ArticlePDF Available

Lemon: A Versatile Fruit of Multiple Uses

Authors:
  • Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology Anand India
AGRICULTURE
WORLD JUNE 2017 www.krishijagran.com
52
VERSATILEFRUIT
Lemon is one of the most popular citrus
fruits in the world with mulple uses.
Belonging to owering plant family Ru-
taceae, it is packed with rich nutrients
and health benets. In 1493, rst lemon tree
in America is planted by the Italian navigator
Christopher Columbus. The major producers of
lemon today are USA, Italy, Turkey, Israel, Spain
and Greece. In India, the culvaon is carried
out in UP, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Pun-
jab.
In India though the most popular variety of cit-
rus fruits culvated and used is acid lime. It is
grown largely in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat,
Maharashtra, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu, and
to a limited extent in other states of country.
Areas with dry climate and low rainfall are best
suited for growing limes. Lemons can be grown
in heavy rainfall humid regions. The best sea-
son of planng is June to August. Tree can grow
about 12 to 22 feet tall and will start giving
fruits at the age of 3- 6 years. Irrigaon water
containing 1000 ppm of salt is injurious to the
growth of the crop. High humidity can favour
several diseases. Frost is injurious and hot wind
during summer results in desiccaon and drop
of owers and young fruits. Average producon
is about 700 fruits aer stabilizaon. Life span
of tree is about 15 to 20 years.
Planng of lemon can be a protable business.
James Lind in 1747 found that lemons are very
useful to treat scurvy, a deciency of vitamin C.
The researchers claimed that vitamin C plays a
signicant role in immunity and helps to neu-
tralize free radicals in our body and thus reduc-
es the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Lemon contains many vitamins (niacin, riboa-
vin, thiamine, choline, pantothenic acid, foliate,
vitamin C, vitamin B6) and minerals (calcium,
copper, iron, manganese, magnesium, phos-
phorus, potassium, zinc), which are needed for
human body. It should be stored at room tem-
LEMON:
A VERSATILE FRUIT
OF MULTIPLE USES
Mahendra Pal
Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology, 4 Aangan-I,
Anand-388001,Gujarat, India Email: palmahendra2@gmail.com
AGRICULTURE
WORLD JUNE 2017 www.krishijagran.com
AGRICULTURE
WORLD
JUNE 2017
www.krishijagran.com
perature away from direct sunlight. Lemon is
used as home remedy for many people in India.
However, it is imperave to menon that per-
son suering from serious illness should seek
expert opinion of the qualied Physicians be-
fore doing self-medicaon with lemon.
Uses of Lemon
Lemon has very appealing colour, odour and
avour. People of India regularly used lemon to
treat a wide variety of medical problems since
ancient mes. It improves digeson, enhanc-
es our immune system, boosts energy, alkaliz-
es and hydrates the body, reduces mucus and
phlegm, promotes healthy and rejuvenated
skin, boosts brain power and helps in weight
loss.
This fruit is said to reduce inammaon of
joints by removing uric acid from joints. It
has anbacterial and anviral properes. It
increases absorpon of iron. Lemon soothes
the itching and alleviates the rash, reduces the
age spots, and cleanses the face. Lemon water
helps in the enzyme funcons in our body sm-
ulang the liver and ushing out toxins. Lemon
juice relieves symptoms of indigeson such as
bloang, burping and heart burn. It can reduce
the eects of nausea, dizziness, and also found
benecial in chills, fever, headache, respirato-
ry problems, arthris, diphtheria, rheumasm,
depression, stress, diabetes, cholera, high
blood pressure, heart diseases, indigeson,
conspaon, sore throat, internal bleeding,
Lemon
contains many
vitamins (niacin, ribo-
avin, thiamine, choline,
pantothenic acid, foliate,
vitamin C, vitamin B6) and
minerals (calcium, copper,
iron, manganese, mag-
nesium, phosphorus,
potassium, zinc)
AGRICULTURE
WORLD
JUNE 2017
www.krishijagran.com
AGRICULTURE
WORLD JUNE 2017 www.krishijagran.com
burns, and obesity.
Using lemon juice in a glass of water with one
teaspoonful of sugar and pinch of black salt is
a quick and healthy remedy for minimizing the
side eects of scorching heat during summer.
It contains potassium, which is responsible for
controlling high blood pressure. Furthermore,
lemon juice is the best for oral health. It stops
bleeding from gums, migate toothaches, and
gives fresh breaths. It is a powerful ansepc
and can be used for vaginal hygiene.
Juice of half lemon in a bucket of water during
bath will help to remove bad odour of sweat
during summer season. Lemon with turmeric
powder and rose water is used to improve the
skin complexion. It helps to ght skin damage
caused by sun and polluon. Lemon can lend
a wonderful avour to sauces, salads, desserts,
and drinks. Lemon pickle is a side dish oen
seen in Indian dining tables. Lemon can also be
used to preserve the food. Few small pieces of
ginger soaked in lemon juice are eaten before
meal to increase the appete.
For the hardware industry, it is also a very valu-
able raw material in the manufacture of stain
removers, detergents, perfumes made of oil
extracted from the skin, etc. The used lemon is
cut into small pieces, boiled in water, ltered,
and aer adding very small quanty of any de-
tergent powder, can be used to clean utensils.
The scent of lemon is deterrent for pests in the
house.
Daily consumpon of lemon water helps to pu-
rify the blood and also signicantly improves
mental health. It is a powerful ansepc and
can be used to disinfect cuts, abrasions and
scrapes. In order to keep good health, it is rec-
ommended that one lemon squeezed in about
150 ml of water must be taken daily in the
morning before going to toilet.
54
VERSATILEFRUIT
Lemon im-
proves digeson,
enhances our immune
system, boosts energy,
alkalizes and hydrates the
body, reduces mucus and
phlegm, promotes healthy
and rejuvenated skin,
boosts brain pow-
er and helps in
weight loss.
AGRICULTURE
WORLD JUNE 2017 www.krishijagran.com
... Lemons: Lemon is a versatile fruits with many health benefits and is widely consumed by people throughout the world [14]. It is flooded with many vitamins, such as riboflavin, ascorbic acid, thiamine, panthothenic acid, choline, and niacin and also rich in several minerals like magnesium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, copper, zinc, manganese, and potassium [14]. ...
... Lemons: Lemon is a versatile fruits with many health benefits and is widely consumed by people throughout the world [14]. It is flooded with many vitamins, such as riboflavin, ascorbic acid, thiamine, panthothenic acid, choline, and niacin and also rich in several minerals like magnesium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, copper, zinc, manganese, and potassium [14]. It is a wonderful source of vitamin C that plays an important role in immunity and helps to neutralize free radicals and thus minimize the risk of cardiovascular disease [14]. ...
... It is flooded with many vitamins, such as riboflavin, ascorbic acid, thiamine, panthothenic acid, choline, and niacin and also rich in several minerals like magnesium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, copper, zinc, manganese, and potassium [14]. It is a wonderful source of vitamin C that plays an important role in immunity and helps to neutralize free radicals and thus minimize the risk of cardiovascular disease [14]. Detailed information on the nutritional and health benefits of lemon is mentioned in an article authored by Pal [14]. ...
Article
Full-text available
Humans are blessed with a wide variety of fruits and vegetables by the nature. Fruits and vegetables are significant sources of several vitamins and minerals that play vital role for the maintenance of good health. The manuscript provides a useful overview of the beneficial effects of fruits and vegetables, and their vitamins content that support the immune system. It discusses fat and water-soluble vitamins in fruits and vegetables with outstanding care and their role in maintaining the body's balance, preventing disease such as malnutrition and in ad-junctive therapy. Among the fruits and vegetables that can be considered as functional foods because of their useful physiological effect, the most important content evaluation of the grapes, apples, bananas, carrots, beetroots, onions, and lemons is the main goal of the manuscript. These fruits and vegetables were selected for their useful components and their role in international gastronomy, among others. We hope to contribute to both the knowledge of readers and the protection of their health.
... Lemon names in different languages more or less similar with scientific name Citrus limon Burm family Rutaceae [ 1]. The origin of lemon is Central Asia, Himalayan Mountains and northern Myanmar [2].The known countries for production of lemon around the world are, Argentina, Mexico, Italy, Brazil, Spain, China, India, United States, Turkey and Iran [3]. ...
... show that, this raw material is easy to delignify. With all processes applied, bleachable kappa numbers(19.5-26.3) could be reached at good to excellent screened yields (41.9-60.1%).ASAM pulping resulted in highest screened yield (60.1%) with negligible amount of rejects(0.2%) ...
Preprint
Full-text available
The aim of this study to utilize the pruned branches of Citrus limon in pulping with alkaline pulping methods and to determine the suitability of guar gum to improve the strength properties of pulps. The physical properties of these branches exhibited high medium density and very low percentages of bark to wood ratio. The whole chemical components of these raw materials indicated the suitability to pulp with alkaline cooking methods. Alkaline sulfite anthrquinone with methanol methods gave very good screened yield (60.1%), negligible rejects and bleachable Kappa number 19.5 and best strength properties especially tensile and strengths. Alkaline sulfite with anthraquinone gave very good screened yield with small percentage of rejects and bleachable Kappa number. On the other hand soda cooking produced pulps with acceptable yield (41.9%), rejects (3%) and suitable strengths. The soda anthraquinone pulping methods produced pulp with good yields (56-59.7%).It is obvious the effect of anthraquinone in preserving carbohydrates specifically hemicelluloses which increase the yields and strengths. Guar gum improved the physical properties of pulps when added during beating with (0.25% on oven dry Soda-AQ pulps) It clear the suitability of Citrus limon branches with age of two years in cooking with all alkaline pulping methods applied.
... In another vein, lemon has been reported to possess flavonoids which is responsible for its antioxidative and free radical inhibiting actions, capacity to control enzymatic activities and impede cell propagation (Mohanapriya et al. 2013). A unique component in lemon (potassium) has been connected to the control of blood pressure (Mahendra 2017). ...
Article
Full-text available
Background Agricultural waste generated annually results to environmental pollution; these wastes are rich sources of important bioactive compounds and could be used therapeutically in the management of some ailments. Corn silk, a by-product of sweet corn and whole lemon were processed separately into corn silk flour (CSF) and lemon flour (LF). Flour blends formulation used were as follows: 100% CSF (A), 95% CSF and 5% LF (B), 90% CSF and 10% LF (C), 85% CSF and 15% LF (D) and 80% CSF and 20% LF (E). Chemical compositions of the blends were investigated, while the total phenol content (TPC), total flavonoid contents (TFC), polyphenol profile, antioxidant activities, α-amylase, α-glucosidase inhibitory activities, nitric oxide, L-arginase, Angiotensin-I-Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitions as well as the colour and sensory attributes of the infusions were investigated using standard methods. Results The moisture and total ash contents increased proportionally with increased substitution of LF as moisture content ranged from 4.83 to 8.40% and the total ash content ranged from 2.32 to 3.25%. The calculated energy values decreased from 390.48 to 361.42 kcal, with increase in LF. Potassium (K) contents also increased with values ranging from 4.65 to 5.82 mg/100 g, increase in LF incorporation promoted a decrease in the Na/K ratio from 0.8 to 0.55; the Phy:Ca and Phy:Zn ratios ranged from 1.20 to 2.86 and 2.08 to 4.04, respectively. No significant difference was observed in consumer acceptability but there were total colour differences (Δ E ) in the infusion as compared to the control samples. Samples A and B exhibited notable antioxidant properties, α-amylase, α-glucosidase inhibitory activities, nitric oxide, L-arginase and the ACE inhibitory activities compared favourably with the commercial samples. Conclusion This study revealed that corn silk–lemon infusion especially sample A (100% CSF) may be a therapeutic tool in lowering blood pressure because it possesses potent antihypertensive properties.
... However, the known countries for the production of lemon worldwide are Argentina, Mexico, Italy, Brazil, Spain, China, India, United States, Turkey, and Iran [3]. Lemon has medicinal properties as reduction of Joints inflammation [4], antioxidant and alcohol liver injury treatment [5] contain essential oils [6], suppression of N-nitrosamine formation [7], source of vitamin C [8], and flavor for food [9]. ...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to utilize the pruned branches of Citrus limon in pulping with alkaline pulping methods and to determine the suitability of guar gum to improve the strength properties of pulps and limitations of cutting trees for environmental issues and utilization of lemon branches as horticultural residues. These branches’ physical properties exhibited high medium density and very low percentages of bark to wood ratio. The whole chemical components of these raw materials indicated the suitability to a pulp with alkaline cooking methods. In addition, alkaline sulfite anthraquinone with methanol methods gave excellent screened yield (60.1 %), negligible rejects, bleachable Kappa number 19.5, and best strength properties, especially tensile and strengths. Alkaline sulfite with anthraquinone gave excellent screened yield with a small percentage of rejects and bleachable Kappa number. On the other hand, soda cooking produced pulps with acceptable yield (41.9 %), rejects (3 %), and suitable strengths. The soda anthraquinone pulping methods produced pulp with good yields (56 - 59.7 %). Obviously, anthraquinone’s effect in preserving carbohydrates, specifically hemicelluloses, increases the yields and strengths. Guar gum improved pulps’ physical properties when added during beating with (0.25 % on oven-dry Soda-AQ pulps). It clears Citrus limon branches’ suitability with an age of 2 years in cooking with all alkaline pulping methods applied.
Article
Full-text available
Antibacterial foods are natural consumable, which contain natural antibiotic properties working to stimulate the immune function, increase the resistance to infections and prevent pathogens, antibiotic-resistant bugs from developing within the body. Antibacterial foods also help to keep our body healthy as immune system boosters and provide valuable nutrients to our overall health.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication.