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Gender and Fisheries Thematic Symposium at 13th Women’s World & Fazendo Gênero 11 - Florianópolis / Brazil - August 2017

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Gender and Fisheries Thematic Symposium at 13th Women’s World & Fazendo Gênero 11 - Florianópolis / Brazil - August 2017
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Gender and Fisheries Thematic Symposium at 13th Women’s World & Fazendo
Gênero 11 - Florianópolis / Brazil - August 2017
Between the 30th of July to the 4th of August, 2017, Florianópolis - a beautiful city in the
South of Brazil - hold the 13th Women’s Worlds & Fazendo Gênero 11th conference, having
as a venue the Federal University of Santa Catarina. The event brought together more
than 8.000 participants from different parts of the world. It was a week full of activities
mostly involving women, cis or trans, in fact all kind of genders were welcomed. With a lot
of diversity, it was “a unique opportunity to bring together experiences, research, and
voices from all over the world related to women and gender issues” as mentioned in the
event’s website (http://www.fazendogenero.ufsc.br/wwc2017/).
The program included a great variety and amount of academic and cultural activities. One
of the highlights was the Women’s Worlds for Rights march, taking place the 2nd of August
along the streets of the city center in Florianópolis. The march gathered around 10.000
people claiming for gender equality and women’s rights. A footage of the march is
available at https://youtu.be/2AfEdSWqqfw
In addition to highlight the magnitude of the event as a whole, the aim of this report is to
underline the importance of the topics presented on the Thematic Symposium on Gender
and Fisheries, held the 1st of August. This activity brought together researches on GaF
thematic presenting studies about Brazilian women in fishery activities, plus a great
contribution of women in fisheries in Mexico. The following section includes the abstracts
of each presentation and the author contact details. This illustrates of what a unique
opportunity the Thematic Symposium was to discuss Gender and Fisheries in Brazil.
Kind regards,
Luceni Hellebrandt & Carmen Pedroza
ST 129. Transformations, connections, displacements of feminism regarding sex, work,
educational formation and traditional communities (fisherwomen, fishermen, “quilombola”
and indigenous communities, and family farmers)
Coordinators: Maria do Rosário de Fátima Andrade Leitão (Universidade Federal
Rural de Pernambuco), Maria Helena Santana Cruz (Universidade Federal de
Sergipe)
Abstract: The proposal of this Thematic Group is to contribute to the academic discussion
and establish dialogues about the diversity both in scientific and popular knowledge
concerning the “Transformations, Connections, Displacements of Feminism: gender, work,
educational formation, and traditional communities” especially with regard to sex and
gender roles, work, educational formation and traditional communities from research
results of different approaches. Thus, there would be an interaction from approaches and
challenging topics in the field of Human Sciences established by Public Policies that could
include Public Policies established by governmental and nongovernmental organizations
that which take into account the diversities and their impact to the development of social
gender role relations. That means, proposals addressing the feminist intersectionality
(whose perspectives reject the separation between analytical categories and identities)
and with analysis of the promotion of sustainable development with equity in power
relations, their impact on the everyday experiences of the subjects, in the production of
injustice, in the systemic social inequality on a multidimensional base that focuses on
specific contexts. This scope would encompasses particularly scientific studies with
analysis of the conditions of life in traditional communities. Consequently, it urge to study
their unequal access to political actions and the space of women in communities of
fisherwomen and fishermen, as well as in “quilombolas” and indigenous groups and family
farmers; the equal participation of women and men at all levels of political decision-making
processes in public and private spaces; the discussion of self-reflection and self-criticism
in order to know their personal values and how they affect life itself and the relation with
others. We expect to stand by people interested in an advanced knowledge about the
dynamics and interdependence of social relations in the fight against the multiple and
conjugated forms of oppression.
Keywords: Feminism, Gender, Work, Educational formation, Traditional communities.
ST 129 section 2 (01/08/17)
Ma. del Carmen Pedroza Gutiérrez (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
contact: pedrozacarmen@yahoo.com
Women’s contribution and struggle in inland and marine fisheries in Mexico
Abstract: Women’s participation in post-harvest activities in Mexico dates back
from prehispanic times when women would be salting, drying and selling fish in
rural markets. Today, benefits and social costs received by women in fishing
communities can be through their direct participation in these activities but also as
the fishers’ wives. The paper explores the socioeconomic importance of women’s
processing activities for the household survival and what can be the social costs
suffered by them and created by the fisheries’ organization. Fieldwork was carried
out in a riparian community to Lake Chapala, Petatan in 2015-16, and in the sea
cucumber fishery in Yucatan, in 2016-17. Although the research design is mainly
qualitative-explorative, some quantitative data was obtained to show the
socioeconomic impacts. Findings: the women of Petatán have entered the labor
market because the town depends on middlemen who buy fish only if it is already
filleted and packed, making women’s processing work an essential part of the value
chain; and when fish-catch volumes are low women’s income becomes crucial for
household subsistence. This job empowers women but as it requires prolonged
periods of standing, they are prone to many forms of ailments. In Yucatan in spite of
the high income from sea cucumber women have been particularly affected, either
because they have become widows, or the arrival of young sexual workers is
causing families breakdowns: “the sea cucumber took away our husbands”.
Key words: Women’s work, inland-marine fisheries, negative impacts on women.
Joao Luis Joventino do Nascimento (Estudante), Ivan Costa Lima (Universidade da
Integração Internacional da Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira)
Na pesca e na luta: mulheres pescadoras quilombolas do mangue do Cumbe
contra as injustiças ambientais
Resumo: A participação das mulheres nos diversos espaços de lutas vem
contribuindo para mudanças e deslocamentos do senso comum, que apregoa, que
seu lugar é na cozinha. Nas comunidades tradicionais elas sempre ocuparam
lugares de destaque, sendo as responsáveis pela continuidade da organização
social, econômica, política, religiosa e cultural das práticas sociais. Com isso as
mulheres pescadoras quilombolas do mangue do Cumbe/Aracati, no litoral leste do
Ceará têm papel importantíssimo nas lutas travadas pela defesa do território
tradicional e de seu modo de vida. É na sua relação com os bens comuns naturais
- manguezal, rio, gamboas, lagoas periódicas, dunas, carnaubais, praia e território
tradicional que se reproduzem e recriam seus saberes e modo de fazer. Nos
últimos anos do século XX e início do XXI, o território coletivo vem sendo invadido
por atividades econômicas que desconsideram o modo de vida local, sendo
responsáveis pela desorganização do ciclo de vida natural, gerando diversos casos
de violação de direitos garantidos constitucionalmente. Objetiva-se relatar as
experiências, parcerias, articulações e os processos de lutas e resistências das
mulheres pescadoras quilombolas do mangue do Cumbe/Aracati, frente aos
projetos de desenvolvimento econômicos da carcinicultura no ecossistema
manguezal e da instalação dos parques de energia eólica no campo de dunas.
Utiliza-se como abordagem a história oral para afirmar a luta destas mulheres
contra as injustiças ambientais!
mulheres pescadoras quilombolas; conflitos socioambientais; território tradicional;
lutas e conflitos
Adriana Guimarães Abreu (Universidade Federal do Pará), Edna Ferreira Alencar
(Université Sorbonne Nouvelle Paris 3)
contact: abreu.cs@gmail.com
Environment, periods and locations of gender in pirarucus managed fishing:
an analysis of the construction process of the Jaruá fisheries agreement /
Mamirauá-AM Sustainable development reserve.
Abstract: The article analyzes the gender relations in the context of pirarucus
(Arapaima gigas) managed fishery by the fisherman/fisherwoman group known as
Jarauá Fisheries Agreement (JFA) from 1999 to 2015.The purpose of this study is
to understand how the categories of environment and periods are perceived by men
and women, to identify whether there are different environments and periods
according to the gender and how this is reflected in the daily activities of managed
fishing. The data analyzed were collected by employing the ethnographic method,
interviews with fishermen and fisherwomen associated with JFA, and technicians
from the Fisheries Program of the Mamirauá Institute of Sustainable Development,
who provide technical advice to the local FA. The research identified that in the
public discourse there is a distinction of environment and periods between men and
women within the field of managed fishing, women mainly engage in fishing
activities occurring in the space of the land, seen as being a naturally feminine
domain, and their time completely turned to that scope and men, of fishing activities
in lakes and rivers due to their "working time". However, in everyday practices of
men and women there are movements of articulations and cooperation that blur
these separations; such movements are often encouraged by fisherwomen in order
to take a more active part in all managed fishing activities. The study concluded that
the women's agency has been helping to change places and working periods in
managed fisheries.
Keywords: gender relations, Managed fishing, fisherwomen, sustainable development.
Melina Chiba Galvão (Instituto Federal de Santa Catarina (IFSC))
contact: melinachiba@gmail.com
Livelihoods Adaptive strategies and the roles of women in an artisanal fishing
socioecological system in southern Brazil.
Abstract: Artisanal fisheries are in a directional crisis context and alternative
management approaches have argued that promoting adaptive, resilient and
equitable fishing strategies is one of the paths to sustainability. The research
analyzed livelihoods strategies in four artisanal fishing communities in a estuarine
lagoon system in southern Brazil, using the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach, and
gender as a variable of analysis. The socioecological context affects the dynamics
of livelihoods characterized by natural uncertainties and fluctuations of ecosystems;
economic, social and political drivers and tendencies of system transformation. In
order to respond to this context, several household strategies are focused on the
women roles in activities inside and outside fishing, in the reproductive and
leadership roles and community organization. Family strategies presented adaptive
and resilient characteristics such as flexibilization and diversification of activities
and income; adaptation and learning mechanisms; different capitals and food
security. However, gender myopia and the masculinization of fisheries, which are
dominant in fisheries management, promote gender inequalities. There is a trend in
fisheries centered on specialization and fragmentation, which represents an
important constraint on the adaptive capacity of families, limiting opportunities for
self-organization and renewal in the context of crisis in fisheries.
Keywords: Adaptive strategies. Women. Fisherwomen.
Luceni Medeiros Hellebrandt (Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro)
contact: luceni.hellebrandt@gmail.com
Contributions from Women of Z3 experiences to the Gender and Fisheries
field of study
Abstract: In this text, I present contributions to the field of studies on Gender and
Fisheries from experiences carried out by women from the Z3 Fisheries Colony
(Pelotas / RS). Their activities in the daily life of the community promote
identification as members of a fishing community through the activities they carry
out, both in the fishing productive chain and in the domestic sphere, which supports
fishing. From these experiences, I reflect on the role of women in the gastronomy
offer at the Feast of Nossa Senhora dos Navegantes (Our Lady of the Navigators),
which led to a re-signification of this festivity. I also reflect on the struggle and
resistance to establish the Cooperativa Mulheres da Lagoa (Women's Lagoon
Cooperative) (2011-2015), which is carried only by women, to run an ice factory in
the community. These experiences, based on a lived-in learning, reaffirm in these
women the belonging to a fishing community, but find barriers in the State that
establishes by right who owns the fishery and that confers public policies based on
an old-fashioned management model with a productivist view regarding the fishing
resource.
Keywords: Gender and fisheries. Women in fishing. Public policies for artisanal fisheries.
Antônia Mara Raposo Diógenes (Universidade Federal do Amazonas), Christiane Perira
Rodrigues (ISNTITUTO FEDERAL DE EDUCAÇÃO , CIENCIA E TECNOLOGIA
DO AMAZONAS), Elenise Faria Scherer (Universidade Federal do Amazonas)
contact: antoniaraposo@gmail.com
The shrimp fishers in Parintins-AM: work and way of life in the Amazonian
fishing environment.
Abstract: Freshwater shrimp (Macrobrachium amazonicum), in Parintins-AM /
Brazil, is carried out by a majority of women, and occurs with priority in two
communities in the rural area of the municipality, São Sebastião da Brasília and
Santo Antônio do Catispera. This fishing represents one of the main sources of
income for the shrimp fisher family. The fishing is carried out with priority for the
commercialization, without protection for the fishing environment nor for the
fishermen. The women do all the work in the shrimp fishery, the capture of the
specie and the commercialization in the municipal market of the city, but they live in
the margin of their rights. This article is the result of a master's degree research,
which aims to describe the way of life and work in shrimp fishing carried out by
women living in the communities of Brasília and Catispera in the municipality of
Parintins-AM, emphasizing the situation of social vulnerability to which they live .
We used a qualitative approach, we carried out a bibliographical study on the
fishing done by women in inland waters, we went to the locus vivendi to collect the
data for analysis, we used direct observation, semi-structured interview, group
meetings, photographic record and mental map. Our study points to the urgency of
social and environmental protection as a means for sustainability of this fishing
productive activity.
Keywords: Work; Lifestyle; Women fishermen; Public policy
Suelen Ribeiro de Souza (Universidade Estadual Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro -
UENF), Marcelo Carlos Gantos (UENF), Silvia Alicia Martínez (Universidade
Estadual do Norte Fluminense)
contact: suelenrs_16@hotmail.com
Fishing women: an analysis of bibliographic productions about gender
relations in the universe of craft fishing
Astract: The labor universe of women in artisanal fishing is marked significantly by
the gender inequalities that influence the maintenance and reproduction of other
social inequalities, as well as of socio-environmental conflicts. In the universe of this
social group, which are artisanal fishers, "social constructions of gender impact on
the ways in which women and men participate in productive activities, experience
the risks arising from historical and hegemonic patterns of development, as well as
the repercussions of Confronting the risks "(MANESCHY; SIQUEIRA, ÁLVARES,
2012). It is perceived that "gender inequality structures the other social inequalities
th a t affec t thos e fiel d s that seem t o h a v e n o conn e c tio n with
gender" (CONCEIÇÃO, 2009). In the work environment of artisanal fishers the
gender issue is one of the most striking factors of inequality, making their work
devalued and unrecognized. The purpose of this article is to carry out a
bibliographic review of women in the fishery, in order to identify the academic
studies that problematize the inequalities caused by the gender bias in the work
scope.
Keywords: Woman. Artisanal fishing. Genre. Job.
The Group:
From left to right: Cibele Silveira; Adriana Eidt; Adriana Abreu; Luceni Hellebrandt; Maria
Aparecida Souza Couto; Maria Helena Santana Cruz; Suzana Mary de Andrade
Nunes; Melina Chiba Galvão; Maria do Rosário de Fátima Andrade Leitão; Ivan
Costa Lima; Suelen Ribeiro de Souza; Estêfano Ribeiro; Carmen Pedroza.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Maria do Rosário de Fátima Andrade Leitão; Ivan Costa Lima; Suelen Ribeiro de Souza
  • Melina Chiba Galvão
Melina Chiba Galvão; Maria do Rosário de Fátima Andrade Leitão; Ivan Costa Lima; Suelen Ribeiro de Souza; Estêfano Ribeiro;