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The plants, ants and molluscs of the ore tailings basin in Chvaletice

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Abstract

The plants, ants and molluscs of the ore tailings basin in Chvaletice
Acknowledgements
Supported by the specific research project (no. 2110/2014, 2104/2015) of the Faculty of Science, University Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic.
The plants, ants and molluscs of the ore tailings basin in Chvaletice
Markéta Dvořáčková1, Romana Prausová1, Pavel Pech1, Tereza Kosová1, Alena Burešová1
1University of Hradec Kralove, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Rokitanskeho 62, 500 03
Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic
E-mail: marketa.dvorackova@uhk.cz
Sub-
area
Vascular plants
Archaeophytes
Neophytes
Invasive taxons
Endangered
Layer E3 (%)
Layer E2 (%)
Layer E1 (%)
Sh
.-Wien
. Index
Light
Temperature
Continentality
Moisture
Soil reaction
Nutritions
Moluscs
Sh
.-Wien
. Index
Ants
Sh
.-Wien
. Index
1 24 4 1 1 2 0 2 95 3.18
7.11
5.61
4.6
5.83
6.92
6.29
3
1,01
5
1,49
2 13 0 1 1 0 60 15 20 2.56
6.80
5.71
4.75
4.50
4.75
4.17
6
1,75
7
1,77
3 20 0 2 2 1 40 20 10 3.00
6.93
5.60
4.67
4.91
5.90
4.00
4
1,01
6
1,58
4
112
15 9 10 3 15 20 85 4.72
6.93
5.36
3.90
5.22
6.81
5.76
13
2,46
11
1,92
5 59 4 7 4 1 45 15 55 4.08
7.18
5.84
4.21
4.94
6.04
4.61
3
1,35
13
1,91
6 87 5 7 7 1 70 20 90 4.47
7.05
5.67
4.02
5.29
6.11
5.06
8
1,86
18
2,41
7 60 8 7 8 2 90 15 80 4.09
6.92
5.69
3.97
5.18
6.92
6.23
6
1,27
11
2,17
8 53 3 3 3 2 70 60 50 3.97
7.00
5.62
4.17
5.19
5.96
5.11
6
1,66
17
2,43
9 59 4 4 5 3 20 70 60 4.06
6.45
5.48
4.05
6.00
6.64
6.50
11
2,24
6
1,49
10 44 5 3 4 1 10 20 70 3.78
7.18
5.61
4.15
5.15
6.46
5.66
6
1,74
5
1,55
Methods
The research was done in 20142015. Site conditions in each of 10 different habitats (Fig. 1) were assessed by means of plant species as bioindicators. Ellenberg values
(Ellenberg et al. 1992) for continentality (C), light (L), moisture (F), nutrients (N), soil reaction (R) and temperature (T) were excerpted using JUICE 7 (Tichý 2011) and
subsequently used as supplementary variables in DCA analysis, as well as the degree of coverage of particular layers (E1, E2, E3) and the number of vascular plant
species (their origin, degree of threat or invasion). Molluscs were collected by hand sampling and separated from leaf litter samples. Ants were collected by hand sampling
and nest searching. Data were analysed using Canoco 5 (ter Braak et Šmilauer 2012).
Chvaletice
Results
-231 taxa of vascular plants recorded. The mesophilous meadow (habitat 4) hosted species-richest community
of vascular plants and most both allochtonous and engangered plant taxa (Fig. 2).
-24 species of ants and 18 species of molluscs recorded. Habitats 8 and 6 (the Young Forest without the Waste
Rubble, the Early Successional Poplar Forest) hosted most species of ants (17 and 18, respectively) (Fig. 3). Most
species of snails were found in 4 and 9 (13 and 11 species respectively) (Tab. 1).
- species diversity index of plants and the the cover of trees was important for ants (Fig. 3), light, the number of species
of vascular plants and the number of endangered species was important for molluscs (Fig. 4).
Conclusion
Communities of ants and molluscs are influenced by different environmental factors and their species-richest inhabit different habitats.
These requirements were reflected by the preference of other communities of plants by animals of both taxa (Fig. 5 a, b).
Fig. 1 The tailings pond was divided into ten sub-areas
(1 Reed, 2 Layered Stones, 3 Mound, 4 Mesophilic meadow with
dominant Calamagrostis epigejos species, 5 Self-seeded birch cover
with open herbaceous vegetation, 6 Early successional poplar forest,
7Young forest with waste rubble, 8 Young forest without waste
rubble, 9 Invasive plants´cover, 10 Treeless area at the mound)
Tab. 1. Numbers of recorded taxa of vascular plants (archaephytes, neophytes, invasive and endangered taxa), cover of tree- (E3), shrub- (E2)
and herb- (E1) layers, Ellenberg values and numbers of recorded taxa of moluscs and ants, Sh.-Wien. index of vascular plants, moluscs and ants
Fig. 2. Ordination diagram of the species diversity of vascular plants in 10 sub-areas based on DCA
analysis. The first three axes affected 36,72 % of the total variability. Only 40 most importatnt taxons
of vascular plants are shown in the graph
Fig. 3. The projection (RDA) of the influence of significant
enviromental variables to habitat preferences of individual ant
species. Sh.-Wien. index explains 22,8 % and E3 18,1% of
variability
-1.0 1.0
-1.0 1.0
VascPlan
Invas.
Endang.
Light
Aegopi
AliBip
CepHor
CocLub
FruFru
HelPom
MonInc
PerHam
PunPyg
TroHis
UrtUmb
ValExcValPul
VerPyg
VitPel
ZonNit
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Fig. 4. The projection (RDA) of the influence of significant
enviromental variables to habitat preferences of individual
molluscan species. Light explains 25,5 %, number of vascular
plants 24,1 % and no. of endangered species of plants 13,3 % of
variability
-0.4 1.0
-0.6 1.0
AmorFrut
HolcLant
DolQua
ForCun
ForFus
ForPra
ForRuf
ForSan
LasFla
LasNig
LasPla
LepGre
LepMus
MyrCur MyrRub
MyrRug
MyrRugu
MyrSab
MyrSca
MyrSch
SolFug
TemCra
Tetram
ErgAcr
PhlPrt
0.0 1.0
-0.8 1.0
EpilMont
GalApr
RubRb
Aegopi
AliBip
CepHor
CocLub
FruFru
HelPom
MonInc
PerHam
PunPyg
TroHis
UrtUmb
ValExc
ValPul
VerPyg
VitPel
ZonNit
EupEsl
Fig. 5a. The projection (RDA) of the influence of the
indicator plant species on the distribution of individual
ant species (the presence of indicator species of plants
explains 63% of variability)
Fig. 5b. The projection (RDA) of the influence of
indicator plant species on the distribution of
individual molluscan species (the presence of
indicator species of plants explains 66% of
variability), (EpilMont - Epilobium montanum,
EupEsl - Euphorbia esula, GalApr - Galium
aparine, Rub Rb - Rubus sect. Rubus)
References
Davidová-Vilímová, J. 2004: Comparison of insect biodiversity after colonization of two different types of industrial deposits. – In: Kovář P. (ed.): Natural Recovery of Human-Made Deposits in Landscape (Biotic Interactions and Ore/Ash-Slag Artificial Ecosystems).
Academia, Praha, 324336. Ellenberg H., Weber H.E., Düll R., Wirth V., Werner W. et Paulissen D. 1992. Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa. 2nd ed. Scr. Geobotanica 18: 1258. ter Braak C.J.F., Šmilauer P. 2012. CANOCO reference manual and Users guide:
software for ordination (version 5). Microcomputer Power (Ithaca, NY, USA), 496 pp. Tichý L. 2011. Juice. URL: http://juice.trenck.cz (15.4.2015).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Introduction
The ore tailings pond in Chvaletice (Czech Republic, Eastern Bohemia) was established in the mid-70’s in the original quarry where iron and manganese had been
extracted since 1952. Waste material storage was terminated in 1975. Since then, the area has been exposed to spontaneous succession (Davidová-Vilímová 2004).
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Comparison of insect biodiversity after colonization of two different types of industrial deposits
  • J Davidová-Vilímová
Davidová-Vilímová, J. 2004: Comparison of insect biodiversity after colonization of two different types of industrial deposits. -In: Kovář P. (ed.): Natural Recovery of Human-Made Deposits in Landscape (Biotic Interactions and Ore/Ash-Slag Artificial Ecosystems).
CANOCO reference manual and User's guide: software for ordination (version 5)
  • Academia
  • H Ellenberg
  • H E Weber
  • R Düll
  • V Wirth
  • W Werner
  • D Et Paulissen
Academia, Praha, 324-336. Ellenberg H., Weber H.E., Düll R., Wirth V., Werner W. et Paulissen D. 1992. Zeigerwerte von Pflanzen in Mitteleuropa. 2nd ed. Scr. Geobotanica 18: 1-258. ter Braak C.J.F., Šmilauer P. 2012. CANOCO reference manual and User's guide: software for ordination (version 5). Microcomputer Power (Ithaca, NY, USA), 496 pp. Tichý L. 2011. Juice. URL: http://juice.trenck.cz (15.4.2015).