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We describe the development and validation of the Daily Coparenting Scale (D-Cop), a measure of parents’ perceptions of daily coparenting quality, to address the absence of such a daily measure in the field. A daily measure of coparenting can help us to better identify specific mechanisms of short-term change in family processes as well as examine within-person variability and processes as they are lived by participants in their everyday lives. Mothers and fathers, from 174 families with at least one child age 5 or younger, completed a 14-day diary study. Utilizing multilevel factor analysis, we identified two daily coparenting factors at both the between- and within-person level: positive and negative daily coparenting. The reliabilities of the overall D-Cop and individual positive and negative subscales were good, and we found that parents’ reports of coparenting quality fluctuated on a daily basis. Also, we established the initial validity of the D-Cop, as scores related as expected to (a) an existing and already validated measure of coparenting and to (b) couple relationship quality, depressive symptoms, and child behavior problems. Further, fluctuations in daily couple relationship feelings related to fluctuations in daily coparenting quality. The D-Cop and its subscales functioned almost identically when only utilizing 7 days of data instead of 14 days. We call for future work to study day-by-day fluctuations and dynamics of coparenting to better illuminate family processes that lead to child and family outcomes in order to improve the efficacy of family interventions.
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... Finally, although the current study assessed families three times across three years, which allowed us to capture dyadic and familial dynamics over fairly long periods of time, our data cannot capture short-term associations between maternal and paternal PC. Considering that parental and couple interactions occur on a daily basis [97,99] future studies might use daily diary methods to further explore the reciprocity between parental PC and adolescents' adjustment across shorter periods of time. ...
... The results support theoretical frameworks showing the effects of PC are generalizable across cultures [99,106]. Given our findings of partner effects in the longitudinal associations in parental PC, it is important to take a dyadic cross-cultural perspective when examining relationship processes. ...
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Psychological Control (PC) interferes with autonomy-related processes in adolescence and has a negative impact on adolescents’ development related to internalizing and externalizing problems. Several scholars suggested that PC can be used differently by mothers and fathers. However, these differences are still understudied and mainly grounded on maternal and/or adolescents’ perspectives, leading to potentially incomplete inferences on the effects of PC. The present study extends previous research on PC in two directions. First, we tested the dyadic and cumulative effects of maternal and paternal PC on adolescents’ antisocial behaviors and anxious-depressive symptoms. Secondly, we explored the cross-cultural generalizability of these associations in three countries: Italy, Colombia, and USA. Participants included 376 families with data from three consecutive years (T1, adolescents’ age = 13.70). Mothers’ and fathers’ reports of PC and youth’s reports of antisocial and internalizing behaviors were assessed. Using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) we found that maternal PC predicted adolescents’ reported antisocial behaviors whereas paternal PC predicted lower anxious-depressed symptoms. Comparisons across countries evidenced the cross-cultural invariance of the longitudinal APIM across Italy, Colombia, and USA. The practical implications of these results are discussed.
... Coparenting consists of much more than adult s taking responsibility for the upbringing of a child (McHale, 1995). Coparenting can be a source of support for parents, enhancing the wellbeing of the child and the whole family (McDaniel et al., 2017). Effective coparenting between spouses might also ease the transition to parenthood (Durtschi et al., 2017;McHale et al., 2004;Van Egeren, 2004). ...
... Total scores range from 0 to 36, with a higher score indicating better outcomes. This scale has shown good validity [55] and reliability in parents [56]. ...
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The CARe Burn Scales are a portfolio of burn-specific PROMs for people affected by burns, including a Child Form (for children < 8 years (parent-proxy)), a Young Person Form (for young people aged 8–17 years), an Adult Form, and a Parent Form (for parents/carers of children aged 0–17 years). This study aimed to determine the responsiveness and minimal important difference (MID) values of the three scales developed for use in paediatric burn services and research. Participants were recruited by 15 UK Burn Services. Participants completed the appropriate CARe Burn Scale and a set of appropriate comparison validated measures, at three time points: 4 weeks (T1), 3 months (T2) and 6 months (T3) post-burn injury. Spearman’s correlation analysis and effect sizes based on Cohen’s d thresholds were reported and MID values were calculated. At baseline, 250 participants completed the Child Form, 69 completed the Young Person Form, and 320 completed the Parent Form. A total of 85–92% of participants were retained at follow up. The tested CARe Burn Scales were all responsive to change over time. MID values were created for all subscales and ranged from 2 to 11 for the Child Form, 3 to 14 for the Young Person Form and 3 to 10 for the Parent Form. The CARe Burn Scales for children, young people and parents are responsive to change over time. The scales are freely available for clinical and research use.
... A szerzők ezúton kijelentik, hogy esetükben nem állnak fenn érdekütközések. (5) Támogatás (6) Aláásás (6) A partner elismerése szülőként (7) Munkamegosztás (2) Galovan és Schramm (2017); Lamela és munkatársai (2016); McDaniel, Teti és Feinberg (2017) ...
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... Although the importance of parenting alliance is demonstrated by its association with parenting behaviors and subsequent child development outcomes, in community and at-risk family settings, this dimension has not been widely studied or assessed in at-risk Portuguese families, perhaps due a scarcity of translated and validated instruments with sound and well-established psychometric properties (Ayala-Nunes et al., 2014). In the international literature, although we can find several instruments to assess this concept, showing there are different ways of understanding and operationalizing it (McDaniel et al., 2017;Mollà Cusí et al., 2020), the most widely used scales have been the Parenting Alliance Inventory (PAI) and the Parenting Alliance Measure (PAM). ...
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The existing alliance between the two caregivers is a key dimension for understanding the family context, as it affects parental behavior and children’s development. The assessment of this construct becomes even more pressing in at-risk families, where the children’s well-being may be compromised and where the parental alliance may serve as a protective factor. The Parental Alliance Inventory (PAI) is a self-report measure that assesses the parental alliance and the relationship of support and trust that exists between both parents. In this study, we intended to explore the psychometric properties of PAI in the Portuguese population, including normative and at-risk families. Participants were community parents (n = 205, M = 38.38 years; 52.2% women) and parents of Child Welfare Services (CWS) referred children (n = 273, M = 37.05 years, 82.05% women). Both samples completed the PAI and measures of parenting sense of competence, parenting stress, and marital satisfaction. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the proposed original unidimensional structure of the PAI. The instrument showed good psychometric properties, presenting levels of internal consistency and a quite satisfactory reliability. Findings also showed that PAI was measurement invariant across the two subsamples. Our findings provide evidence for psychometric soundness of the PAI and support its usefulness for the European Portuguese context.
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A tanulmány célja rövid módszertani áttekintést nyújtani a diádikus vizsgálatok sajátosságairól, valamint bemutatni a 21. századi babaszoba vizsgálat diádikus adatbázisát, különös tekintettel a párkapcsolati minőség és közös szülőség kérdé-seire. A 21. századi babaszoba vizsgálatban egy diád mintán (N = 122 pár) is lekér-deztük a kérdőívet, ami lehetőséget nyújt a családi működés komplexebb vizsgála-tára. A tanulmányban vizsgált változókban nem találtunk nemi különbséget. Az anyák és apák válaszai közötti korreláció azt jelzi, hogy az adatok nem tekinthetők független megfigyelésnek, ezért az elemzés során diádikus módszertan alkalmazása szükséges. 1 Jelen tanulmány az első szerző a témában korábban megjelent, Egy diádkutatás margójára-módszertani megfontolások című írására (Pilinszki, 2014) épül. 2 A tanulmány megírását az OTKA-PD 131671 sz. kutatási pályázat támogatta.
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Competitive coparenting, defined as one parent undermining the other in the presence of the child or jockeying for control of the child, has been identified as a robust predictor of externalizing symptoms in children. But in addition to its core definition, competitive coparenting is also likely to involve a lack of cooperative coparenting, displays of negative affectivity, and family conflict, making it unclear what drives the relation between competitive coparenting and children’s externalizing symptoms. Thus, the present study aimed to examine the extent to which each aspect of family negativity contributes to externalizing symptoms in children, and in particular, whether the core definition of competitive coparenting (parental triangulation of the child) predicts their later externalizing symptoms above and beyond effects due to other types of negative family interaction. Both parents and their first-born child (N = 108 families) were observed in triadic family interactions when children were 24 months old, and children’s externalizing symptoms were rated by their teachers when children were 7 years old. Family interactions were coded at the triadic level for competitive coparenting, cooperative coparenting, negative affect, and conflict. First-order correlations indicated that competitive coparenting, negative affectivity, and family conflict within the triad were all associated with each other and with children’s externalizing symptoms. When all entered into a regression, however, competitive coparenting remained the sole predictor of later externalizing symptoms in children. Results suggest that the core definition of competitive coparenting predicts children’s externalizing symptoms beyond the general presence in family interaction of low cooperation, negative emotionality, and conflict.
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Establishing the psychometric properties of self-reported scales and constructs is vital to social and behavior sciences. This task is more challenging for researchers interested in withinperson variability. The psychometric qualities of within-person variability require statistical approaches that differ from traditional between-person approaches. This chapter provides a description and tutorial on how to assess the reliability, factor structure, and discriminant validity of a construct simultaneously at the between-and within-person levels of variability using the example of daily cognitive interference.
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This special edition of the classic text includes a new introduction from Professor Arlene Vetere exploring its continuing influence on contemporary practice. One of family therapy's foundational texts, Families and Family Therapy is as relevant today as it has ever been. Examining the therapist's role, Dr. Minuchin presents the views and strategies of a master clinician in a clear and practical form. Transcripts of actual family sessions-both with families meeting their problems fairly successfully and those seeking help-are accompanied by a running interpretation of what is taking place. The book constructs a model of an effectively functioning family and defining the boundaries around its different subsystems, whether parental, spouse, or sibling. It then explores the ways in which families adapt to stress from within and without, as they seek to survive and grow. Combining vivid clinical examples, specific details of technique, and mature perspectives on both effectively functioning families and those seeking therapy, this is an important text for all those interesting in the theory and practice of family therapy. This book can be used on courses such as Family Therapy, Family Interventions, Systemic Practice, and Systemic Counselling within departments of Psychology, Mental Health, and Counselling; and by undergraduate students on Social Work qualifying courses. Salvador Minuchin is a renowned and influential child psychiatrist and family therapist, most famous for developing Structural Family Therapy, a method of psychotherapy which addresses problems in functioning within a family.
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Coparenting is examined as an explanatory link between marital conflict and parent-child relations in 2-parent families. Data were collected from 3 samples (pilot sample, n = 220 mothers; preadolescent sample, n = 75 couples; preschool sample, n = 172 couples) by using the Coparenting Questionnaire (G. Margolin, 1992b) to assess parents' perceptions of one another on 3 dimensions-cooperation, triangulation, and conflict. Main effects for child's age and for parents' gender were found for cooperation, and an interaction between parent and child gender was found for triangulation. Regression analyses were consistent with a model of coparenting mediating the relationship between marital conflict and parenting. Discussion addresses the theoretical and clinical importance of viewing coparenting as conceptually separate from other family processes.