ChapterPDF Available

Title: Globalizing Gender

Authors:

Abstract

Social theories of gender and sexuality from the Global North do not adequately consider the problematic of modernity. The chapter urges Northern social theory to do so in two ways. The first is to take seriously the postcolonial critique of Northern sociological theory, and to recognize the taken-for-granted modernization theses and epistemological categories that still delimit Northern feminist sociological theory. Secondly, I urge Northern feminist social theory to examine its own modernist “metaphysics,” the first principles that organize sociological theories of gender and sexuality. We ought to recognize how metaphysical categories bequeathed by Simone de Beauvoir, and others, form the backbone of the otherwise loose conglomeration of sociological theories of gender and sexuality. This backbone is the view of a core dialectic between “plastic embodiment” and hardened social order. Northern feminist social theory therefore needs to grapple not only with a global analysis of modernity and racialized regimes of gender and sexuality, but also to recognize, through critical assessment, the metaphysical legacies bequeathed by North-modernist foundational thinkers.
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Title:'Globalizing'Gender'
Author:'Dorit'Geva'
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... Western European feminists were more critical of the liberal tradition than of the socialist tradition. Alexandra Kollontai and Simone de Beauvoir alike were rediscovered as feminist classics, a fact that is omitted in genealogies of what is now labeled "Northern Feminist Theory" (Geva 2017). "No feminism without socialism, no socialism without feminism", along with "the personal is political", was the slogan in countries with salient political leftist traditions, including Italy, Germany, France, Great Britain and the Nordic states (Bracke 2015;Elgán 2015;Krechel 1983). ...
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de Beauvoir writes that "humanity is male and man defines woman not in herself but as relative to him; she is not regarded as an autonomous human being" "He is the Subject, he is the Absolute--she is the Other" "When man makes of woman the Other, he may, then, expect her to manifest deep-seated tendancies toward complicity. Thus woman may fail to lay claim to the status of subject because she lacks definate resources, because she feels the necessary bond that ties her to man regardless of reciprocity, and because she is often very well pleased with her role as the Other" "Christ was made a man; yes, but perhaps for his greater humility"
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Widely praised as an outstanding contribution to social welfare and feminist scholarship, Regulating the Lives of Women (1988, 1996) was one of the first books to apply a race and gender lens to the U.S. welfare state. The first two editions successfully exposed how myths and stereotypes built into welfare state rules and regulations define women as "deserving" or "undeserving" of aid depending on their race, class, gender, and marital status. Based on considerable new research, the preface to this third edition explains the rise of Neoliberal policies in the mid-1970s, the strategies deployed since then to dismantle the welfare state, and the impact of this sea change on women and the welfare state after 1996. Published upon the twentieth anniversary of "welfare reform," Regulating the Lives of Women offers a timely reminder that public policy continues to punish poor women, especially single mothers-of-color for departing from prescribed wife and mother roles. The book will appeal to undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate students of social work, sociology, history, public policy, political science, and women, gender, and black studies - as well as today's researchers and activists.
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The Posthuman offers both an introduction and major contribution to contemporary debates on the posthuman. Digital 'second life', genetically modified food, advanced prosthetics, robotics and reproductive technologies are familiar facets of our globally linked and technologically mediated societies. This has blurred the traditional distinction between the human and its others, exposing the non-naturalistic structure of the human. The Posthuman starts by exploring the extent to which a post-humanist move displaces the traditional humanistic unity of the subject. Rather than perceiving this situation as a loss of cognitive and moral self-mastery, Braidotti argues that the posthuman helps us make sense of our flexible and multiple identities. Braidotti then analyzes the escalating effects of post-anthropocentric thought, which encompass not only other species, but also the sustainability of our planet as a whole. Because contemporary market economies profit from the control and commodification of all that lives, they result in hybridization, erasing categorical distinctions between the human and other species, seeds, plants, animals and bacteria. These dislocations induced by globalized cultures and economies enable a critique of anthropocentrism, but how reliable are they as indicators of a sustainable future? The Posthuman concludes by considering the implications of these shifts for the institutional practice of the humanities. Braidotti outlines new forms of cosmopolitan neo-humanism that emerge from the spectrum of post-colonial and race studies, as well as gender analysis and environmentalism. The challenge of the posthuman condition consists in seizing the opportunities for new social bonding and community building, while pursuing sustainability and empowerment
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Discussions of globalization and masculinity need to be reconsidered through a critical examination of the global economy of knowledge. Scholarship in the South is generally oriented to theories and methods developed in the global North. The coloniality of knowledge has ironically made it difficult to appreciate the coloniality of masculinity. There is a rich archive of accounts and analyses of masculinity from around the global South, in a variety of genres. These provide an important foundation for post-colonial thinking about masculinities. The formation of masculinities needs to be considered on a historical terrain including worldwide processes of conquest and social disruption, the building of colonial societies and a global economy, and postindependence globalization. A world-centred, rather than metropole-centred, domain of knowledge is possible, requiring rethinking of familiar concepts and methods in masculinity studies but opening new perspectives and new questions. © 2014 The Nordic Association for Research on Men and Masculinities.
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Through focusing on the sexual politics that have emerged out of post-apartheid South Africa, Spurlin investigates textual and cultural representations of same-sex desire outside of the Euroamerican axes of queer culture and politics, and considers the ways in which queer cultural productions in southern Africa both intersect with and resist these.
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Arguing for the idea of connected histories, Bhambra presents a fundamental reconstruction of the idea of modernity in contemporary sociology. She criticizes the abstraction of European modernity from its colonial context and the way non-Western 'others' are disregarded. It aims to establish a dialogue in which 'others' can speak and be heard.