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Surgical treatment of cloacal prolapse in a turtle

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  • College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry, Rewa
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... Etiology of prolapse of the penis is not clear however may result from stress, feeding habit, constipation, straining during defecation, etc (Sharma et al., 2009). Penile prolapses often lead to necrosis of exposed tissues and is susceptible to microbial infections. ...
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A free ranging male Indian Tent Turtle (Pangshura tentoria circumdata) at Kachua Punarwas Kendra, Sarnath with a history of red swollen mass protruding and bleeding below the tail that was presented. This was diagnosed as penile prolapse. The organ was cleaned with dilute Savlon followed by cold fomentation to decrease the in ammation. Attempts togently push the organ back was not successful. The prolapsed mass was again pushed and tied using purse-string sutures with absorbable suture material under local anesthesia. Topical antiseptic and analgesics were administrated postoperatively. The turtle showed uneventful recovery in 10 days and was kept under observation for 20 days before being rehabilitated back in natural habitat.
... The presence of penis prolapse in chelonians is documented in veterinary textbooks (Barten 2006;Norton 1994), however, there is limited reports in veterinary literature (Nisbet et al., 2011;Sharma and Raghuvanshi, 2009). Penile prolapses may be results of infection, forced separation during copulation, inflammation, nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism, neurologic or traumatic defects involving the retractor penis muscles or cloacal sphincter, and straining from intestinal parasites, impaction of the cloaca with gastrointestinal foreign bodies (Barten 2006;Norton 1994). ...
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Male tortoises are occasionally presented with a prolapsed phallus (penis). The penis is retracted except during mating, trauma, or death; it lies in the ventral floor of the cloaca. Male Euphrates soft-shelled turtle constituted the study material. Clinically, necrotic areas in the phallus were observed. After the local anesthesia and analgesia, phallus was inserted into the base of cloaca. This case is the first phallus prolapse case of the male Euphrates soft-shelled turtle.
... The presence of penis prolapse in chelonians is documented in veterinary textbooks (Norton, 1994;Barten, 2006), however, there is limited reports in veterinary literature (Sharma and Raghuvanshi, 2009;Nisbet et al., 2011). Penile prolapses may be results of infection, forced separation during copulation, inflammation, nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism, neurologic or traumatic defects involving the retractor penis muscles or cloacal sphincter, and straining from intestinal parasites, impaction of the cloaca with gastrointestinal foreign bodies (Norton, 1994;Barten, 2006). ...
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