In Canada, the United States, and elsewhere, institutions of higher learning are commonly seen as places where students, faculty, administrators, and support staff constantly strive to provide “practical solutions to the problem of the day” (Strong-Boag, 1996, p. 105). In the United States, due to the ongoing efforts of feminist coalitions’ lobbying and education initiatives, the establishment in ... [Show full abstract] 2014 of the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault, the widespread viewing of Kirby Dick’s 2015 documentary The Hunting Ground on college campuses, and the creation of the federal Sexual Violence Elimination Act (SaVE) in 2013, many people now view sexual assault and other crimes against women as the current “problems of the day” on college campuses and their immediate surroundings. The same can be said in many parts of Canada. For example, on October 28, 2016, the Quebec government announced that it will spend $200 million on a five-year strategy to prevent sexual violence and $500,000 of that amount will go toward resources and campaigns on post-secondary school campuses (Lalonde, 2016). Still, the reality is that North American college campuses have a long history of high levels of crime (Fisher & Sloan, 2013; Schwartz & DeKeseredy, 1997; Sloan & Fisher, 2010). More than 170 years ago, Harvard University complained that students frequently committed “crimes worthy of the penitentiary” (Shenkman, 1989, p. 135). Since then, college students have steadily engaged in a host of crimes (Weiss, 2013), with male-to-female sexual assault being one of the most common (Daigle, Mummert, Fisher, & Scherer, 2015). The main objective of this chapter is to provide a review of the current state of criminological empirical and theoretical knowledge on campus sexual assault. This offering concludes with a brief discussion on bystander intervention training, which is now one of the most widely used campus-based prevention and intervention strategies. © 2018 selection and editorial matter, Patrick Lussier and Eric Beauregard; individual chapters, the contributors.