Image Quality Assessment for Multi-view 3D CG Images and 5K High Definition Images Based on S-CIELAB Color Space

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In this paper, we assessed subjective quality of 3D CG images by H.265/HEVC with both multi-view parallax barrier and 5K high-definition retina, and then, we analyzed them, and classified by Support Vector Machine. Next, we assessed objective quality by measuring luminance by S-CIELAB color space, and color difference by CIEDE2000.

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... Fig. 4 is shown from loading original image and evaluation image, transforming to S-CIELAB color space and calculating to CIEDE2000. In detail, you would like to refer to [13], [14], and [15]. ...
... This tendency is represented from Exp. 2 and 3, however, in Exp. 1, we estimate the relation to color information. In 3D CG images used in Author's references [5], [14], [15], there are change for luminance and color difference by contrast enhancement and image resolution. Therefore, we estimate applying this knowledge in laparoscopic image in this study. ...
In this paper, first, we generated medical images cut as frame still image from laparoscopic video acquired by endoscopy. Using these images, we processed to encode and decode by H.265/HEVC in certain image regions, and we generated evaluation images. Next, we evaluated objectively seeing from the coded image quality by using PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ratio), considering the automatic detection of coded defect region information. Furthermore, we analyzed for color information by measuring both the luminance using S-CIELAB color space and the color difference using CIEDE2000. Finally, we try to classify effectively using Support Vector Machine (SVM), and we discussed including the automatic detection of coded defect region information whether it is possible for application of medical image diagnosis or not.
... However, the image coding or super-resolution in the image processing and image quality assessment fields can be applied. In this study, we mainly study on image superresolution [1]. There are various methods of super-resolution processing. ...
We can come to approach on super-resolution processing based on deep learning by appearing deep learning tools. These performance are shown by applying the only deep learning theory for super-resolution processing. However, we consider that the optimal condition and design for super-resolution processing are achieved better by improving these algorithms and setting parameter appropriately. In this paper, first, we carried out experiments on optimal condition and design of super-resolution processing for the multi-view 3D images encoded and decoded by H.265/HEVC, focused on structure of convolutional neural network by using Chainer. And then, we assessed for the generated images quality objectively, and compare to each image. Finally, we discussed for experimental results.
Recently, the use of 3D video systems without glasses has increased, and therefore 3D image quality and presence evaluation is important. There are various stereo-logical image quality evaluation methods for multi-view 3D systems without glasses. However, there is no uniform method for evaluating 3D video systems. In this study, we focus on camera interval and JPEG coding degradation with a multi-view 3D system. Previously, many studies have examined camera interval or JPEG coding degradation with 3D glasses or the binocular method. In such systems, viewers perceive stereoscopic and depth effects. Moreover, they can see from different angles, increasing viewpoints with multi-view 3D systems. However, viewers feel discomfort when changing their viewpoint. Hence, we consider, in particular, the accommodation of the camera interval and JPEG coding degradation while changing viewpoints. We have performed subjective evaluations using the absolute category rating system to assess the effects of changing the camera interval of 3D CG images or video content using an 8 viewpoint lenticular lens method. We measure assessors' ability to identify the degree of the camera interval. We analyze the results of our subjective evaluations statistically and discuss the results. Using the optimal camera interval, we perform a subjective quality evaluation employing the double stimulus impairment scale to determine assessors' ability to identify JPEG coding degradation by degree. The experimental results of this subjective evaluation are also statistically analyzed.
Many previous studies on image quality assessment of 3D still images or video clips have been conducted. In particular, it is important to know the region in which assessors are interested or on which they focus in images or video clips, as represented by the ROI (Region of Interest). For multi-view 3D images, it is obvious that there are a number of viewpoints; however, it is not clear whether assessors focus on objects or background regions. It is also not clear on what assessors focus depending on whether the background region is colored or gray scale. Furthermore, while case studies on coded degradation in 2D or binocular stereoscopic videos have been conducted, no such case studies on multi-view 3D videos exist, and therefore, no results are available for coded degradation according to the object or background region in multi-view 3D images. In addition, in the case where the background region is gray scale or not, it was not revealed that there were affection for gaze point environment of assessors and subjective image quality. In this study, we conducted experiments on the subjective evaluation of the assessor in the case of coded degradation by JPEG coding of the background or object or both in 3D CG images using an eight viewpoint parallax barrier method. Then, we analyzed the results statistically and classified the evaluation scores using an SVM.