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Achieving Urban Resilience: Through Urban Design and Planning Principles
Abstract and Figures
The concept of resilience is gaining momentum within both academia and practice. It has been linked to sustainability and is identified as a mobilizing concept. This paper looks specifically at urban resilience within the built environment. It seeks to identify key urban planning and design principles and interventions that contribute to increasing a city's level of urban resilience. This study defines urban resilience as social, economic and environmental resilience. Theoretical and analytical research was used to develop the Urban Resilience Conceptual Framework, which identifies morphological components and urban design qualities that contribute to urban resilience. Relevant interventions and lessons have been highlighted through the study of secondary case studies. The paper aims to bridge the gap between theory and practice by conducting qualitative research on a live case study in East London. Interventions and propositions were developed using enquiry by design and the Urban Resilience Conceptual Framework. An observation study was conducted to gain insight on the built environment. Interventions targeted the four key morphological elements identified in this paper: streets and spatial structures, green, blue networks and open space, building typologies and density and patterns of use. These have been identified as aspects of the built environment that influence and foster resilience. The paper establishes the need for change in the urban planning and design process and promotes building capacity for learning, innovation and adaptability. It advocates for the development of long-term plans, which encourage flexibility, robustness and collaboration. This change in status quo can foster natural evolution and transformation as cities adapt to changes in population, economic shifts, technological advances, lifestyle changes and climate change.
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