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Entrepreneurial Neighbourhoods. Towards an Understanding of the Economies of Neighbourhoods and Communities



Despite the growing evidence on the importance of the neighbourhood, entrepreneurship studies have largely neglected the role of neighbourhoods. This book addresses the nexus between entrepreneurship, neighbourhoods and communities, confirming not only the importance of ‘the local’ in entrepreneurship, but also filling huge gaps in the knowledge base regarding this tripartite relationship. Interdisciplinary chapters explore the importance of the neighbourhood and local social networks for individual entrepreneurs, highlighting the importance of ‘the local’ in entrepreneurship across several countries. Considering entrepreneurship as a community-based, rather than individual, effort, key contributions explore how entrepreneurship can influence neighbourhoods and communities, in particular through entrepreneurial actions of residents joining forces. The book critically examines the ways in which entrepreneurship can benefit, shape and transform neighbourhoods, particularly those areas affected by social deprivation and poverty. Finally, it outlines a research agenda to further extend the scientific and policy-relevant knowledge on the relationships between entrepreneurship, neighbourhoods and communities. As a response to the international call for an interdisciplinary approach to entrepreneurship research and neighbourhood and community studies, this book will engage scholars and researchers from entrepreneurship studies, urban geography, housing studies, political studies, sociology and urban planning.
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Entrepreneurial Neighbourhoods
Towards an Understanding of the Economies of
Neighbourhoods and Communities
Entrepreneurship, Space and Place series
Edited by Maarten van Ham, Professor, Faculty of Architecture and the
Built Environment, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands and
University of St Andrews, UK, Darja Reuschke, Department of
Geography and Environment, University of Southampton, UK, Reinout
Kleinhans, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft
University of Technology, the Netherlands, Colin Mason, Professor of
Entrepreneurship, Adam Smith Business School, University of Glasgow
and Stephen Syrett, Professor of Local Economic Development, Centre for Enterprise and
Economic Development Research, Middlesex University, UK
Despite the growing evidence on the importance of the neighbourhood, entrepreneurship studies
have largely neglected the role of neighbourhoods. This book addresses the nexus between
entrepreneurship, neighbourhoods and communities, confirming not only the importance of ‘the
local’ in entrepreneurship, but also filling huge gaps in the knowledge base regarding this tripartite
‘A timely and highly relevant contribution. Congratulations are due to the editors and contributing
authors for producing such a valuable work.’
– Léo-Paul Dana, Princeton University, US
‘This is a comprehensive and ground-breaking volume on the complex relationships between
enterprise, community and neighbourhood. The editors have succeeded in bringing together a
wide variety of scholars who are at the cutting edge of research and theorising in this field. The
book presents new and significant research findings and throws important new light on the
contribution of entrepreneurship to community development at a local level.’
– Peter Somerville, University of Lincoln, UK
‘Recently, entrepreneurship research has turned its attention to the ‘local’: the neighbourhoods and
communities where entrepreneurship happens. Thus, this volume is very timely and adds much to
that discussion. I very much enjoyed reading it. Its appeal is the broad range of empirical and
theoretical insights into entrepreneurial neighbourhoods. The editors have done a great job in
assembling such knowledgeable contributors who outline the different facets of entrepreneurial
neighbourhoods. All in all, a book to be recommended to scholars and policy-makers alike who are
interested in the impact of place on entrepreneurship and how entrepreneurs (can) change place.’
– Friederike Welter, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn, and University of Siegen,
‘This engaging edited collection offers new insights about entrepreneurship in the context of
neighbourhoods and communities. The book brings together contributions from different
disciplinary and theoretical perspectives to understand this often overlooked local context of
entrepreneurial activity, and sets out the foundations for new research agendas.’
– Tim Vorley, University of Sheffield, UK
‘This collection is a timely contribution to an important area of merging discourse in the fields of
entrepreneurship and neighbourhood studies. The editors have synthesised some wonderful work
from an interdisciplinary perspective investigating the neglected role of community,
neighbourhoods and local social networks for entrepreneurship. The concept of community is
explored through a particular focus upon community-based social enterprises and their relationship
with wider economic and political trends. A valuable, stimulating and exciting book.’
– Gerard McElwee, University of Huddersfield, UK
2017 336 pp Hardback 9781785367236 £95.00 £85.50 $145.00 $130.50
Elgaronline 9781785367243
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... According to Van Ham et al. (2017), the philosophy behind the formation of coworking spaces is to create a platform for three types of workers: independent professionals, entrepreneurs, and teleworkers. Entrepreneurs and selfemployed people are keen to work in coworking spaces since these locations are known for their creative and innovative atmosphere. ...
... Against the backdrop of various factors, which may influence entrepreneurship's development dynamics and directions, the geographical (spatial) location, in particular inter-regional and intra-regional proximity, are strongly linked to local specificities (Torre and Wallet, 2014;van Ham et al., 2017). Such proximity, especially in the case of regions and local communities, which largely differ in terms of economic development, may be a factor stimulating entrepreneurship development in less developed regions. ...
... Urban settings provide an ideal environment to satisfy such conditions [8,9]. This paper takes a careful look at the local context of new establishments [10] by examining the extent to which neighborhood conditions contribute to attracting businesses. Recent literature explores microlevel determinants and attempts to measure the geographic scope of technology spillovers by analyzing spatial clusters of venture capital investment [11], knowledge-intensive start-ups [12], research universities [13], and high-growth firms [14]. ...
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With the continuing shift toward e-commerce, physical business locations with a brick-and-mortar presence become an endangered element of urban fabric, land use, and the local economy. City governments and local municipalities have created and implemented a variety of strategies and incentives to stimulate new business activity within their jurisdictions. A policy of enhancing the business climate is productive in some regions but not in others. To understand these variations in outcomes, this research focuses on examining the relationship between the uniqueness of certain regions, spatially bounded characteristics, and how both affect where new establishments locate. A two-level model is introduced to employ the census tract as a spatial unit of analysis and analyzes new establishments within 27 medium-sized metropolitan statistical areas in the United States. That quantitative model allows this study to determine key regional and neighborhood factors, as well as the existence of previously unmeasured factors, influencing location decisions of new establishments. The results of this study confirm the importance of economic, demographic, and geographic conditions at the neighborhood level, providing a better understanding of the vulnerability of the local economy.
... To date, there are numerous studies from different parts of the world that highlight the inventive and creative agency of entrepreneurs dealing with what are often turbulent, hostile and resource-constrained institutional contexts. Table 1 Other edited volumes analyze entrepreneurship in specific spatial contexts (e.g., Mason et al. 2015; Van Ham et al. 2017) or focus on the intersections between socio-cultural contexts and factors such as gender in shaping entrepreneurship (Yousafzai et al. 2018). Such volumes together depict an increasingly differentiated understanding of the complexities of contextualizing entrepreneurship theories and empirical research. ...
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The need to contextualize research in entrepreneurship has become an important theme during the last decade. In this monograph we position the increasing prominence of "contextual entrepreneurship" research as part of a broader scholarly wave that has previously washed across other fields. The challenges and promises we face as this wave carries us forward are similar in many ways to the challenges faced by researchers in other fields. Based on a review of the current context debate among entrepreneurship scholars and a selective review of other disciplines, we outline and discuss issues in theorizing, operationalising and empirically studying contexts in entrepreneurship research. Researchers have made rapid and substantial - though uneven - progress in contextualizing their work. Unsurprisingly, there is healthy disagreement over what it means to contextualize research and how it should be done, which we see as expressions of competing implicit theories of context. We argue that no overarching theory of what context is or what it means is likely to be very successful. Instead, we suggest briefly that it may be useful to adopt and develop what we label a "critical processapproach" to contextualizing entrepreneurship research.
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Economic policies tend to downplay social and community considerations in favour of market-led and business-focussed support. The COVID-19 pandemic underscored the need for greater and deeper social cohesion and local social support networks while highlighting that an overreliance on market forces can create social problems at times of need. Community businesses (CBs) are not for profit organisations that provide services and produce goods where the profit (or surplus) is reinvested back into that community. This article explores why CBs in England responded in a variety of ways to the COVID-19 pandemic, assesses what government policy did to help and hinder their place-based operations, and explores the observed socioeconomics of their age-related volunteer staff churn. Some CBs were ravaged by the consequences of the pandemic and associated government policies with many becoming unsustainable, while others evolved and augmented their support for and services to their communities, thereby enhancing their community’s resilience. We highlight how adjustments to government policies could enhance the sustainability of CBs, making them and the communities they serve more resilient.
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Looking at different European case studies, this special section aims to investigate how and why national and local agendas have embedded community entrepreneurship practices in urban development strategies and which outcomes they have experienced. The twofold objective is to question: (1) the policy rationales behind community entrepreneurship agendas, factors and tools that have promoted entrepreneurial initiatives in urban contexts and how these have determined social and economic developments; (2) new theoretical frameworks able to improve the understanding of community engagement practices and outcomes, bridging the knowledge gap on the relationships between entrepreneurship, citizen participation, and possible urban development agendas.
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The social economy constitutes a range of organisations that have a core social mission, different levels of participative and democratic control by members, and use financial surpluses or profits primarily to achieve their social missions. This research examined the actual and potential roles of the social economy in bringing about inclusive groth that generates more and better jobs in UK cities, particularly for people who are either in or at risk of poverty. Publication available from JRF website:
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.