Table 1.2 A Non-Exhaustive List of Tourism Destination Categories
Adventure Tourism may include active holidays, such as winter sports which are commonly associated
with rural sites. Mountain resorts have often been developed to attract winter sports enthusiasts.
Culinary tourism or food tourism involves the exploration of food. This aspect of a destination may be
considered as a vital component of the tourism experience. Very often, tourists will dine in local restaurants
when they are on holiday. Various types of restaurant fall into several industry classifications based upon
menu style, preparation methods and pricing. Additionally, how the food is served to the customer helps to
determine this classification.
Cultural Tourism (or culture tourism) is concerned with the traveller's engagement with a country or
region's culture. Tourists travel to learn about the lifestyle of other people. They may be interested in their
history, art, architecture, religion(s), and other elements that helped them shape their way of life.
Ecotourism is a form of tourism that is related to the responsible tourism to natural areas. Its focus is on the
conservation of the environment, including flora and fauna. At the same time, it is intended to improve the
well-being of the local people as it characterised by its low-impact, small-scale tourism (rather than mass
tourism, which is more commercial).
Educational Tourism: This may involve those tourists who travel to a destination for educational purposes.
Very often, many students pursue specialised courses to learn foreign language(s) in tourist destinations.
Health Tourism may be offered by resorts and spas. They may be based in rural, seaside or urban areas.
Medical tourism involves those people who are travelling to obtain medical treatment in a different country.
In the past, this term may have referred to those who travelled from less-developed countries to major
medical centres that may be situated in highly developed countries (for treatments which may be unavailable
in the tourists’ home country).
MICE: Meetings, incentives, conferences and exhibitions (or meetings, incentives, conferences, and Events)
is a type of business tourism involving large groups of travellers who are brought together for a particular
purpose. Their itineraries are usually planned well in advance.
Religious tourism is a type of tourism, where tourists may travel individually or in groups for pilgrimage,
missionary, or leisure (fellowship) purposes.
Rural Tourism includes lakes and mountain tourism, but may also comprise countryside touring, agri-
tourism products, such as farm holidays, fruit picking, gardens, visits and stays in rural retreats, river and
canal holidays, wild life parks and national parks, et cetera;
Seaside Tourism includes seaside resorts, natural beaches, rental of boats and jet ski, fishing itineraries,
coastal footpaths, scuba diving, et cetera;
Sports tourism refers to travel which involves either observing or participating in sporting events.
Urban Tourism includes visits to cities, towns, capitals and the like.
Wine tourism refers to tourism that is related to wine tasting, consumption or purchase of wine. Wine
tourism can consist of visits to wineries, vineyards and restaurants that are usually known for their unique
vintages, as well as for their organised wine tours, wine festivals or other special events.