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English Translation of the German Road Traffic Act Amendment Regulating the Use of “Motor Vehicles with Highly or Fully Automated Driving Function” from July 17, 2017

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English(Translation(of(the(German(Road(Traffic(Act(Amendment(Regulating(
the(Use(of(“Motor(Vehicles(with(Highly(or(Fully(Automated(Driving(Function”(
from(July(17,(2017(
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... Musí sa neustále učiť, pretože nábytok, predmety a domáce zvieratá menia prostredie, v ktorom poS sobí. 9 Autonómne systémy nemožno stotožňovať len s algoritmom (softvérom). 10 Autonómne systémy nie sú naprogramované len k výkonu určitých činností, ale aj k tomu, aby sa určité činnosti naučili vykonávať sami. ...
... Ako uvádza Polčák, autonómne vozidlá nemožno z pohľadu práva prirovnávať ku klasickým automobilom, a to najmä s ohľadom na skutočnosť, že autonómne vozidlá sa riadia sami. 9 Tamže. 10 Z právneho pohľadu možno softvér (počítačový program) chápať ako súbor príkazov a inštrukcií vyjadrených v akejkoľvek forme použitých priamo alebo nepriamo v počítači alebo v podobnom technickom zariadení a zároveň musí byť výsledkom tvorivej duševnej činnosti autora. ...
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... Regulation can also introduce technical challenges for insurers and Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) of embedded telematic devices. Data transmission to authorities or third parties will be required in the event of a crash, offence, or loss of vehicle (stolen) [1,58]. Data relating to the event will need to be protected and encrypted before transmission occurs. ...
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... Further, in the considered target scenario of substituting the human driver with an ADS for some of the vehicles in traffic, the ADS-operated vehicles are expected to follow the same traffic rules as human drivers. This approach, which has been codified by law in some countries, such as in Germany [GA17], allows human drivers to predict the behavior of ADS-operated vehicles to the extent that they are familiar with the traffic rules. Special traffic rules for ADS-operated vehicles are likely to be introduced in future. ...
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This article focuses on the issue of data governance in connected vehicles. Firstly, basic notions of autonomous vehicles are analyzed, and a legal framework is introduced. The European Union aims to create cooperative, connected, and automated mobility based on the cooperation of different inter connected types of machinery. The essence of the system is data flow in connected vehicles, and the issue represents one of the heavily discussed themes in legal doctrine. Therefore, data governance is further discussed in the article. The final part of the article deals with the issue of responsibility and liability of different actors involved in the processing of personal data according to the General Data Protection Regulation applied to the environment of CAV smart infrastructure.
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