Article

On the application of sequence estimation algorithms in the digital compact cassette (DCC)

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  • Google Inc., New York, United States
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Abstract

In the current digital compact cassette (DCC) recorder, a straightforward threshold detection scheme is applied which does not exploit the distance properties of the 8-to-10 modulation (ETM) code. More advanced detection schemes are investigated to see if they improve system performance. Two soft decision sequence estimation algorithms are considered: a fully-fledged Viterbi algorithm realizing maximum likelihood sequence estimation (MISE) and a suboptimal trellis detection algorithm. With either of the algorithms, an asymptotic gain of 3 dB versus threshold detection level in the presence of additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) is expected. The suboptimal detection algorithm is based on the running digital sum (RDS) trellis underlying the ETM code. Performing the suboptimal algorithm requires a minimum of 48 additions, 19 comparisons, and a single table look-up for both detection and decoding of an ETM codeword, versus a minimum of 4234 additions, 421 comparisons, and 423 table look-ups for the fully-fledged algorithm. Compared to the fully-fledged scheme, the suboptimal algorithm leads to a large reduction in computational complexity. The performance of either of the algorithms in the presence of AWGN is determined by means of a computer simulation. The fully-fledged Viterbi algorithm achieves a gain of about 2.3 dB versus threshold detection level for symbol error rates in the order of 10<sup>-4</sup> to 10<sup>-5</sup>

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... For analytical and experimental results pertaining to a rate , MSN-coded PR4 system, the reader is referred to [164] and [169]. Experimental evaluation of a spectral-null coded-tape system is described in [27]. For these examples of MSN-constrained PR channels, the error event characterization discussed above provides another confirmation, and a refinement, of the coding gain bounds. ...
... Based upon these techniques, a number of proposals for performance-improving codes for the PR4 channel have been made, and VLSI prototypes of MSN codes, in particular, have been experimentally evaluated [46], [13]. However, none has yet been incorporated widely into commercial magneticrecording systems. ...
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