К л ю ч ев ые с ло ва : веснянки, видовое разнообразие, биотопические предпочтения, Украина.
Introduction. e stoneies (Plecoptera) are the widely distributed order of amphibiotic
hemimetabolic insects. eir mature stage, the imago, lasts a short period of time – a few days or
weeks. About 3500 species of stoneies are known worldwide (Fochetti & Tierno de Figueroa, 2008).
ey inhabited solely fresh water and mainly cold perennial ows of a moderate zone, rarely mountain
alpine lakes (Zwick, 1981). New genera and species are constantly been described, and not only from
tropical regions, but also from the European countries, including the Ukraine (Zhiltzova & Zwick,
2012). e stoneies are of a big bioindicational value and are widely used when determining the level
of destroyed of aquatic cenosises.
Plecoptera are well-studied throughout all European Union due to long-term and detailed
research, but in Ukraine this group is just been started to be investigated. For the present moment only
the species lists and solitary descriptions were published for Ukrainian Carpathians and Crimea, and
also the structure of stoney communities of Ukrainian Carpathians and their bioindicational value
were determined. e latter ones were given in the articles of Kovács & Godunko (2008), Kovács et al.
(2008), Diakiv (2009, 2011, 2012), Godunko et al. (2011), Zhiltzova & Zwick (2012).
e stoneies have never been investigated throughout Eastern Ukraine (Donetsk, Luhansk, and
partially Kharkiv and Zaporizhia administrative regions). ere was only one old note on Plecoptera
of this region: Yaroshevskyi (1881) recorded “Nemura cinerea Oliv.” Since then the information on
stoneies from target territory had never been published. e data on Plecoptera are absent even in
overview works on aquatic invertebrates of the studied area (Solodovnikov, 1940; Zakharenko, 1951,
1955, 1974; Smirnova, 1970; Polishchuk, 1980; Vasyl’kivs’ka et al., 2010, etc.). Our article on Zwicknia
bifrons (Newman, 1838) from Donetsk region is the only specialized work on East-Ukrainian stoneies
(Diakiv & Martynov, 2014).
Material and Methods. Main part of material for this contribution was collected from 2006 to
2016 in 102 dierent places within Eastern Ukraine (Fig. 1, Table 1). Also the material from Museum
of Nature of the Kharkiv University by V.N. Karazin (Kharkiv, Ukraine) was worked out. Total of 1633
larvae and imagoes of stoneies from Eastern Ukraine were studied. Administrative disposition and
geographical coordinates of localities in Table 1 are given according to “Google Earth” (http: // earth.
google.com). All specimens collected by us were preserved in 85–95% ethanol.
e material is housed in the collections of the National Museum of Natural History of the
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Kiev, Ukraine) (further NMNH NASU) and Slovak
National Museum – Museums in Martin, Andrej Kmeť Museum (further SNM) (Martin, Slovakia).
e inventory numbers of samples are given for each species deposited in NMNH NASU and SNM in
the chapter on material data (for example Don266Pleco, Pleco8Ukr).
Physiographic division of Eastern Ukraine is given according to the papers of A.M. Marynych
and coauthors (Marynych et al., 2003). Locality names are given according to “Google Earth” (http://
earth.google.com).
Short characteristic of the study area. Eastern Ukraine encompasses Donetsk, Luhansk,
and partially Kharkiv and Zaporizhia administrative regions. Total area of target territory is about
80000km2, that constitutes almost 13% of the territory of Ukraine. e vast part of Eastern Ukraine
is located in steppe zone, and only a small part is in forest-steppe zone. e last one is represented
by Kharkiv slope-elevated physiographic area; the steppe zone is represented by ve physiographic
regions – Starobilsk slope-elevated, Azov elevated, Azov lowland, West-Donetsk slope-elevated and
Donetsk elevated physiographic areas.
ISSN 2226-4272 Український ентомологічний журнал 2 (13), 2017 5
Table 1
Sampling sites of stoneies (Plecoptera) in the Eastern Ukraine
LOC Administrative
district [raion] Locality Coordinates
Donetsk region
1-territory of Mariupol’ city, stream 47.151117, 37.641617
2Nikolske [Volodarske]
district vicinity of Pervomais’ke urban settlement 47.267152, 37.358222
3Nikolske [Volodarske]
district
vicinity of Nazarivka village, reserve “Kamyani Mohyly”,
Karatysh River (aer pound) 47.299647, 37.095098
4Nikolske [Volodarske]
district
vicinity of Nazarivka village, reserve “Kamyani Mohyly”,
Karatysh River (before pound) 47.317083, 37.081083
5Nikolske [Volodarske]
district
vicinity of Nazarivka village, reserve “Kamyani Mohyly”,
spring (crenal zone) 47.317312, 37.080548
6Nikolske [Volodarske]
district territory of Kremenivka village, Kal’chik River 47.331930, 37.487649
7Nikolske [Volodarske]
district
vicinity of Kremenivka village (4 km upstream of the
Kal’chik River from village), swamped stream – right
tributary of Kal’chik River
47.333067, 37.413167
8Nikolske [Volodarske]
district vicinity of Kremenivka village, Maliy Kalchik River 47.337777, 37.532377
9Nikolske [Volodarske]
district
vicinity of Kremenivka village, stream – le tributary of
Maliy Kal’chik River 47.338278, 37.529889
10 Boykivske
[Telmanove] district
vicinity of Chermalyk village, 1 km toward W from village,
stream – right tributary of Kalmius River 47.313346, 37.775597
11 Boykivske
[Telmanove] district
vicinity of Hryhorivka village, 1,5–2 km toward NW from
village, stream – le tributary of Kalmius River 47.413387, 37.877184
12 Boykivske
[Telmanove] district
vicinity of Hranitne village, 2 km toward NE from village,
Dubovka River – right tributary of Kalmius River 47.474546, 37.887224
13 Boykivske
[Telmanove] district
vicinity of Bila Kam’yanka village, stream in the gully
(derived from the pond) 47.546030, 37.873528
14 Boykivske
[Telmanove] district
vicinity of Starolaspa village, below the village, stream –
right tributary of Kalmius River 47.549216, 37.979310
15 Starobesheve district vicinity of Sontseve village, stream – le tributary of
Kalmius River 47.543342, 38.014141
16 Starobesheve district vicinity of Starolaspa village, stream – right tributary of
Kalmius River 47.567949, 37.961661
17 Starobesheve district
between Petrivs’ke village and Komsomol’s’ke urban
settlement, vicinity of Rebrikova rail station, stream – le
tributary of Kalmius River
47.683434, 38.084638
18 Starobesheve district vicinity of Starobesheve urban settlement, Kalmius River 47.743079, 38.096941
19 Amvrosiivka district vicinity of Rodnyky village, stream in the gully – right
tributary of Krynka River 47.832083, 38.425481
20 Amvrosiivka district vicinity of Blahodatne village, 2 km toward NW from
village, stream – le tributary of Krynka River 47.879, 38.445
21 Amvrosiivka district vicinity of Blahodatne village, Krynka River 47.893611, 38.504722
22 Amvrosiivka district vicinity of Stepano-Krynka village, Orlovka River 47.933146, 38.365939
23 Shakhtarsk district vicinity of Torez town, stream in ravine forest between
Pelahiivka and Sjeverne urban settlements 48.104281, 38.660333
ФАУНА
6
24 Shakhtarsk district vicinity of Rozsypne village, 2 km toward W from Hrabove
village, ravine forest 48.146964, 38.617359
25 Shakhtarsk district vicinity of Hrabove village, stream in ravine forest 48.128726, 38.662052
26 Shakhtarsk district vicinity of Hrabove village, Mius River 48.163556, 38.631167
27 Shakhtarsk district vicinity of Nikishyne village, stream in ravine forest – right
tributary of Mius River 48.229583, 38.535139
28 Shakhtarsk district
vicinity of Oleksandrivs’ke urban settlement, stream
between urban settlement and mine Uglegorskaya
Zapadnaya
48.281722, 38.277944
29 Shakhtarsk district vicinity of Ol’khovatka urban settlement, 2 km toward W
from Kam’yanka village, stream in forest 48.254167, 38.462222
30 -territory of Donetsk city, Putilovsky park, stream ow out
from pound 48.064250, 37.792222
31 Yasynuvata district vicinity of Yakovlivka village, Kalmius River 48.087475, 37.835849
32 Yasynuvata district vicinity of Mineral’ne village, stream owing into the pond 48.097501, 37.831521
33 Yasynuvata district vicinity of Mineral’ne village, stream in ravine forest 48.102083, 37.829028
34 Yasynuvata district vicinity of Yasynuvata town, stream in ravine forest 48.122194, 37.822389
35 Yasynuvata district territory of Avdiivka town, stream between pounds 48.128917, 37.771833
36 Bakhmut [Artemivsk]
district
vicinity of Debal’tseve urban settlement, crenal streams –
right tributaries of Bulavina River 48.313, 38.433
37 Bakhmut
[Artemivs’k] district
vicinity of Debal’tseve urban settlement, Bulavina River
(rhithral zone) 48.315532, 38.437832
38 Bakhmut
[Artemivs’k] district vicinity of Krasne village, nameless river 48.577330, 37.915592
39 Bakhmut
[Artemivs’k] district vicinity of Soledar town, Mokra Plotva River 48.670567, 38.115183
40 Bakhmut
[Artemivs’k] district vicinity of Trypillya village, Mokra Plotva River 48.676973, 38.266437
41 Bakhmut
[Artemivs’k] district vicinity of Yakovlivka village, stream in ravine forest 48.709617, 38.163967
42 Bakhmut
[Artemivs’k] district vicinity of Pryvillya village, stream in ravine forest 48.726053, 37.839006
43 Kostyantynivka
district
vicinity of Oleksijevo-Druzhkivka urban settlement,
stream – right tributary of Kryvyy Torets’ River 48.575880, 37.642581
44 Slovyansk district vicinity of Kramatorsk town, Bilen’ke urban settlement,
Bilen’ka River 48.758917, 37.658528
45 Slovyansk district territory of Slovyansk town, Kazenyy Torets’ River 48.833510, 37.622595
46 Slovyansk district between Slovyansk town and Sobolevka village, stream in
ravine forest 48.887694, 37.579639
47 Slovyansk district vicinity of Sobolevka village, stream in ravine forest 48.899556, 37.581639
48 Slovyansk district vicinity of Hlyboka Makatykha village, stream (rhithral
zone) owing into the pond 48.907411, 37.549077
49 Slovyansk district vicinity of Hlyboka Makatykha village, crenal stream in
ravine forest 48.908271, 37.550595
50 Slovyansk district crenal stream – ow out from spring [most close inhabited
locality – Studenok village, Kharkiv region] 49.097100, 37.495267
51 Lyman [Krasnyi
Lyman] district
vicinity of Tors’ke village, stream ow out from black alder
bog 48.961895, 37.990630
52 Lyman [Krasnyi
Lyman] district vicinity of Tors’ke village, stream on black alder bog 48.965994, 37.992549
ISSN 2226-4272 Український ентомологічний журнал 2 (13), 2017 7
Luhansk region
53 Sverdlovsk district vicinity of Dar’ino-Yermakivka village, swamped stream –
right tributary of Kripka River 47.878500, 39.611133
54 Sverdlovsk district vicinity of Provallya village, Hrushova River (the border of
Ukraine and Russian Federation) 48.143950, 39.904150
55 Sverdlovsk district vicinity of Provallya village, Verhne Provallya River 48.164800, 39.863267
56 Rovenky town
council vicinity of Novodar’ivka village, Naholna River 47.968100, 39.395983
57 Rovenky town
council vicinity of Hrybuvakha village, Rovenok River 47.991733, 39.326533
58 Rovenky town
council
vicinity of Ul’yanivka village, stream – le tributary of
Rovenok River 48.000983, 39.377150
59 Antratsyt district vicinity of Vyshneve village, Vyshnevets’ka River 48.032950, 39.225833
60 Antratsyt town
council vicinity of Orikhove village, Yus’kina River 48.039483, 39.204750
61 Antratsyt town
council vicinity of Orikhove village, Orikhova River 48.042733, 39.174650
62 Antratsyt town
council vicinity of Bokovo-Platove village, Kripen’ka River 48.134639, 39.024964
63 Antratsyt district territory of Krasnyi Kut village, Miusik River and its le
tributary 48.200533, 38.793517
64 Antratsyt district vicinity of Ivanivka urban settlement, 2 km toward NE
from urban settlement, Ol’hova River 48.252879, 38.974304
65 Antratsyt district vicinity of Fashchivka village, stream in the forest (before
pound)– le tributary of the Mius River 48.259444, 38.598056
66 Antratsyt district vicinity of Fashchivka village, head of the Mius River 48.267012, 38.575052
67 Antratsyt district
vicinity of Ivanivka urban settlement, vicinity of Luhansk
Pedagogical University station, stream – le tributary of
Ol’hova River (it ows into the pond on the river)
48.260333, 38.977658
68 Antratsyt district vicinity of Ivanivka urban settlement, territory of Luhansk
Pedagogical University station, spring (crenal zone) 48.263, 38.972
69 Antratsyt district vicinity of Malomykolaivka village, Ol’hova River 48.311100, 39.018117
70 Krasnyi Luch town
council vicinity of Khrustal’nyi village, Khrustal’na River 48.183883, 38.878600
71 Lutuhyne district vicinity of Myrne village, pound on stream – head of
Ol’hova River 48.356889, 39.078889
72 Lutuhyne district vicinity of Uspenka urban settlement, Ol’hova River – le
ributary of the Sukha Ol’khovata River 48.380711, 39.124450
73 Stanytsia-Luhanska
district territory of Stanytsia-Luhanska urban settlement, stream 48.649933, 39.498883
74 Stanytsia-Luhanska
district
vicinity of Stanytsia-Luhanska urban settlement, stream
near road 48.650317, 39.515633
75 Stanytsia-Luhanska
district territory of Chuhynka village, Chuhynka River 48.921955, 39.643899
76 Novoaidar district vicinity of Malovendelivka village, Aidar River 49.001967, 38.955600
77 Kreminna district vicinity of Boroven’ky village, stream – le tributary of the
Borova River 49.038417, 38.567467
78 Kreminna district territory of Yepifanivka village, Borova River 49.056567, 38.551033
79 Kreminna district territory of Yepifanivka village, Plotva River 49.100431, 38.593679
80 Bilovods’k district vicinity of Pervomais’k town, Derkul River 49.087700, 39.621933
ФАУНА
8
81 Starobil’s’k district vicinity of Shul’hynka village, stream – le tributary of the
Aidar River 49.150283, 38.920650
82 Starobil’s’k district vicinity of Nyzhnopokrovka village, stream – le tributary
of the Hnyla Plotva River 49.212117, 38.636467
83 Starobil’s’k district vicinity of Polovynkyne village, stream – le tributary of
Aidar River 49.212239, 38.914010
84 Svatove district territory of Nyzhnya-Duvanka village, Duvanka River 49.580400, 38.162333
85 Svatove district vicinity of Novonykanorivka village, Hnyla River 49.671017, 38.196767
86 Milove district territory of Krynychne village, spring (crenal zone) 49.299767, 40.100650
87 Milove district vicinity of Krynychne village, Cherepakha River 49.304227, 40.087622
88 Milove district vicinity of Stril’tsivka village, Kamyshna River 49.321717, 39.840550
89 Markivka district vicinity of Markivka urban settlement, Derkul River 49.522667, 39.561017
90 Novopskov district territory of Novorozsosh village, Kam'yanka River 49.543050, 39.216283
91 Troitske district territory of Troitske urban settlement, Urazova River 49.918283, 38.293850
Kharkiv region
92 Barvinkove district territory of Bohodarove village, Lukonovakha River 48.845833, 36.963889
93 Kharkiv district vicinity of Staryi Merchik village 49.979, 35.754
94 - territory of Kharkiv city 49.985, 36.226
95 Dvorichna district
2 km downstream of the Oskol River from Dvorichna
urban settlement, stream (ow out from oxbow) – le
tributary of the Oskol River
49.832537, 37.682050
96 Dvorichna district territory of Dvorichna urban settlement, Oskol River 49.842270, 37.691079
97 Dvorichna district vicinity of Dvorichna rail station, stream – le tributary of
the Oskol River 49.859854, 37.729360
98 Dvorichna district 3 km upstream of the Oskol River from Novomlyns’k
village, oxbow (has temporary connection with river) 49.901930, 37.756822
99 Dvorichna district vicinity of Hrenikovka rail station (Zhovtneve village),
stream – le tributary of the Oskol River 49.906683, 37.773316
100 Dvorichna district 1 km downstream of the Oskol River from Kam’yanka
village, stream – le tributary of the Oskol River 49.968889, 37.827500
101 Dvorichna district Oskol River, 1 km downstream from Kam’yanka village 49.970177, 37.826849
102 Dvorichna district vicinity of Pisky village, Oskol River 49.988889, 37.890833
e Donetsk elevated area deserves a special mention, because it constitutes the main part of the
typical Donbas and has the heavily modied landscapes. is area is the highest part of Eastern Ukraine,
where the altitudes of 230–300 m a.s.l. prevail; the highest point is Mogyla Mechetna, 367 m a.s.l. e
special area of the Donetsk elevated area is the Donetsk Ridge (Debal’tseve–Rovenky physiographic
district), the main watershed for the rivers of the Sea of Azov and that of the Seversky Donets basin
(Don river-basin). One of the most important characteristics of this Ridge it the combination of large
plain spaces with relatively deep valleys with steep slopes, which are oen mountain-like. e river
valleys and gullies within the Donetsk Ridge can reach a depth of 200 m.
Running waterbodies of the Donetsk Ridge has hydrological characteristics (temperature of
water, current velocity, aeration degree, type of bottom, etc.) very close to that of mountain rivers and
streams due to various relief and signicant change of waterow’s altitudes. ese led to the formation
of a peculiar aquatic fauna in the Donetsk Ridge, unusual for the waterows of the ambient steppe
zone. e highest number of these waterbodies is concentrated in Debal’tseve–Roven’ky district of the
Donetsk Elevated area (Preobrazhenskiy, 1959; Marynych et al., 1985, 2003; Greze et al., 1987).
ISSN 2226-4272 Український ентомологічний журнал 2 (13), 2017 9
Fig. 1. Collecting sites of stoneies (Plecoptera) within Eastern Ukraine. Dotted line is the western border of
the region under investigation.
e Donetsk Elevated area is one of the regions of Ukraine aected by the greatest anthropic
pressure and pollution, which is caused, rst of all, by coal mining, metallurgical and chemical
industries, and also by a dense network of settlements on its territory.
e diversity of the landscapes in Eastern Ukraine causes quite a large variety of owing and
standing waterbodies within it.
Flowing waterbodies are represented within the target territory by streams, rivers and springs;
all of them can be temporary and permanent (Figs 2–4, 6). e highest number of rhithral and crenal
e potamal zone of running waters is abundantly represented within Eastern Ukraine, and
presents the streams and rivers of dierent size. High number of waterows in Eastern Ukraine
is represented at almost all their length by the potamal zone only. e lowest number of potamal
waterbodies is focused in the Donetsk Ridge, the largest is in the Azov Upland and Azov Lowland.
Additionally, the running waters are presented within the Eastern Ukraine by the articial channels,
including those that connect the rivers of various basins.
Standing waterbodies are represented mainly by the oxbows, lakes, rths, marshes and
temporary waterbodies (puddles, water meadows, etc.) (Figs 5, 7). Standing waterbodies of the region
ФАУНА
10
Figs 2–7. Some waterbodies of Eastern Ukraine: 2 – Maliy Kal’chik River (potamal zone) (Donetsk region); 3 –
stream (potamal zone) – right tributary of Kalmius River (Donetsk region); 4 – Bulavina River (rhithral zona)
(Donetsk region); 5 – black alder bog in basin of the Seversky Donets basin (Donetsk region); 6 – Oskol River
(potamal zone) (Kharkiv region); 7 – pound in source of Ol’hova River (Luhansk region).
also include two types of crenal: limnocren (spring bowl) and geocren (place of diuse discharge of
groundwater without the formation of a spring bowl or stream), which have no current or are very
slow. e highest number of standing crenal waterbodies is focused on the Donetsk Ridge; they occur
much less frequently at the rest of Eastern Ukraine.
e standing waters at the target territory also include a group of articial waterbodies represented
by ponds, ooded quarries, reservoirs, ponds-coolers, etc.
ISSN 2226-4272 Український ентомологічний журнал 2 (13), 2017 11
Results and Discussion. Despite the numerous material and big number of sampling sites, only
5species of stoneies from 4 genera and three families were registered in Eastern Ukraine.
Annotated list of stoneies of Eastern Ukraine
Nemouridae
Nemoura cinerea (Retzius, 1783)
- Nemura cinerea Oliv. – Yaroshevskyi, 1881
Areal of the species covers almost entire Palaearctic region (Teslenko & Zhiltzova, 2009).
Widespread species over all Ukrainian Carpathians, where it is found in all main river basins
(Zhiltzova, 1966, 1967, 2003; Telyuk, 1992; Despax, 1935; Dziędzielewicz, 1867, 1877, 1883, 1891,
1908; Wierzejski, 1883; Diakiv, 2011); there are some records from Crimea (Prokopov, 2003а, 2003b).
e species occurs both in streams and large plain rivers.
In Eastern Ukraine this is the most common and numerous species. It was registered in all
studied physiographic regions (Fig. 8). Larvae developed in dierent types of waterbodies: from crenal
streams to potamal zone of big rivers, from limnocrenes to reservoirs, but it was the most numerous
in small crenal, rhithral and epipotamal streams with moderate current velocity. Imago of N. cinerea
were registered from April to June and in November.
Literature data: Before our investigations only this species was given for Eastern Ukraine
(Yaroshevskyi, 1881): - LOC 94, as Nemura cinerea Oliv.
In the Natural museum of V.N. Karazin of Kharkiv National University we found one female
imago of this species collected by V.A. Yaroshevskyi in 1909 (original text of label: Хькво / 3v09). is
is the oldest specimen of stoneies from Eastern Ukraine found in Ukrainian collections.
Original material: - LOC 1: 3.04.2009 [Don252Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 7 larvae; - LOC 2: 29.04.2010
[Pleco15Ukr] Sergeev M.E. leg., 6 imagoes; - LOC 3: 22.04.2006 [Pleco11Ukr] Martynov V.V. leg., 4 imagoes; 15.05.2008
[Pleco27Ukr] Brustilo K.V. leg., 3 larvae; - LOC 4: 4.05.2009 [Don189Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 17 larvae, 7 imagoes;
- LOC 5: 2.06.2012 [Pleco10Ukr] Martynov V.V. leg., 2 imagoes; - LOC 8: 19.04.2011 [Don392Pleco, Don393Pleco]
Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae; - LOC 9: 19.04.2011 [Don394Pleco/1, Don394Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 17 larvae;
2.04.2009 [Don178Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 10: 17.04.2011 [Don385Pleco, Pleco26Ukr] Martynov A.V.
leg., 30 larvae; - LOC 11: 5.06.2010 [Don298Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 12: 10.04.2010 [Don285Pleco/2]
Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 14: 10.04.2010 [Don282Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 13 larvae; - LOC 15: 14.04.2007
[Pleco16Ukr] Martynov V.V. leg., 5 larvae; - LOC 16: 16.04.2011 [Don376Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae; - LOC 17:
16.04.2011 [Don372Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 18: 15.04.2011 [Pleco12Ukr] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva;
-LOC 19: 3.11.2007 [Pleco9Ukr] Martynov V.V. leg., 5 larvae; - LOC 20: 20.11.2011 [Don433Pleco/2] Martynov A.V.
leg., 9 larvae; - LOC 21: 18.05.2011 [Don327Pleco] Sergeev M.E. leg., 15 larvae; - LOC 30: 11.03.2007 [Pleco25Ukr]
Martynov A.V. leg., 29 larvae; 9.03.2008 [Pleco28Ukr] Martynov A.V. leg., 3 larvae; 18.02.2009 [Don171Pleco/1] Martynov
A.V. leg., 8 larvae; 9.05.2009 [Don192Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 9 imagoes; 29.01.2010 [Don251Pleco] Martynov A.V.
leg., 16larvae; 20.03.2010 [Don259Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 25 larvae; 6.04.2010 [Don268Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg.,
3 larvae; 8.04.2010 [Don269Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae; 13.04.2010 [Don276Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva,
4 imagoes; 14.04.2010 [Don479Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 6 larvae, 5 imagoes; 18.04.2010 [Don279Pleco] Martynov
A.V. leg., 2 imagoes; 1.05.2010 [Don480Pleco/1, Don480Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 7 larvae, 4 imagoes; 13.03.2011
[Don490Pleco/1, Don490Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 3 larvae; - LOC 31: 24.04.2011 [Pleco29Ukr] Martynov A.V. leg.,
1 larva; - LOC 32: 18.04.2010 [Pleco30Ukr] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; 12.03.2011 [Don463Pleco/1, Don463Pleco/2]
Martynov A.V. leg., 2larvae; - LOC 33: 31.03.2007 [Pleco17Ukr] Martynov A.V. leg., 13 larvae; 15.04.2009 [Don186Pleco]
Martynov A.V. leg., 18 larvae; 21.10.2009 [Don237Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 5 larvae; 20.03.2010 [Don464Pleco/2,
Don464Pleco/3] Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae; 18.04.2010 [Don465Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 5 larvae; 1.05.2010
[Don466Pleco/1, Don466Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 3 larvae, 1 imago; 17.05.2010 [Don467Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg.,
1 larva; 10.06.2010 [Don469Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 imago; 31.07.2010 [Don472Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva;
21.08.2010 [Don473Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; 18.09.2010 [Don474Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; 14.11.2010
[Don476Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 3larvae; 12.03.2011 [Don477Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 3 larvae; - LOC 34: 30.11.2008
[Don173Pleco/2, Don173Pleco/1, Pleco19Ukr] Martynov A.V. leg., 19 larvae, 1 imago; - LOC 35: 9.05.2009 [Don197Pleco]
Nikulina T.V. leg., 5 larvae; -LOC 36: 29.04.2011 [Don408Pleco/1, Don409Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 5 larvae; - LOC37:
13.03.2010 [Pleco22Ukr/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 67 larvae; 17.04.2010 [Pleco21Ukr/3] Martynov A.V. leg., 8 larvae; 2.05.2010
[Don302Pleco/2, Don573Pleco/3] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva, 1 imago; 16.05.2010 [Don548Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg.,
1larva; 16.05.2010 [Don574Pleco/1] Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae, 1 imago; 04.2011 [Pleco31Ukr/1] Martynov A.V. leg.,
ФАУНА
12
100 larvae; - LOC 38: 7.03.2010 [Don254Pleco/1, Don254Pleco/2] Stiblecov S.G. leg., 4 larvae; - LOC 39: 17.04.2009
[Don193Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 7 larvae; - LOC 40: 20.04.2008 [Pleco23Ukr] Martynov A.V. leg., 13 larvae; - LOC
41: 17.04.2009 [Don194Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 14 larvae; - LOC 42: 17.04.2010 [Don277Pleco] Martynov V.V. leg.,
3larvae; - LOC 43: 6.04.2008 [Pleco18Ukr] Martynov A.V. leg., 20 larvae, 2 imagoes; 24.05.2009 [Don204Pleco] Martynov
A.V. leg., 18larvae; - LOC 45: 3.04.2010 [Don263Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae; - LOC 46: 13.03.2016 [Pleco8Ukr]
Martynov A.V. leg., 24larvae; - LOC 47: 5.04.2010 [Don266Pleco/2] Stiblecov S.G. leg., 16 larvae; - LOC 49: 16.04.2011
[Pleco20Ukr/1, Pleco20Ukr/2] Stiblecov S.G. leg., 27 larvae; - LOC 51: 4.05.2007 [Pleco7Ukr] Martynov A.V. leg., 6 larvae;
- LOC 52: 4.05.2007 [Pleco24Ukr] Martynov A.V. leg., 14 larvae, 9 imagoes; - LOC 53: 25.10.2008 [Lug23Pleco] Martynov
A.V. leg., 4 larvae; - LOC 64: 30.04.2012 [Lug93Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 10 larvae, 1 imago; - LOC 67: 29.04.2012
[Lug91Pleco, Lug96Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 9 larvae, 6 imagoes; - LOC 68: 29.04.2012 [Lug88Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg.,
4 larvae; - LOC 70: 30.04.2012 [Lug95Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 9 larvae, 7 imagoes; - LOC 71: 27.04.2012 [Lug85Pleco]
Martynov A.V. leg., 2larvae; - LOC 72: 28.04.2012 [Lug87Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 6 larvae; - LOC 73: 14.05.2009
[Lug48Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 7 larvae, 9 imagoes; - LOC 74: 14.05.2009 [Lug49Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva,
1imago; - LOC 75: 14.05.2009 [Lug52Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 17 larvae, 1 imago; - LOC 76: 19.04.2009 [Lug44Pleco]
Martynov A.V. leg., 3 larvae; - LOC 77: 18.04.2009 [Lug33Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 10 larvae; - LOC 78: 18.04.2009
[Lug32Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 79: 18.04.2009 [Lug31Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 31 larvae, 1 imago;
-LOC80: 14.05.2009 [Lug56Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 4 larvae, 1 imago; - LOC 81: 19.04.2009 [Lug40Pleco] Martynov
A.V. leg., 10 larvae, 1imago; - LOC 82: 19.04.2009 [Lug37Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 20 larvae; - LOC 83: 19.04.2009
[Lug36Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 12larvae; - LOC 84: 19.05.2009 [Lug71Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 85:
19.05.2009 [Lug70Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva, 1 imago; - LOC 86: 17.05.2009 [Lug62Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg.,
2larvae; - LOC 87: 16.05.2009 [Lug61Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 18 larvae, 3 imagoes; - LOC 88: 15.05.2009 [Lug57Pleco]
Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva, 3 imagoes; - LOC 89: 17.05.2009 [Lug64Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 8 larvae; - LOC 90:
17.05.2009 [Lug65Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 imago; - LOC 91: 18.05.2009 [Lug69Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 4larvae;
-LOC 92: 18.04.2010 [Khrk29Pleco] Martynov A.V. & V.V. leg., 13 larvae; - LOC 93: 8.05.2016 [Pleco37Ukr] Guglya Yu.A.
leg., 1imago; - LOC 94: 3.05.1909 [Pleco38Ukr] Yaroshevskyi V.A. leg., 1 imago; - LOC 95: 8.05.2011 [Khrk52Pleco]
Martynov A.V. leg., 49 larvae; - LOC96: 8.05.2011 [Khrk56Pleco, Khrk57Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae; - LOC 97:
7.05.2011 [Khrk45Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 4larvae; - LOC 98: 7.05.2011 [Khrk42Pleco/1, Khrk42Pleco/2] Martynov
A.V. leg., 1 larva, 1 imago; - LOC 99: 7.05.2011 [Khrk49Pleco/1] Martynov A.V. leg., 7 larvae, 14 imagoes; - LOC 100:
7.05.2011 [Khrk40Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 101: 6.05.2011 [Khrk48Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva;
-LOC 102: 6.05.2011 [Khrk36Pleco, Khrk38Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 13 larvae, 2 imagoes.
Nemoura dubitans Morton, 1894
European species, previously recorded also from Ukraine (Teslenko & Zhiltzova, 2009). In
Europe this species occurs mainly at an altitude of about 150 m above sea level (Graf et al., 2009; Žiak,
2013). is species is rare in Eastern Ukraine and was registered only in one location at Azov elevated
physiographic area (Fig. 9). Larvae of species were collected in potamal zone of stream owing out
from pound. Imagoes of the species were not collected, but all sampled larvae exhibit the typical for
this species characters.
Original material: - LOC 13: 17.04.2011 [Don377Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 6 larvae.
Nemoura sp.
e main part of material given bellow is the small larvae or “problematic” specimens with
indistinct species characters.
Original material: - LOC 7: 21.07.2009 [Don216Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva (early instar); - LOC 12:
17.04.2011 [Don381Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 25: 5.11.2007 [Don83Pleco] Martynov V.V. leg., 1 larva
(early instar); - LOC 30: 1.01.2009 [Don172Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva (early instar); 18.02.2009 [Don171Pleco/2]
Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; 29.01.2010 [Don251Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; 6.04.2010 [Don268Pleco] Martynov
A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 33: 4.10.2008 [Don131Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva (early instar); - LOC 37: 2.05.2010
[Don573Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 imago; 13.03.2011 [Don518Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 43: 24.05.2009
[Don204Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 3 larvae; - LOC 48: 24.10.2010 [Don325Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva (early
instar); - LOC 54: 25.10.2008 [Lug28Pleco/2] Martynov A.V., 2 larvae; - LOC 70: 24.10.2008 [Lug7Pleco] Martynov A.V.
leg., 2 larvae; - LOC 99: 7.05.2011 [Khrk49Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva.
ISSN 2226-4272 Український ентомологічний журнал 2 (13), 2017 13
Figs 8–10. Collecting sites of stoneies species within Eastern Ukraine: 8 – Nemoura cinerea (Retzius, 1783);
9 – Nemurella pictetii Klapálek, 1900 (black circles) and Nemoura dubitans Morton, 1894 (black triangle); 10
Leuctra fusca (Linnaeus, 1758) (black circles) and Zwicknia bifrons (Newman, 1838) (black triangles).
ФАУНА
14
Nemurella pictetii Klapálek, 1900
Nemurella pictetii is a widespread species distributed from 42°N in Spain to 70°N in Skandinavia
and from 10°W in Ireland to 110°E near Lake Baikal in Siberia. e species may be abundant in a
variety of habitats within the distribution, from circumneutral springs to acid waters, such as peat bog
drains (Nesterovitch & Zwick, 2003; Zhiltzova, 2003). In Ukraine it occurs in all main river basins
of Carpathians Mountains (Zhiltzova, 1966, 1967; Nedostup, 1994; Despax, 1935; Pawłowski, 1959;
Diakiv, 2011).
Within Eastern Ukraine the species was registered in Starobilsk slope-elevated, West-Donetsk
slope-elevated and Donetsk elevated physiographic areas (Fig. 9). In all cases the larvae developed
only in crenal springs or rhithral zone of streams and rivers. Imagoes of species were registered in
April and May.
Original material: - LOC 33: 20.03.2010 [Don464Pleco/1] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; 18.04.2010
[Don465Pleco/1] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 imago; 10.06.2010 [Don469Pleco/1] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 36:
29.04.2011 [Don408Pleco/2, Don409Pleco/1] Martynov A.V. leg., 3 larvae; - LOC 37: 17.04.2010 [Pleco21Ukr/1]
Martynov A.V. leg., 1 imago; 2.05.2010 [Don302Pleco/1, Don573Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva, 2 imagoes; 04.2011
[Pleco31Ukr/3] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 47: 5.04.2010 [Don266Pleco/1] Stiblecov S.G. leg., 3 larvae; 2.08.2015
[Don608Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 14 larvae; - LOC 50: 8.07.2009 [Don225Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 16 larvae.
Leuctridae
Leuctra fusca (Linnaeus, 1758)
Distribution of the species is wide: it is recorded from West Europe to Far East (Teslenko &
Zhiltzova, 2009). In Ukraine L. fusca occurs in Dnister and Prut Rivers basins in rhithral and pothamal
zone (Zhiltzova, 1966, 1967; Diakiv, 2011; Telyuk, 1992). Within its total distribution the species is
mainly resistant to changes of abiotic factors, thus it occurs at the same localities as N. cinerea.
Within Eastern Ukraine the species has local distribution and was registered only in Debal’tseve–
Roven’ky district of the Donetsk Elevated area (Fig. 10). Species inhabit only rhithral zone of streams
and rivers within these regions. Imagoes were registered from September to November.
Despite the high ecological valence of the species within the entire areal, we suppose that L. fusca
is represent by geographically isolated population within Donetsk Ridge due to absence of the species
on territories surrouning Donetsk Ridge and its strong biotopical preferences within Eastern Ukraine.
Original material: - LOC 24: 5.11.2007 [Pleco13Ukr] Martynov V.V. leg., 1 imago; - LOC 27: 5.10.2008
[Don167Pleco] Martynov V.V. leg., 1 imago; - LOC 28: 25.09.2011 [Don346Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae, 2 imagoes;
- LOC 29: 25.09.2011 [Don349Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 4 larvae; - LOC 37: 13.07.2008 [Don12Pleco] Martynov A.V.
leg., 16 larvae; 30.05.2010 [Don515Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 7 larvae; 11.06.2010 [Don521Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg.,
3larvae; 1.07.2010 [Don498Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 5 larvae; 18.07.2010 [Don499Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 7 larvae;
1.08.2010 [Don500Pleco, Don559Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 9 larvae; 20.08.2010 [Don501Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg.,
7larvae; 19.09.2010 [Don502Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 3 larvae, 3 imagoes; 17.10.2010 [Don503Pleco/1] Martynov A.V.
leg., 2 imagoes; 13.11.2010 [Don504Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 imago; 8.07.2011 [Don417Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg.,
1larvae; - LOC 65: 13.07.2008 [Lug84Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 4 larvae; 24.10.2009 [Lug75Pleco/1] Martynov A.V. leg.,
2 imagoes; 1.08.2010 [Lug82Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 5 larvae; - LOC 66: 13.07.2008 [Lug1Pleco, Lug83Pleco] Martynov
A.V. leg., 4 larvae.
Leuctra sp.
e collected larvae were small, thus the reliable identication of the species was impossible.
ough, most likely the specimens collected belong to L. fusca, because the larvae and imagoes of this
species were registered in the same locality.
Original material: - LOC 37: 16.05.2010 [Don574Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae.
Capniidae
Zwicknia bifrons (Newman, 1838)
- Capnia bifrons (Newman, 1839) – Diakiv & Martynov, 2014
European species known in Ukraine from Carpathians Mountains, Crimea and Eastern Ukraine
ISSN 2226-4272 Український ентомологічний журнал 2 (13), 2017 15
(Dziędzielewicz, 1919; Zhiltzova, 1966, 1968; Telyuk, 1992; Diakiv & Martynov, 2014). is species
prefers altitudes from 150 to 300 m above sea level and occurs at ephirhithral zone in Europe (Graf
et al., 2009; Žiak, 2013). Within Eastern Ukraine the species was registered in Azov elevated and
Donetsk elevated physiographic areas (Diakiv & Martynov, 2014, original data) (Fig. 10). In all the
cases the larvae developed only in rhithral and epipotamal zones of streams and rivers. Imagoes of
the species were registered from March to May. Sexual behavior of Z. bifrons was described by us
previously (Diakiv & Martynov, 2014).
Literature data: is species was given for Le-Bank Ukraine from a few places within Eastern
Ukraine by us in 2014 (Diakiv & Martynov, 2014): - LOC 12: 17.04.2011 [Don381Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg.,
11 larvae, 9 imagoes; - LOC 37: 13.03.2010 [Don267Pleco, Don541Pleco, Pleco22Ukr/1] Martynov A.V. leg., 94 larvae,
31 imagoes; 17.04.2010 [Pleco21Ukr/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae, 8 imagoes; 13.11.2010 [Don504Pleco/1] Martynov
A.V. leg., 10 larvae; 1.08.2010, Martynov A.V. leg., larvae; 19.09.2010, Martynov A.V. leg., larvae; 20.04.2011, Martynov
A.V. leg., larvae and imagoes; 29.04.2011, Martynov A.V. leg., larvae and imagoes; 20.11.2011, Martynov A.V. leg., larvae.
Original material: - LOC 6: 11.04.2010 [Don290Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 5 larvae; - LOC 12: 10.04.2010
[Don285Pleco/1] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 imago; - LOC 20: 20.11.2011 [Don433Pleco/1] Martynov A.V. leg., 30 larvae;
-LOC22: 20.11.2011 [Don432Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 17 larvae; - LOC 23: 28.02.2010 [Don253Pleco] Martynov A.V.
leg., 1 larva; - LOC26: 5.11.2007 [Don85Pleco] Martynov V.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 37: 24.10.2009 [Don239Pleco] Martynov
A.V. leg., 21 larvae; 2.05.2010 [Don573Pleco/1] Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae, 1 imago; 17.10.2010 [Don503Pleco/2]
Martynov A.V. leg., 6 larvae; 1.02.2011 [Don505Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 14 larvae; 13.03.2011 [Don518Pleco] Martynov
A.V. leg., 7 larvae, 6 imagoes; 04.2011 [Pleco31Ukr/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva, 10 imagoes; 15-16.10.2011 [Don435Pleco,
Don437Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 6 larvae; - LOC 54: 25.10.2008 [Lug24Pleco, Lug28Pleco/1] Martynov A.V. leg., 7larvae;
- LOC 55: 25.10.2008 [Lug19Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 2 larvae; - LOC 56: 25.10.2008 [Lug11Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg.,
5 larvae; - LOC 57: 24.10.2008 [Lug8Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 1 larva; - LOC 58: 25.10.2008 [Lug6Pleco] Martynov A.V.
leg., 1 larva; - LOC 59: 24.10.2008 [Lug9Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 3 larvae; - LOC 60: 24.10.2008 [Lug12Pleco] Martynov
A.V. leg., 10 larvae; - LOC 61: 24.10.2008 [Lug17Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 5 larvae; - LOC 62: 24.10.2008 [Lug13Pleco]
Martynov A.V. leg., 16 larvae; - LOC 63: 24.10.2008 [Lug10Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 10 larvae; - LOC 65: 24.10.2009
[Lug75Pleco/2] Martynov A.V. leg., 6 larvae; - LOC 69: 26.10.2008 [Lug27Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 3 larvae.
Conclusions. e Plecoptera fauna within Eastern Ukraine is critically poor: only 5 species in
4 genera and 3families were registered. e obtained data are based on rich material from numerous
collecting sites. In our opinion, there are few main reasons of such poor species diversity. First one
is the absence at the target territory of a mountain system with high number of rhithral and crenal
waterbodies prefered by the stoneies, where they demonstrate the signicant species diversity.
According to Krno (2002, 1982, 1984, 1996), the stoney species richness strongly correlates with
altitude; the highest values of α-diversity reaches the peak at cold mountain and submountain small
streams (700–800 m above sea level) in central Europe. For example: in Ukraine Carpathian stoney
fauna accounts 81 species, and fauna of close Zakarpatska lowland only about 10 species (Diakiv, 2009,
2011; unpublished data). Eastern Ukraine has no habitats that provide the hight species diversity.
Second reason is that the vast part of waterbodies of the region is signicantly polluted and changed.
Most species of stoneies have a low ecological valence, therefore mainly euryoecious species were
found within the Eastern Ukraine.
e mentioned reasons and number of investigated localities prove that identied species
diversity of Plecoptera almost fully reects the modern diversity of the order in Eastern Ukraine.
Acknowledgements. e authors are grateful to Dr. V.V. Martynov, S.G. Stiblecov,
Dr.K.V.Martynova, Dr. T.V. Nikulina and Dr. M.E. Sergeev for their help when collecting material
in Eastern Ukraine. is research was partially supported for the rst author by National Scholarship
Programme of the Slovak Republic for the Support of Mobility of Students, PhD Students, University
Teachers, Researchers and Artists during the academic year 2016/2017 (ID 17161). Some equipment
used in this investigation was provided by IDEA WILD organization.
ФАУНА
16
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... In the Ukrainian Carpathians N. pictetii was found in Tysa, Prut (Despax 1935;Zhiltzova 1966Zhiltzova , 1967 and Seret river-basins in small streams with gravel or sand bottom and in the alpine lakes (Diakiv 2011). Martynov et al. (2017) reported this species from Eastern Ukraine in Starobilsk slope-elevated, West-Donetsk slope-elevated and Donetsk elevated physiographic areas. ...
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imagoes;-LOC 3: 22.04
  • M E Sergeev
Sergeev M.E. leg., 6 imagoes;-LOC 3: 22.04.2006 [Pleco11Ukr] Martynov V.V. leg., 4 imagoes; 15.05.2008
3 larvae;-LOC 4: 4.05
  • K V Brustilo
Brustilo K.V. leg., 3 larvae;-LOC 4: 4.05.2009 [Don189Pleco] Martynov A.V. leg., 17 larvae, 7 imagoes;-LOC 5: 2.06.2012 [Pleco10Ukr] Martynov V.V. leg., 2 imagoes;-LOC 8: 19.04.2011 [Don392Pleco, Don393Pleco]