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International Journal of Advanced Scientific Technologies in Engineering and Management Sciences (IJASTEMS-ISSN: 2454-356X) Volume.3,Issue.6,June.2017
www.ijstems.org Page 21
Scientific Analysis of Mantra-Based Meditation
and Its Beneficial Effects: An Overview
Jai Paul Dudeja
Professor and Director, Amity University Haryana, Gurgaon 122413, India.
drjpdudeja@gmail.com, Mobile: 91-9312247845
Abstract-The word Meditation comes from the Latin root “meditatum”, which means “to ponder”. Meditation is a technique for
resting the mind leading to peace, happiness, bliss, and self-realization. There are a large number of meditation techniques in the world.
Mantra-based meditation is one such technique in which a sound, word or phrase (called „mantra‟) is recited either aloud or silently
during meditation. It has been established by the experience as well as the experiments that the correct frequency of mantra sound,
along with the correct intent, helps the practioner oxygenate the brain, reduce heart rate, blood pressure, get cured by many ailments,
create calm brainwave activity and achieve immunity from outside mental disturbances. The theoretical and the experimental aspects of
mantra-based meditation technique are analyzed scientifically in this paper. The primary aim of this paper is to make the larger number
of people, including the intelligentsia, aware of this wonderful gift of Almighty so that they themselves could try practicing meditation
for their own benefit and consequently transmit peaceful vibrations to the society in this age of planetary turmoil.
Keywords: meditation, mantra, sound, healing, wellness, bliss, calmness.
I. INTRODUCTION
We are in such an extraordinary time of planetary turmoil,
that it is mandatory for us to find a solution to this
situation and hence have a tool that can help us reach our
next level of quantum evolution. The goal of using this
tool is to experience a state beyond the mind‘s levels of
thinking, feeling, and analyzing. To achieve this, we must
create a state within ourselves that is still and one-pointed
so that the mind becomes silent. This tool is called the
‗meditation‘. The word ‗Meditation comes from the Latin
root ―meditatum‖, which means ―to ponder‖.
1.1 What is Meditation?
Meditation is a technique for resting the mind and
attaining a state of consciousness that is totally different
from the normal waking state, a sleeping state or a
dreaming state. It is a transcendental state of
consciousness. During and after the meditation the mind
reaches a state of restful alertness. Meditation is a practice
of focus or relaxed attention or contemplation upon a
thought or a sound or an object or on visualization or on
the breath, in order to increase awareness of the self at the
present moment, reduce stress, promote relaxation, and
enhance personal and spiritual growth. The regular
practitioner of meditation performs the journey towards
peace, happiness, bliss, and self-realization.
1.2 Types of Meditation Techniques
There are a large number of meditation techniques in the
world. We can classify meditation techniques into three
broad categories: (i) focused attention (ii) open
monitoring, and (ii) effortless process.
Out of this large number, relatively more known
techniques of meditation are listed below [1]:
1.2.1 Hindu Meditation (Vedic & Yogic): (i) Mantra
Meditation (the topic of this paper) (ii) Transcendental
meditation, (iii) Third Eye meditation, (iv) Chakra
meditation, (v) Gazing meditation (Trataka), (vi) Kriya
Yoga, (vii) Sound meditation (Nada Yoga), (viii) Tantra,
(ix) Pranayama, (x) Sahaj Yoga, (xi) Raj Yoga, (xii)
Kundalini meditation, (xiii) Self enquiry and ―I Am‖
meditation.
1.2.2 Buddhist Meditation : (i) Zen meditation
(Zazen), (ii) Vipassana meditation, (iii) Mindful
meditation, (iv) Metta meditation (Love & Kindness).
1.2.3 Jain Meditation : (i) Preksha meditation, (ii)
Leshya meditation, (iii) Kayotsarga Meditation, (iv)
Pindastha meditation, (v) Padastha meditation, (vi)
Rupastha meditation, (vii) Rupatita meditation, (viii)
Savirya meditation.
1.2.4 Meditation in Sikhism: Nam Japa or Nam
Simran.
1.2.5 Parsi Meditation in Zoroastrianism: (i)
Meditation as mentioned in Gathas, (ii) Meditation on
Fire, (iii) Prayer meditation.
1.2.6 Christian Meditation
1.2.7 Chinese Meditation: (i) Taoist (Emptiness)
meditation, (ii) Taoist (Breathing) meditation, (iii) Taoist
(Neiguan) meditation, (iv) Qigong (Chi kung).
1.2.8 Guided Meditation: (i) Traditional meditation, (ii)
Guided imagery, (iii) Relaxation and body scans, (iv)
Affirmation, and (v) Binaural beats.
1.3 What is Mantra?
The word mantra comes from the ancient Sanskrit
language. Manmeans mind, and trameans release. So
a mantra is a combination of transcendental sounds meant
to release the mind from all the anxieties of material life.
One gets miraculous advantages by making use of the
causal energy of Mantra. In the ancient Hindu scriptures
called Vedas, it is mentioned that ―In the beginning was
Brahm, with whom was the vibration (of sound) and the
vibration was Brahm.‖ The mantra plays the role of
getting transformed into potential energy. The ―mantra‖,
could be the Divine name, one may call this ―Om‖ or
―Brahm Nad‖ or any other word in other religions and
faiths. [2] The mantra could even be a meaningless sound,
International Journal of Advanced Scientific Technologies in Engineering and Management Sciences (IJASTEMS-ISSN: 2454-356X) Volume.3,Issue.6,June.2017
www.ijstems.org Page 22
the frequency of which helps transforms the user to a new
level of consciousness.
1.4 What is Mantra-Based Meditation?
Mantra meditation is the process of quieting and focusing
the mind using a sound, word or phrase (called ‗mantra‘)
recited either aloud or silently. The purpose of mantra
meditation is for spiritual growth, or for relaxation of
mind. It is also known as japa meditation, from the
Sanskrit word for ―muttering.‖ The mantra meditator
achieves a state of ‗restful alertness‘ after performing this
process. Everything is in a state of vibration and when we
are in a natural, resonant vibration, we are in a state of
good health. But if some part of the body begins to vibrate
at a wrong frequency, the energy becomes stuck and
disease sets in. Therefore, through mantric chanting, one
can cause the stuck energy to become released, and we
can return to our natural state of resonance, thus affecting
a cure [3]. It has been found that the sounds of specific
mantras chanting will cause the left and right hemispheres
of the brain to synchronize. Such chanting will also help
oxygenate the brain, reduce our heart rate, blood pressure
and assist in creating calm brainwave activity. There is a
reason why most of the prayer/meditation on the planet is
vocalized [4]. Sound amplifies our prayers. Through
positive intentionalized and internalized sound, we can
generate the miraculous effects. Every sound that we
make is actually a composite of soundsa fundamental
frequency and geometric multiples of that sound, called
harmonics or overtones. These harmonics are whole
number ratios, 1:1, 2:1, 3:2, etc. These vocal harmonics
make up the ―timbre‖ or tone color of sound and are
responsible for the way our individual voices sound. It is a
field of all possibilities. We can make new neural synaptic
connections in the brain with vocal harmonics. Harmonics
can also improve our vocal quality, hearing, change our
brain pattern and even heighten our consciousness [4].
II.TYPES OF MANTRAS (SOUNDS) USED IN
MANTRA MEDITATION
As mentioned earlier, hundreds and thousands of
meaningful as well as meaningless sounds are used by
different people in the mantra meditation. Whereas some
of these sounds could be universal or common to all (like
‗Om‘ in Hindu philosophy) and while some sounds may
be suiting to specific individuals. Some of the initiators of
meditation require the ‗initiated person‘ to keep this
mantra secret and not reveal to anybody.
2.1 The ‗Om‘ Mantra
Everything in the universe is pulsating and vibrating
nothing is really standing still ! ―Om‖ is said to be the
original, primordial tone of the universethe original
sound of creation, if you like. It is interesting to note that
the astrophysicists have now detected echoes of the ―Big
Bang‖ that happened at the beginning of time. And this
sound they have detected is a humming sound, very much
like that of the ―Om‖.
The sound ‗Om‘, when chanted, vibrates at the frequency
of 136.1 Hz, which is the same vibrational frequency
found throughout everything in nature [5-7]. Interestingly,
it is also the frequency of the 32nd Octave of the Earth
Year.
Illustration:
Time Period (T) of one rotation of earth round the sun =
365.256 days x 24 hrs/day x 60 min/hr x 60 sec/min =
31558118.4 sec
So, the frequency (f) of earth year = 1/T = 3.168757 x 10-8
Hz.
If we multiply this with 32nd octave, that is. with
4294967296 (=232),
we get = 136.1 Hz = frequency of the sound ‗OM‘.
If one makes the sound of OM in front of a drop of liquid,
it will transform itself into a Sri Yantra which is very
specific visual form which is symmetrical and also
holographic [8]. This Sri Yantra was revealed to
Maharishis with 12 strand DNA and king sized pineal
glands more than 8000 BC. Sanskrit Mantras have precise
golden ratio of 1.618 sound harmonics ( Fibonacci/ Sri
Yantra ) in digital mathematical and geometrical precision
and Sri Yantra is based on that ratio. The cymatics of OM
is the Sri Yantra whose angle was used to construct the
Egyptian Pyramids.
2.2 The Gayatri Mantra
It is the most significant and the most effective mantra
(hymn), according to ancient Hindu scriptures. Its
meaning, in brief is: ―We meditate on that most adored
Supreme Lord, the creator, whose effulgence (divine
light) illumines all realms (physical, mental and spiritual).
May this divine light illumine our intellect.‖
It is interesting to note that Dr. Howard Steingull, an
American Scientist has established [9] that recitation of
Gayatri Mantra produces a frequency of 110,000 Hz (> 20
kHz?). The patterns of chanting of Mantras are so
designed that they latently contain the essence of the
music, life sustaining energies emanating from the cosmic
energy centre of the corresponding Mantras. (The cosmic
energy centre a deity associated with the Gayatri Mantra
is Sun). Uttering of Gayatri Mantra produces vibrations
which are soothing to human mind, all plant and animal
life.
2.3 Anuswaram (Nasal Sound), MMMM and
Production of Nitric Oxide in the Body:
International Journal of Advanced Scientific Technologies in Engineering and Management Sciences (IJASTEMS-ISSN: 2454-356X) Volume.3,Issue.6,June.2017
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The anuswaram (nasal sound) MMMM humming boosts
the production of Nitric oxide in the body. This was
known to Indians and documented more than 7000 years
ago [8]. Nadaswaram (Shehnai) is an ancient musical
instrument which produces similar nasal sound. Many
mantras which end with Anuswaram MMMM , produce
Nitric oxide, which is a molecule that our body produces
to help its 50 trillion cells communicate with each other
by transmitting signals throughout the entire body. Nitric
Oxide (NO) is an important regulator and mediator of
numerous processes in the nervous, immune, and
cardiovascular systems. These include vascular smooth
muscle relaxation, resulting in arterial vasodilation and
increasing blood flow. People with diabetes usually have
lower levels of Nitric oxide than those without diabetes.
Stems and Flowers cut from their original plants can
survive for longer time if supplied with Nitric Oxide.
Opiate drug Morphine , the addictive pain killer, works by
an increase in Nitric Oxide release. Nitroglycerin and
Amyl Nitrite tablets serve as vasodilators because they are
converted to Nitric Oxide in the body, to ease angina pain
(heart pain). Sufficient amounts of Nitric Oxide in blood
controls Blood Pressure. When the human body reaches
the age of 27 years, the secretion of nitric oxide is at its
peak. As one gets older, the production of nitric oxide in
the human body declines gradually.
2.4 Kundalini, Seven Chakras and Beej Mantras
Kundalini is a Sanskrit word, which means "coiled one".
It refers to a form of primal energy (or shakti) said to be
located at the base of the spine. Different spiritual
traditions teach methods of "awakening" kundalini for the
purpose of reaching spiritual enlightenment and a range of
supernormal powers.
Chakras can be simulated to the spinning discs that feed
energy into specific parts of the physical body. Chakras
are the energetic wheels of light that transduce subtle
energy into the body. A Beej Mantra is the shortest form
of a Mantra just like a beej (seed) which when sown
grows into a tree. The healing due to Beej Mantras occurs
due to the balancing and alignment of the chakras. It is
good to be able to direct one‘s attention and intention
when one is attempting to resonate with a particular
chakra with the particular sound or Beej Mantra.
There are seven chakras in our body, each located at a
specific point in the body, shown in the figure. There is a
Beej
Mantra specific to each chakra [10], which is described in
the following table (Table 1):
Table 1
Chakra No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Chakra Type
Muladhara
()
Swadhisthana
()
Manipura ()
Anahata
()
Vishuddha ()
Ajna ()
Brow
Symbol
Chakra Location
Cervix/
Perineum
Last bone in spinal
cord
Navel area
Heart area
Throat & neck area
Pineal gland or
third eye
Name of Chakra
Base or Root
Chakra
Sacral Chakra
Solar Plexus Chakra
Heart Chakra
Throat Chakra
Third Eye
Chakra
Element
Earth
Water
Fire
Wind
Sky
Body
Specific Mantra
Lam
Vam
Ram
Yam
Ham
Om
Frequency of
Mantra (Hz)
261.6, 523.3,
1046.5, 2093,
4186
293.7, 587.3, 1174.7,
2349.3, 4698.7
329.6, 659.3, 1318.5,
2637.1, 5274.1
349.2, 698.5,
1396.9, 2793.9,
5587.7
196, 392, 784, 1568,
3136
110, 220, 440,
880, 1760,
3520. 136.1
Role of Healthy
Chakra
Keeps you
Grounded.
Connects your feet
to the Earth.
Emotions, Passion,
intuition and
creativity.
Confidence,
Assertiveness, Will
Power.
Love, Kindness,
Compassion,
Harmonious
relationships
Self-Expression and
Open
communication.
Insight and
visualization.
Opens up
perceptive
ability.
International Journal of Advanced Scientific Technologies in Engineering and Management Sciences (IJASTEMS-ISSN: 2454-356X) Volume.3,Issue.6,June.2017
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III.LEVELS OF SOUND OF MANTRAS
The Vedas recognize four stages of the manifestation of
sound [11].
(i) The grossest form of sound, Vaikhari is normal
audible sound, including speech.
(ii) More subtle is Madhyama, a whispered sound
with no audible effect.
(iii) As you move within, you experience Pashyanti.
These are mental sounds such as songs in the head or a
dream. It is also the visualization of sound such as silently
listening to your thoughts or the silent repetition of a
mantra.
(iv) Finally you reach Para or transcendental sound.
This is pre-manifest sound in its subtlest state as light or
pure silence. This is the root or potential of all sounds,
sometimes referred to as the ―unstuck sound.‖
The important thing which is being emphasized by the
author here is that as we go from various levels of sound
from vaikhari to para, not only the intensity of sound
changes, simultaneously its frequency can also change
thereby synchronizing with the sympathetic nervous
system of the meditator. This observation of the author
requires to be validated experimentally.
IV.BRAINWAVES
The basic aim of any form of meditation, including the
mantra-based meditation, is to induce certain sympathetic
frequencies in the oscillation of neurotransmitters,
coherently and synergistically, in order to achieve the
desirable effects: like achieving calmness, controlled
blood pressure, clarity of thoughts, immunity from outside
disturbance, achieving restful alertness, happiness, peace,
bliss and enlightenment.
So the Brain waves are produced by the synchronized
electrical pulses from a large number of neurotransmitters
communicating with each other simultaneously.
Broadly speaking, there are the following five types of
brain waves to be mentioned in the present context:
(i) Gamma waves: for inspiration, higher learning and
focus. Their frequencies are > 40 Hz.
(ii) Beta waves: for alertness, concentration, and
cognition. Their frequencies are in the range of 13 40
Hz.
(iii) Alpha waves: for visualization, relaxation, and
creativity. Their frequencies are in the range of 7 13 Hz.
(iv) Theta waves: for meditation, intuition, and memory.
Their frequencies are in the range of 47 Hz, and finally,
(v) Delta waves: detached awareness, healing and
sleep. Their frequencies are < 4Hz.
The following pattern of waveforms is illustrative of some
of these waves:
4.1 Gamma Waves (40-100 Hz):
Gamma Brain Waves are the fastest brainwaves (high
frequency) and the most recently discovered brain wave
state, relate to simultaneous processing of information
from different brain areas. These are involved in higher
processing tasks as well as cognitive functioning. This is
important for learning, memory and information
processing. Too much Gamma Waves result to: Anxiety,
High Arousal, Stress. Too little Gamma Waves result
to: ADHD (Attention-Deficit/HyperactivityDisorder),
Depression, Learning Disabilities. Optimal Gamma
Waves result to: Binding Senses, cognition, information
processing, learning, perception, REM (Rapid Eye
Movement) sleep.
4.2 Beta Waves (12-40 Hz):
Beta Brain Waves are associated with normal waking
consciousness and a heightened state of alertness, logic
and critical reasoning. Having the right amount of beta
allows us to focus to our task whether in class room, work
place or sports ground. However, exposing too much beta
waves also results to too much stress. Too much Beta
Waves result to: Anxiety, High Arousal, Inability to Relax
and Stress. Too little Beta Waves result to: ADHD
(Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder), day-dreaming,
depression, poor cognition, optimal Beta Waves result
to: Conscious focus, memory, and problem solving.
4.3 Alpha Waves (8-12 Hz) :
Alpha Brain Waves are dominant during quietly flowing
thoughts while one is in deep relaxation, or when one is
slipping into a lovely daydream or during light meditation.
Alpha is the frequency between our conscious thinking
International Journal of Advanced Scientific Technologies in Engineering and Management Sciences (IJASTEMS-ISSN: 2454-356X) Volume.3,Issue.6,June.2017
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and subconscious mind: This is Light Meditation State.
Too much Alpha Waves result to: Daydreaming, inability
to focus, too relaxed. Too little Alpha Waves result
to: Anxiety, High Stress, Insomnia, and OCD (Obsessive
Compulsive Disorder). Optimal Alpha Waves result
to: Relaxation, and Natural Flow State of thoughts.
4.4 Theta Waves (4-8 Hz):
Theta Brain Waves occur most often in sleep but are also
dominant during deep meditation. In theta we are in a
dream; vivid imagery, intuition and information beyond
normal consciousness awareness. It helps us improve our
intuition, creativity, and makes us feel more natural. Too
much Theta Waves result to: ADHD, depression,
hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattentiveness.
Too little Theta Waves result to: Anxiety, poor emotional
awareness, and stress. Optimal Theta Waves result
to: Flow State, Creativity, emotional connection, intuition,
and relaxation
4.5 Delta Waves (0-4 Hz):
Delta Brain Waves are the slowest but loudest brainwaves
(low frequency). These are experienced in a deep,
dreamless sleep and in very deep, transcendental
meditation. These are also found most often in infants as
well as young children. Deep sleep is important for the
healing process as it is linked with deep healing and
regeneration. Too much Delta Waves result to: Brain
injuries, learning problems, inability to think, and severe
ADHD. Too little Delta Waves result to: Inability to
rejuvenate body, inability to revitalize the brain, and poor
sleep. Optimal Delta Waves result to: Immune System,
natural healing, restorative sleep / deep sleep.
V.RESULTS OF SOME EXPERIMENTS
5.1 Jean Paul Banquet, conducted some experiments on
the subjects practicing Mantra-based Transcendental
Meditation (TM) and observed the following results [16]:
(i) Frequency Change: Mantra meditation leads to shift
from alpha to slow frequencies, mostly theta and mixed
frequencies, sometimes low- and medium-voltage delta
frequencies. high-voltage beta, at approximately 20 Hz,
appears, usually mixed with alpha and theta, with
simultaneous disappearance of higher beta frequencies.
The dominant alpha usually slows down by one or two
Hz.
(ii) Form and Amplitude: The amplitude of alpha is
increased at the end of meditation.
(iii) Variation in Time: Continuous alteration of alpha and
mixed frequencies is typical. Alpha periods predominate
at the beginning of meditation. Low mixed theta and beta,
different from drowsiness, are prominent in deep
meditation. Rhythmic higher voltage alpha frequencies
return at the end.
5.2 Experiments were conducted by Dr. Robert Keith
Wallace in the School of Medicine of the University of
California to study the physiological effects of
Transcendental Meditation [17]. It was found that during
meditation, oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide
elimination, cardiac output, heart rate, and respiration rate
slowly decreased. Skin resistance significantly increased,
and the EEG showed specific changes in certain
frequencies. Base excess significantly decreased during
meditation. Arterial blood pressure, pH decreased slightly
and arterial lactate deceased markedly during meditation
and remained low after meditation. These results
distinguished the state of consciousness produced by the
meditation from the commonly encountered states of
consciousness such as waking, dreaming and sleeping and
the altered states such as hypnosis and conditioning. So it
was proved that the meditation produces a fourth major
state of consciousness that may have practical clinical
applications.
5.3 Meditation therapy has been used by some
doctors in Bombay Hospital [18] in preventing various
diseases particularly cardiovascular ailments. Meditation
was shown to be effective in coronary artery disease and
various risk factors involved - particularly hypertension,
hypercholesterolaemia and diabetes. Numbers of studies
have shown that regular practice of Mantra Meditation has
been useful in reducing blood pressure significantly and
lowering cholesterol and blood sugar.
5.4 In a paper presented in a conference in 1989 [19],
Dr. Selvamurthy et al reported to have observed
neurophysioligical effects of the Mantras of a special
kind. In this experimental study, 8 healthy men were
chosen as subjects. They reported at 4:00 PM on two
consecutive days. First day, instead of the prescribed
Mantras, some irrelevant syllables were uttered to them.
Next day, the proper Mantras were uttered and recording
of physiological parameters viz. Heart rate, ECG, EEG,
GSR (Galvanic Skin Response), blood pressure etc. were
made on both days. The results showed that while the
mind (brain waves) remained unaltered on the first day,
significant improvement occurred on the second day.
VI. IMPORTANCE OF PRONUNCIATION OF
MANTRAS AND FAITH
Sound (nad) is the basic component of creation and is
based on the sciences of Music and Mantra. Now
pronounce ‗Om‘ as one usually does and note the spiritual
experience. Then prolong the duration of Om three to four
times, that is ‗O….m….‘, and then record the experience.
With the prolonged Om one experiences more energy or
goes into a kind of trance, than with the usual Om. The
reason for this is that with the usual pronunciation only
one direction is stimulated whereas with the prolonged
variation all the eight directions are stimulated. It is for
this very reason that usually when a note is prolonged a
positive effect is obtained.
Another important aspect of mantras is their correct
pronunciation. It is mentioned in Hindus‘ ancient
scriptures that:
International Journal of Advanced Scientific Technologies in Engineering and Management Sciences (IJASTEMS-ISSN: 2454-356X) Volume.3,Issue.6,June.2017
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The meaning: The mantra without proper pronunciation of
vowels (svar) and consonants (varna) that is the utterance
of a mantra in a faulty manner makes it faulty and does
not convey the intended meaning. Instead it gets
converted into a verbal thunderbolt and may harms the
one chanting it.
Lastly and the most important aspect is the ‗Faith‘ with
which are pronounced. Science may not have the answer
to this aspect as of now but it has been established by the
practioners of mantra-based meditation that ―correct
pronunciation of mantras (sound) plus the faith or intent
with which these mantras are uttered, brings the desired
beneficial effects to the meditators.
CONCLUSION
Almost all the religions, sects and faiths on this planet
wish their followers and other human beings to achieve a
peaceful mind, with coherent thoughts leading to a healthy
body, mind and soul, through the practice of some
technique or meditation. Hence there are a very large
number of meditation techniques in the world leading to
the same goal. Mantra-based meditation is one such
technique. This technique can be practiced by anyone in
the world without any conflict of faith with the respective
religion . Besides the correct frequency of the sound of
mantra suiting to a specific individual, the addition of
faith can bring miraculous effects to the practioner of this
meditation technique. In this paper, through a scientific
analysis, it has been established that how a practioner of
mantra meditation can achieve a disease-free body, a calm
mind, clear and coherent thinking, enhancement of
intelligence quotient, and successfully perform the
journey towards attaining bliss, self-realization and
enlightenment. The primary aim of this paper is to make
the larger number of people, including the intelligentsia,
aware of this wonderful gift of Almighty so that they
themselves could try practicing meditation for their own
benefit and consequently transmit peaceful vibrations to
the society in this age of planetary turmoil.
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Mind and Body‖ Presented in Yoga Conference held at IIT,
Delhi on 4th November, 1989.
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... Many researches show that meditation can be used as an instrument for self regulation of the human body. Apart from this meditative practices helps in changing the flow of thought and generating new pattern of behavior and awareness (Dudeja, J. et al., 2017). ...
... For example, in Hindu religion, The Gayatri Mantra which is the most effective hymn was used by Doctor Howard Steingull, American scientists. He found that its recitation produce a frequency of 110,000Hz and it helps in soothing the human mind, all plant and environment (Dudeja, J. et al., 2017). ...
... The GDV parameter divided the athletes into 3 separate groups based on their characteristics like effectiveness. All the experiment was carried out in double blind test mode which means that the people conducting the experiments had no contact with each other (Dudeja, J. et al., 2017). ...
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School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles ―Meditation Therapy in Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disorders Special Reference to Coronary Artery Disease and Diabetes‖
  • Jean Paul Banquet
  • Robert Keith Wallace
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Jean Paul Banquet, EEG & Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol.33, 1972, p. 454. [17] Wallace, Robert Keith, Ph.D. Thesis, School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, USA, 1970. [18] Dhar, H.L., ―Meditation Therapy in Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disorders Special Reference to Coronary Artery Disease and Diabetes‖, Bombay Hospital Journal, Vol. 51, No. 4, 2009, p.474. [19] Selvamurthy, W. ―Physiological Effects of Mantras on Mind and Body‖ Presented in Yoga Conference held at IIT, Delhi on 4th November, 1989.
The Divine Name: Invoke the Sacred Sound That Can Heal and Transform‖, Hay House
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How to use sound to heal yourself‖. www.chopra.com [12] -What are Brain Waves?‖, www.curlsonmeloncelli.com [13] -Beam Frequencies‖
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How meditation changes your brain frequency‖ www.mindbodygreen.com Feb5
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Turner, Ashley, -How meditation changes your brain frequency‖ www.mindbodygreen.com Feb5,2014.
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Jean Paul Banquet, EEG & Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol.33, 1972, p. 454.
Physiological Effects of Mantras on Mind and Body‖ Presented in Yoga Conference held at IIT, Delhi on
  • W Selvamurthy
Selvamurthy, W. -Physiological Effects of Mantras on Mind and Body‖ Presented in Yoga Conference held at IIT, Delhi on 4th November, 1989.