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Biotechnology: A Tool in Termite Management

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Abstract

Termites are the silent invaders, which affect life and property. Being regarded as one of the important agricultural and urban pests, they are of national and international concern to scientists and farmers in particular and to masses in general. It is being estimated that the annual cost of termite damage to the buildings in USA is greater than that of combined cost of fires, storms, and floods, as such hinting an urgent need for termite management. Control strategies have shifted focus on biotechnological approaches for all-inclusive termite management. Biotechnology, globally recognized as a rapidly emerging and far-reaching field, is the “technology of hope” for its promising role in food, health, and environmental sustainability. Latest and enduring advances in life sciences offer a promising scenario, with a large number of agri- and industrial biotech products that have enormously helped mankind. Biotechnology is necessary to sustain an agriculture competitive and remunerative and to achieve nutrition security in the face of major present challenges. Investment in agricultural-related biotechnology has resulted in significantly enhanced research and development capability and institutional building over the years. However, progress has been rather slow in converting the research leads into usable product. In this chapter, therefore, we examine the potential of biotechnology as a tool in termite management.
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... Therefore, intense insight about these juvenoids and their action mechanism at gene level as endocrinological level will pave the advance way to develop novel strategies to hinder the life cycle of insect pests. Later, when we will be able to clone the DNA stretches which encode for the receptors that are involved in JH biosynthesis process, they can be used for in vitro assay for JH as it will alleviate the juvenoid exploration process (Ahmad et al. 2018). ...
Chapter
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Article
The high quantity of nutrients accumulated in termite mound soils have placed termite mound as a ‘gold mine’ for bacteria concentrations. However, over the years, not much attention has been given to the bacteria present in termite mound soil. This is because many studies have focused on approaches to manage termites which they see as menace to agricultural crops and buildings. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the potential application of termite mound soil material and its bacteria for biotechnological purposes. This review has been grouped into four key parts: The termite mound as hotspot for bacterial concentration, the degradation of lignocellulose for biofuel production, termite mound soil as a soil amendment, and the role of termite mound soil and its bacteria in bioremediation and bio-filtration. Therefore, the effective usage of the termite mound soil material and its bacteria in an ecofriendly manner could ensure environmental sustainability.
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