Accepted by M. Ramirez: 25 Sept. 2017; published: 1 Nov. 2017
ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)
Copyright © 2017 Magnolia Press
Zootaxa 4341 (3): 419
Zelotes wunderlichi, a replacement name for the preoccupied ground spider
Zelotes turcicus Wunderlich, 2011 (Araneae, Gnaphosidae)
Callistus – Gemeinschaft für Zoologische & Ökologische Untersuchungen [association for zoological and ecological research],
Heidloh 8, 95503 Hummeltal, Germany. E-mail: email@example.com
World Spider Catalog, Natural History Museum Bern, Department of Invertebrates, Bernastrasse 15, 3005 Bern, Switzerland
In the World Spider Catalog (WSC 2017) the formerly overlooked species Zelotes turcicus Seyyar, Demir & Aktaş, 2010
was recently added. Thus Zelotes turcicus Wunderlich, 2011 is a primary homonym and requires a new name. The author
informed Jörg Wunderlich who approved the present author to carry out this formal renaming (without suggesting a new
name): for Zelotes turcicus Wunderlich, 2011 the replacement name Zelotes wunderlichi nomen novum is herewith
The new name is given to honour Jörg Wunderlich, who has been very active since nearly 50 years in extant as well
as in fossil arachnology (see WSC 2017 for a bibliography in taxonomy of extant spiders and Marusik 2014 for a
Both species were described from Anatolia (Turkey) from males only, and their palpal structures are very different
(Seyyar et al. 2010: figs. 1–4; Wunderlich 2011: figs. 111–112). One version of the Turkish spider checklist (Demir &
Seyyar 2017) lists both species, but without commenting on the homonymy; another version (Bayram et al. 2017)
includes only one of the species, Z. turcicus Wunderlich, 2011.
Wunderlich’s species belongs to the Z. subterraneus group—Z. subterraneus (C. L. Koch, 1833) is the type species
of the genus Zelotes, while the species described by Seyyar et al. differs clearly from the generotype and is after Seyyar
et al. (2010) most similar to Z. tenuis (L. Koch, 1866) (known from the Mediterranean to the Caucasus, introduced in the
USA) and to Z. zekharya Levy, 2009 (described from Israel, recently found on Cyprus) (Chatzaki & Russell-Smith 2017,
In the spider family Gnaphosidae two other valid species with the specific epithet wunderlichi are currently included
(WSC 2017): Scotognapha wunderlichi Platnick, Ovtsharenko & Murphy, 2001 and Setaphis wunderlichi Platnick &
Murphy, 1996 (both from the Canary Islands). Even if the genus Zelotes were to be split in future, it is unlikely, that Z.
wunderlichi would be assigned to one of these genera and cause a secondary homonym.
This contribution is a result of the activities of the author for the WSC, supported by the Natural History Museum
Bern, Switzerland (curator Christian Kropf). Thanks to him, to Jörg Wunderlich (Hirschberg, Germany), to Jason Dunlop
(Berlin, Germany) for the linguistic checking and finally to Yuri Marusik (Magadan, Russia) and to Martín Ramírez
(Buenos Aires, Argentina) for their helpful comments.
Bayram, A., Kunt, K.B. & Danışman, T. (2017) The checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Version 2017. Available from: http://
www.spidersofturkey.info (accessed 15 October 2017)
Chatzaki, M. & Russell-Smith, A. (2017) New species and new records of ground spiders (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) from Cyprus.
Zootaxa, 4329(3), 237–255.
Demir, H. & Seyyar, O. (2017) Annotated checklist of the spiders of Turkey. Munis Entomology & Zoology, 12, 433–469.
Marusik, Y.M. (2014) Jörg Wunderlich is 75 years old. Arachnologische Mitteilungen, 48, iii–vii.
Seyyar, O., Demir, H. & Aktaş, M. (2010) A new species and two new records of the genus Zelotes Gistel, 1848 (Araneae:
Gnaphosidae) from Turkey. Archives of Biological Science Belgrade, 62, 449–453.
WSC (2017) World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Version 18.5. Available from: http://wsc.nmbe.ch (accessed 15
Wunderlich, J. (2011) Taxonomy of extant and fossil (Eocene) European ground spiders of the family Gnaphosidae (Araneae), with a
key to the genera, and descriptions of new taxa. In: Wunderlich, J. (Ed.), Extant and fossil spiders (Araneae). Beiträge zur
Araneologie, 6, pp. 19–97.