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Conocimiento popular e Investigación acción participativa. Eludir el laberinto de paredes blancas

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El mundo de la investigación está dominado por personas de raza blanca, clase media alta y género masculino. Cada vez más, las universidades y otras instituciones en investigaciones ‘participativas’ o ‘inclusivas’ buscan la incorporación de aquellas personas de base comunitaria que hayan sido previamente excluidas. No obstante, apenas pueden formar parte en términos de igualdad, pues en lugar de darles apoyo para que hagan uso de la experticia que han adquirido a partir de su experiencia vital se encuentran atrapadas en un ‘laberinto de paredes blancas’. Al compartir sus perspectivas sobre la producción y validación del conocimiento, el equipo de autores de Conocimiento popular e Investigación acción participativa, la mayor parte no procedentes del ámbito académico, abren nuevas dimensiones a la comprensión. El libro aborda algunas de las tensiones entre los enfoques de investigación tradicionales y aquellos más radicales, participativos y orientados a la acción. Ofrece indicadores de cómo podría el conocimiento ser verdaderamente coproducido en un espíritu de aprendizaje y respeto mutuos. También destaca algunos de los más prometedores enfoques de construcción de alianzas futuras para la creación de un ‘conocimiento popular’ que trate de manera equitativa a la investigación profesional y la experticia a través de la experiencia. Este libro debería ser leído por aquellas personas interesadas en investigación sobre justicia social y ambiental en general, y en enfoques de investigación participativa y de acción en particular, incluyendo los ámbitos de desarrollo comunitario, salud y medicina, medio ambiente y desarrollo, antirracismo, derechos humanos y estudios de género.
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Book
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The world of research run by universities and other institutions is dominated by a culture that is white, upper-middle class and male. When people from communities that have previously been excluded are asked to take part in research – even participative research – they are seldom able to do so on equal terms. Instead of being supported to draw on the expertise that they have gained from their life experience, they find themselves trapped in a ‘white-walled labyrinth’. People’s Knowledge and Participatory Action Research opens up a new realm of understanding, one that has been created by authors who are mainly non-academics, and who bring their own perspectives on the production and validation of knowledge. The book attempts to address some of the tensions between traditional and more participatory approaches to research by exploring three questions: What kinds of oppression can take place when people who experience exclusion work with professional researchers? How can knowledge be truly co-produced in a spirit of mutual learning and respect? What are the most promising approaches to build future alliances for creating a ‘people’s knowledge’ that treats equally the professional researcher and those whose expertise comes from their life experience? The book ends with some signposts for transforming participatory and action-orientated approaches to research in order to achieve social and environmental justice. Praise for this book: ‘People’s Knowledge and Participatory Action Research offers a radical exploration of the deep knowledge held within communities under siege by neoliberalism and traditional forms of science; the dedicated refusal to surrender this knowledge to the hegemonic gaze of “experts”, grip of white supremacy or bribes of corporate interests, and the joy and delicacies of engaging in participatory research for justice. A must-read for community-based researchers and even more so for academics deluded by fantasies of expertise. Congratulations!’ Michelle Fine, Distinguished Professor of Social Psychology, Women’s Studies and Urban Education, City University of New York. ‘This book is an important contribution to helping all of us — academics and grassroots-led researchers — to think through what it means to collaborate. Clearly written and with both practical wisdom and theoretical reach, it is a book to get some useful conversations started.’ Keri Facer, Professor of Educational & Social Futures, University of Bristol and AHRC Leadership Fellow, Connected Communities ‘Given the pressing environmental and social justice issues facing society today, research should be moving towards a co-production of knowledge with communities. However, too often it is questionable whether it is, or whether there continues to be a top down process of knowledge dissemination to the public from the “white walls” of the academy. Through writing, reflection, poetry and the visual arts, this book draws out these issues — political, ethical, and social — and provides an important platform for people outside these walls from which to speak about their collaborative knowledge production practices.’ Jacqueline Vadjunec, Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Oklahoma State University ‘This engrossing and timely collection exposes the weaknesses of conventional academic research. The authors outline a new approach for action research, taking us in a direction that will help heal the many divisions in our fractured world. Anyone involved in research, whether in universities, community organizations or governments, should read it. I loved the fresh voices on gender and race. We should all write letters to our younger action researcher selves acknowledging how colonized we have been. When we liberate ourselves we liberate those with whom we partner. This would be a great deal.’ Hilary Bradbury, Editor of Handbook of Action Research and Action Research Journal.
Book
A book in the What is? methodology series edited by Graham Crow aimed at a broad academic audience with an interest in the research approach but without expertise in it. The book describes and contextualises inclusive research – covering how to recognise it, understand it, do it, and know when it is done well. This includes the following chapters: Inclusive research defined, Inclusive research as an evolving set of practices, Inclusive research: stories from the field, Inclusive research under fire: criticisms and defences, Summary and where next? The pursuit of quality in inclusive research. There are also pointers to further reading and resources. The book focus extends beyond the field of learning disabilities and across a range of disciplines, but it is significantly informed by the ESRC-funded study Quality & Capacity in Inclusive Research with People with Learning Disabilities.