In the 2nd edition of his book, Analyzing Public Policy, Peter John wrote: "the surprise is that, bar the large expansion of interest in interpreting policy analysis, there have been relatively few innovations in the theory of public policy since 1998, or at least not as many as there were in the early 1990s." In fact, public policy is a field, which is quite complex, since the framework is ... [Show full abstract] formed from different, actors, politics and government instruments. Remarkably, public policy has gained an important role in advanced countries, while in the developing world it mostly depends on the global practice of public policy. The models and players that shape the development of public policy depend on the theories of public policy making. As the new directions of public policy changes, policy making is accompanied by different factors. This paper aims at analyzing the role of the government in public policy making by considering the cases of Iraq and Lithuania. This study aims at answering this question "To what extent the Iraqi government is successful in conducting public policy making?" and draws a comparison with the Lithuanian go-vernment's public policy approach.