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Time, Space, Modality and (Inter)Subjectivity in isiNdebele’s Three Futures

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References&
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ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Article
Bantu languages are well-known for their complex tense systems encoding multiple degrees of remoteness. Two assumptions underlie most approaches to analysis of such systems: (1) that linguistic time is optimally construed as a unidimensional expanse, whereby multi-tense systems carve up the timeline in regular progressive intervals away from the speech event; and (2) that tense markers quintessentially exhibit no overlap in denoting reference along this expanse. In this paper, the authors propose a different approach to understanding Bantu tense systems which treats linguistic time-from the perspective of Ego (the conceptualizer)-as a multidimensional array comprising cognitively dissociated temporal worlds, or domains, temporally linked and grounded in the deictic dichotomy between events construed as occurring in a contemporal world of the "present" versus those situated in cognitively dissociated domains. That is, tense markers function to situate events in one of two distinct conceptual types of domain that correlate with different construals of time: Ego-moving or movingtime. Support comes from a variety of curious facts found in Bantu languages. A key element of this approach is that it provides an explanation for why temporal overlap of tenses does, indeed, occur, and advances the position that there are conceptually different pasts and futures.
Article
Many Bantu languages have grammaticized one or both types of motion verb - COME and GO - as future markers. However, they may differ in the semantics of future temporal reference, in some cases referring to a "near" future, in others to a "remote" future. This paper explores how the underlying image-schemas of such verbs in several languages - Bamileke-Dschang, Bamun, and Lamnso' (Grass fields Bantu), Duala, Chimwera, Chindali, Kihunde, and Zulu (Narrow Bantu) - contribute to how the verbs become grammaticized in relation to the dual construals of linguistic time: ego-moving vs. moving-event.
Issues in Zulu verbal morphosyntax
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Buell, Leston. 2005. Issues in Zulu verbal morphosyntax. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses.
Lucazi grammar: a morphosemantic analysis Cologne: Rüdiger-Köppe Verlag. isiNdebele Bible IBhayibheli elicwengileko / The Bible in isiNdebele
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Fleisch, Axel. 2000. Lucazi grammar: a morphosemantic analysis. Cologne: Rüdiger-Köppe Verlag. isiNdebele Bible. 2012. IBhayibheli elicwengileko / The Bible in isiNdebele. 1st ed. Belleville, South Africa: Bible Society of South Africa.
A morpho-semantic analysis of the persistive, alterative and inceptive aspects in siSwati
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Nichols, Peter John. 2011. A morpho-semantic analysis of the persistive, alterative and inceptive aspects in siSwati. School of Oriental and African Studies.
Tense and aspect in Bantu
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Nurse, Derek. 2008. Tense and aspect in Bantu. New York: Oxford University Press.
Tense and aspect in English: speaker perspective in futurity. Paper presented at the Time in Language Conference
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O'Byrne, Judith. 2016. Tense and aspect in English: speaker perspective in futurity. Paper presented at the Time in Language Conference, Turku, Finland, August 2016.
Oxford First Bilingual Dictionary: IsiNdebele + English
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Oxford. 2009. Oxford First Bilingual Dictionary: IsiNdebele + English. Cape Town: Oxford University Press Southern Africa (Pty) Ltd.
A grammar of Northern Transvaal Ndebele (a Tekela Nguni dialect spoken in the Pietersburg and Potgietersrus districts of the Transvaal Province of the Union of South Africa)
  • D Ziervogel
Ziervogel, D. 1959. A grammar of Northern Transvaal Ndebele (a Tekela Nguni dialect spoken in the Pietersburg and Potgietersrus districts of the Transvaal Province of the Union of South Africa). First edit. Pretoria: Lovedale Press.
Cologne: Rüdiger-Köppe Verlag. isiNdebele Bible. 2012. IBhayibheli elicwengileko / The Bible in isiNdebele
  • Leston Buell
Buell, Leston. 2005. Issues in Zulu verbal morphosyntax. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. Fleisch, Axel. 2000. Lucazi grammar: a morphosemantic analysis. Cologne: Rüdiger-Köppe Verlag. isiNdebele Bible. 2012. IBhayibheli elicwengileko / The Bible in isiNdebele. 1st ed. Belleville, South Africa: Bible Society of South Africa.