Conference PaperPDF Available

The Hermitage of Sant’Alberto in Butrio: Methodologies of Integrated Survey Between Tradition and Digital Innovation

Authors:

Abstract and Figures

Architectural representation today is experiencing processes of evolution ever more incipient, moving from the practices of measurement tradition, conducted with direct instrumentation, to advanced three-dimensional modeling methodologies that digitize the acquired data in virtual environments. The new generations of documentation protocols represent a continuous field of development where however the tradition of survey continues to emerge as a theoretical foundation of the discipline and essential operational methodology of integration to technological limitations of advanced equipment such as laser scanners and Structure from Motion (SfM) processes.
Content may be subject to copyright.
Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Putting Tradition
into Practice:
Heritage, Place and
Design
Giuseppe Amoruso Editor
Proceedings of 5th INTBAU International
Annual Event
Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering
Volume 3
Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering (LNCE) publishes the latest developments
inCivil Engineering - quickly, informally and in top quality. Though original
researchreported in proceedings and post-proceedings represents the core of LNCE,
editedvolumes of exceptionally high quality and interest may also be considered
forpublication. Volumes published in LNCE embrace all aspects and subelds of,
aswell as new challenges in, Civil Engineering. Topics in the series include:
Construction and Structural Mechanics
Building Materials
Concrete, Steel and Timber Structures
Geotechnical Engineering
Earthquake Engineering
Coastal Engineering
Hydraulics, Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering
Environmental Engineering and Sustainability
Structural Health and Monitoring
Surveying and Geographical Information Systems
Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC)
Transportation and Trafc
Risk Analysis
Safety and Security
More information about this series at http://www.springer.com/series/15087
Giuseppe Amoruso
Editor
Putting Tradition
into Practice:
Heritage, Place
and Design
Proceedings of 5th INTBAU International
Annual Event
123
Editor
Giuseppe Amoruso
Design
Politecnico di Milano
Milan
Italy
ISSN 2366-2557 ISSN 2366-2565 (electronic)
Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering
ISBN 978-3-319-57936-8 ISBN 978-3-319-57937-5 (eBook)
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-57937-5
Library of Congress Control Number: 2017943072
©Springer International Publishing AG 2018
This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part
of the material is concerned, specically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations,
recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microlms or in any other physical way, and transmission
or information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar
methodology now known or hereafter developed.
The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, service marks, etc. in this
publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specic statement, that such names are exempt from
the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use.
The publisher, the authors and the editors are safe to assume that the advice and information in this
book are believed to be true and accurate at the date of publication. Neither the publisher nor the
authors or the editors give a warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein or
for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The publisher remains neutral with regard to
jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional afliations.
Printed on acid-free paper
This Springer imprint is published by Springer Nature
The registered company is Springer International Publishing AG
The registered company address is: Gewerbestrasse 11, 6330 Cham, Switzerland
Organization
Partnered by
Soprintendenza Archeologia, Belle Arti e Paesaggio per la cittàmetropolitana di
Milano
Politecnico di Milano Scuola del Design, Dipartimento di Design
With the Patronage of
U.I.D. Unione Italiana del Disegno
Agenzia Italiana per la Cooperazione allo Sviluppo
Commissione Nazionale Italiana per lUNESCO
Scientic Coordinator
Giuseppe Amoruso Politecnico di Milano
Program Committee and Reviewers
Robert Adam INTBAU UK, Adam Architecture, London
Giuseppe Amoruso Politecnico di Milano, INTBAU Italia
Pablo Álvarez Funes Universidad del País Vasco, Intbau Spain
Anna Anzani Politecnico di Milano
Paolo Belardi Universitàdegli Studi di Perugia
Carlo Berizzi Universitàdegli Studi di Pavia
Fabio Bianconi Universitàdegli Studi di Perugia
xxxvii
Mario Bisson Politecnico di Milano
Cristina Boeri Politecnico di Milano
Cecilia Bolognesi Politecnico di Milano
Fausto Brevi Politecnico di Milano
Stefano Brusaporci Universitàdegli Studi dellAquila
Pedro-Manuel
Cabezos Bernal
Universidad Politécnica de Valencia
Marco Canciani Universitàdi Roma Tre
Vito Cardone President Unione Italiana del Disegno, Università
degli Studi di Salerno
Mario Centofanti Vice President Unione Italiana del Disegno,
Universitàdegli Studi di LAquila
Luisa Collina Politecnico di Milano
Luciano Crespi Politecnico di Milano
Claudio DAmato Guerrieri Politecnico di Bari
Claudine Déom Universitéde Montréal
Roberto Depaolis Politecnico di Milano
Özgür Dinçyürek Eastern Mediterranean University Famagusta,
INTBAU Cyprus
Francesco Di Paola Universitàdegli Studi di Palermo
Richard Economakis University of Notre Dame
Audun Engh INTBAU Scandinavia
Ruth Equipaje INTBAU Philippines
Giuseppe Fallacara Politecnico di Bari
Davide Fassi Politecnico di Milano
Francesca Fatta Universitàdegli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio
Calabria
Marco Filippucci Universitàdegli Studi di Perugia
Marco Gaiani Universitàdi Bologna
Ángela García Codoñer Universidad Politécnica de Valencia
Alejandro Garcia Hermida Universidad Alfonso X el Sabio de Madrid
Paolo Giandebiaggi Universitàdi Parma
Gaetano Ginex Universitàdegli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio
Calabria
Luca Guardigli Universitàdi Bologna
Belén Hermida Universidad CEU San Pablo
Tomasz Jeleński Cracow University of Technology,
INTBAU Polska
Mohammad Arif Kamal Aligarh Muslim University
Massimiliano Loturco Politecnico di Torino
Joaquin Angel
Martinez Moya
Universitat Jaume I
Pietro Marani Politecnico di Milano
Ettore Mazzola University of Notre Dame
Anna Mazzolini Aarhus University
xxxviii Organization
Michael Mehaffy INTBAU USA
Giampiero Mele Universitàdegli Studi E-Campus
Guglielmo Minervino Universitàdegli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio
Calabria
Michele Morana Agenzia italiana per la cooperazione allo sviluppo
Marco Muscogiuri Politecnico di Milano
Pablo Navarro-Esteve Universidad Politécnica de Valencia
Ubaldo Occhinegro Politecnico di Bari
Daniela Oreni Politecnico di Milano
Jose Carlos Palacios Gonzalo Universidad Politecnica de Madrid
Elisabetta Pallottino Universitàdi Roma Tre
Leonardo Paris Universitàdi Roma La Sapienza
Marianna Pasetto Politecnico di Milano
Frida Pashako Epoka University of Tirana
Julio Cesar Perez INTBAU Cuba
Silvia Piardi Politecnico di Milano
Giovanna Piccinno Politecnico di Milano
JosèPinto Duarte ISCTE-IUL-Lisbon
Valentina Pica Red para el Reuso Social del Patrimonio Histórico
Sergio Porta University of Strathclyde
Deependra Prashad Intbau India
Fausto Pugnaloni UniversitàPolitecnica delle Marche
Paola Puma Universitàdegli Studi di Firenze
Savita Raje School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal
Antonella Ranaldi Soprintendenza Archeologia, Belle Arti e
Paesaggio per la cittàmetropolitana di Milano
Ernest Redondo Dominguez Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Ombretta Romice University of Strathclyde
Andrea Rolando Politecnico di Milano
Michela Rossi Politecnico di Milano
Michele Russo Universitàdi Roma La Sapienza
Alireza Sagharchi Stanhopegate Architecture, London
Rossella Salerno Politecnico di Milano
Alberto Sdegno Universitàdi Trieste
Giovanna Spadafora Universitàdi Roma Tre
Lucien Steil University of Notre Dame
JoséAntonio Franco Taboada Universidade A Coruña
Gabriele Tagliaventi Universitàdegli Studi di Ferrara
Lucia Toniolo Politecnico di Milano
Ana Torres Barchino Universidad Politécnica de Valencia
Raffaella Trocchianesi Politecnico di Milano
Vera Viana Aproged, Alto Douro University
Organization xxxix
Antonella Violano Universitàdella Campania
Aura Woodward Fundatia Printul de Wales Romania
João Pedro Xavier FAUP Porto
Samir Younés University of Notre Dame
Luca Zavagno Bilkent University Ankara
xl Organization
Contents
Putting Tradition into Practice
Enhancing Not-Outstanding Cultural Landscapes
in a European Perspective: A Challenge for Digitization ............. 3
Rossella Salerno
New Science, New ArchitectureNew Urban Agenda? ............. 9
Michael W. Mehaffy
How to Imbue Practice with Tradition ........................... 22
Alireza Sagharchi
The Organic Reconstruction of the City 2.0 Keep It Simple .......... 31
Gabriele Tagliaventi
Building for the Future, Following a Disaster
True, False or Ordered? Some Architectures to Think
About Reconstruction ......................................... 45
Luca Guardigli and Andrea Guidotti
The Environmental, Social and Economic Impacts
of the Reconstruction Plan in Onna.............................. 55
Wittfrida Mitterer
Developing Tradition: A Case of Heritage Foundation of Pakistan......... 61
Manalee Nanavati
Survey and Earthquake: The Case of Visso ....................... 70
Enrica Pieragostini and Salvatore Santuccio
Methodology of Analysis and Virtual Recomposition:
The Case of Retrosi, Amatrice .................................. 75
Marco Canciani, Giovanna Spadafora, Laura Farroni,
Matteo Flavio Mancini, Silvia Rinalduzzi, and Mauro Saccone
xli
The Architectural Heritage in Seismic Area: Geometrical Survey
for Damage Analysis and Strenghtening Design .................... 84
Giuliana Cardani and Paola Belluco
Project Design WithinSurvey. A Model of Action for Smaller
Historic Centres Struck by Earthquakes .......................... 94
Alessandro Luigini
The Reconstruction of LAquila: A New Role of Ancient Walls ....... 105
Donato Di Ludovico, Quirino Crosta, and Pierluigi Properzi
Design as a Tool for Bringing New Life to the Historic Centre
of LAquila ................................................. 115
Luca Guerrini
Hydrogeological and Seismic Risk Mitigation Interventions.
Interplay with the Existing Buildings and the Territory ............. 125
Gianluca Paggi and Davide Sormani
Learning Through Drawing
Architectural Representation in the Spanish Renaissance:
Some Examples from the City of Lugo ........................... 137
JosèAntonio Franco Taboada and Ana E. Goy Diz
From the Ruin to the Temple, Passing by the Butchers.
A Reconstitution of the Temple of Diana in Evora, Based
on Literary and Iconographic Sources ........................... 147
Mariana Martins De Carvalho
Use of Digital Collections as a Source of Architectural Treatises:
Old Sources for the New Classical Architect....................... 160
Pablo Alvarez Funes
Represent and Enhance the Historical and Architectural Heritage:
The Trident of Rome Between Tradition and Innovation ............ 172
Daniele Calisi and Maria Grazia Cianci
Francesco Valentis Restoration Design of Santissima Annunziata
of Catalans Church in Messina. A Walkthrough Among Survey
and Graphic Representation.................................... 181
Adriana Arena
Notes on Historical Maps of Abruzzo:
From Itineraria Picta to Maps .................................. 191
Alessia Maiolatesi
A Critical Redrawing of the Tables Signed by Carlo Vanvitelli
for the Construction of Villa Comunale in Naples .................. 201
Carla Mottola
xlii Contents
The Camillo Boito Historical Heritage Photo Collection
as an Iconographical Fund for the National Stile................. 211
Federico Alberto Brunetti
Researches on Architectural Heritage Drawing Between Italy
and Slovenia: The Antonio Lasciacs Villa ........................ 217
Paola Cochelli, Alberto Sdegno, and Diego Kuzmin
Rethinking Salerno After the 1954 Flood: The Arrival of Plinio
Marconi in the City .......................................... 227
Simona Talenti
Gustavo Giovannoni: The Complete Architect ..................... 234
Steven W. Semes
Between Tradition and Experimentation. The Balilla House
in Teramo by Enrico Del Debbio ................................ 246
Stefano Brusaporci and Serena Troiano
Learning Through Discovery: Different Techniques to Represent
the Forgotten Cultural Heritage. Knowing Cervias Colonia Varese
Across Historical Analysis and Contemporary Design ............... 256
Fiamma Colette Invernizzi
The Renewal of the City of LAquila: The INA Palace
by Vittorio Morpurgo ......................................... 266
Pamela Maiezza
Designs by Louis de Soissons for the Commonwealth War Cemetery
in Cassino .................................................. 275
Arturo Gallozzi and Marcello Zordan
Valorisation Experience Process for Raising Awareness of the Eastern
Modernist Architecture Towards Layperson Audience .............. 285
Bogdan Stojanovic, Davide Spallazzo, and Raffaella Trocchianesi
Past Visions, Future Memories: The Drawings of William
Hardy Wilson ............................................... 292
Yvette Putra
Sala Della Vigna at Belriguardo. A Polyphony of Proportions
That the Renaissance Mind Comprehended and the Renaissance Eye
was Able to See .............................................. 303
Sergio Cariani
The Crociera Room of Villa Barbaro in Maser. Perspective Restitution
of Architectural Frescoes ...................................... 312
Alberto Sdegno, Silvia Masserano, and Veronica Riavis
Contents xliii
The Relationship Between Real and Illusory Architecture: Survey
and Analysis of the Ex-refectory of Orsolines Convent in Rome ...... 322
Francesca Porri and Gaia Lisa Tacchi
Architectural Perspective in Two Seventeenth-Century
Galleries in Genoa............................................ 331
Cristina Càndito
Drawing as a Guide. Observing the Roman Seashore ............... 342
Emanuela Chiavoni
Developing Knowledge of Heritage
3D Surveys and Virtual Explorations in the Places of Remembrance:
The Chapel of Monte dei Poveri in Naples ........................ 353
Antonella Di Luggo
Some Reections on the Non-constructible Polygon in Santa Maria
Novella, Florence............................................. 362
Albert Samper, Pau Carazo, and Blas Herrera
Formal Innovations in Two Sixteenth-Century Helicoidal Staircases
of Vignola and Mascarino ..................................... 371
Leonardo Paris
Baroque Topologies: Novel Approaches to Analysis and
Representation of the Baroque Interior in the Era of Big Data ....... 381
Andrew Saunders
Heritage and Places: Rediscovering and Enhancing Cultural Identities
Lost Under 1669 Mount Etna Lava Flow ......................... 392
Cettina Santagati
Survey for Knowledge and Communication of the Architectural
Heritage: Case Study Rocca di Codiponte ........................ 402
Chiara Vernizzi
The Survey Drawing as a Tool of Knowledge:
The Case of Casamari Abbey in Veroli ........................... 412
Marco Canciani, Manuela Michelini, and Alice Scortecci
The Piazza Duomo of Acireale: Signicance and Representation ...... 421
Giuseppe Di Gregorio and Francesca Condorelli
The Theme of the Kasbah in Islamic Mediterranean Architecture.
Settlements Along DraâValley, Morocco ......................... 431
Chiara Pietropaolo
xliv Contents
The Survey of Vernacular Architecture: Casa Grandeth ............. 441
Massimo Leserri, Juan Pablo Olmos Lorduy, Horacio Elias Castillo Ayazo,
and Maria Alejandra Castillo Sarmiento
Photo-Modeling for the Documentation of the Restoration Site.
The Church of the Complex of the Ospedale dello Spirito Santo
in Lecce .................................................... 449
Giovanna Cacudi and Gabriele Rossi
The Hermitage of SantAlberto in Butrio: Methodologies of Integrated
Survey Between Tradition and Digital Innovation .................. 458
Pietro Becherini and Raffaella De Marco
Pinnettas: Traditional ShepherdsHuts of Sardinia. Geometry,
Shape and Materials .......................................... 467
Andrea Pirinu
The Technologies of Architectural Survey: A New Comparison
Based on the Tower of Sotillo de la Ribera, Burgos................. 475
Sara Morena, Salvatore Barba, Elena Gómez Merino,
and JoséIgnacio Sánchez Rivera
The Territories of Samarcanda Manuscript.
A Draft of the Crusaders Krak Knights Representation in Syria.
AModelfor Future Memory ................................. 485
Gaetano Ginex
The Scuola Ofcina Meccanica in Villaggio Monte Degli Ulivi in Riesi.
Reading and Analysis Through Surveying ........................ 496
Francesco Di Paola and Cinzia De Luca
The Digital Documentation of the Florentine Complex of Santa
Maria Maddalena DePazzi.................................... 508
Matteo Bigongiari
Religiuos Festivals Machines as Transition from Popular Culture
Towards Industrial Design: Construction and Interpretation
of the Giglio of Barra and Nola in Southern Italy .................. 516
Alfonso Morone
An Integrated Programme for the Conservation and Valorisation
of the Tower of Frederick in Enna .............................. 526
Alessio Cardaci and Antonella Versaci
Survey of Comfort and Cityscape: Methodological Considerations
for the Denition of a Graphic Code and Related
Experimental Applications ..................................... 537
Giorgio Garzino, Maurizio Marco Bocconcino, and Vincenzo Donato
Contents xlv
A Development Project for the United Nations. The Digital Survey
for the Planning of East Jerusalem .............................. 551
Sandro Parrinello
Urban Regeneration of the Old Town Centre of Bari:
A Holistic Approach .......................................... 560
Michele Ragone and Cecilia Surace
Communicating Through Digital Tools
A Virtual Museum for Appreciating Pescaras Cultural Heritage...... 571
Pasquale Tunzi
Exploring the City. Valorisation of Culture Through Situated
and Informal Learning ........................................ 579
Mauro Ceconello and Davide Spallazzo
Visual Devices for Representing, Communicating
and Promoting the City ....................................... 587
Elena Ippoliti
Design Strategies for Cultural Heritage: Innovating Tradition
Within Museums ............................................. 595
Eleonora Lupo and Giovanna Vitale
Digital Interactive Mollino. A Collection of 3D Models
from Carlo Mollinos Design Drawings ........................... 607
Roberta Spallone and Francesco Carota
Enacting the Genius Loci of the Place Through a Digital Storyteller.
Reections from an Interactive Exhibit ........................... 618
Davide Spallazzo and Mauro Ceconello
Communicating Heritage Through Intertwining Theory
and Studio Based Course in Architectural Education ............... 626
Renata Jadresin Milic and Ana Nikezic
3D Printing in Presentation Architecture Projects .................. 636
Mercedes Valiente López, M. Carmen Sanz Contreras,
and J. Ramon Osanz Díaz
Designing the Ideal City of Aristotles Thought .................... 645
Carlo Berizzi and Cesare Zizza
Hypothesis of Reconstruction of Ancient Cities Through 3D Printing:
The Case-Study of Thurii ...................................... 654
Serena Andrea Brioschi and Salvatore Dario Marino
Physical Scale Models as Diffusion Tools of Disappeared Heritage ..... 662
Joaquín A. Martínez-Moya, Jaume Gual-Ortí, and M. JesúsMáñez-Pitarch
xlvi Contents
The Classical Theatre and the Material Culture.
The Example of Liparis Masks................................. 671
Francesca Fatta and Andrea Marraffa
From Tradition to Practice: Bringing Up-to-Date the Holistic
Approach of the Masters of the Past Through Digital Tools .......... 682
Massimiliano Lo Turco
ICT to Communicate, Represent and Enhance
an Archaeological Area ....................................... 692
Tommaso Empler
The Last Supper Interactive Project. The Illusion of Reality:
Perspective and Perception..................................... 703
Franz Fischnaller
Saturnia Museum: The Architectural Survey for the Urban Museum
and Enhancement of the Historic Centre ......................... 715
Paola Puma
Photography and Video for a Representation of the Intangible
Cultural Heritage of Abruzzo .................................. 727
Antonella Salucci and Giuseppe Marino
Intangible Perspectives on Tangible Heritage.
A New Way of Understanding and Communicating Architecture:
The Case of Francesco Clericis Works........................... 737
Camilla Casonato
Intangible Cultural Heritage: Poetics of the Ephemeral
in the Land of Abruzzo ....................................... 746
Maurizio Unali
The Use of Remote Monitored Mobile Tools for the Survey
of Architectural and Archaeological Heritage ...................... 756
Michela Cigola, Arturo Gallozzi, Luca J. Senatore,
and Roberto Di Maccio
Developing Place Identity
Developing Semantic Models for the Historic Urban
Landscape Regeneration....................................... 769
Giuseppe Amoruso
Exploratory Catalog of Architectures and Rural Micro-Architectures
in the National Park of Cilento ................................. 778
Antonella Ranaldi
Inclusive Placemaking: Building Future on Local Heritage ........... 783
Tomasz Jeleński
Contents xlvii
Representation of Enjoyment in Ecomuseums. Analysis
for Creative Placemaking ...................................... 794
Cecilia Bolognesi
Coding for Community........................................ 802
Christopher C. Miller
Viewsheds and Cultural Landscape. A Geometrical Approach
to Visual Spatial Analysis ...................................... 811
Matteo Flavio Mancini and Giovanna Spadafora
Different Matrixes of Sicilian Landscapes in Le Cento CittàdItalia.
Social Identity, Cultural Landscape and Collective Consciousness
In-Between Texts and Images .................................. 823
Martino Pavignano and Ursula Zich
The Urban Landscape and Its Social Representation. A Cognitive
Research Approach to Rethinking Historical Cultural Identities ...... 834
Letizia Bollini
Lookouts as a Tool for the Valorisation of Urban Landscape.
The Case Study of Madrid ..................................... 843
Eva J. Rodríguez Romero, Carlota Sáenz De Tejada Granados,
and Rocío Santo-Tomás Muro
Ancient Residences and Vineyards in the Park of the Turin Hills ..... 852
Nadia Fabris
Metamorphosis: Restoring the Manila Metropolitan Theatre
in the Urban Imagination and Collective Memory .................. 860
Gerard Lico and Timothy Augustus Ong
Representing Place, Branding Place. Designing Place Identity
Enhancing the Cultural Heritage ................................ 878
Enrico Cicalò
Environmental Graphics as Atmospheres Generators ............... 888
Fabio Candido
Representation Tools for Pedestrian and Cyclistic Fruition
of Urban Area ............................................... 893
Marco Carpiceci and Michele Russo
Signs and Structures of OltrepòPavese: Summary for the Graphic
Representation of the Traditional Cityscape ....................... 904
Francesca Picchio and Anna DellAmico
Strategic Design for the Enhancement of Cultural Itineraries and
Related Territories. Via Regina: A European Cultural Itinerary ........ 914
Roberto de Paolis
xlviii Contents
Exploring the Landscape Through Drawings, with Historic Routes
and Contemporary Directions .................................. 928
Caterina Palestini
Lost Highways. Sinans Architectural and Urban Transformations
in Thrace as Traces of the Ottoman Civilization and as Possible
Cultural Landscape for the Future .............................. 938
Luca Orlandi
Drawing for the Future: Micro-cities, Villages
and Landscapes of Abruzzo .................................... 949
Giovanni Cafo
To Retrain the Urban Space and the Residence:
The Case of Porta Palazzo, Turin ............................... 957
Federica Capriolo
Cultural Landscapes with a Strong Identity: Havana ............... 965
Julio Caesar Perez Hernandez
Paradigms for the Meta-Project of a Temporary Pavilion
for Chamber Music in Sensitive Cultural Contexts ................. 975
Marianna Pasetto
The Identity Landscape in the Cataloging of Scattered
Assets in the Area of Amelia ................................... 984
Fabio Bianconi, Soa Catalucci, and Marco Filippucci
Urban and Architectural Identity, the Meaning of the Architectural
Vocabulary ................................................. 994
Enrico Bascherini
Learning from the Past: Water Heritage. Landscape Patterns
Around Parma ..................................... ......... 1001
Michela Rossi
Cremona City of Water: The River Architecture ................... 1010
Maria Teresa Feraboli
Towards the Knowledge and Conservation of Pre-industrial
Architecture in Calabria: Formal, Typological and Constructive
Features of Mills Buildings..................................... 1020
Brunella Canonaco and Francesca Bilotta
Memories of Stone Among the Water Ways: The Mills Valley
in Gragnano, Naples .......................................... 1030
Claudia Sicignano
Contents xlix
Historical Towers in the Evolution of the Image of Perugia:
Knowledge, Perception and Valorisation of the Landscape ........... 1038
Alessandra Nebiolo, Michela Meschini, and Elisa Bettollini
Built Landscape Typological Components................ ......... 1045
Mario Gallarati
History as Tradition. The Relationship with the Historical Context
in Recent Projects in Sicily................................. .... 1058
Carlo Berizzi
Jaat Architecture, Mirror of the Past and Shadow of Future ......... 1068
Monali Wankar Chakraborty and Bikramjit Chakraborty
The White Stone of South-Eastern Sicily: Urban
and Territorial Identity .................. ..................... 1078
Tiziana Firrone
Life Beyond Tourism
®
for Territories Valorisation ................. 1087
Corinna Del Bianco
Challenges for Re-use and Conservation
Adaptive Reuse of Underused Industrial Sites, Case Study:
The Superphosphate of Laç.................................... 1097
Boriana Vrusho and Frida Pashako
New into the Ancient Interventions of Architecture
on the Archaelogical Heritage of Santa Maria di Pulsano
Abbey at Monte SantAngelo ................................... 1113
Claudia Casarano
Language or Tradition? Continuity and Innovation in the Landscape
of Ticino ..... .............................................. 1123
David Mayernik
A Proposal for an Urban Regeneration Project in a Small Quarter
in Andorra La Vella .......................................... 1131
Anne Fairfax and Richard Sammons
Houses in the Cultural Landscape of the Western Black Sea Coast ........ 1138
Vladimir Popov
Methodos, Processes for the Enhancement of Cultural Heritage:
The Rehabilitation of the Minor Architecture in Liguria............. 1146
Marco Della Rocca
Study of the Phenomenon of Upper Kama Architecture:
Rehabilitation of Usolye Historic Site ............................ 1155
Kseniia Mezenina
l Contents
The Contemporary Urban Design for Living Today the Historic
Areas of the City. The Case Study of the Historic
Centre of Banyoles .................. ......................... 1164
Gaia Vicentelli
The Conques Masia Restoration Project .......................... 1173
Romolo Continenza, Ilaria Trizio, and Arianna Tanfoni
Restoration and Improvement of Rural Building Heritage:
The Trulli .................................................. 1182
Hilde Grazia Teresita Romanazzi
The Historical Buildings of Minori: A Preliminary Assessment
for the Restoration of a Unesco Site ............................. 1191
Federica Ribera and Chiara Romano
The Environmental Sustainability of the Manor Farm System ........ 1201
Valentina Adduci
Railway Transport and City Gatesin the Development of the City:
The Case of Matera .......................................... 1209
Letizia Musaio Somma
GIS Model for Morpho-Typology in Historic Preservation
and Contextual Design ............................... ......... 1218
Pedro P. Palazzo and Ana Laterza
Building According to Tradition
Restoring Traditional Architecture and Promoting Earth Building
in the Mhamid Oasis: 20122014 Campaigns ..................... 1231
Oriol Domínguez, Alejandro García Hermida, and Carmen Moreno
Traditional Earth Architecture in the Euro-Mediterranean Region.
From Conservation to Knowledge for Sustainable Use .............. 1241
Valentina Pica
The Vault in Amiens Cathedrals Transept ....................... 1253
Jose Carlos Palacios
Study of Tradition and Research of Innovative Stereotomic Bond
for Dome in Cut Stone .. ...................................... 1262
Roberta Gadaleta
Diagnosis for Preservation Design of Royal Villa of Monza
Wooden Works .............................................. 1271
Francesco Augelli
An Unusual Landscape: Technological Design for Roof ............. 1282
Antonella Violano and Antonella Della Cioppa
Contents li
The Protection of Masonry Structures for the Requalication
and Use of the Architectural Heritage:
The Historic Buildings of Lioni ............ ..................... 1293
Nicola Santopuoli, Miriam Vitale, Antonio Perretti,
and Giovanna De Filippo
The Fina: A Traditional Mediterranean Urban Design Concept
Investigated in Belmonte Calabro Village, Italy. Learning
Lessons for Contemporary Urban Policies ........................ 1303
Guglielmo Minervino and Valentino Canturi
Colour Plan of Valletti Historical Heritage in Varese Ligure ......... 1313
Alberto Boccardo, Frenchi Ginocchio, Mirco Silvano, and Nadia Silvano
Recovering Chromatic Space as a Sign of Identity
in the Historic City ........................................... 1321
Ana Torres Barchino, Jorge Llopis Verdú, and Juan Serra Lluch
Variations of Identity: Tuff as Matter of Architecture.
Shades of Light, Time and Colour.......... ..................... 1329
Antonio Conte, Maria Bruna Pisciotta, and Valentina Spataro
Vista Alegre, to Transpose Form and to Prolong Use [1] ............ 1340
Rita Filipe
Revisiting Text and Meaning
Utopia. The Design of the Ideal City ............................. 1353
Ubaldo Occhinegro
Sociologically Reframing Le Corbusier: Settler Colonialism,
Modern Architecture and UNESCO ........ ..................... 1365
Eric M. Nay
Urban Domestic Landscape. Architecture and Design of the Bourgeois
House: A Cultural Heritage of the Act of Dwelling ................. 1371
Giovanni Carli
The Ephemeral Architecturesas an Example of Play
and Re-invention in Shared Processes of Creative Knowledge ........ 1379
Massimo Schinco and Sara Schinco
Prospettiva: A Contemporary Conceptual Method ....... ......... 1388
Francesco Tosetto
A Brand Design Strategy for ArchitectsCreative Thinking:
Florestano Di Fausto - A Case Study ....... ..................... 1394
Ahmed Agiel
lii Contents
The Role of Public Space in Sustainable Urban Development ..... .... 1402
Ruth Marie I. Equipaje
Implementing the New Urban Agenda
Streets of Hope: An Urbane, Ecological Approach to Temporary
Housing for E.U. Asylum Seekers .. ............................. 1413
Richard Economakis
Living in Pemba Between Public and Private Space ... ............. 1423
Corinna Del Bianco
Codesign, Social Contracts, Environmental Citizenship.
The Case Study of Umbrian Regions Atlas of Objectives
and Lake Trasimeno Landscape Contract .................... .... 1432
Marco Filippucci and Fabio Bianconi
Carta Di Norcia 2003: Present Situation and Prospects .............. 1442
Beatrice Marucci
The Sustainable Advanced Design for Cultural Institutions .......... 1447
Nadia Campadelli
Community-Based Care for a Living Heritage. The University
Colleges of Urbino as a Case Study ..... ......................... 1455
Laura Baratin, Alice Devecchi, and Francesca Gasparetto
A Model Flexible Design for Pediatric Hospital .................... 1464
Enrico Sicignano, Luigi Petti, Giacomo Di Ruocco, and Natale Scarpitta
Designing Remains .......................... ................. 1473
Luciano Crespi, Anna Anzani, Claudia Caramel, Davide Crippa,
Barbara Di Prete, and Emilio Lonardo
Urban Sustainability in Practice: Priorities in India ................ 1483
Deependra Prashad
Regeneration and Resistance: Exclusive Manchester ............ .... 1494
Eamonn Canniffe
Representative Tools for Participatory Planning in Landscape
Heritage Evaluation .......................................... 1501
Elisa Bettollini, Michela Meschini, and Alessandra Nebiolo
University Workshops as a Way of Dissemination of Architectural
Traditions: The Case of the Tile Vault ........................... 1511
Julián García, Juan Antonio Rodríguez, and David Mencías
Contents liii
An Innovative Training Model on Creative Entrepreneurship:
Integrating Local Stakeholders with Summer Academies
to Enhance Territorial Heritage................................. 1520
Michele Melazzini, Arianna Vignati, Francesco Zurlo, and Secil Icke
The Internet of Things as an Integrated Service Platform
to Increase Value to the Agriculture Stakeholders .................. 1529
Michael John Gomes
UAV/Drones as Useful Tools in the Agricultural Production Cycle ........ 1537
Michael John Gomes
Proposal for the Urban Regeneration of the Suburban District Zen in
Palermo, Italy ............................................... 1545
Ettore Maria Mazzola
Author Index ........................... ..................... 1557
liv Contents
The Hermitage of SantAlberto in Butrio:
Methodologies of Integrated Survey Between
Tradition and Digital Innovation
Pietro Becherini
(&)
and Raffaella De Marco
DAda Lab, DICAr Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture,
University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
becherinipietro@gmail.com, raffaella.demarco@unipv.it
Abstract. Architectural representation today is experiencing processes of
evolution ever more incipient, moving from the practices of measurement tra-
dition, conducted with direct instrumentation, to advanced three-dimensional
modeling methodologies that digitize the acquired data in virtual environments.
The new generations of documentation protocols represent a continuous eld of
development where however the tradition of survey continues to emerge as a
theoretical foundation of the discipline and essential operational methodology of
integration to technological limitations of advanced equipment such as laser
scanners and Structure from Motion (SfM) processes.
Within the research laboratory DAda Labof University of Pavia, the
activities carried on the hermitage complex of SantAlberto in Butrio, Oltrepò
Pavese, highlight the relationship between tradition and practice in the archi-
tectural representative discipline through todays technological development,
both methodological and instrumental, and characterized themselves as a pilot
case to promote the enhancement of the monumental and landscape heritage of
the province of Pavia.
Keywords: Architectural survey Laser scanner Photogrammetry
Hermitage OltrepòPavese
1 Introduction
The traditional representative discipline and its expressive end, the drawing, still
conserve the characteristics of communicative practice of excellence for the expression
of morphological and structural languages typical of documentation and design anal-
ysis of architectural systems. However, they nd themselves in presence of a process of
evolution, in particular instrumental, and of technological development of digital media
and equipment that tend to replace classical representation and manual measuring
instruments. This development is evident through two distinct points of view: on the
one hand technological progress replaces direct survey instruments with a new gen-
eration of devices adapted to the digitization of measured data; in this it follows an
evolution concerning the output data format required. The development of virtual
environments has created a new class of representative elaborates that are increasingly
released from the real spatial constraints to move to n-dimensional universes, where
©Springer International Publishing AG 2018
G. Amoruso (ed.), Putting Tradition into Practice: Heritage, Place and Design,
Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering 3, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-57937-5_48
heterogeneous information contents join their graphic representational dimensions as
integral parts of documentation and analysis operations enclosed in a single virtual
consultation system.
In view of this state of research, the presence of architectural and landscape sites
belonging to Italian cultural heritage is the opportunity to experience the possibilities of
methodological integration of traditional practices by developing latest digital proce-
dures. The applied research is to dene new documentative protocols that can support
planned actions of intervention and architectural enhancement of the artistic realities
from small to large scale, especially in Lombard local context.
1.1 Case Study
OltrepòPavese area, between the border of Po valley and the beginning of Apennine
mountains, has always been a rich landscape of values and testimonies of historical and
architectural character that dene together a unique value and recognized Lombard
environment. The presence of valuable architectural complexes, civil and religious,
placed at the entrance of the valleys (valle Staffora, val Trebbia, val Tidone and the area
of La Versa) or on the top of hills and slopes, denes a network of cultural routes that
links historical and feudal events represented by the names of main local families to the
artistic and constructive current perceived between Piedmont, Lombardy and Liguria
and found in the collection of castles, forts, sanctuaries and hermitages. The main
marquisates, including Malaspina, Fortunago, Godiasco, Varzi and Pregola, reect
their complex and intricate history in small castles and fortresses located on the main
hills as outposts of the family representing the feud. Montalto, Zavattarello, Rocca de
Giorgi, Santa Maria della Versa, Cigognola, Oramala are just some of the many
architectural sites that characterise Oltrepòtogether with their networks of outposts,
generating a fundamental system of complex and fortications in the area.
The hermitage of St. Albert of Butrio is part of Lombardy history within Malaspina
family events, dening its dual nature of religious and feudal center site. The historical
transformation of the complex is well manifested in its architectural layering of
materials and facings, that from the origins of Roman castrum show the evolution of
the complex from imperial ruin (the wall facing in the base of bell tower seems to
manifest a pre-existing defensive structure of Roman era) to military fort (in VIVII
century after barbarian invasions), until being turned into monastery in XI century with
the building of the rst sacred rooms [3]. The evolving complexity of the monumental
complex and its environments (with three communicating chapels with single nave, and
the locals for the activities of monastic order), together with the historical events and
legend that characterized the hermitage (linked to the death of king Edward II Plan-
tagenet of England), convert it into an extremely varied architectural and landscape
system, where such heterogeneity translates into the need for the application of both
traditional and innovative survey tools and methodologies (Fig. 1). Such implemen-
tations are intended to gain a complete documentative database of the complex, which
is able to combine the measurement aspects and metric reliability of architectural
morphology with the classication of constructive and parietal characters and deco-
rative elements typical of masonry stratication of complex environments.
The Hermitage of SantAlberto in Butrio 459
2 Objectives
In the eld of development of new potentials in architectural survey, with an increasing
automatization of operations of collection, processing and production of data, it comes
the need to implement also methodologies and protocols in the discipline of survey.
The same will have to be integrated into a system of relations with the physical reality
characterized by the direct contact with discretized points of measurement, which
cannot always be replaced by the indirect interaction of laser and photographic beams
within complex three-dimensional volumes of study.
The project of documentation on the Hermitage of SantAlberto in Butrio, in Ponte
Nizza (PV), was conducted in 2016 within the research laboratory DAda Lab,
Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture of University of Pavia (responsible
prof. Sandro Parrinello, scientic coordinator dott. Francesca Picchio). The research has
developed a system of analysis of the monumental complex starting from the interaction
of classical discipline towards aspects of digital evolution of architectural survey. The
activities, conducted in collaboration between Research and Didactics, highlighted
through the stages of survey, production and processing of data, the reports, com-
plexities and solutions developed by the application of theoretical and operational
protocols for architectural documentation, between tradition and methodological pro-
gress. The activities conducted demonstrate the expeditious approach and the reliability
of digital scientic practices, and through the results they prove the validity of elabo-
rated graphics such as documentative basis for necessary restoration campaigns.
Fig. 1. Complex of the hermitage of St. Albert of Butrio, in Ponte Nizza (PV). The religious site
consists of different environments, developed on several levels of morphological complexity and
decomposed into spatial units for analysis. Among the main, the bell tower, the cloister with the
tomb of king Edoardo Plantagenet of England, the Church of Santa Maria with frescos of the life
of St. Albert. Photos by authors.
460 P. Becherini and R. De Marco
3 Method and Results
The survey campaign was conducted through an integrated survey protocol, with the
application of various documentation and representation methodologies chosen in
relation to the most appropriate capacity of interaction with the morphology of the
complex and to obtain the best results in terms of processing of data and research
objectives. Three main investigative systems were integrated: direct and indirect
measurements with laser scanner, and three-dimensional Structure from Motion
(SfM) reconstructions from photographic acquisition, dependent from the metric data
to the previous protocols. These models have allowed to supplement the documentation
with detailed morphological reconstructions, and with descriptive information on
materials contained in texture maps.
Environments of the complex showed a high morphological complexity, seen both
in relation to the planimetric articulation that in the development of overlapped levels
due to the historical evolution and architectural expansion. Following this analysis, the
documentation strategy has provided a decomposition of the architectural complex in
spatial units, such as the bell tower, churches, cloisters and external areas. This sub-
division has facilitated survey operations, leading them on geometrically simplied
units and setting the reunication of sectors to a second processing step: during
measuring operations, specic geometric constraints have been dened with control
points, through which a high accuracy of measurement made it possible to reconnect
environments to a single global reference system.
According to this principle of decomposition, metric survey was conducted through
the application of two measurement methods, direct manual and indirect with laser.
Laser Scanner survey (model Z + F Imager 5006 h, min distance 0.40 m, max distance
79 m, acquisition speed 500.000 points/s) has acquired data and three-dimensional
measurements by scanning workstations developed along a close polygonal, concate-
nating the interiors between them and with external environments. With the distribution
of scan operations on multiple positions, it was possible to focus on the documentation
of parietal surfaces going around obstacles and solving problems represented by
medium and tall vegetation and from disturbing elements as grilles and interior fur-
nishings. The processing of scans of three-dimensional point clouds, uniquely identi-
ed by spatial coordinates and merged in a global reference system by the alignment of
targets, has led to the denition of a digital database, arranged on 108 scanning
workstations, of quality high and super high in the connection positions, with an overall
cloud of 2.339.900.265 points (Fig. 2). This structured archive is able to provide a
rational management of acquired data, queried for research elds, and to allow a
constant implementation of information obtained in subsequent investigation cam-
paigns, to conduct complex researches and comparisons on architectural characters and
on the status of preservation of the complex.
The criteria of decomposition of environments, applied for analysis and measure-
ment, is evident in particular for the bell tower, where the small interior spaces have
prevented the investigation with laser scanner, due to the excessive proximity of walls
in relation to the minimum range of the instrument. In front of the instrumental limit,
survey operations were conducted with direct manual measurements, through
The Hermitage of SantAlberto in Butrio 461
trilaterations between points subsequently reconstructed in CAD space by the inter-
section of respective measuring spheres. These operations have enabled to identify
metric data on different fundamental plans for each level of space, and to connect them
with target points of union between different reference systems (Fig. 3).
In parallel, a photogrammetric campaign was conducted on the architectural
complex for the return of material surfaces and architectural details to supplement the
survey from laser instrumentation (Fig. 5). In addition to the surface mapping of
materials, the application of methodologies of SfM acquisition allowed to proceed with
a three-dimensional modeling of virtual environments. These 3D models, without the
reference of metric values, were necessarily integrated and scaled with metric data
acquired by measurement processes, direct and indirect with laser, and oriented in
space to overlap the point cloud into the global reference system.
At the end of this stage of processing, a nal three-dimensional digital database was
obtained, integrating all the acquisition systems and representing a documentative
archive of extreme versatility of application. Through its contents, it was possible to
make a comparison between morphologies reconstructed according to the different
methods in relation to laser survey, for a comparison of metric reliability between
products (Fig. 4); then two-dimensional graphics were extracted for the detailed
analysis of constructive and decorative elements.
The photographic campaign has proved fundamental in particular for the docu-
mentation of the internal surfaces characterized by a painted frescoed apparatus, with
the cycle of frescoes on the stories of the life of SantAlberto and the hermitage inside
Fig. 2. Laser Scanner instrumentation for metric survey of hermitage complex, in photo in the
church of Santa Maria. Through multiple scans and their subsequent registration on homologous
points, it was possible to obtain a 3D point cloud of the entire complex, which has made possible
to extract information for 2D and 3D graphics processing. Graphics and photos by authors.
462 P. Becherini and R. De Marco
Fig. 3. Direct survey applied to the bell tower. For interiors, main measuring plans have been
identied, connected between them through measurements between levels. Identied coordinates
allowed the interpretation and drawing of two-dimensional spatial geometries. Graphics by M.
Bergianti, S. Belore, O. Valz Gris.
Fig. 4. Direct survey applied to the cloister of old sacristy. The experiment evaluated the
comparison on metric accuracy between different measurement methods, highlighting (red areas)
differences in geometries obtained in particular in correspondence of edges and niches of difcult
control in direct measurement. Graphics by K.M. Benni, C. Negrini, A. Papalia. (Color gure
online)
The Hermitage of SantAlberto in Butrio 463
Fig. 5. SfM models of sculptural apparatus of hermitage. Photo modeling has enabled a reliable
representation of architectural and decorative elements, through the generation of point clouds
from colorimetric data of photographic pixels, the processing of three-dimensional mesh surfaces
with a high number of polygons in virtual space and the reconstruction of materic texture from
photo. On the left: model of sculptures of a pillar. Graphics by S. Cacciati, A. Campotaro, I. Contu.
On the right: model of the front of the cloister, detail of masonry walls. Graphics by authors.
Fig. 6. Model SfM of frescoed spans in the church of Santa Maria. The high precision of
documentation of gurative and colorimetric details has allowed to redraw the cycles of frescoes,
identifying the areas affected by degradation pathologies for which restoration intervents are
suggested. Graphics by M. Daturi, L. Frigerio, G. Montanaro.
464 P. Becherini and R. De Marco
the church of Santa Maria. In particular, SfM acquisition has guaranteed a total and
reliable coverage of colorimetric surface information, not detected by laser instru-
mentation (Fig. 6); this instrument, infact, recording surface parameters with reec-
tance values, was not able to document the gurative paintings of frescoes. Frescoes
cycles were decomposed into photographic acquisition sectors, balanced one by one for
camera parameters (diaphragm, exposure time, ISO, and white balance) due to the
special internal lighting conditions, poor of natural light and with punctual installations
of articial light. This process has been the only method possible to capture the materic
state of frescoes in order to keep the survey campaign in expeditious documentation
time, without the use of temporary support structures for lighting and professional
recovery systems, and ensuring good results in terms of denition and image reliability.
4 Conclusions
As shown by the research experiments conducted, Theory and Practice, traditional
protocols and technological evolution, instrument and operator, are presented as fun-
damental elements of integration and complementariness both in operational practices
and processed products. The integration of different measurement methodologies
represented in the case of the hermitage of SantAlberto in Butrio the optimal path for
the documentation of the heterogeneous morphological complex, if not the only pos-
sible viable protocol to ensure the reliability and complementariness of data. Similarly,
only throught a photographic acquisition it has been possible to integrate basic geo-
metrical knowledge with surface texture information, capable to dene the state of
conservation of parietal systems and to ensure their proper representation in the
direction of possible intervention and restoration campaigns.
The digitization of data in three-dimensional systems, acquired with laser scanners
and photographic equipment, represented a system of work suitable for the manage-
ment and interrogation of data. The 3D database, developed by the integration of point
cloud and SFM models, has enabled with expeditious processes to constitute a com-
plete archive of the site with non-invasive investigations, developed over a period of a
week and elaborated in post-production in few months. The extraction of
two-dimensional drawings of total coverage of the complex, usable in the technical
eld thanks to the reliability and completeness of the survey, constitute a cartographic
base necessary for the implementation of operations on site for the restoration of the
historical complex, in particular for the overlay of wall fabrics and for the frescoed
cycles affected by humidity and detachment degradation pathologies.
Three-dimensional contents elaborated include a representative potentiality that
exponentially multiplies the expressive and communicative values of drawing, pro-
viding realistic models compatible with digital and web platforms such as for imme-
diate cultural learning interfaces.
The case study analyzed represents a starting point for an action of largest archi-
tectural research, which develops a process of analysis and documentation on the
network of historical monumental sites in the province, in particular in OltrepòPavese.
In this way, local heritages are pushed towards the horizons of a virtual future of
interaction with reality, which exceeds time and geographical boundaries of
The Hermitage of SantAlberto in Butrio 465
preservation and use for itineraries of diffusion, knowledge and intervention into
safeguard views of national interest.
References
1. Azzaretti M (1994) Oltre il Po. Leremo di Alberto a Butrio, Edizioni Torchio De Ricci, Pavia
2. Scarpaglione D (1973) SantAlbertouna gemma dellOltrepò. Barbati - Orione Editore,
Tortona
3. Bertocci S, Bini M (2012) Manuale di rilievo architettonico e urbano. CittàStudi Editore,
Torino
4. De Luca L (2011) La fotomodellazione architettonica. Dario Flaccovio Editore, Palermo
5. Parrinello S, Picchio F (2013) Leremo di SantAlberto di Butrio nellOltrepòPavese.
Esperienze di analisi e spunti di ricerca. In: Bertocci S, Parrinello S, Architettura Eremitica.
Sistemi progettuali e paesaggi culturali. Quarto Convegno Internazionale di Studi, La Verna,
Settembre 2013. Edir, Firenze, p. 56
6. Parrinello S, Picchio F (2013) Dalla fotograa digitale al modello 3D dellarchitettura storica.
DisegnareCon 6(12):X1-14
7. Picchio F (2016) Scomporre e ricongurare il paesaggio urbano (Doctoral thesis). Università
di Firenze, Firenze
8. Paris L (2010) Quantitàe qualitànellutilizzo dello scanner laser 3D per il rilievo
dellarchitettura. In: X Congreso International Espresiòngràca aplicada a la edicaciòn,
Alicante, Dicembre 2010, vol. 1, p. 279. Editorial Marl, Alcoy, Spagna
9. Benedetti B Gaiani M Remondino F (a cura di) (2010) Modelli digitali 3D in archeologia il
caso di Pompei. Edizioni della Normale, Pisa
466 P. Becherini and R. De Marco
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
La fotomodellazione architettonica
  • L De Luca
  • L Luca De
De Luca L (2011) La fotomodellazione architettonica. Dario Flaccovio Editore, Palermo
Quantità e qualità nell'utilizzo dello scanner laser 3D per il rilievo dell'architettura. In: X Congreso International Espresiòn gràfica aplicada a la edificaciòn
  • L Paris
Paris L (2010) Quantità e qualità nell'utilizzo dello scanner laser 3D per il rilievo dell'architettura. In: X Congreso International Espresiòn gràfica aplicada a la edificaciòn, Alicante, Dicembre 2010, vol. 1, p. 279. Editorial Marfil, Alcoy, Spagna
Dalla fotografia digitale al modello 3D dell'architettura storica
  • S Parrinello
  • F Picchio
Parrinello S, Picchio F (2013) Dalla fotografia digitale al modello 3D dell'architettura storica. DisegnareCon 6(12):X1-14
Scomporre e riconfigurare il paesaggio urbano (Doctoral thesis)
  • F Picchio
Picchio F (2016) Scomporre e riconfigurare il paesaggio urbano (Doctoral thesis). Università di Firenze, Firenze
Oltre il Po. L'eremo di Alberto a Butrio
  • M Azzaretti
Azzaretti M (1994) Oltre il Po. L'eremo di Alberto a Butrio, Edizioni Torchio De Ricci, Pavia
Manuale di rilievo architettonico e urbano
  • S Bertocci
  • M Bini
Bertocci S, Bini M (2012) Manuale di rilievo architettonico e urbano. Città Studi Editore, Torino
Sant'Alberto-una gemma dell'Oltrepò. Barbati -Orione Editore
  • D Scarpaglione
Scarpaglione D (1973) Sant'Alberto-una gemma dell'Oltrepò. Barbati -Orione Editore, Tortona
Quantità e qualità nell’utilizzo dello scanner laser 3D per il rilievo dell’architettura
  • L Paris