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The Educational Value of Hinduism on the Gumi Suda Ceremony at the Birth of the Twin Babies with Different Genders (Case Study at Pakraman Village of Ketewel, Sukawati District, Gianyar Regency)

Authors:
  • Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Bali
  • Institute of Health Sciences of Bali

Abstract

This study aimed to identify the educational values of Hinduism on the Gumi Suda ceremony at the Birth of the twin babies with different genders in Pakraman Village of Ketewel, Sukawati District, Gianyar Regency. The data were collected by using interviews technique and literatures review. Furthermore, the data were analyzed through data reduction process or chosen according to the purpose of the research. The data analysis process was done continuously during the research from the beginning until the end of the research through the systematic tracking and arranging process of the transcripts of interviews, field notes and other materials. The Findings indicated that some of the educational values of Hinduism on the Gumi Suda ceremony at the birth of the twin babies with different genders in Pakraman Village of Ketewel, Sukawati District, Gianyar Regency are tattwa, ethics, ceremonial, health education and social educational values.
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Vol. 1 No. 2 October 2017
The Educational Value of Hinduism on the Gumi Suda Ceremony
at the Birth of the Twin Babies with Different Genders
(Case Study at Pakraman Village of Ketewel, Sukawati District, Gianyar Regency)
By:
Asthadi Mahendra Bhandesa, I Gede Putu Darma Suyasa,
Ni Wayan Kesari Darmapatni
Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Bali
Email: Bhandesa_asthadi@yahoo.com
Received: August 29, 2017 Accepted: September 15, 2017 Published: October 30, 2017
Abstract
This study aimed to identify the educational values of Hinduism on the Gumi Suda
ceremony at the Birth of the twin babies with different genders in Pakraman Village of
Ketewel, Sukawati District, Gianyar Regency. The data were collected by using interviews
technique and literatures review. Furthermore, the data were analyzed through data
reduction process or chosen according to the purpose of the research. The data analysis
process was done continuously during the research from the beginning until the end of the
research through the systematic tracking and arranging process of the transcripts of
interviews, field notes and other materials. The Findings indicated that some of the
educational values of Hinduism on the Gumi Suda ceremony at the birth of the twin babies
with different genders in Pakraman Village of Ketewel, Sukawati District, Gianyar Regency
are tattwa, ethics, ceremonial, health education and social educational values.
Keywords: Twin Babies with Different Genders, Educational Values of Hinduism, Gumi
Suda Ceremony.
Vol. 1 No. 2 October 2017
I. Introduction
Education is inseparable from culture and
can only be accomplished in a community (Tanu,
2011: 112). Balinese culture is rich in concepts
and also symbols because from the religious
structure is funds by the teachings of Hinduism
(Geriya, 2008: 149). The concepts is not the
stagnation of abstract concepts without
actualization, slowly is the operational concepts
that bridge the idealistic domain with the
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empirical domain, thus becoming a reference
in real life. The types of symbols as cultural
richness manifest in art, ritual, social life,
traditional knowledge systems, architecture,
usadha and others (Geriya, 2008: 148).
Gumi Suda ceremony as one form of
culture in Ketewel Village, District Sukawati,
Gianyar Regency has been implemented from
generation to generation. The background of
Gumi Suda ceremony, there are community
who gave birth to twins with different genders.
Twin babies with different genders is the birth
of two babies of different gender, both male
and female by a mother in the same time in which
the baby girl was born first. In the lontar of
Raja Purana Pura Payogan Agung “bilamana
ada warga masyarakat yang melahirkan
kembar buncing maka diwajibkan
melaksanakan upacara Gumi Suda di Catus
Pata, dan mensthanakan kembali Ida
Bhatara Ratu Mas Murub dan Mas
Maketel”. This happens as an essential belief
in the Hindu community who lives in Ketewel
Village, for those who have twin babies with
different genders then the village will experience
cuntaka.
The harmony between humans and nature
will soothe and harmonize the rhythm of human
life and its environment. In fact, every imbalance
that occurs in community causes disharmony in
cosmos (nature) and community. This
disharmony will cause disaster, such as drought
or other calamities. The harmony or equilibrium
in a community is often the way they do their
daily activities in which so-called cosmology
can be realized (Prinst, 2003).
From the background of philosophy,
theoretical, and empirical, this study is very
important. This is due to the communities’
understanding of the Guni Suda ceremony and
values contained in it, it is because the
community only do what is stated in the awig-
awig of a village or its implementation only, so
it needs a study of Hindu religious education in
the Gumi Suda ceremony at the birth twins in
buncing condition. Few numbers of research
relating to the birth of twin babies with different
genders as a tradition that is still be the main
cause of this disease where Gumi Suda
ceremony is still held and the belief in the life of
the community in pakraman village of ketewel,
sukawati district in gianyar regency.
II. Methods
2.1 The Location of the Research
The research was conducted in Ketewel
Village, Sukawati District, Gianyar Regency.
Ketewel village was chosen as the location of
the research because in Ketewel village there
is still a belief about sebel of village by villagers
when there is a family that gave birth to twin
babies with different genders, and this tradition
is still going on nowadays.
2.2 Types of Research
The design of this research was done by
three stages of data collection starting from
observation, interview and literature study.
Furthermore, the data were inventoried,
identified, processed and analyzed based on
the qualitative methods to find answers to the
problems of this study. The descriptive method
used to see the nature of research data, such
as the aspect of educational values of Hinduism
in the Gumi Suda ceremony on the birth of
twin babies with different genders. On the other
hand qualitative methods with religious
approach, sociology and anthropology were
used when the data collection and discussion,
which was emphasized on the aspect of data
quality. This approach has great relevance
because religion is also sociocultural.
2.3 Data Collection Techniques
The data were collected by using interview
techniques and literature study. Interview
techniques used in this study to obtain various
information, such as oral information from
informants related to the problem of study. The
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interview guidelines had been prepared in such
a way and openly. That was easily understood
by informants and researchers could capture
data easily, information, information through
knowledge, opinions, and ideas from informants
on various matters relating to the object of
research. In addition the interviews in this study
also used literature study techniques. Literature
analysis in this research was done by tracing
documents and reports relating to the problems
and existence that lead to the educational values
of Hinduism in the Gumi Suda ceremony on
the birth of twin babies with different gender.
2.4 Data Analysis
The technique of data analysis used in this
study were qualitative data analysis techniques
proposed by Miles and Huberman (1992)
covering three concurrent activities, namely 1)
data reduction, 2) data presentation and 3)
conclusion (verification) (Basrowi and Suwandi,
2008: 209). Analysis was used to analyze data
from observation and interview. Qualitative data
were tabulated based on the educational values
of Hinduism, so it could be seen from the
reliability and validity. In the process of data
analysis that carried out throughout the study
and carried out continuously from the beginning
to the end of the study. Through the systematic
process of tracking and arranging the interview
transcripts, field notes and other materials.
III. Results And Discussion
3.1 The assessment of the Educational
Values of Hinduism in Gumi Suda
Ceremony at the Birth of Twin Babies
with Different Gender
Local wisdom was a life view, science, and
various life strategies tangible activities
undertaken by local communities to answer
various problems in the fulfillment of their needs.
In addition, local wisdom could also be
interpreted as a system in the social, political,
cultural, economic, and environmental order of
living in local communities (Endraswara, 2010:
1). Local wisdom in Bali was not something
that exist without a reason, but everything must
be caused by the fundamental factors. In reality
the existence of event has undergone
periodization so that what had passed and
experienced become a discourse only.
Regarding a cause was sometimes not able to
be exposed clearly and plainly, caused by the
lack of primary and secondary sources that
could be proposed as a relevant reference
source to be able to provide an overview and
guidance of its development. Like one of them
about the existence of local wisdom related to
the implementation of Gumi Suda ceremony
in Ketewel Village, Sukawati District, Gianyar
Regency.
Gumi Suda ceremony can not be
separated with the development of a global
perspective that colored the modernity that has
swept the world nowadays. Before the
influence of globalization that is in pre-modern
times the Balinese community has been carrying
out all activities including the twin babies with
different genders tradition with the concept of
masula masuli which was no longer
implemented. The existence of educational
values in the Gumi Suda ceremony on the
birth of twin babies with different genders
became the foundation of the tradition of twin
babies with different genders still carried out
until now and contained in awig-awig of the
village.
There were several factors that affect the
culture including religious ceremonies and the
custom of traditions which are undergoing some
changes. For the community of the Ketewel
village, Gumi Suda ceremony is a legacy and
belief of the purana that exists and has been
carried on for generations if there are births of
twin babies with different genders. Gumi Suda
ceremony as a tradition that is believed to be
an intrinsic culture and a reflection of the
religiosity for community of Ketewel Village.
The existence of the Gumi Suda ceremony in
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its’ present form, could not be separated from
local wisdom and some factors that influence
some factors, such as educational factor,
experience (religious attitude) factor, the factor
of need and the factor of the process of verbal
thinking or process of thought.
Local wisdom is a human effort by using
the sense of theirs (cognition) to act and act on
something, objects, or events that occur in a
certain space. As a term wisdom is often
defined as ‘wisdom/produnce’, wisdom is
understood as a person’s ability to use his or
her mind in acting or act as a result of his/her
judgment of something, object, or event.
Meanwhile, local refers to a limited interaction
space with a limited value system. As the
interaction space in it involves a pattern of
relationship between man and other man or man
with his physical environment. Substantially,
local wisdom is the prevailing values in a
community. Values that are believed to be true
and become a reference in the daily behavior
of local people (Ridwan, 2007).
The statement above indicated that the
existing local wisdom has been formed from
the ability to use the mind and mind in acting
towards objects in a certain space that involves
the pattern of interrelated relationships between
humans and the environment. The pattern of
local wisdom is poured in the form of awig-
awig in Ketewel Village about the Gumi Suda
ceremony. Gumi Suda ceremony is
implemented by the community of ketewel
village as stated in awig-awig, but it is
necessary to study the educational values of
hinduism, the understanding of the educational
values of hinduism because it is done from the
preparation until the ceremony is completed and
executed only if there are births of twin babies
with different genders. In the implementation
of it, it should not be separated from the sacred
libraries of vedas and other Hindu literature and
instructions (bhisama) from ancestors
(leluhur).
3.2 Educational Value of Phylosophy
(Tatwa)
Tatwa in Hinduism is not only to seek the
truth, but tattwa could be interpreted as
knowledge to discover the essence of
everything that exists in depth. Overall the value
of tattwa is all that is useful in religious life,
especially Hinduism.
According to its ‘awig-awig’, Pakraman
Village of Ketewel, Sukawati, Gianyar
Regency, Bali, manakan is a birth that is
considered make the impurity upon the village
(ngeletehin gumi). This is because because
one of villagers ‘manak salah’, in this case,
giving birth to twin boy and girl. In which in this
case the baby girl who was born first. When
this happens then the villagers who have twin
babies with different genders will report to the
leader of pakraman village called as bendesa
pakraman. Furthermore, the bendesa
pakraman will hold a meeting called paruman
sabda desa or village meeting by meeting with
leader of hindus’ ceremonial (sulinggih) in
Ketewel village, Sukawati, Gianyar regency. In
this meeting, there will be discussion about the
Gumi Suda ceremony, the negotiations will be
held between customary bendesa and
sulinggih about the good day to perform Gumi
Suda ceremony, and how to prepare it.
Associated with the birth of twin babies
with different genders and the implementation
of the Gumi Suda ceremony, Jero Mangku
Gede Pura Payogan Agung as the keeper
(pengempon) and responsible person in the
implementation of the Gumi Suda ceremony
that revealed as follows.
“Ketika ada seseorang yang
melahirkan bayi kembar buncing maka
akan dilaksanakan upacara Gumi
Suda, yang dipersembahkan untuk
menyucikan diri dalam artian telah
terdapat seorang bayi kembar lahir yang
disebut sebagi bayi lahir kembar
buncing. Selain itu, di Desa Ketewel
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dilaksanakan upacara Gumi Suda
untuk menciptakan keharmonisan
semua mahluk (sarwa prani hitang
kara) termasuk Bhuwana Agung dan
Bhuwana Alit dengan caru Gumi
Suda”.
The phrase above shows that the Suumi
Gumi ceremony will be held in Ketewel Village
when the citizens have or give birth to twin
babies with different genders. In the
implementation of the Gumi Suda ceremony is
meant to be able to purify humanity (bhuana
alit) and create harmony between fellow
humans and the environment (bhuana agung).
In ancient times developed a myth that says
if the king gave birth to twins then the earth will
be good and happy. However, if ordinary
people who gave birth to twins then regarded
as a disgrace. It because the people rival the
position of kings and kingdoms. Thus, the
person who gave birth to the twins, along with
the baby, would be isolated in a lonely place or
on cemetry (setra) for 42 days. After the
ceremony the family was allowed to go home.
In addition, the cost for a twin-born baby
ceremony is funded by the family itself.
However, in 1951 the government issued a
regulation on the prohibition of imposing
sanctions on families who gave birth to twin
babies with different genders. Since then, there
is no longer a community that gives fines to
someone who gave birth to twin babies with
different genders.
In culture point of view, there were several
patterns of change that is evolution, diffusion,
acculturation, and innovation. Evolution is the
development of a community that has evolved
slowly from the lowest and simplest level, to
ever increasingly high and complex levels. This
evolutionary process will always be
experienced by all human beings on this earth
though with different speed (Koentjaraningrat,
1987: 31). The development of this community
that also influences the changing implementation
of the Gumi Suda ceremony and the birth of
twin babies with different genders in Ketewel
Village. According to Jero Mangku Gede Pura
Payogan Agung,
“Di Desa Ketewel, Kecamatan
Sukawati, Kabupaten Gianyar tidak
menganut paham masula masuli namun
terdapat istilah memada dengan nama
Ida Ratu Mas Makentel Mas Mapurub
sebagai pendamping di Pura Payogan
Agung, beliau akan pergi ke gunung
semeru. Setelah masyarakat melakukan
penyucian diri ke segara, guru piduka
dan upacara Gumi Suda di catus pata
dan balai desa, maka Ida Bhatara akan
kembali. Sehingga pada saat seseorang
melahirkan bayi kembar buncing, maka
Desa Ketewel disebut sebagai cuntaka.
Cuntaka disini berarti masyarakat desa
dilarang melakukan kegiatan
keagamaan selama 42 hari atau
sebelum upacara Gumi Suda
dilaksanakan. Segala bentuk upacara
dewa yadnya akan ditiadakan selama
hari tersebut”
The statement above provides information
that the people of Ketewel Village do not
embrace masula masuli like ancient times, but
know the term equals (memada) the realization
of Ida Bhatara in this case Ida Mas Mas
Maketel Mas Mapurub as a companion at Pura
Payogan Agung, so that if there are citizens who
gave birth twin babies with different genders
then the village experiencing impurity (cuntaka
or sebel) of village in the sense of not be allowed
to carry out a religious ceremony before the
Gumi Suda ceremony is held.
3.3 Educational Value of Ethics (Susila)
The educational value of ethical or moral
at Gumi Suda ceremony in Ketewel village
closely related to the concept of Tri Hita
Karana, a harmonious relationship of humans
with Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa, human with
environment, and human with others. When
viewed from the implementation of the Gumi
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Suda ceremony, then susila or ethics become
the second aspect of the basic framework of
Hinduism which acts as a supporter of the purity
of yadnya ceremony. Susila is a good behavior
and noble character in accordance with
goodness (dharma in religion). Religious
ceremonies could not be separated from the
moral values that serve as the guidelines of
implementation that determine the quality of
yadnya. Yadnya ceremony would not have mean
if not based on the attitude and personality both
by the organizers and implementers of yadnya.
The result of interview with Susilawati
tanteri could be seen that the respondent was
able to face the natural stress when knowing
that by giving birth to twin babies with different
genders where female baby born first would
cause his village impure or cuntaka moreover
the birth of twin babies with different genders
is adjacent to the kuningan day.
“Saat tahu satunya bayi saya laki-laki,
saya dan suami senang sekali tetapi
kami sadar bahwa akan menjadi
kembar buncing. Ditambah saya
mendengar cerita bahwa 30 tahun yang
lalu sempat ada kelahiran kembar
buncing juga dan mereka tinggal
dikuburan. Saya merasa cemas jika
nantinya tinggal dikuburan hanya saja
bahagianya lebih banyak waktu itu
karena ada anak laki-lakinya”
In addition, the resident was able to
express his emotions appropriately and maintain
his emotional stability in order to remain positive.
“Biasanya operasi sesar dirawat di
rumah sakit hanya dua hari tapi saya
sampai lima hari tinggal di rumah sakit.
Sebelum keputusan ditentukan saya
sempet dengar kabar kalau saya harus
tinggal dikuburan, waktu itu saya
nangis secara kenyataanya anak yang
wanita cewek keluar duluan. Tapi saat
itu saya enggak mau terlalu banyak
berpikir agar tidak stress. Saya jalani
aja lagian sekarang jaman sudah
modern pasti ada pilihan lain”
Respondents were also able to accept the
nature of the situation which is supported by
the statement of Susilawati Tanteri as follows.
“Setelah sebelan 42 hari dan segala
banten (sarana-prasarana upacara)
sudah selesai saya dan anak-anak
beserta masyarakat desa ikut
menyaksikan pelaksaan upacara,
pertama upacaranya di perempatan
setelah itu dilanjutkan ke kuburan dan
yang terakhir ke pura. Saya merasa
baik-baik saja meskipun ada tradisi ini
dimana saya membuat desa sebelan.
Menurut saya adatnya masih masuk
akal dan tidak lagi ada yang harus
tinggal dikuburan seperti rumor yang
dikatakan sebelumnya”.
3.4 Education Value of Ceremony
(Upacara and Upakara)
Gumi Suda ceremony is an implementation
of yadnya or sincere sacred sacrifice and most
widely seen by the public. In performing a
ceremony was also required the use of
ceremony (upakara) or offering (banten), in
the implementation, it required a process of
learning and education, so that in the ceremony
element of education always exists and follows
the yadnya ceremony. The aspect Yadnya
implementation is very necessary in the future,
so the implementation of the ceremony will not
be separated from the existing provisions in the
sacred literature (embodied in the Hindu law)
and local wisdom of community. Ketewel village
people strongly believe that in life as human
beings must be able to realize harmony with
each other. If the absence of balance in life
causes disharmony of human life.
Before the Gumi Suda ceremony, the
community of Ketewel village through working
together (ngayah) will prepare all forms of
facilities, infrastructure and the necessary
offering for the Gumi Suda ceremony.
Preparations would be held for 12 days before
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the ceremony is held. The villagers of Ketewel
Village would be divided in turns to prepare
the ceremony. While on the day of the
ceremony, all villagers participated in the
ceremony. The parties that play a role in the
implementation of Gumi Suda ceremony are the
bendesa pakraman, brahmins, the Jero
Mangku Khayangan Tiga, Jero Mangku
Khayangan Alit throughout Ketewel Village.
After the Gumi Suda ceremony is implemented,
then the entire Ida Bhatara would be back.
Along with that ceremony, it means that the
community of Ketewel Village is no longer
impure (cuntaka). Thus, people able to
perform religious activities as usual. Based on
interview with Leader (Kelian) of Ketewel
Village about the implementation of Gumi Suda
ceremony as follows.
“Pelaksanaan upacara Gumi Suda
juga merupakan tradisi yang sudah
berlangsung secara turun temurun,
biasanya upacara dilaksanakan setelah
40 hari dari kelahiran sang bayi, dari
desa pakraman selama 15 hari sebelum
hari H sudah dilaksanakan acara
ngayah. Pelaksanaan upacara dengan
menghadirkan bayi yang lahir kembar
buncing, mendekatkan masyarakat
dengan Tuhan, dan masyarakat juga
mendekatkan dengan sesama serta
menjaga keharmonisan di lingkungan
desa pakraman ketewel”
The statement above provides information
that the implementation of Gumi Suda ceremony
as a tradition that has been going on for
generations, and the community involved in the
ceremony process so as to create a harmonious
relationship of the community with God, the
community with others and also with the
environment. However, due to the time
changing and the increased activity of the
villagers, the re-holding of paruman or village
meetings about the length of the impurity or
cuntaka day from the birth of twin babies with
different genders. Based on the results of the
negotiations with the villagers, bendesa,
paruman agung and sulinggih opinion, then
the cuntaka of the birth of twin babies with
different genders shortened to 12 days of
impurity/ cuntaka. In addition, based on
interviews with Kelian of Ketewel Village
regarding cuntaka as follows.
“Pada saat ini warga yang memiliki
bayi kembar buncing, pada saat
cuntaka hanya tidak diperbolehkan
untuk melakukan persembahyangan di
pura serta mengikuti upacara
keagamaan. Sehingga, warga yang
memiliki bayi kembar buncing masih
bisa melakukan aktivitas keluar
rumah”
This is in contrast with the tradition carried
out in ancient times, where community who had
twin babies with different genders should not
go out during the cuntaka day. This causes the
family who was in the cuntaka could not go out
of the house because it was considered still
impure /sebel or cuntaka. This certainly obstruct
the activities and the families concerned could
not do their activities.
3.5 Educational Value of Health
The World Health Organization defines
Health Education as an effort consisting of
conscious opportunities built for the learning that
involving several forms of communication
designed to improve health literacy, including
increasing the knowledge, and developing a
conducive life skills to the health of individuals
and communities. The Gumi Suda ceremony is
carried out as an activity in which it contains
the educational value of health, health education
in question is health education that related to
the ability of a person in performing daily
activities, achieving health, maintaining adequate
nutrition and ideal body weight, avoiding drug
dependency and Alcohol or cigarettes as well
as generally doing positive living habits. This is
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as expressed Susilawati Tanteri, mother who
gave birth to the following twin babies with
different genders.
“Setelah lima hari dirawat di rumah
sakit, akhirnya saya diperbolehkan
pulang karena sudah ada keputusan dari
desa bahwa saya boleh tinggal di
rumah, saat itu selama sebulan tujuh
hari (42 hari) saya tidak boleh ke dapur
dan juga sembahyang tetapi karena
tempat kerja saya dekat rumah jadi
saya biasa melakukan aktivitas saya
sehari-hari walaupun masih dalam
masa sebelan (suatu keadaan tidak suci
menurut pandangan agama Hindu) di
desa”
Based on the interviews of the respondents
above, it could be stated that the from the
physical dimension, respondents still able to
perform their daily activities in working and
maintaining health was by visiting health services
related to the health of the twin babies with
different genders. Here is Susi Tanteri’s
statement
“Untuk imunisasi harus tetap. Kalau
seandainya saya dilarang saya pasti
bakalan berontak. Kedua anak saya
saat lahir itu beratnya 3,5 kg dan 3 kg
jadi sehat”
Based on the results of the analysis of the
physical dimension, respondents have no
problems in terms of daily activities and in
seeking health services related to maintaining
the health and her babies. Viewed from the
context of health, even after a mother gave birth
for 42 days is a period of childbirth where the
mother was expected to rest to restore health.
This is in line with the tradition in Bali where
they are not allowed to go to places of worship
such as temples because of their impurity/
cuntaka or so that they able to be more
focused in taking care of her babies and restore
her health condition.
3.6 Educational Value of Social
The implementation of Gumi Suda
ceremony in Ketewel Village, Sukawati, Gianyar
Regency was implemented with the use of the
village funds as well as the regulated APBD.
Community does not need to spend privately
for the implementation of Gumi Suda
ceremony. Thus, the implementation of Gumi
Suda ceremony does not incriminate families
who have twin babies with different genders.
The ability of a person to interact well with
others and the environment, fostering and
maintaining familiarity with others and
appreciating and tolerating different beliefs.
Based on the results of interview analysis, both
respondents who have twin babies with
different genders and people in the Ketewel
village not experience problems in interacting
each other. There was no limit for them
interacting in social life even if it was in a sebel
or cuntaka condition. Similarly stated by
Susilawati Tanteri.
“Walaupun karena melahirkan bayi
kembar buncing saya tetap berinteraksi
dengan masyarakat luar sama seperti
sebelumnya. Mungkin ada beberapa hal
yang membuat saya merasa sedikit
terganggu ketika masyarakat
mengatakan saya memiliki anak salah
(kembar buncing), sebenarnya bukan
salah sang anak yang lahir buncing
tetapi saya mengerti alasan dikatakan
seperti itu karena dikatakan bahwa
melahirkan anak kembar buncing
menyamai sesuunan (Tuhan) sehingga
hal tersebut tidak wajar atau salah. Jadi
saya tidak mau stres dengan hal
tersebut”
Similar to I Wayan Arta Sandra’s response
as Klian Dinas (Official Head of community)
in Ketewel Village that:
“Pada saat ada kelahiran bayi kembar
buncing, masyarakat mengalami sebel
The Educational value of Hinduism on the Gumi Suda Ceremony at the Birth
of the Twin Babies with Different Genders..... | Asthadi Mahendra Bhandesa, dkk.
101
Vol. 1 No. 2 October 2017
atau cuntaka sehingga beberapa
masyarakat mengalami kesulitan yaitu
tidak dapat melaksanakan upacara
dewa yadnya sebagaimana yang sudah
direncanakan. Akan tetapi karena
kelahiran memang tidak bisa diatur,
maka dari itu masyarakat merespon
dengan baik dan tidak mengeluh
dengan adanya kelahiran bayi kembar
buncing ini”
Meanwhile, according to Klian Adat
(Headman of community) of Ketewel Village,
Nyoman Yasa, that through the implementation
of Gumi Suda ceremony which is a tradition in
Ketewel village able to hereditary practice the
teachings of Hinduism namely Tri Hita Karana
where the harmonious relationship of human
with God, human with human itself and also
human with nature or the environment, as it is
said as follows.
“Pelaksanaan upacara Gumi Suda
dengan menghadirkan bayi yang lahir
kembar buncing, dapat mendekatkan
masyarakat dengan Tuhan, juga
dengan sesama serta menjaga
keharmonisan di lingkungan desa
Pekraman Ketewel. Saya rasa lebih
baik melaksanakan upacara ini karena
sudah menjadi awig-awig (aturan desa),
pada umumnya masyarakat merespon
positif dan masyarakat tidak merasa
diberatkan dengan adanya kelahiran
bayi kembar buncing. Selain itu, ada
kekhawatiran jika tidak melaksanakan
upacara pada saat kelahiran bayi
kembar buncing ini terkait dengan kita
memiliki sesuunan Gedong Kembar”.
IV. Conclusion
Based on the results of research and data
analysis could be raised the following
conclusions, the educational value of Hinduism
in the ceremony of Gumi Suda in Ketewel
Village, Sukawati, Gianyar regency was the
educational value of psychology, the
educational value of ethics, the educational
value of ceremony, the educational value of
health and educational value of social.
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The Educational value of Hinduism on the Gumi Suda Ceremony at the Birth
of the Twin Babies with Different Genders..... | Asthadi Mahendra Bhandesa, dkk.
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