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AYURVEDIC APPROACH TO TREAT SWINE FLU

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Ayurvedic medicine is one of the world's oldest holistic ("whole-body") healing systems. It was developed more than 3,000 years ago in India. Ayurveda, the traditional 'science of life', has a remedy for diseases when every other stream of medicine fails. Now, at a time when swine flu is spreading like wildfire across the world, Ayurveda has the remedy in the form of the miraculous herbs, like Tulsi, Aloe Vera, Giloy. In this review we going to discuss the various benefits of these ayurvedic herbs. These herbs are helpful to prevent swine flu. The known strains include Influenza C and the subtypes of influenza A known as H1N1, H1N2, H3N1 and H3N2. The spread among humans is through droplets expelled during cough and sneezing by an infected individual; any personal contacts increases the risk of transmission.
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Vijay et al. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
AYURVEDIC APPROACH TO TREAT SWINE FLU
Vijay Kumar*, Neha Shekhawat and Ashir
Drug Regulatory Affairs, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lovely Professional University,
Phagwara-144 001.
ABSTRACT
Ayurvedic medicine is one of the world's oldest holistic (“whole-
body”) healing systems. It was developed more than 3,000 years ago in
India. Ayurveda, the traditional 'science of life', has a remedy for
diseases when every other stream of medicine fails. Now, at a time
when swine flu is spreading like wildfire across the world, Ayurveda
has the remedy in the form of the miraculous herbs, like Tulsi, Aloe
Vera, Giloy. In this review we going to discuss the various benefits of
these ayurvedic herbs. These herbs are helpful to prevent swine flu.
The known strains include Influenza C and the subtypes of influenza A
known as H1N1, H1N2, H3N1 and H3N2. The spread among humans
is through droplets expelled during cough and sneezing by an infected
individual; any personal contacts increases the risk of transmission.
KEYWORDS: H1N1, Influenza, Swine Flu, Tulsi.
INTRODUCTION
Herbal medicines, also known as Phytomedicines or Botanical medicines, involves the use of
plant parts (leaves, roots, stem, flowers, and seeds) for medicinal/therapeutic purpose.[1]
Swine Flu, also called pig influenza, swine influenza, hog flu, pig flu. Swine flu is an
infection caused by any one of the several types of Swine influenza viruses. The known
strains include Influenza C and the subtypes of influenza A known as H1N1, H1N2, H3N1
and H3N2. The spread among humans is through droplets expelled during cough and
sneezing by an infected individual; any personal contacts increases the risk of transmission.[2]
History: Swine influenza was the first proposed to be a disease related to human flu during
the 1918 flu pandemic, when pigs become ill at the same time as humans. The first case of
World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
SJIF Impact Factor 7.523
Volume 6, Issue 13, 229-237. Review Article ISSN 2277 7105
*Corresponding Author
Vijay Kumar
Drug Regulatory Affairs,
School of Pharmaceutical
Sciences, Lovely
Professional University,
Phagwara-144 001.
Article Received on
29 August 2017,
Revised on 19 Sept. 2017,
Accepted on 10 Oct. 2017
DOI: 10.20959/wjpr201713-9822
8533
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Vijay et al. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
Swine influenza was discovered in the year 1930 in pigs. Later on, it was detected in people
that were close with pigs (such as pork processors and the farmers) and gradually developed
into a cross species infection. [3] Swine flu virus may mutate to be easily transferable among
humans to pigs or vice versa.In 2009, a new strain of swine flu virus was detected in Mexico
known as H1N1 flu. During 2009-10, World Health Organization declared the H1N1
influenza-A Swine Flu pandemic under level 6 criterions with about 60.8 million cases of this
virus detected and 12,469 human deaths having occurred in United States. The Spanish
Influenza was a real disaster with a death toll of 20-100 million people.[4]
Structure of influenza virus: It is an orthomyxo virus that contains the glycoprotein’s
Haemagglutinin (H) and Neuraminidase (N) (Fig.1). For this reason, they are described as
H1N1, H1N2, depending on type of H or N antigens they express.[5]
Fig. 1: Structure of influenza virus.
Symptoms of Swine flu
The symptoms and signs of Swine Flu have similarity with most influenza infections that
include, Fever (100° F or greater) along with cough, nasal secretions, fatigue, Sore throat,
Headache. Some patients may also get body rashes, sore throat, chills, nausea, body aches. It
has been observed that majority of persons infected by Swine Flu are youngsters suffering
from collateral tissue damage (Fig.2).[6] The incubation period from exposure to this virus
with first signs/symptoms appearing is about one to four days with an average of two days.
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Fig. 2: Symptoms of Swine Flu.
Ayurvedic Approach for the Treatment of swine flu
Tulsi
Ayurveda is the system of traditional medicine first practiced in ancient India. It traces its
origins to the Veda scripts. It is based on the belief that the balance between the five elements
has to be maintained. The elements are grouped together to form three doshas that help to
classify all individual constitutions of people, diseases, herbs and other non-herbal remedies
and therapies. The doshas are Vata (air or nerve oriented), Kapha (water or mucoid type) or
Pitta (fire type).
Ocimum tenuiflorum (synonym Ocimum sanctum), commonly known as holy basil, tulasi
(sometimes spelled thulasi) or tulsi, is an aromatic perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae
which is native to the Indian subcontinent and widespread as a cultivated plant throughout the
Southeast Asian tropics.[7]
Tulsi is cultivated for religious and medicinal purposes, and for its essential oil. It is widely
known across the Indian subcontinent as a medicinal plant and a herbal tea, commonly used
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in Ayurveda, and has an important role within the Vaishnava tradition of Hinduism, in which
devotees perform worship involving holy basil plants or leaves (Fig.3).
The variety of Ocimum tenuiflorum used in Thai cuisine is referred to as Thai holy basil (Thai
kaphrao); it is not to be confused with Thai basil, which is a variety of Ocimum basilicum.
Ocimum is a genus of aromatic annual and perennial herbs and shrubs in the family
Lamiaceae. Its best known species are the cooking herb Cooking basil, O. basilicum and this
medicinal herb Tulsi (holy basil), O. tenuiflorum. Most culinary and ornamental basils are
cultivars of Ocimum basilicum.[8]
Fig. 3: Parts of Tulsi used as traditional medicine.
Tulsi (Sanskrit:-Surasa) has been used for thousands of years in Ayurveda for its diverse
healing properties. It is mentioned in the Charaka Samhita, an ancient Ayurvedic text. Tulsi is
considered to be an adaptogen, balancing different processes in the body, and helpful for
adapting to stress. Marked by its strong aroma and astringent taste, it is regarded in Ayurveda
as a kind of "elixir of life" and believed to promote longevity.
Tulsi extracts are used in ayurvedic remedies for a variety of ailments. Traditionally, tulsi is
taken in many forms: as herbal tea, dried powder, fresh leaf or mixed with ghee.[9]
Essential oil extracted from Karpoora tulasi is mostly used for medicinal purposes and in
herbal cosmetics.
Ayurveda, the traditional 'science of life', has a remedy for diseases when every other stream
of medicine fails. Now, at a time when swine flu is spreading like wildfire across the world,
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Ayurveda has the remedy in the form of the miraculous herb, the basil leaves commonly
known as Tulsi. Wonder herb Tulsi, the purest and most sublime plant, has been known and
worshipped in India for more than five millennia for its remarkable healing properties.
Considered as an 'Elixir of Life', this wonder herb has now been claimed to keep the deadly
swine flu at bay and help fast recovery in afflicted persons.[10]
"The anti-flu property of Tulsi has been discovered by medical experts across the world quite
recently. Tulsi improves the body's overall defence mechanism including its ability to fight
viral diseases. Even when a person has already contracted swine flu, Tulsi can help in
speeding up the recovery process and also help in strengthening the immune system of the
body. Tulsi improves the body's overall defence mechanism including its ability to fight viral
diseases.
Tulsi or holy basil is revered and worshipped throughout India for its amazing medicinal
properties. It is known to:
a) Relieve stress
b) Strengthen the immune system
c) Enhance stamina
d) Relieve congestion and colds
e) Promote healthy metabolism
f) Relieve inflammation
g) Lower cholesterol
h) Provide rich supply of antioxidants
Many medicines exploit its curative powers, especially treatments for common colds and flu.
Have five duly washed leaves of Tulsi (known as Basil in English; medicinal name Ocimum
sanctum) every day in the morning. Tulsi has a large number of therapeutic properties. It
keeps throat and lungs clear and helps in infections by way of strengthening your
immunity.[11]
Aloe vera
Aloe vera is a plant species of the genus Aloe. It grows wild in tropical climates around the
world and is cultivated for agricultural and medicinal uses. Aloe is also used for decorative
purposes and grows successfully indoors as a potted plant.
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It is found in many consumer products including beverages, skin lotion, cosmetics, or
ointments for minor burns and sunburns (Fig.4) There is little scientific evidence of the
effectiveness or safety of Aloe vera extracts for either cosmetic or medicinal purposes.[12]
Fig. 4: Aloe Vera Plant.
Immune boosting benefits of Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera has long been praised for it's medicinal health benefits. Aloe contains numerous
minerals that are vital to the growth and health of the body's system. It's no wonder that this
beautiful prickly plant scores high as an influenza and swine flu buster.
Recent Studies show that Aloe Vera is a wonderful tonic for immune system health and helps
with the absorption of vitamins and minerals. Aloe is also antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-
inflammatory. This is the key to it's being able to stimulate the immune system. Consuming
Aloe Vera in high concentrated dosages, can stimulate the production of white blood cells
that help to fight influenza viruses and other illnesses. Therefore, it can be useful for the
treatment and prevention of influenza due to the content of acemannan found in Aloe.[13]
Commonly available plant and very helpful in getting relief from the Swine Flu, Aloe Vera
has an attested direct effect on the immune system, strengthening it and replenishing the lost
energy. All you need to do is cut one Aloe Vera leaf and wash it properly. Squeeze out the
gel and mix with lukewarm water. Drink the mixture once a day. One spoon of gel should be
Sufficient in each dose.
For good health 2 ounces can be taken per serving. If person sensitive to the diuretic
properties of Aloe, consume the inner fillet (clear part) of the plant or bottled form. The green
skin, although is nutritious, can cause diarrhea in some individuals.
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Aloe Vera is safe for adults of all ages, pregnant or nursing mothers and children. If taking
oral corticosteroids medications, like prednisone, beclomethasone, or methylprednisolone do
not take it while using Aloe. It can develop a potassium deficiency and other toxic symptoms
that those medication may trigger.[14]
Giloy
In Ayurveda, Giloy is one of the most essential herbs in use. In recent times it becomes
popular as its name is linked in the treatment of Swine Flu. It is also known as Guduchi in
India.It is also known as Madhuparni, Amrita, Chinnaruha, Vatsadaani, Tantrika, Kundalini
and Chakralakshanika in different parts of India.[15] Tinospora cordifolia, (Fig.5) which is
known by the common names heart-leaved moonseed, guduchi and giloy, is an herbaceous
vine of the family Menispermaceae indigenous to the tropical areas of India, Myanmar and
Sri Lanka.
Fig. 5: Tinospora cordifolia.
Giloy pacifies all the three Doshas so it is quite effective in diseases of Tri-dosha origin.
Below are few of the numerous benefits of Giloy.
a. Giloy possesses antiseptic and analgesic properties.
b. It is used in common skin conditions and gout.
c. Juice is taken with Neem and Amla (Indian Gooseberry) it is very effective. We can see
the effect in couple of weeks.
d. Juice of 1 feet long branch of Giloy and seven leaves of Tulsi (Holy Basil); boiled and
taken as a herbal drink enhances body’s resistance level up to three times. It also
increases platelets count, which decreases considerably in Dengue fever and Swine Flu.
So it is one of the potent remedy for Swine Flu and Dengue.
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e. Giloy is quite useful in thirst, vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, liver disorders,
jaundice, acid-peptic disorder, dysentery and worms. During indigestion the juice is taken
or the paste of the leaves is given with butter milk.[16]
f. Giloy is effective in cardiac debility, blood, disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, splenomegaly,
gout and anemia. Because of its Snigdha Guna and Madhura Vipaka; Guyduchi is also a
very good aphrodisiac (drug that stimulates sexual desire).
g. Giloy benefits a lot in prameha urinary insufficiencies specially diabetes and other
disorders of urinary bladder. In Diabetes it juice is taken in good amount regularly.
h. Its juice is considered very effective in removing both external and internal toxins. It also
cleans out the brain toxins that concern mental function.
i. Giloy is used in chronic fever, malaria and typhoid fever. It is taken with honey. Also the
stem of the plant with pipli (piper longum) is taken.
j. Giloy reduces burning, normalizes temperature, improves appetite and increases the
strength.
k. Leaves and root can be used in excessive bleeding during menstruation or if one have
bleeding after abortion or delivery. 5grams of its crushed leaves juice is taken in 2 to 3ml
in half cup of water and given to the patient till its condition improve.
l. Giloy is outstandingly good for respiratory troubles particularly in asthma. Patient can
chew its root and bark every day for fast results.[17]
Dosages
Giloy stem powder should be taken in routine to nourish the body physically as well as
psychologically.3-6 gm of powder is beneficial.
CONCLUSION
From this review we conclude that swine flu can be treated with Ayurvedic herbs. In this
review we discussed three ayurvedic herbs those are beneficial in swine flu. Tulsi has a large
number of therapeutic properties. It keeps throat and lungs clear and helps in infections by
way of strengthening your immunity. Aloe Vera is a wonderful tonic for immune system
health and helps with the absorption of vitamins and minerals. Aloe is also antibacterial,
antiviral, and anti-inflammatory. Consuming Aloe Vera in high concentrated dosages, can
stimulate the production of white blood cells that help to fight influenza viruses and other
illnesses. Giloy increases platelets count, which decreases considerably in Dengue fever and
Swine Flu. So it is one of the potent remedy for Swine Flu and Dengue.
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REFERENCES
1. Kumar Vijay. Herbal Medicines: Overview on regulations in India and South Africa.
World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 2017; 6(8): 690-698.
2. https://www.mtatva.com/en/disease/swine-flu-meaning-diagnosis-and-overview.
3. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/44118151_SWINE_FLU_THE_RETURN_OF_
PANDEMIC.
4. http://iamj.in/posts/images/upload/953_957.pdf.
5. https://www.rapidreferenceinfluenza.com/chapter/B978-0-7234-3433-7.50009-
8/aim/influenza-virus-structure.
6. http://www.rxdx.in/h1n1-swine-flu-causes-signs-symptoms-diagnosis-treatment/.
7. http://www.biodiversityofindia.org/index.php?title=Ocimum_tenuiflorum.
8. https://www.oneindia.com/2009/08/12/tulsi-boosts-resistance-recovery-from-swine-
flu.html.
9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocimum_tenuiflorum.
10. http://www.ayurvedictalk.com/the-holy-herb-tulsi-an-elixir-of-life/574.
11. https://kauaifarmacy.com/tulsi-the-elixir-of-life/.
12. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aloe_vera.
13. http://ezinearticles.com/?Aloe-Vera-to-Fight-Swine-Flu-and-Influenza&id=3597795.
14. https://www.ayurvediccure.com/8-useful-herbal-remedies-for-swine-flu/.
15. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tinospora_cordifolia.
16. http://food.ndtv.com/health/10-amazing-benefits-of-giloy-the-root-of-immortality-
1434732.
17. http://www.gyanunlimited.com/health/top-10-wonder-benefits-of-giloytinospora-
cordifolia/11444.
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