The universities’ governance reflects society’s culture, its needs of promoting individuals’ well‐being, and public interests. Its evolution shows the importance of the governance and its institutional administrative objectives. The Arab historical traditions and the nature of governments’ role influence its advancement. Diversification and openness to international institutions answer the increasing youth population demand on education. The Arab central and negative controlling governments’ role shapes the higher education governance through laws, projects, and strategies: funding, policies’ clarity deficiency, research’s shortage, free citizens’ education, and social justice insurance. It intervenes in the details as centralized students’ enrollment system, and cadres’ appointment. The change is unsuccessful since higher education governance lacks stakeholders’ participation in decision‐making, reflecting the contradiction between its objectives and the nature of the political regime.