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Comunicación, cuidado y vida en la diversidad. Una propuesta de formación intercultural.

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Abstract

Sumar voluntades para trabajar en la construcción de una sociedad intercultural, esta puede ser la frase que mejor defina el sentido de este libro. Partiendo del conocimiento profundo del tema por su trayectoria en esta línea de investigación, experiencias, compromiso social y profesión; la enfermería, el autor profundiza en la diversidad cultural y su implicación en las relaciones interculturales que se crean en el campo de la Salud, similares a las que se establecen en otros ámbitos de nuestra vida. Reflexiona sobre los límites y condicionamientos sociales que determinan la convivencia y comunicación con quien es catalogado como diferente, aportando estrategias para superarlos y conseguir ser más libre para relacionarse en un entorno diverso. El curso-taller de formación intercultural de la parte final es una propuesta novedosa que aborda los principales conceptos en torno a la interculturalidad y las migraciones, trabaja los estereotipos y prejuicios y aporta las habilidades sociales y comunicativas necesarias para las relaciones interculturales mediante una metodología participativa, experiencial y emocional.
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... Our results show a series of common cultural elements that form part of the identity of the Romani people, their own cultural identity that is not taken into consideration by the health services [22]. Values such as an extended family or the view of sickness as the absence of health [23] are not recognized or correctly addressed, which creates conflicts and tense situations at health services [6,13]. ...
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The Romani are the main European ethnic minority. The Romani people’s situation of social vulnerability and their difficulties in accessing the health system, make their health indicators worse than those of the non-Romani population. The present study will delve into the health beliefs and experiences with health services and their professionals through the perspectives of Romani women. In this qualitative study, 16 women of different ages were interviewed in a city located in the South of Spain. Four themes emerged from the analysis of data: the construction of the identity of Romani women, difficulties in life, health and disease beliefs and barriers in the access to the health system. We conclude that every project for the improvement of the health of the Romani community must take into account the active participation of Romani women and must consider the principles of Cultural Safety, by delving into the intercultural training of health professionals and addressing the social determinants of health which affect the Romani collective.
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As a result of migratory movements, many families of foreign origin have settled in the province of Almería (Spain), which now has an estimated 100,000 inhabitants of Muslim tradition. Objetives:1. To determine the importance of the family environment for patients living within the Muslim culture. 2.To consider the implications for nursing practice of the relationship between healthcare personnel and Muslim patients and their families. Method. In this qualitative study, data were compiled by means of open-ended interviews and discussion groups with people from a Muslim background admitted to public hospitals in the province of Almeria. Discourse analysis was applied to the data obtained. Results. Thirty-six patient interviews took place and two discussion groups were conducted. The participants emphasised the value they placed on the family environment as a fundamental aspect of their life experience and development. Being accompanied by relatives in the hospital was considered to be important, contributing to a more satisfactory recovery, and similarities in this respect were observed with cultural values in Andalusia. The participants appreciated it when medical staff involved the family in the patient’s health care, viewing this as an expression of cultural respect. Conclusions. Nursing staff should be aware of the importance granted by Muslim patients to the family environment and should be encouraged to involve the family in patient care, as an ally during the hospital experience.
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