Article

Impacts of gravel extraction activities in southern Benin: Residents' perception

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Abstract

Gravel extraction activities in Southern Benin are carried out without formal license from the state authorities. The majority of sites are rented from landowners and located near other forms of land use including human settlements. This study aims at assessing the perception by the residents of these gravel extraction operations. The results show the social services and damages of this industry. An ordinal logit regression revealed significant influences of the respondents' ethnic group, occupation, education level, marital status and age on the perception of road infrastructure, dust pollution, loss of agricultural land and school dropout. Therefore, it is important that the local authorities undertake mitigation actions in particular in order to prevent road dust occurrence and to restore abandoned sites so that these sites are again available for agriculture.

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