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Environmental fiscal policy and other instruments for sustainable and efficient municipal solid waste management: a comparative study of Belgium and Bulgaria

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Abstract

The paper elaborates on various policy instruments for sustainable and efficient household waste management applied in Belgium and Bulgaria. Moreover, our aim is to find out which are the successful factors for effective implementation of important policy instruments that lead to more efficient and sustainable household waste management. To achieve this aim, we compared how the policy instruments for sustainable and efficient household waste management are implemented in Bulgaria and in Belgium. We have chosen these two countries due to one key reason. Bulgaria is amongst the least efficient countries in sustainable municipal solid waste (MSW) management in European Union (EU) as opposed to Belgium, which is amongst the most efficient countries in sustainable MSW management in EU. To collect proper information for our study, we conducted an explorative research in Belgium and in Bulgaria. We found out different obstacles for the successful implementation of some policy instruments in Bulgaria as opposed to Belgium where these obstacles are absent and the policy instruments achieve big results in efficient and sustainable MSW management. As a result of that, we outputted nine success factors for effective use of policy instruments that play an important part in more efficient and sustainable household waste management.

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Arif Quaid-i-Azam University
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M. Zaman M. Arif Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan