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BACKGROUND: Heavily selfie taking and sharing these poses on social media or selfie-related behaviors are ever increasing especially among young people. This can also lead to selfie-related trauma. We performed this clinical study to draw attention to selfie-related injuries and deaths. METHODS: We analyzed 159 selfie victims related to 111 events or accidents that reported in the media sources. In this study, we evaluated that vital results, demography, rhythmicity, preferences, event or accident types, selfie-related risk factors, affected body regions of victims with causes of injury and death. RESULTS: We found that the majority of selfie victims were students. Selfie-related injuries and deaths were reported most frequently in India, the US and Russia respectively. Most often pose preferences of selfie victims were on the edge of the cliff. The most frequently reported event or accident type was fall from high to the ground. Mostly multiple body parts were affected in selfie-related injuries and deaths.Most frequently causes of selfie-related deaths were multitrauma and drowning respectively. CONCLUSION: Selfie-related injuries and deaths have been increased in the last years. Especially teenagers and young adults are at high risk for the dangerous selfies.Hence, drastic measures should be taken to reduce selfie-related injuries and deaths BACKGROUND: Heavily selfie taking and sharing these poses on social media or selfie-related behaviors are ever increasing especially among young people. This can also lead to selfie-related trauma. We performed this clinical study to draw attention to selfie-related injuries and deaths. METHODS: We analyzed 159 selfie victims related to 111 events or accidents that reported in the media sources. In this study, we evaluated that vital results, demography, rhythmicity, preferences, event or accident types, selfie-related risk factors, affected body regions of victims with causes of injury and death. RESULTS: We found that the majority of selfie victims were students. Selfie-related injuries and deaths were reported most frequently in India, the US and Russia respectively. Most often pose preferences of selfie victims were on the edge of the cliff. The most frequently reported event or accident type was fall from high to the ground. Mostly multiple body parts were affected in selfie-related injuries and deaths.Most frequently causes of selfie-related deaths were multitrauma and drowning respectively. CONCLUSION: Selfie-related injuries and deaths have been increased in the last years. Especially teenagers and young adults are at high risk for the dangerous selfies.Hence, drastic measures should be taken to reduce selfie-related injuries and deaths Keywords: Selfie, injury, death.

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... Bu çalışma ile, kazalara ve ölümlere neden olması nedeniyle önemli bir halk sağlığı problemi haline gelen takıntılı özçekim davranışının (Balakrishnan ve Griffiths, 2018;Dokur, 2018;Griffiths, 1995;Przybylski, Murayama, DeHaan ve Gladwell, 2013;Vincent, 2014) derecesini ölçen Takıntılı Özçekim Davranışı Ölçeği'nin (TÖDÖ) Türkçe geçerlik ve güvenilirliğinin yapılması amaçlanmaktadır. ...
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Background Ambulance accidents are an unfortunate indirect result of ambulance emergency calls, which create hazardous environments for personnel, patients, and bystanders. However, in European German-speaking countries, factors contributing to ambulance accidents have not been optimally researched and analyzed. Objective The objective of this study was to extract, analyze, and compare data from online newspaper articles on ambulance accidents for Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. We hope to highlight future strategies to offset the deficit in research data and official registers for prevention of ambulance and emergency vehicle accidents. Methods Ambulance accident data were collected from Austrian, German, and Swiss free web-based daily newspapers, as listed in Wikipedia, for the period between January 2014 and January 2019. All included newspapers were searched for articles reporting ambulance accidents using German terms representing “ambulance” and “ambulance accident.” Characteristics of the accidents were compiled and analyzed. Only ground ambulance accidents were covered. Results In Germany, a total of 597 ambulance accidents were recorded, corresponding to 0.719 (95% CI 0.663-0.779) per 100,000 inhabitants; 453 of these accidents left 1170 people injured, corresponding to 1.409 (95% CI 1.330-1.492) per 100,000 inhabitants, and 28 of these accidents caused 31 fatalities, corresponding to 0.037 (95% CI 0.025-0.053) per 100,000 inhabitants. In Austria, a total of 62 ambulance accidents were recorded, corresponding to 0.698 (95% CI 0.535-0.894) per 100,000 inhabitants; 47 of these accidents left 115 people injured, corresponding to 1.294 (95% CI 1.068-1.553) per 100,000 inhabitants, and 6 of these accidents caused 7 fatalities, corresponding to 0.079 (95% CI 0.032-0.162) per 100,000 inhabitants. In Switzerland, a total of 25 ambulance accidents were recorded, corresponding to 0.293 (95% CI 0.189-0.432) per 100,000 inhabitants; 11 of these accidents left 18 people injured, corresponding to 0.211(95% CI 0.113-0.308) per 100,000 inhabitants. There were no fatalities. In each of the three countries, the majority of the accidents involved another car (77%-81%). In Germany and Switzerland, most accidents occurred at an intersection. In Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, 38.7%, 26%, and 4%, respectively, of ambulance accidents occurred at intersections for which the ambulance had a red light (P<.001). In all three countries, most of the casualties were staff and not uncommonly a third party. Most accidents took place on weekdays and during the daytime. Ambulance accidents were evenly distributed across the four seasons. The direction of travel was reported in 28%-37% of the accidents and the patient was in the ambulance approximately 50% of the time in all countries. The cause of the ambulance accidents was reported to be the ambulance itself in 125 (48.1% of accidents where the cause was reported), 22 (42%), and 8 (40%) accidents in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, respectively (P=.02), and another vehicle in 118 (45.4%), 29 (56%), and 9 (45%) accidents, respectively (P<.001). A total of 292 accidents occurred while blue lights and sirens were used, which caused 3 deaths and 577 injuries. Conclusions This study draws attention to much needed auxiliary sources of data that may allow for creation of a contemporary registry of all ambulance accidents in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. To improve risk management and set European standards, it should be mandatory to collect standardized goal-directed and representative information using various sources (including the wide range presented by the press and social media), which should then be made available for audit, analysis, and research.
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Selfitis—which started off as a hoax but has now been investigated empirically—has been defined as the obsessive–compulsive desire to take photos of oneself and post them on social media. Furthermore, a scale to assess selfitis, the Selfitis Behavior Scale (SBS), has been developed. This study applied advanced psychometric testing methods, including confirmatory factor analysis (utilizing classical test theory) and the Rasch model (utilizing modern test theory), to examine the psychometric properties among Persian speakers (in Iran and Afghanistan). The participants (3163 Iranians and 1100 Afghanistani) completed an online survey posted on Instagram pages. The SBS showed promising properties, including satisfactory reliability (e.g., internal consistency and test–retest reliability), excellent construct validity (e.g., good fit in the CFA and Rasch models), and acceptable measurement invariance across Iranian and Afghan samples. Consequently, the SBS is a valid and reliable instrument for assessing selfitis among Persian-speaking samples.
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Background: In the era of the new information and communication technologies (ICTs) the Internet is being increasingly accessed for health-related information. Indeed, recently published patient surveys conducted in subjects with autoimmune disorders confirmed that the Internet was reported as one of the most important health information sources. Wikipedia, a free online encyclopedia launched in 2001, is generally one of the most visited websites worldwide and is often consulted for health-related information. Aim: The main objective of the present investigation is to quantitatively assess whether the Wikipedia pages related to autoimmune disorders can be easily accessed by patients and/or their families, in terms of readability. Methods: A list of autoimmune disorders was obtained and downloaded from the American Autoimmune-related Diseases Association (AARDA) website. Wikipedia articles were analyzed for their overall level of readability with six different quantitative readability scales, namely: i) the Flesch Reading Ease, ii) the Gunning Fog Index, iii) the Coleman–Liau Index, iv) the Flesch–Kincaid Grade Level, v) the Automated Readability Index (ARI), and vi) the Simple Measure of Gobbledygook (SMOG). Further, the correlation between readability and clinical, pathological and epidemiological parameters was investigated. Moreover, each Wikipedia analysis was assessed according to its content, breaking down the readability indices by main topic of each part (namely, pathogenesis, treatment, diagnosis and prognosis plus a section containing paragraphs not falling in any of the previous categories). Results: 134 diseases were retrieved from the AARDA website. The Flesch Reading Ease yielded a score of 24.34±10.73, indicating that the sites were very difficult to read and best understood by college graduates, whilst the Gunning Fog Index and the ARI resulted 16.87±2.03 and 14.06±2.12, respectively. The Coleman-Liau Index and the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level yielded a score of 14.48±1.57 and 14.86±1.95, respectively, while the SMOG resulted 15.38±1.37. All the readability indices confirmed that the sites were suitable for a college graduate..No correlation between readability and clinical, pathological and epidemiological parameters could be found. Statistically significant differences could be detected among the different sections of the Wikipedia pages. Conclusion: Wikipedia pages related to autoimmune disorders are characterized by a low level of readability. There is, therefore, the onus from physicians and health authorities to improve the health literacy skills of patients and/or their families and to create, together with patients themselves, disease-specific readable sites, disseminating highly accessible health-related online information, both in terms of clarity and conciseness.
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Background: A selfie is a self-portrait photograph typically taken with a digital camera or camera phone held in the hand or supported by a selfie stick. Studies suggest that there is a relationship between selfie-posting behavior and narcissism. The objectives were to assess the prevalence of selfitis or selfie syndrome in young adults aged 19-26 years and to analyze their traits and behavior regarding selfies to detect possible self-objectification, narcissism, and need for approval.
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Early adolescents are using cell phones with increasing frequency. Cell phones are known to distract motor vehicle drivers to the point that their safety is jeopardized, but it is unclear if cell phones might also distract child pedestrians. This study was designed to examine the influence of talking on a cell phone for pediatric pedestrian injury risk. Seventy-seven children aged 10 to 11 years old completed simulated road crossings in an immersive, interactive virtual pedestrian environment. In a within-subjects design, children crossed the virtual street 6 times while undistracted and 6 times while distracted by a cell phone conversation with an unfamiliar research assistant. Participants also completed several other experimental tasks hypothesized to predict the impact of distraction while crossing the street and talking on a cell phone. Children's pedestrian safety was compromised when distracted by a cell phone conversation. While distracted, children were less attentive to traffic; left less safe time between their crossing and the next arriving vehicle; experienced more collisions and close calls with oncoming traffic; and waited longer before beginning to cross the street. Analyses testing experience using a cell phone and experience as a pedestrian yielded few significant results, suggesting that distraction on the cell phone might affect children's pedestrian safety no matter what their experience level. There was some indication that younger children and children who are less attentive and more oppositional may be slightly more susceptible to distraction while talking on the cell phone than older, more attentive, and less oppositional children. Our results suggest that cell phones distract preadolescent children while crossing streets.
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Local television news is the number 1 source of information for most Americans, and media health reporting has increased significantly during the past 10 years. To evaluate the health topics and reporting characteristics of health stories on local television news across the United States. Content analysis of full-length broadcasts of local television news from a representative sample of the top 50 US media markets (122 stations). Two trained coders evaluated all health stories for topics and reporting characteristics. Any discrepancies were resolved by a third independent coder. Among 2795 broadcasts reviewed, 1799 health stories were aired. Seventy-six percent of all stories were about medical conditions. The median story airtime was 33 seconds. Breast cancer and West Nile virus were the 2 most common topics reported on. Among 1371 stories about disease, few gave recommendations, cited specific data sources, or discussed prevalence. Egregious errors were identified that could harm viewers who relied on the information. Local television news devotes significant airtime to health stories, yet few newscasts provide useful information, and some stories with factually incorrect information and potentially dangerous advice were aired. Regularly reaching 165 million people, local television news has the power to provide health information to most Americans. It is crucial that television reporting of health news be improved and that reporting errors be eliminated.
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Driver distraction is a major cause of traffic accidents, with mobile telephones as a key source of distraction. In two studies, we examined distraction of pedestrians associated with mobile phone use. The first had 60 participants walk along a prescribed route, with half of them conversing on a mobile phone, and the other half holding the phone awaiting a potential call, which never came. Comparison of the performance of the groups in recalling objects planted along the route revealed that pedestrians conversing recalled fewer objects than did those not conversing. The second study had three observers record pedestrian behavior of mobile phone users, i-pod users, and pedestrians with neither one at three crosswalks. Mobile phone users crossed unsafely into oncoming traffic significantly more than did either of the other groups. For pedestrians as with drivers, cognitive distraction from mobile phone use reduces situation awareness, increases unsafe behavior, putting pedestrians at greater risk for accidents, and crime victimization.
The Definitive Ranking of The Selfiest Cities in the World Available at: www.time.com
The Definitive Ranking of The Selfiest Cities in the World. Available at: www.time.com. Accessed Jan 3, 2017.
07/07/russia-safe-selfies/#cNo3Sfj15EqT
http://mashable.com/2015/07/07/russia-safe-selfies/#cNo3Sfj15EqT. Accessed Jan 3, 2017.
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Too many smartphone users taking dumb, dangerous selfies with bears, Tahoe officials say
  • The Huffington
  • Post
The Huffington Post. Too many smartphone users taking dumb, dangerous selfies with bears, Tahoe officials say. Available at: http://www.thehuffingtonpost.com. Accessed Jan 24, 2017.
Media-based clinical research on selfie-related injuries and deaths OLGU SUNUMU Selfi ilişkili yaralanma ve ölümlerin analizi Dr
  • Dokur
Dokur et al. Media-based clinical research on selfie-related injuries and deaths OLGU SUNUMU Selfi ilişkili yaralanma ve ölümlerin analizi Dr. Mehmet Dokur, 1 Dr. Emine Petekkaya, 2 Dr. Mehmet Karadağ 3
İstanbul 3 İnonü Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Biyoistatistik ve Tıp Bilişimi Anabilim Dalı, Malatya AMAÇ: Yoğun olarak selfi çekmek ve bunları sosyal medyada paylaşmak ya da selfi ilişkili davranışlar, özellikle gençler arasında giderek artmaktadır
  • Hastanesi Başkent Üniversitesi
Başkent Üniversitesi Hastanesi, Yoğun Bakım Ünitesi, Ankara 2 Beykent Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Anatomi Anabilim Dalı, İstanbul 3 İnonü Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Biyoistatistik ve Tıp Bilişimi Anabilim Dalı, Malatya AMAÇ: Yoğun olarak selfi çekmek ve bunları sosyal medyada paylaşmak ya da selfi ilişkili davranışlar, özellikle gençler arasında giderek artmaktadır. Bu da selfi ilişkili travmalara neden olabilir. Biz bu klinik alışmayı, selfi ilişkili yaralanma ve ölümlere dikkat çekmek için gerçekleştirdik.
Biz, medya kaynaklarında rapor edilen 111 selfi olayı veya kazası ile ilişkili 159 selfi olgusunu analiz ettik Bu çalışmada, selfi ilişkili yaralanma ve ölümlerin nedenleri ile birlikte kurbanların vital bulgularını, demografilerini, ritmisitelerini, tercihlerini, olay veya kaza tiplerini
  • Gereç Ve Yöntem
GEREÇ VE YÖNTEM: Biz, medya kaynaklarında rapor edilen 111 selfi olayı veya kazası ile ilişkili 159 selfi olgusunu analiz ettik. Bu çalışmada, selfi ilişkili yaralanma ve ölümlerin nedenleri ile birlikte kurbanların vital bulgularını, demografilerini, ritmisitelerini, tercihlerini, olay veya kaza tiplerini, risk faktörlerini ve etkilenen vücut bölgelerini değerlendirdik.
En sık rapor edilen kaza tipi yüksekten zemine düşme idi. Selfi ilişkili yaralanma ve ölümlerde en sık etkilenen çoklu vücut bölgesi etkilenimi saptandı
  • Selfi Kurbanlarının En Sık Poz Tercihi Uçurum Kenarı Idi
Selfi kurbanlarının en sık poz tercihi uçurum kenarı idi. En sık rapor edilen kaza tipi yüksekten zemine düşme idi. Selfi ilişkili yaralanma ve ölümlerde en sık etkilenen çoklu vücut bölgesi etkilenimi saptandı. En sık saptanan ölüm nedeni ise multitravmalar ve suda boğulmalar idi.
List of selfie-related injuries and deaths
List of selfie-related injuries and deaths. Available at: https:// en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_selfie-related_injuries_ and_deaths&oldid=757719342. Accessed Jan 10, 2017.