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Gljive reda Pezizales u Bosni i Hercegovini - Ugroženost, ekologija i biogeografija

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... Rijetka vrsta, uske ekološke valence. U Bosni i Hercegovini je prethodno pronađena još samo u okolini Olova (Jukić i Omerović, 2017). ...
... Učestalost i rasprostranjenost: Široko rasprostranjena vrsta u BiH, ali i općenito. Izuzetno zastupljena uz riječne tokove te uz prirodna cjedišta (Jukić i Omerović, 2017). Jedna od najrasprotranjenijih vrsta iz roda Trichophaea. ...
... U okviru preliminarnog popisa gljiva, pored nalaza zabilježenih za vrijeme projektnih istraživanja, navedene su i vrste gljiva registrovane u okviru ranije provedenih istraživanja članova MU MycoBH (*), te vrste koje su ranije zabilježili članovi SNIK Atom iz Zavidovića (**). Uz to navedene su i sljedeće oznake: CLFBIH -Registrovane vrste koje se nalaze na važećoj Crvenoj listi gljiva FBiH (Đug i sar., 2013b); URRS -Registrovane vrste koje se nalaze na važećoj Uredbi o strogo zaštićenim i zaštićenim divljim vrstama RS (Vlada Republike Srpske, 2020); DD, NT, VU, EN, CR -Za sve registrovane vrste na teritoriji Spomenika prirode Tajan, za koje se predlaže određeni stepen zaštite ili se trenutni stepen zaštite potvrđuje(Jukić i Omerović, 2017; Jukić i dr., 2019; Treštić i dr., 2021), navedena je relevantna IUCN kategorija. Ut officaecerum aut quiberum sint. ...
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Knjiga "Gljive Spomenika prirode Tajan" pruža preliminarni uvid u diverzitet mikobiote Tajana. U publikaciji je obrađeno sedam najznačajnijih područja u okviru ovog protektorata te su taksonomski i morfološki predstavljene i izdvojene neke od zabilježenih vrsta gljiva. Knjiga donosi i preliminarni popis gljiva Spomenika prirode Tajan koji sadrži 406 vrsta, od čega 266 pripada odjeljku Basidiomycota, a 140 odjeljku Ascomycota. Jedan dio vrsta predstavlja prve nalaze za Bosnu i Hercegovinu dok su pojedini nalazi značajni za mikobiotu regiona općenito.
... Accordingly, we anticipate that all recreational activities on this site could be an important threat to the survival of this fungal species. Sowerbyella fagicola so far is reported only from Europe in the following countries: Czech Republic (type specimen- Moravec, 1973;1988), Germany (Krieglsteiner, 1979(Krieglsteiner, , 1993Häffner, 1989Häffner, , 1993Hohmeyer et al., 1989, Benkert, 2005Wieschollek, 2015), Austria (Rücker & Wittmann, 1995;Klofac & Voglmayr, 2003), Switzerland (Rofler, 1999), Poland (Chmiel & Ronikier, 2007), France (Van Vooren, 2007;Moyne & Petit, 2010); Montenegro (Perić, 2008); Spain (Galán et al., 2010) and recently from Spain (Ribes et al., 2016), Bosnia and Herzegovina (Jukić & Omerović, 2017) and Bulgaria (Assyov & Slavova, 2017). Recent reports of S. fagicola from the abovementioned three Balkan countries have predicted an expected presence of this rare species also on Serbian territory. ...
... Regarding the status of S. fagicola, we consider it should be included in the Preliminary national red list of fungi and for the future Red Book of fungi deserves a status of a critically endangered (CR) species B2b(iii) according to IUCN categorisation, as well as its only known habitat to be protected. Similar status for S. fagicola has been already foreseen in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Jukić & Omerović, 2017). ...
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The rare ascomycetes Neolecta vitellina and Sowerbyella fagi-cola have been recently registered in Serbia as new for the country. Morphological description based on found specimens, along with macro-and microscopic characteristics of fruiting bodies and attributes on their habitat, ecology and distribution in Serbia are given. Apstract: Prvi nalaz vrsta Neolecta vitelina (Bres.) Korf. & J. K. Rogers and Sowerbyella fagicola J. Moravec in Serbia Retke askomicete Neolecta vitellina i Sowerbyella fagicola registrovane su po prvi put u Srbiji. U radu je predstavljen morfološki opis zasnovan na makro-i mirokarakteristikama plodonosnih tela zabeleženih primeraka uz opis staništa i podatke o ekologiji i distribuciji navedenih askomiceta u Srbiji.
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In order to create a preliminary check-list of fungal species in the territory of the “Orjen” Nature park, during 2019, a more comprehensive mycological field research and inventory study have been conducted. In total, four field researches have been organized in different periods of the year (February, May, June and October). Among all findings 69 species of fungi from the phylum Ascomycota have been recorded. Herein the authors present preliminary list of those fungi with special emphasis on some of the most important ones with data about their morphology, ecology, distribution pattern and conservation guidelines included. Out of all recorded species, the most numbered are the representatives from the families Pyronemataceae (15 species) and Helvellaceae (7 species) while Helvella (7 species) and Peziza (4 species) are the most numbered genera. Solid number of species, like Arachnopeziza obtusipila, Flammocladiella decora, Bryoscyphus rhytidiadelphi, Lasiobelonium belanense, Pseudombrophila ripensis represent novelties for the mycobiota of Bosnia and Herzegovina and some of these species are quite rare and have scattered populations worldwide. The results gained from this study clearly indicates that the territory of the “Orjen” Nature park is one of the most important fungal diversity hot-spot in the Republic of Srpska and Bosnia and Herzegovina as well. This courageous conclusion is in accordance with all previously closely related conducted biological studies which have valorised natural values of the Mt. Orjen before. Still, preliminary check-list of ascomycetous fungi presented within this study should be considered just as a partial projection of total mycobiota diversity in this area. That is why the continuation of the mycological research in this area together with closely organized fungal diversity monitoring process are one of the top priorities among the all upcoming activities which should be undertaken by the relevant authorities in the near future.
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Chaetothiersia vernalis, a new genus and species of Pyronemataceae (Ascomycota, Pezizales) from California. Fungal Diversity 28: 65-72. Chaetothiersia vernalis, collected from the northern High Sierra Nevada of California, is described as a new genus and species. This fungus is characterized by stiff, superficial, brown excipular hairs, smooth, eguttulate ascospores, and a thin ectal excipulum composed of globose to angular-globose cells. Phylogenetic analyses of nLSU rDNA sequence data support the recognition of Chaetothiersia as a distinct genus, and suggest a close relationship to the genus Paratrichophaea.
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Description and illustrations of a new species of Peziza, P. montirivicola, are given. It is characterized by its habitat and its occurrence on very wet substrates, stipitate apothecia, with a very granular receptacle, ascospores surrounded with a hyaline gel coating, and its paraphyses with yellow oil drops. Keywords: Ascomycota, Montenegro, Pezizaceae, vital taxo