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The Industrial Sector
Industry is the major user of energy in modern society, accounting for roughly 40% of final energy use Coal or oil are heavily used, especially by primary industry and manufacturing and refining. Gas is being used increasingly to replace coal because it is a cleaner fuel producing less impact on the environment. Electricity is only a minor component of industrial energy use although its use in driving electric motors is very important. This Chapter explores opportunities for governments to implement energy efficiency strategies for the Industrial Sector, which are quite different to those for most other sectors. Industry is very diverse and is often controlled by very large multi-national corporations. In this context the appropriate approach needs to be carefully considered. Industry is generally receptive to efforts to cut its energy costs but it is less likely to be attracted to regulatory measures that increase its operating costs.