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Protocols, Flows and Glitches: 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2018) Book

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Protocols, Flows and Glitches: 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2018) Book

Abstract

The annual CAADRIA (Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia) conference provides an international community of researchers and practitioners with a venue to exchange, to discuss and to publish their latest ideas and accomplishments. This volume contains the 87 research papers that were accepted for presentation at the 22nd International CAADRIA Conference, hosted and organised by the Department of Architecture at Xi'an Jiaotong- Liverpool University in China. The contained papers can be obtained digitally from CUMINCAD. This volume is the outcome of an extensive collaborative effort of a team of volunteers, and it marks another year of growing quality and strength in the history of CAADRIA. Calls for papers in August of 2017 resulted in the submission of 190 abstracts. These were initially blind reviewed by the paper selection committee, which invited 171 abstracts for further development. Of these, 117 full papers were submitted to the full paper review stage. A team of 138 international reviewers assist us in the full review stage. Three international reviewers carried out a double-blind review of each submitted paper. Following the reviewers’ recommendations, 86 papers were finally accepted for publication. We congratulate the authors for their accomplishment. Next to the authors, the reviewers, who volunteered valuable time and effort, deserve our sincere thanks and acknowledgements. We sincerely thank the organising team at Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, in particular Dr. Christiane Herr, conference chair. We would also like to extend a special thanks the ProceeDings team – Gabriel Wurzer and Wolfgang Lorenz – for their relentless support with customizing the system to the needs of this CAADRIA Proceedings. On the following pages, we acknowledge and thank those who contributed to the production of this volume. In closing, we sincerely thank the CAADRIA community for offering us the honour to serve as members of the paper selection committee for CAADRIA 2017.
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PROTOCOLS, FLOWS AND GLITCHES
Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided
Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2017)
Edited by
Patrick Janssen
National University of Singapore, Singapore
Paul Loh
University of Melbourne, Australia
Aleksandra Raonic
Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
and
Marc Aurel Schnabel
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Protocols, Flows and Glitches
22nd International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design
Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2017)
5 – 8 April 2017
Department of Architecture
Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
©2017 All rights reserved and published by
The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia
(CAADRIA), Hong Kong
ISBN: 978-988-19026-8-9
Cover design by XJTLU UMC
Cover images by Matthew Austin and Christiane M. Herr
Printed by Suzhou Liton Digitalprinting Co., LTD
i
About CAADRIA
The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia
(CAADRIA) promotes teaching and research in CAAD in Asia, and has mem-
bers on six continents.
CAADRIA was founded in 1996 with the following objectives:
To facilitate the dissemination of information about CAAD among Asian
schools of architecture, planning, engineering, and building sciences.
To encourage the exchange of staff, students, experience, courseware, and
software among schools.
To identify research and develop needs in CAAD education and to initiate
collaboration to satisfy them.
To promote research and teaching in CAAD that enhances creativity rather
than production.
CAADRIA organizes among others an annual conference, the first of which
was held in 1996 in Hong Kong. Since then, 21 conferences have been held in
Australia, China, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Tai-
wan, and Thailand. The 22nd conference, in 2017, will be held in Xi'an
Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China. The conferences provide an opportunity
for teachers, students, researchers, and practitioners to meet each other and learn
about the latest research in the field. The proceedings of the conferences are
available both on line and in research libraries around the world.
CAADRIA is one of the four founding organizations of the International
Journal of Architectural Computing (IJAC), and supervises one issue each year.
IJAC is published by Multi-Science in both paper and electronic versions.
Hyunsoo Lee
President, CAADRIA
ii
CAADRIA OFFICERS
President: Hyunsoo Lee,
Yonsei University, South Korea
Secretary: Ning Gu,
The University of Newcastle, Australia
Treasurer: Patrick Janssen,
National University of Singapore, Singapore
Membership Officer: Suleiman Alhadidi,
University of New South Wales, Australia
Outreach Officer: Mi Jeong Kim,
Kyung Hee University, South Korea
Communication Officer: Ruwan Fernando,
Griffith University, Australia
Organization Officer: Weixin Huang,
Tsinghua University, China
Publication Officer: Rudi Stouffs,
National University of Singapore, Singapore
Web Master: June-Hao Hou,
National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan
Administrative Officer: Marc Aurel Schnabel,
Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
CAADRIA COMMITTEES
Award/Scholarship Committee:
Hyunsoo Lee, Tomohiro Fukuda, Patrick Janssen, and Aleksandra Raonic
Paper Selection Committee:
Patrick Janssen, Paul Loh, Aleksandra Raonic, and Marc A. Schnabel
PG Students Consortium:
Andrew Li
Sasada Award Committee:
Tom Kvan, Yu-Tung Liu, Hyunsoo Lee, and Atsuko Kaga.
HONORARY ADVISORS
John Gero, George Mason University, USA
Ramesh Krishnamurti, Carnegie Mellon University, USA
Thomas Kvan, University of Melbourne, Australia
Mitsuo Morozumi, Kumamoto University, Japan
Jin-Yeu Tsou, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China
Aleppo Yu-Tung Liu, Asia University, Taiwan
Robert F. Woodbury, Simon Fraser University, Canada
iii
Conference Theme
Protocols, Flows and Glitches
Data structures and network protocols now integrate operations of entire indus-
tries, and digital workflows encompass virtually all stages of architectural pro-
duction. Buildings and the processes they undergo are represented by digital
building information models, which are shared across disciplines to generate op-
tions and support decisions before they are committed to built form.
Yet, there are limits to the reach of digital modelling and predictability. The
tools and frameworks within which building information models are created and
used, are themselves subject to constraints and forces similar to those that im-
pede architectural production and maintenance, including technical glitches,
noise, error, versioning and compatibility issues, limits to quantifiability, ques-
tions of cost effectiveness, incomplete “information”, and challenges of interpre-
tation and negotiation. The question arises whether more powerful tools resolve
challenges, or whether, in doing so, they encourage us to venture deeper into ter-
ritories where yet more challenges are encountered?
However, our field of computer-aided architectural design engages also that
which cannot, or cannot yet, be readily described or modelled. We thus negoti-
ate the reach of formal representation, deepening appreciations of human agency
and creativity and laying foundations for industry-transforming technologies.
CAADRIA2017 features original high quality papers and posters presenting
current computer-aided architectural design research in a general sense, accom-
modating a broad spectrum of approaches ranging from speculative, informal
investigations to conventional scientific research, including but not limited to
the following topics:
Computational design research and education
Computational design analysis
Generative, algorithmic and evolutionary design
Digital fabrication and construction
Collaborative and collective design
Design cognition
Virtual/augmented reality and interactive environments
Virtual architecture and city modelling
Human-computer interaction
Ubiquitous and mobile computing
Practice-based and interdisciplinary computational design research
Theory, philosophy and methodology of computational design research
Simulation and Visualization
Building Information Modelling
iv
CONFERENCE ORGANIZING COMMITTEE
Christiane M. Herr, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Thomas Fischer, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Aleksandra Raonic, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Glen Wash, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Claudia Westermann, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Cheng Zhang, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
v
Keynote Speakers
New Structures
Manfred Grohmann
Digital Regionalism
Philip F. Yuan
Digital Apparition in Contemporary Chinese Architecture
Weiguo Xu
In Search of Organized Complexity
Zhenfei Wang
vi
New Structures
Manfred Grohmann
University of Kassel, Germany
Bollinger+Grohmann, Frankfurt, Germany
While the design and construction of complex projects has always been a chal-
lenge for architects and engineers, workflows have completely changed over the
past decades with the introduction of advanced digital technologies. High qual-
ity architecture and innovative construction can only be ensured with an inter-
disciplinary and integral planning approach. Architecture and construction is
always based on functional, mechanical and structural principles and requires
depth of experience with materials, construction methods and technologies on
the part of all involved actors. But to push the boundaries with new projects it
also needs actors who are willing to develop and realise the new. Digital tools
and methodologies allow us to leave behind tried and tested typologies and to
design structures that are tailored to suit their specific function. Computer-aided
design, calculation, optimization and at the end manufacturing all help with the
efficient implementation of such projects across all scales. A variety of exem-
plary projects illustrate these new kinds of structures, such as the Hermes Rive
Gauche (architects RDAI), the Sphere Deutsche Bank (architect Mario Bellini),
the Hungerburgbahn (architect Zaha Hadid), the Rolex Learning Center (archi-
tects SANAA), and the European Central Bank (architects COOP
Himmelb(l)au).
SPEAKER BIOGRAPHY
Prof. Grohmann holds a diploma degree in Civil Engineering from the Darm-
stadt Technical University. Since 1996 he has been Professor for Structural De-
sign at Kassel University. Besides being guest professor at the Städelschule in
Frankfurt and the ESA École d’Architecture in Paris, he is furthermore since
2015 Honorary Professor at the University of Melbourne and the University of
Nottingham. In 1983 Klaus Bollinger and Manfred Grohmann established the
practice Bollinger+Grohmann, now located in Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Vi-
enna, Paris, Oslo, Melbourne, Berlin, Munich and Rome with around 150 em-
ployees. Both combine teaching at architecture schools with their practice.
Bollinger+Grohmann combine a high level of interdisciplinary knowledge like
architectural geometry, software development, material and fabrication tech-
nologies with engineering expertise. Their range of services includes structural
and façade design, geometry development, building physics and sustainability.
The field of work spans between the structural design of housing, office, com-
mercial, exhibition and event facilities as well as classic civil engineering struc-
tures such as bridges, roofs and towers.
vii
Digital Regionalism
Philip F. Yuan
College of Architecture and Urban Planning (CAUP) Tongji University, China
Archi-Union Architects and Fab-Union Intelligent Engineering Co. Ltd, China
During the past decades in China, as the widespread concerned about material,
craftsmanship and regional culture, digital design and fabrication technology has
been leading an important role in interpreting and indicating a computational
regionalism. In the perspective of Performative Tectonics, traditional materials
have been not only the driving force for architectural form-finding process, but
also differentially reflect the material performance and fabrication as well.
Rather than being passive elements, performative tectonics has become the basis
aspect due to its real participation. Meanwhile, as the significant roles of archi-
tectural robots, "digital factory" has realized the innovation of traditional tecton-
ics. Architecture industry is experiencing a promotion from "traditional craft" to
"mass customization". From the low-tech construction of the "Silk Wall" project
in 2010 to the project of "Chi She" with robotic fabrication in 2016, Philip F.
Yuan has been exploring the theory and practice of Computational Regionalism.
SPEAKER BIOGRAPHY
Philip F. Yuan, born on 1971, has accomplished achievements on the research
and discovery progress of Digital Design and Intelligent Construction area. In
recent years, Philip F. Yuan was awarded a variety of educational and design
prizes, including Winner of Feng Jizhong Architectural Education Award in
2013, Excellent guidance tutor of National Board of Architectural Accreditation,
China & Institute of Architectural Education and Accreditation, Architectural
Society of China, Winner of the Young Architect Award of Architectural Soci-
ety of China in 2014, the Nomination Award in 2014 ARCASIA Award, the
2014 Wienerberger Brick Award, Shenzhen Biennale Popularity Award in 2015,
Gold and Silver Prize of Architectural Design awarded by Architectural Society
of China in 2016. Philip F. Yuan has published more than 120 academic theses
and his architectural design projects on academic architectural journals and
magazines like ARCHITECT ARCHITECTURE DESIGN, ARCHITEC-
TURAL VIVA, PLAN, DETAIL, SPACE, AREA, etc. He has written 7 books
including Fabricating the Future, Scripting the Future, and From Diagrammatic
Thinking to Digital Fabrication.
viii
Digital Apparition in Contemporary Chinese Architecture
Weiguo Xu
Chair, School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, China
Although architects seek cultural value of architectural design in the background
of Pragmatism in mass construction in China, the designs, however, couldn't get
rid of the commercial and pragmatic essence, even if it is excellent works we
thought. Another design phenomena seems not to attract enough attention,
which is using new digital technologies for architectural design. As design re-
sult, these designs are absolutely not direct expression of the technology, but a
kind of new ideological value of architecture. It includes the expression of hu-
man behaviour, mental sensation, environmental restrictions, new social re-
quirements and so on. It appears like apparition in practical projects, also in re-
search and teaching in China. And it is going to be a general trend that cannot be
halted to infiltrate into different aspects of architecture and to create a future
scenery of architecture. The speech will introduce the digital new architectures
in China including project, research and teaching.
SPEAKER BIOGRAPHY
Xu Weiguo is Professor and Chair of Architecture at the School of Architecture,
Tsinghua University, Director of the DADA, and a leading scholar and architect
in digital design. He has published more than 100 papers and 14 books, includ-
ing books (co-authored with Neil Leach) Fast Forward>>(2004); Emerging Tal-
ents, Emerging Technologies (2006); (Im)material Processes: New Digital
Techniques for Architecture (2008); Machinic Processes (2010); Design Intelli-
gence: Advanced Computational Research(2013); Digital Factory(2015); and
Architecture/Non-Architecture (2006), Parametric Non-linear Architecture De-
sign(2016); Digital Architecture Design Works(2016). Several of his research
projects have been funded by the Natural Science Foundation of China. He has
lectured worldwide, been visiting scholar at MIT in 2007, and taught in SCI-Arc
and USC in 2011-2012. He has curated the DADA series of events in 2013, and
co-curated the Architecture Biennial Beijing 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2010.
ix
In Search of Organized Complexity
Zhenfei Wang
HDD_FUN, China
High technology design and low technology construction is the design philoso-
phy of HHD_FUN, we believe smart design can achieve the complexity within
short schedule and low budget. The keynote will illustrate this methodology
through several built projects in different scale including architecture, interior,
installation, product design and more.
SPEAKER BIOGRAPHY
Zhenfei Wang graduated from Berlage Institute in Rotterdam with an Advanced
Master degree of architecture in 2007. He worked in UNStudio (Amsterdam).
Before that, he gained his Bachelor degree of Architecture from Tianjin Univer-
sity. He founded HHD_FUN together with Luming Wang in 2008. Zhenfei
Wang was awarded the third prize of the New Chinese Architecture at CA’ASI
which held by Architecture Studio office and AREA magazine. As emerging ar-
chitects, HHD_FUN were invited to participate in the 2019 Venice Biennale and
the “Machinic Processes” Architecture Biennial Beijing 2010 (organised by
Weiguo Xu and Neil Leach). HHD_FUN also won the “2015 Iconic Award” and
“2016 German Design Award”. As cross-over architects, HHD_FUN is keeping
in close touch with artists, designers and engineers from various fields.
x
xi
Foreword
The annual CAADRIA (Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design
Research in Asia) conference provides an international community of research-
ers and practitioners with a venue to exchange, to discuss and to publish their
latest ideas and accomplishments. This volume contains the 87 research papers
that were accepted for presentation at the 22nd International CAADRIA Confer-
ence, hosted and organised by the Department of Architecture at Xi'an Jiaotong-
Liverpool University in China. The contained papers can be obtained digitally
from CUMINCAD.
This volume is the outcome of an extensive collaborative effort of a team of
volunteers, and it marks another year of growing quality and strength in the his-
tory of CAADRIA. Calls for papers in August of 2017 resulted in the submis-
sion of 190 abstracts. These were initially blind reviewed by the paper selection
committee, which invited 171 abstracts for further development. Of these, 117
full papers were submitted to the full paper review stage. A team of 138 interna-
tional reviewers assist us in the full review stage. Three international reviewers
carried out a double-blind review of each submitted paper. Following the re-
viewers’ recommendations, 86 papers were finally accepted for publication.
We congratulate the authors for their accomplishment. Next to the authors,
the reviewers, who volunteered valuable time and effort, deserve our sincere
thanks and acknowledgements. We sincerely thank the organising team at Xi'an
Jiaotong-Liverpool University, in particular Dr. Christiane Herr, conference
chair. We would also like to extend a special thanks the ProceeDings team
Gabriel Wurzer and Wolfgang Lorenz for their relentless support with custom-
izing the system to the needs of this CAADRIA Proceedings.
On the following pages, we acknowledge and thank those who contributed to
the production of this volume. In closing, we sincerely thank the CAADRIA
community for offering us the honour to serve as members of the paper selection
committee for CAADRIA 2017.
PAPER SELECTION COMMITTEE
Patrick Janssen (Chair), National University of Singapore, Singapore
Paul Loh, University of Melbourne, Australia
Aleksandra Raonic, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Marc Aurel Schnabel, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
March 2017
xii
xiii
International Review Committee
Henri Achten, Czech Technical University, Czech Republic
Suleiman Alhadidi, University of New South Wales, Australia
Fernando García Amen, University of the Republic, Uruguay
Seyun An, Hanbat National University, South Korea
André L. Araujo, University of Campinas, Brazil
Gideon Aschwanden, University of Melbourne, Australia
Matthew Austin, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
Serdar Aydin, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Phil Ayres, Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Denmark
Daniel Baerlecken, Georgia Institute of Technology, United States
José Beirão, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
Chris Beorkrem, University of North Carolina Charlotte, United States
Anand Bhatt, Architexturez Imprints, India
Johannes Braumann, Robots in Architecture / UfG Linz, Austria
AnnMarie Brennan, University of Melbourne, Australia
Michael Budig, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore
Inês Caetano, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
Erik Champion, Curtin University, Australia
Tilanka Chandrasekera, Oklahoma State University, United States
Teng-Wen Chang, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Yuan Chao, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Jia-Yih Chen, Taoyuan Innovation Institute of Technology, Taiwan
Sheng-Fen Chien, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
Seungyeon Choo, Kyungpook National University, South Korea
Mark Clayton, Texas A&M University, United States
Birgul Colakoglu, Yıldız Technical University, Turkey
Ben Coorey, The Institute of Digital Design, Australia
Kristof Crolla, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Sambit Datta, Curtin University, Australia
Theodoros Dounas, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Stylianos Dritsas, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore
Halil Erhan, Simon Fraser University, Canada
Alberto Estévez, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Spain
Ruwan Fernando, Griffith University, Australia
Thomas Fischer, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Tomohiro Fukuda, Osaka University, Japan
John Gero, University of North Carolina Charlotte, United States
Ning Gu, University of Newcastle, Australia
Hank Haeusler, University of New South Wales, Australia
Jeremy Ham, RMIT University, Australia
Jie He, Tianjin University, China
Oliver Heckmann, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore
Carlos Barrios Hernandez, Clemson University, United States
Christiane M. Herr, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Pablo Herrera, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Perua
Dominik Holzer, University of Melbourne, Australia
June-Hao Hou, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan
Shuyi Huang, Tongji University, China
Weixin Huang, Tsinghua University, China
Yinghsiu Huang, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Taiwan
Jie-Eun Hwang, University of Seoul, South Korea
xiv
Yasushi Ikeda, Keio University, Japan
Kim Hyeong Ill, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Aswin Indraprastha, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Indonesia
Alstan Jakubiec, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore
Patrick Janssen, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Taysheng Jeng, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
Guohua Ji, Nanjing University, China
Sam Joyce, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore
Han-Jong Jun, Hanyang University, South Korea
Sung Jun Park, Keimyung University, South Korea
Sawako Kaijima, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore
Saleh Kalantari, Washington State University, United States
Vignesh Kaushik, AEDAS, Singapore
Chin Koi Khoo, Deakin University, Australia
Joachim B. Kieferle, Hochschule RheinMain, Germany
Mi-Jeong Kim, Kyung Hee University, South Korea
Sung-Ah Kim, Sungkyunkwan University, United States
Christoph Klemmt, University of Applied Arts Vienna, Austria
Reinhard Koenig, Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria
Tom Kvan, University of Melbourne, Australia
Dennis Lagemann, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Ih-Cheng Lai, Tamkang University, Taiwan
Ji-Hyun Lee, KAIST, South Korea
António Leitão, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
Surapong Lertsithichai, Mahidol University, Thailand
Biao Li, Southeast University, China
Andrew Li, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Japan
Chieh-Jen Lin, Tainan University of Technology, Taiwan
Yuezhong Liu, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Tian Tian Sky Lo, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Paul Loh, University of Melbourne, Australia
Thorsten Lomker, Zayed University Dubai, Dubai
Russell Loveridge, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Elisa Lublasser, RWTH Aachen University, Germany
Bob Martens, Technical University of Vienna, Austria
Iain Maxwell, University of Technology Sydney, Australia
James Melsom, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Timothy Merritt, Aarhus University, Denmark
Tane Moleta, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Jules Moloney, Deakin University, Australia
Hugo Mulder, IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Volker Muller, Bentley Systems, United States
Rizal Muslimin, University of Sydney, Australia
Walaiporn Nakapan, Rangsit University, Thailand
Taro Narahara, New Jersey Institute of Technology, United States
Jonathan Nelson, Bond University, Australia
Pirouz Nourian, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Yeonjoo Oh, Hyundai Engineering and Construction, South Korea
Shinya Okuda, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Hyoung-June Park, University of Hawaii, United States
Alberto Pugnale, University of Melbourne, Australia
Ahmad Rafi, Multimedia University, Malaysia
Aleksandra Raonic, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
xv
João Magalhães Rocha, University of Evora, Portugal
Luís Romão, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
Stanislav Roudavski, University of Melbourne, Australia
Jaeho Ryu, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, South Korea
Yasushi Sakai, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States
Marc Schnabel, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand
Gerhard Schubert, Technical University of Munich, Germany
Firza Sjarifudin, Bina Nusantara University, Indonesia
José Pedro Sousa, University of Porto, Portugal
Benjamin Spaeth, Cardiff University, United Kingdom
Rudi Stouffs, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Abel Tablada, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Ziyu Tong, Nanjing University, China
Bianca Toth, Woods Bagot, Australia
Lukas Treyer, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Cetin Tuker, Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Turkey
Bige Tuncer, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore
Jeff Turko, University of Brighton, United Kingdom
Michela Turrin, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Pedro de Azambuja Varela, University of Porto, Portugal
Tsung-Hsien Wang, Sheffield School of Architecture, United Kingdom
Glen Wash, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Claudia Westermann, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, China
Nicholas Williams, Aurecon, Australia
Albert Wiltsche, Graz University of Technology, Austria
Andrew Wit, Temple University, United States
Thomas Wortmann, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore
Dong Yan, Tsinghua University, China
Kane Yanagawa, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
Ding Yang, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Rongrong Yu, University of Newcastle, Australia
Yannis Zavoleas, University of Newcastle, Australia
Ye Zhang, National University of Singapore, Singapore
xvi
TABLE OF CONTENTS
About CAADRIA i
Conference Theme iii
Keynotes v
Foreword xi
Virtual Reality 11
Digital Ephemera 13
Tane J. Moleta
Reimagining Braga 23
Fauzan Alfi Agirachman, Yo Ozawa, Aswin Indraprastha,
Michihiko Shinozaki, Irene Debora Meilisa Sitompul, Ruri
Nuraeni, Augustine Nathania Chirstanti, Andrew Cokro Putra,
Teresa Zefanya
3D Representations of Cities in Video Games as Designed 33
Danilo Di Mascio
A “Bounded Adoption‘’ Strategy and its Performance Evaluation of
Virtual Reality Technologies Applied in Online Architectural
Education
43
Chengyu Sun, Diqiong Xu, Kryvko Daria, Peihong Tao
Streamlining the Modelling to Virtual Reality Process 53
Lachlan Sharah, Erik Escalante, Alessandra Fabbri, Romain
Guillot, M. Hank Haeusler
Gamification for User-Oriented Housing Design 63
Tian Tian Lo, Marc Aurel Schnabel, Tane J. Moleta
2
Augmented Reality 73
Digital Construction 75
U-ichi Abe, Kensuke Hotta, Akito Hotta, Yosuke Takami, Hikaru
Ikeda, Yasushi Ikeda
Integrating BIM, CFD and AR for Thermal Assessment of Indoor
Greenery
85
Kazuki Yokoi, Tomohiro Fukuda, Nobuyoshi Yabuki, Ali
Motamedi
Outdoor MarkerLess Augmented Reality 95
Munetoshi Miyake, Tomohiro Fukuda, Nobuyoshi Yabuki, Ali
Motamedi
Campus Space Management Using a Mobile BIM-based Augmented
Reality System
105
Seung Yeul Ji, Mi Kyoung Kim, Han Jong Jun
Design Tools 115
Decoding Parametric Design Data 117
Immanuel Koh, Paul Keel, Jeffrey Huang
Understanding Cognitive Overload in Generative Design 127
Halil Erhan, Janelynn Chan, Gilbert Fung, Naghmi Shireen, Ivy
Wang
Algorithmic-Based Analysis 137
António Leitão, Renata Castelo Branco, Carmo Cardoso
Establishing Parametric Relationships for Design Objects Through
Tangible Interaction
147
Emad Al-Qattan, Wei Yan, Philip Galanter
Seat Selection System for Theatres and Concert Halls Based on
Audio-Visual Integration Technology
157
Shuo Wang, Yuezhe Zhao, Shuoxian Wu
3
Design Process 167
Agile X UniSA Pavilion: Agile Principles and the Parametric Paradox 169
Tim McGinley, Brett Abroe, David Kroll, Matt Murphy, Tessa
Sare, Ning Gu
Challenges to the Adoption of BIM in the Chinese AEC Industries 179
Christiane M. Herr, Thomas Fischer
BIM and Public Administration 189
Juliano Pita, Marcelo Tramontano
Regional Barriers 199
Sining Wang, Kristof Crolla
Predictive Urban Analytics 209
Anycie Coorey, M. Hank Haeusler, Ben Coorey
Parametric and Generative Design 219
Toward Temporal and Punctual Urban Redevelopment in Dynamic,
Informal Contexts
221
Trevor Ryan Patt
Automatic 3D Modeling of Korean Traditional Architecture 231
Hyo Jung Lee, Hyunsoo Lee
The Mathematical Logic Behind Lai Thai 241
Walaiporn Nakapan, Yee Kee Ku, Apiwat Pattanasirimongkol
Enabling Customer Choice in Housing 251
Renee Puusepp, Taavi Lõoke, Kaiko Kivi
Generating Urban Form 261
Ben Coorey, Anycie Coorey
4
Design Optimisation 271
Optimising Human Comfort in Medium-density Housing via Daylight
and Wind Simulation
273
Dominik Holzer
Opossum 283
Thomas Wortmann
A Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm Framework for Earlier Phases of
Architectural Design
293
Serkan Kocabay, Sema Alaçam
Evolutionary Urbanism 303
Patrick Janssen
Speculative Urban Types 313
Theodoros Dounas, Benjamin Spaeth, Hao Wu, Chenke Zhang
Spatial Analysis 323
Integration of Space Syntax into Agent-Based Pedestrian Simulation in
Urban Open Space
325
Haojie Hu, Zixuan Luo, Yingnan Chen, Qiuyi Bian, Ziyu Tong
Measuring the Perceptive Intricacy of the Chinese Scholar Garden 335
Haofeng Wang, Christiane M. Herr
Generalizing Ekphrastic Expression 345
John S Gero
3D Visual Simulation and Numerical Measurement of Privacy in
Traditional Korean Palace
355
Ji-Hyoun Hwang, Hyunsoo Lee
Investigating Visibility Properties in the Design of Aged-Care
Facilities
365
Ju Hyun Lee, Michael J. Ostwald, Rongrong Yu
5
Performance-Based Design 375
Breathable Walls 377
Negar Kalantar, Alireza Borhani
Optimization in the Architectural Practice 387
Judyta Maria Cichocka, Will Neil Browne, Edgar Rodriguez
Optimization of Window-Wall-Ratio using BIM-based Energy
Simulation
397
Cheng Zhang, Lijing Ong
Empowering Urban Design Prototyping 407
Yufan Miao, Reinhard Koenig, Peter Buš, Mei-Chih Chang, Artem
Chirkin, Lukas Treyer
A Parametric Analysis Process for Daylight Illuminance 417
Yi He, Marc Aurel Schnabel, Rong Chen, Ning Wang
Materiality 425
Functionally Graded Architectural Detailing using Multi-Material
Additive Manufacturing
427
Sawako Kaijima, Ying Yi Tan, Tat Lin Lee
Integrating Computational Design and Traditional Crafts 437
Jian Ming Huang
Bamboo Concrete Shells 445
Naoki Imanishi, Shinichiro Hinoki, Mizuki Muraoka, Ran
Tateyama, U-ichi Abe, Hotta Kensuke, Yasushi Ikeda
Double-Curved Form Approximation with Identical Discrete Panel
Geometries
457
Christoph Klemmt, Rajat Sodhi
SmartNodes Pavilion 467
Kristof Crolla, Nicholas Williams, Manuel Muehlbauer, Jane
Burry
6
Shape Studies 477
GrowMorph: Bacteria Growth Algorithm and Design 479
Saleh Kalantari, Mohammad Hassan Saleh Tabari
Topology-driven Form-finding 489
Seiichi Suzuki, Jan Knippers
Physarealm 499
Yidong Ma, Weiguo Xu
Generative Design Based on Sponge Spicules’ Forms 509
Pengyu Zhang, Weiguo Xu, Weixin Huang, Yufeng Zhu, Rui Dai,
Dan Luo
Interactive and Kinetic Architecture 519
Prototyping Responsive Carrier-Component Envelopes 521
Andrei Smolik, Tengwen Chang, Sambit Datta
Human-Computer Interaction in the Form-Making Process 529
Saleh Kalantari, Ebrahim Poustinchi, Nooshin Ahmadi
Asymmetrical Double-Notch Connection System in Planar Reciprocal
Frame Structures
539
Rebekah Araullo, M. Hank Haeusler
Computational Aesthetics 549
The Other Digital 551
Matthew Austin
Digital Tools, Analogue Minds 561
Aleksandra Raonic, Milos Raonic
A Productive Ambiguity 571
Linda Matthews, Gavin Perin
7
Cognition and Evaluation of Architecture Environments Based on
Geometric Contour References and Aesthetic Judgements
581
Miguel Carreiro, Marina A. P. Andrade, Miguel Sales Dias
Glitch Space 591
Blaire Haslop, Marc Aurel Schnabel, Serdar Aydin
Building Information Modelling 601
BIM-Supported Visual Language to Define Building Design
Regulations
603
Hayan Kim, Jin-Kook Lee, Jaeyoung Shin, Jungsik Choi
Collaborative Algorithmic-based Building Information Modelling 613
Sofia Feist, Bruno Ferreira, António Leitão
Green Standard for Energy and Environmental Design 623
Yong-Ju Lee, Mi-Kyoung Kim, Han-Jong Jun
Integration of an Algorithmic BIM Approach in a Traditional
Architecture Studio
633
Inês Caetano, António Leitão
Where am I? 643
Antony Pelosi
Digtal Scanning and Point Cloud Modelling 653
Construction Site Monitoring Using UAV Oblique Photogrammetry
and BIM Technologies
655
Tengteng Qu, Wei Zang, Zhenwei Peng, Jun Liu, Weiwei Li, Yun
Zhu, Bin Zhang, Yongsheng Wang
Applications of Integrated Digital Technologies for Surveying Tibetan
Architectural Heritage
663
Zheng Sun, Yong Kang Cao
A Proposal for Building Safety Diagnosis Processes using BIM-based
Reverse Engineering Technology
673
Hyejin Park, Seunghyun Lee, Eonyong Kim, Seungyeon Choo
8
Big Data 683
Data Mining Tourism Patterns 685
Nai Chun Chen, Jenny Xie, Phil Tinn, Luis Alonso, Takehiko
Nagakura, Kent Larson
Urban Autopoiesis 695
Peter Buš, Lukas Treyer, Gerhard Schmitt
Familiar and Unfamiliar Data Sets in Sustainable Urban Planning 705
Yuezhong Liu, Rudi Stouffs
Urban Pinboard 715
Madeleine Johanson, Nazmul Khan, Rob Asher, Andrew Butler, M.
Hank Haeusler
Fracam 725
Gabriel Wurzer, Wolfgang Lorenz
Efficacy of Localization Through Magnets Embedded in Infrastructure 735
Mathew Schwartz, Andrzej Zarzycki
Spatial-Temporal Behavior Analysis Using Big Data Acquired by
Wi-Fi Indoor Positioning System
745
Weixin Huang, Yuming Lin, Mingbo Wu
Digital Fabrication 755
ProjecTables 757
Troels A. Rasmussen, Timothy R. Merritt
A Simple Fabrication System for Unfolding Complex Architectural
Surfaces
767
Negar Kalantar, Alireza Borhani, Ergun Akleman
Application of Digital Fabrication Techniques to Reconstruct Ancient
Machinery
777
Zi-Ru Chen, Kai-Hsiang Liang
9
Waterjet and Wire-cutting Workflows in Stereotomic Practice 787
Shayani Fernando, Dagmar Reinhardt, Simon Weir
Tools as Agents in Design and Making Processes 799
Paul Loh, David Leggett
3D Printing 809
Soft Systems 811
Rachel Dickey
Small 3D Printers / Large Scale Artifacts 821
Stylianos Dritsas, Lujie Chen, Lawrence Sass
Developing Composite Wood for 3D-Printing 831
Rachel Tan, Chin Kiat Sia, Yong Kiat Tee, Kendall Koh, Stylianos
Dritsas
Furniture Design Using Custom-Optimised Structural Nodes 841
M. Hank Haeusler, Manuel Muehlbauer, Sascha Bohnenberger,
Jane Burry
Robotics 851
Randomness in Robotically Fabricated Micro-Acoustic Patterns 853
Dagmar Reinhardt, Densil Cabrera
Robotic Simulation of Textile as Concrete Reinforcement and
Formwork
863
Xiao Lu, Theodoros Dounas, Benjamin Spaeth, Chitraj
Bissoonauth, Isaac Galobardes
Robotic Variable Fabric Formwork 873
Xuyou Yang, Shawn Jyh Shen Koh, Paul Loh, David Leggett
Fabricating Without CAD Models 883
Hao Hua, Tingli Jia
10
Form-finding with Robotics 893
Tian Xia, Jing Lin Koh, Yutong Chen, Yi Qian Goh, Stylianos
Dritsas
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